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2001- After the passage of No Child Left Behind, the 21st Century Community Learning Centers program expanded and increased funding. 21st Century Community Learning Centers provide students with a safe and educational after school space, and many of the programs involve technology education, homework help, community service, and other topics. South Dakota has over forty schools/school districts that receive the federal funding.
2007- South Dakota joined the Partnership for 21st Century Skills State Leadership Initiative as the fifth state. The partnership focuses on giving students skills for critical thinking, problem solving, leadership, communications, and technology literacy. South Dakota specifically created the P21 Advisory Council which comprises of business leaders and policy makers that advise on the effectiveness of South Dakota educational system from pre-kindergarten to the doctoral level.
2012- South Dakota adopted state laws regarding the adoption of bullying policies stating that if a school district did not already have a bullying policy in place, they shall follow the model bullying policy in SDCL Section 13-32-19 until they could create their own policy. Later sections of the law define bullying, set out the requirements for the new policies, and provide immunity for reporting bullying incidents.
2016- The state government of South Dakota passed Senate Bill 133, which appropriated $1,000,000 to the South Dakota Department of Education. The money given to SDDOE is for the Classroom Innovation Grant Program, and can award school districts who apply up to $100,000. The money goes towards the funding of teacher training, classroom access to Virtual Education, and customizable learning tools.
Project Lead the Way
PLTW-South Dakota is a nonprofit designed to get kids into STEM fields by pursing classes during the school day.
South Dakota Internet Crimes Against Children
SDICAC is a group of law enforcement agents and prosecuters who seek out child predators that do their work online. They also provide educational classes and workshops to make citizens aware of the dangers of the Internet.
University of South Dakota Center for Teaching and Learning
The Center for Teaching and Learning at USD provides many tutorials on how to stay safe on the Internet as well as provide workshops and classes for students at USD.
A Qualitative Study of High School Principal Decisions Regarding Distance Learning in South Dakota Schools (2010)K. Fischbach
This dissertation looks into the decisions made by principals in South Dakota as they relate to distance learning.
Math and Science Technology Access and Use in South Dakota Public Schools Grades Three Through Five (2008)D. Schwietert
This dissertation analyzes the use of computers and software for science and mathematics by surveying teachers of both subjects in South Dakota.
Instructional Effectiveness of Computer Technology in Non-Computer-Oriented Courses as Perceived by South Dakota High School Business Teachers (1999)J. Lu, L. Molstad
This journal article looks at the use of computers and technology in non-computer related classes such as business in South Dakota high schools.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of consent in South Dakota is 16 years of age.
In general, sentencing in South Dakota for felony crimes is as follows:
- Class A felony: death or life imprisonment, no lesser sentence. Fine of up to $50,000.
- Class B felony: life imprisonment, no lesser sentence. Fine of up to $50,000.
- Class C felony: life imprisonment. Fine of up to $50,000.
- Class 1 felony: 50 years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $50,000.
- Class 2 felony: 25 years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $50,000.
- Class 3 felony: fifteen years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $30,000.
- Class 4 felony: ten years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $20,000.
- Class 5 felony: five years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $10,000.
- Class 6 felony: two years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $4,000.
Misdemeanors are sentenced as follows:
- Class 1 misdemeanor: one year’s imprisonment in a county jail and/or a fine of $2,000.
Class 2 misdemeanor: thirty days imprisonment in a county jail and/or a fine of $500.
- South Dakota Codified Laws (SD CL) §13-33-20. Distance Learning Defined. Defines distance learning as the technology and educational process used to provide instruction when the student and instructor are not physically present at the same place or timeframe.
- SD CL §13-33-24. South Dakota virtual school created. Created the South Dakota virtual school and put it under the control of the Department of Education, and defined that it provides choice accessibility, flexibility, quality, and equity in the curriculum for students in South Dakota.
- SD CL §22-19A-1. Stalking as a misdemeanor - second offense a felony. It is unlawful to intentionally follow and harass another person, including making threats by way of electronic or digital media. This is a Class 1 misdemeanor for a first offense rising to a Class 6 felony for a second offense committed within ten years.
- SD CL §22-19A-7. Stalking a child twelve or younger- Felony. Any person who willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly follows or harasses a child under twelve with the intent to make them fear for their safety commits a Class 6 felony.
- SD CL §22-22-1. Rape- Degrees-Felony-Statute of Limitations. Defines the crime of rape and states that it is a criminal offense to engage in sexual penetration with a child under thirteen, with the use of force, or where the child is between thirteen and sixteen and the offender is at least three years older than the victim. Where the child is under thirteen it is a Class C felony. Where force is used it is a Class 1 felony and if the child is aged between thirteen and sixteen and the offender is at least three years older, it is a Class 3 felony.
- SD CL §22-22-1.2. Minimum sentences for rape or sexual contact with child. This section gives minimum sentences for certain offenses committed by an adult against a child. For a violation of §22-22-1 sub-section 1 (engaging in sexual penetration with a child under the age of thirteen) there is a minimum sentence of fifteen years’ imprisonment for a first offense. For a violation of §22-22-7 (sexual contact with a child under the age of sixteen) where the child was aged under thirteen at the time of the offense, a minimum term of ten years’ imprisonment is imposed.
- SD CL §22-22-1.3. Contents of presentence investigation report for person convicted of sex crime. This section mandates that those convicted of certain offenses must undergo a mandatory psycho-sexual assessment which includes the following information: the offender’s sexual history; an identification of precursor activities to sexual offending; intellectual, adaptive and academic functioning; social and emotional functioning; previous legal history; previous treatment history; victim selection and age; risk to the community; and treatment options recommended. The results of the assessment must be presented to the court prior to sentencing and subsequently passed to the Board of Pardons and Paroles and the warden of the state penitentiary if the offender is sentenced to be placed there.
- SD CL §22-22-7. Sexual contact with child under sixteen- Felony or Misdemeanor. It is a Class 3 felony for someone over the age of sixteen to engage in sexual contact with a child under sixteen. If the offender is less than three years older than the child it is deemed to be a Class 1 misdemeanor. A subsequent conviction under this section is a Class 2 felony.
- SD CL §22-22-7.3. Sexual contact with child under sixteen years of age - violation as misdemeanor. Defines the crime of a person under the age of sixteen engaging in sexual contact with another child aged under sixteen. This is deemed to be a Class 1 misdemeanor.
- SD CL §22-22-24.3. Sexual exploitation of a minor. It is a crime to allow or to encourage a minor to engage in an activity that is harmful to them, involves nudity, or is obscene. This is a Class 6 felony for a first offense rising to a Class 5 felony for future convictions if they occur within fifteen years of the initial conviction. A conviction under this section means that an assessment of the offender must take place under the terms of §22-22-1.3.
- SD CL §22-22-45. Threatening to commit a sexual offense. A person who has previously been convicted of a felony sexual offense who threatens or communicates their intent to commit further felony sex offenses is in breach of this section and commits a Class 4 felony.
- SD CL §22-24-1.1. Public indecency. It is an offense under this section for a person to expose their anus or genitals in a public place where another may be present who will be annoyed, offended, or alarmed by the person’s act. This is a Class 2 misdemeanor.
- SD CL §22-24-1.2. Indecent exposure. It is unlawful for a person to expose their genitals in a public place with the intent to arouse or gratify their sexual desires or that of another person. This is a Class 1 misdemeanor for a first offense rising to a Class 6 felony for subsequent offenses.
- SD CL §22-24-1.3. Indecent exposure involving a child. Where a person over eighteen intentionally exposes their genitals to a child under thirteen they commit this offense. This is a Class 6 felony, rising to a Class 5 felony for subsequent convictions.
- SD CL §22-24-1.4. Private indecent exposure. It is a crime for a person to expose their genitals to another person, without their consent, in a place where the other person has a reasonable expectation of privacy and that exposure could be expected to cause annoyance or alarm. This is a Class 1 misdemeanor.
- SD CL §22-24-28. Disseminating material harmful to minors as misdemeanor. Any person who disseminates material harmful to minors is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
- SD CL §22-24-29. Possession, sale, or loan as disseminating material harmful to minors. It is a criminal offense to give to, or to possess with the intent to give to a minor any material that is harmful to them.
- SD CL §22-24-30. Admission to show or exhibition as disseminating material harmful to minors. It is unlawful to exhibit, sell, or permit admission by a minor to any motion picture or performance that depicts nudity, sexual conduct, or sadomasochistic abuse.
- SD CL §22-24-34. Dissemination of separate articles as separate offenses. This section enables each piece of obscene material which is possessed, sold or disseminated (among other definitions) to be charged as a separate offense, where more than one of each item is found.
- SD CL §22-24-55. Public schools to restrict access to obscene materials on public access computers. It is the duty of public schools to equip computers with software that will limit minors’ ability to gain access to obscene materials or to purchase their Internet connectivity from a service provider that offers a filtering service.
- SD CL §22-24-56. Public libraries to restrict access to obscene materials on public access computers. Any public library that provides a public access to computers shall develop a local policy that establishes measures to restrict minors from access to obscene materials on the Internet.
- SD CL §22-24A-1. Sale of child pornography. It is a crime to sell any item or material which depicts a minor engaging in a prohibited sexual act, including digital or electronic media. This is a Class 6 felony.
- SD CL §22-24A-3. Possessing, manufacturing, or distributing child pornography. A person is guilty of possessing, manufacturing, or distributing child pornography if they create or distribute any visual depiction of a minor engaging in a prohibited sexual act. This is a Class 4 felony for a first offense rising to a Class 3 felony if the person reoffends within fifteen years. It also carries a mandatory assessment under §22-22-1.3.
- SD CL §22-24A-5. Solicitation of a minor. It is unlawful to solicit any minor to engage in a prohibited sex act where the offender is over the age of eighteen. This section also covers the situation where an offender transmits or receives a minor’s name, telephone number, place of residence, physical characteristics or other descriptive or identifying information for the purpose of soliciting a minor. This is a Class 4 felony and carries a mandatory assessment under §22-22-1.3.
- SD CL §22-24A-7. Liability for civil damages. Any person, except a minor, who knowingly participates in the above behavior in relation to child pornography is liable for civil damages.
- SD CL §22-24A-16. Internet service providers to report suspected violations of child pornography laws- Permitting subscriber to use service for child pornography laws- misdemeanor. Any person working at or for an Internet service provider who has knowledge of or observes any material that depicts a minor engaged in prohibited sexual acts or in the simulation of prohibited sexual acts, shall report the depiction to their supervisor who must then report to the law enforcement agency. Failure to do so is a Class 1 misdemeanor.
- SD CL §22-24A-18. Computer repair technicians to report suspected violations of child pornography laws - misdemeanor. It is an offense for a commercial computer repair technician who has knowledge of or observes an image of a minor engaged in sexually prohibited acts not to report it to the relevant authorities. Failure to do is a Class 1 misdemeanor.