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2003- The public Library Services and Technology Act in Wyoming was passed which made it so federal funds had to be provided to the Wyoming State Library to support library services and projects across the state. Projects supported by LSTA in full or in part include, but are not limited to online resources for information and learning, Downloadable audiobooks, books, and magazines, products and services to support the statewide library catalog, products and services to support interlibrary loan transactions and management, resource sharing stipends for public and academic libraries, collection development stipends to support library services at the 13 Wyoming State Institutions, and funds to convene statewide meetings, provide a wide range of training, and enable state library staff to maintain a high level of knowledge on current and emerging topics.
2016 - Governor Matt Mead announced the Wyoming Classroom Connectivity Initiative, a new effort to improve school Wi-Fi access in K-12 schools. It is a partnership with the Office of the Governor, the Wyoming Department of Education, the Department of Enterprise Technology Services, and EducationSuperHighway. EducationSuperHighway’s 2015 State of the States report showed that Wyoming is first in the US in classroom broadband connectivity with 100% of districts meeting the FCC’s 100 kbps per student goal. The Initiative will also teach districts about federal E-rate funding and provide resource webinars.
October 2016 – The Wyoming Department of Education released their 2017-2021 Digital Learning Plan. The Plan is designed to aid educators in providing equal access to education through technology.
2017 – The Wyoming Department of Education participates in Digital Learning Day yearly and in 2017, its focus was on the Wyoming State Museum. The Wyoming State Museum offers virtual field trips to classrooms in K-12 and encourages teachers to use tools like Skype and Google Hangouts.
In July 2017, the Wyoming Department of Education created a Computer Science Task Force designed to work on the three main goals of providing access to AP Computer Science classes or dual/concurrent enrollment equivalents for all Wyoming high school students, providing access to at least two semesters of coding classes for all Wyoming high schoolers and aiming for five hundred annual AP Computer Science tests to be taken or equivalent dual credit awarded with a broad student demographic participation. This taskforce is designing a roadmap along with timelines and milestones for achievements.
In December 2017, the Wyoming Department of Education promoted the national Hour of Code movement to Wyoming schools. If schools participated in Hour of Code they received a signed certificate from the Superintendent and Governor. The Governor also signed a proclamation stating that December 4-10 was Computer Science Education Week.
August 2018 – Open Range Wyoming, an open educational resource platform, is set to be launched. This platform maintains a searchable statewide repository of openly-licensed educational resources for districts and educators as they make use of higher quality, openly licensed educational resources.
Children's Advocacy Project, Inc.
This organization was founded to enhance interagency coordination in the investigation and treatment of child maltreatment, minimize further trauma to the child victim and non-offending family members, improve the quality of evidence collected, increase community awareness of child maltreatment, and to serve as a multidisciplinary resource for the expansion of this program to other communities in Wyoming. Their main goal is to end the cycle of violence that endangers generations of children in Wyoming.
Community Safety Network
This Wyoming-based nonprofit focuses on helping those in situations of domestic violence, victims of sexual assault and stalking. Internet safety messages are woven into the website along these themes. For example, information for teens focuses on how they can be at risk from sexual predators online. The information is basic but directs those in need of more to external sources such as the NCMEC website.
State of Wyoming
The State of Wyoming has a tab on their website dedicated to cyber security and the resources the state uses in terms of outreach. They also have a few online safety tips for their citizens.
Wyoming Department of Education
The Department of Education’s website offers access to the state’s academic standards and expectations, as well as an overview of programs and initiatives executed by the Department of Education.
Preliminary results from the Youth Voice Research Project: Victimization & Strategies (2010)Stan Davis, Charisse Nixon
This study looks at student perceptions about strategies regarding peer mistreatment and bullying in schools. They surveyed teens across America, including Wyoming and analyzed which strategies made things better or worse for victims.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
Wyoming Statutes Annotated (WYSA) § 6-2-302. Sexual Assault in the First Degree. Defines the crime of engaging in sexual intrusion on another person through the use of force, threats or as a result of the victim’s physical or mental incapacity. The penalty for this is between five and 50 years’ imprisonment for a first offense, while subsequent offenses are punishable by imprisonment for a term between 25 years up to life.
WYSA § 6-2-303. Sexual Assault in the Second Degree. Defines the crime of inflicting sexual intrusion on a person with the use of threats against the victim’s family, or where the actor is in a position of authority over the victim. Also covered by this section is the situation where the offender submits the victim to sexual contact resulting in serious injury. This is punishable with a term of imprisonment of between two and twenty years for a first offense, while subsequent offenses are punishable by imprisonment for a term ranging from 25 years up to life.
WYSA § 6-2-304. Sexual Assault in the Third Degree. Defines the offense as when a person submits a victim to sexual contact without inflicting sexual intrusion or causing serious bodily injury. The offense is punishable by a maximum term of fifteen years’ imprisonment for a first offense, while subsequent offenses carry a maximum term of 20 years.
WYSA § 6-2-313. Sexual Battery. Defines the crime of subjecting another person to sexual contact, where the act has not been covered by other sections within this chapter of the statutes. The offense is deemed to be a misdemeanor and carries a term of imprisonment of up to one year, a fine of up to $1,000 or both.
WYSA § 6-2-314. Sexual Abuse of a Minor in the First Degree; Penalties. The offense is defined as when a person aged sixteen or over inflicts sexual intrusion upon a victim who is under thirteen years of age. The section also defines that a crime is committed when the offender is of or over the age of eighteen and inflicts sexual intrusion upon a minor under the age of sixteen and over whom they are in a position of authority. The crime is punishable by up to 50 years’ imprisonment. In the event that an offender has two or more convictions under this section, or for sexual assault, the sentence may be increased to life without parole as defined in § 6-2-306.
WYSA § 6-2-315. Sexual Abuse of a Minor in the Second Degree; Penalties. This section states that it is against the law to inflict sexual intrusion upon a victim aged between thirteen and fifteen when the offender is seventeen or over and the victim is at least four years younger. Furthermore, where the offender is sixteen or over and engages in sexual contact with a child under thirteen an offense is committed. Sexual contact by an adult, with a victim under sixteen, when in a position of authority is also unlawful. The maximum sentence for this section is imprisonment for 20 years.
WYSA § 6-2-316. Sexual Abuse of a Minor in the Third Degree. The offense is defined as where, outside the scope of the previous two sections, a person aged seventeen years or older engages in sexual contact with a victim aged between thirteen and fifteen, and where the offender is at least four years older than them. The section also deems it a crime where a person aged 20 or older engages in sexual intrusion with a victim aged between sixteen and seventeen, where the offender is in a position of authority over them and is at least four years older than the victim. It is also a crime for a person under the age of sixteen to inflict sexual intrusion on a victim under the age of thirteen, where the offender is at least three years older than them. The final definition is that of a person aged seventeen or older taking immoral, indecent or indecent liberties with a victim under the age of seventeen, where the victim is at least four years younger than the actor. The punishment for these crimes is imprisonment for up to fifteen years. Where the offender is under the age of sixteen the case will be held in juvenile court unless jurisdiction is transferred to the district court.
WYSA § 6-2-317. Sexual Abuse of a Minor in the Fourth Degree. The offense is defined as where, outside the scope of the previous three sections, a person aged under the age of sixteen engages in sexual contact with a victim under the age of thirteen, where the offender is at least three years older than them. The section also deems it a crime where a person aged 20 or older engages in sexual contact with a victim aged between sixteen and seventeen, where the offender is in a position of authority over them and is at least four years older than the victim. The punishment for these crimes is imprisonment for up to five years. Where the offender is under the age of sixteen the case will be held in juvenile court unless jurisdiction is transferred to the district court.
WYSA § 6-2-318. Soliciting to Engage in Illicit Sexual Relations; Penalty. Defines the crime as where the circumstances do not fall within any of the sexual abuse against a minor offenses and an adult solicits, procures or knowingly encourages a child under the age of fourteen to engage in sexual intrusion. The crime is deemed to be a felony and is punishable by a term of imprisonment of up to five years.
WYSA § 6-2-506. Stalking; Penalty. If a person engages in a course of conduct reasonably likely to harass that person, including by communicating with them repeatedly and without legitimate purpose, following them, or harassing them in any other way they commit this offense. The punishment for this crime is up to six months’ imprisonment, a fine of up to $750 or both. Where the offender has had a previous conviction within the past five years and has used electronic means (among other criteria) to accomplish the act, the offense is upgraded to felony stalking and is punishable by up to ten years’ imprisonment.
WYSA § 6-4-201. Public Indecency; Exception; Penalties. States that it is a crime for a person to engage in sexual intercourse or conduct, or to expose their intimate parts in a public place with the intention of gratifying their sexual desires. The offense is deemed to be a misdemeanor, punishable by up to six month’ imprisonment, a fine of up to $750 or both.
WYSA § 6-4-302. Promoting Obscenity; Penalties. Defines the crime as when a person produces, possesses with intent to disseminate, or disseminates any obscene material. If the obscenity is promoted to an adult the penalty is imprisonment for up a year, a fine of up to $1,000 or both. Where the obscenity is promoted to a minor, the term of imprisonment remains the same at up to a year but the fine increases significantly, to up to $6,000.
WYSA § 6-4-303. Sexual Exploitation of Children; Penalties; Definitions. This section states that a person is guilty of sexual exploitation of a child if they cause, induce, entice or coerce a child to engage in the making of pornography or explicit sexual conduct. This includes the manufacturing and distribution of child pornography. This is a felony and is punishable by imprisonment for between five and twelve years, a fine of up to $10,000 or both. This section also includes the offense of possession of child pornography, which is punishable by imprisonment for up to ten years, a fine of up to $10,000 or both. Subsequent convictions increase the sentence to between seven and twelve years, with the maximum fine remaining at $10,000. The proceeds of such crime, the property used in the commission of the crime and any images in any format are liable to forfeiture under this section.
WYSA § 6-4-304. Voyeurism; Penalties. States that it is a crime to view another person without their consent in an area where they have a reasonable expectation of privacy. This is deemed to be a misdemeanor and carries a term of imprisonment of up to six months, a fine of up to $750 or both. Where the person records such images via a camera or recording device they are guilty of a felony and may be sentenced to up to two years’ imprisonment, a fine of $5,000 or both.
*8WYSA § 21-4-313. Prohibition against Harassment, Intimidation or Bullying; Reporting to School Officials.** States that no person shall engage in harassment, intimidation or bullying, including by electronic means.
WYSA § 21-4-314. School District Implementation; State Policies, Training and Technical Assistance. Requires each school district to adopt a policy prohibiting bullying, harassment and intimidation, which has to contain consequences and remedial actions for persons committing any of the above, as well as reporting and investigation procedures and victim protection strategies. Information regarding this policy must be incorporated in to each district’s professional development programs.
WYSA § 6-2-702. Human Trafficking in the First Degree; Penalty. A person is guilty of human trafficking in the first degree when the person intentionally or knowingly recruits, transports, transfers, harbors, receives, provides, obtains, isolates, maintains, or entices an individual for the purpose of forced labor, sexual servitude, sexual servitude of a minor. Human Trafficking in the first degree is a felony punishable by imprisonment for anywhere between 5 and 50 years. If victim is a minor it is punishable with 25 to 50 years in prison and a fine up to $10,000.00.
WY Stat § 6-2-703 (2014)Human trafficking in the second degree; penalty. A person is guilty of human trafficking in the second degree when the person recklessly recruits, transports, transfers, harbors, receives, provides, obtains, isolates, maintains or entices an individual for the purpose of forced labor, Sexual servitude, or Sexual servitude of a minor. Human trafficking in the second degree is a felony punishable by imprisonment for not less than two (2) nor more than twenty (20) years and a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00), or both.
WY Stat § 6-2-704 (2014) Forced labor or servitude; penalty. A person is guilty of forced labor or servitude when the person intentionally, knowingly or recklessly uses coercion, deception or fraud to compel an individual to provide forced services. Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly compelling forced labor or servitude is a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than fifteen (15) years and a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00), or both.
WY Stat § 6-2-705 (2014) Sexual servitude of adult. A person is guilty of sexual servitude of an adult when the person intentionally, knowingly or recklessly uses coercion, deception or fraud to compel an individual eighteen (18) years of age or older to engage in commercial sexual services.Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly compelling the sexual servitude of an adult is a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than three (3) years and a fine of not more than three thousand dollars ($3,000.00), or both.
WY Stat § 6-2-706 (2014) Sexual servitude of a minor. A person is guilty of sexual servitude of a minor when the person intentionally, knowingly or recklessly offers, obtains, procures or provides an individual less than eighteen (18) years of age to engage in commercial sexual services.Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly compelling the sexual servitude of a minor is a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than five (5) years and a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000.00), or both. It is not a defense in a prosecution under this section that the individual consented to engage in commercial sexual services or that the defendant reasonably believed the individual was at least eighteen (18) years of age.