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2006 – Oregon released its education technology plan for 2006 through 2012. The goals of the education technology program were to improve student academic achievement in all subjects through use of technology, assist all students in becoming technologically literate by the end of eighth grade, and integrate technology into curriculum and instruction.
2008 – The state adopted Ed Tech Standards and aligned itself to the National Educational Technology Standards for Students and Addressing Oregon Diploma Essential Skills.
2012 – The state updated its anti-bullying policies. The new policy increased accountability for local school districts and public colleges on responding to incidents of bullying, cyberbullying, intimidation and harassment. The law mandates reporting and prevention training for school employees and students.
The same year, a law required schools to implement teen dating violence policies. Teen dating violence is defined as “a pattern of behavior in which a person uses or threatens to use physical, mental or emotional abuse to control another person who is in a dating relationship with the person, where one or both persons are 13 to 19 years of age.”
In 2018, the Senate amended the bill SB1540 to read that the Department of Human Services or a law enforcement agency has the right to conduct an investigation on school premises if the case involves child abuse. Further provisions are laid out in relation to school staff regarding the routine of such an investigation.
Later that year, the House passed a bill which adds to provisions regarding sexual harassment in schools. The bill specifically adds that information should be shared with a student or staff member following the conclusion of a sexual harassment investigation.
Center for Advanced Technology in Education, University of Oregon
A research center within the university’s College of Education, CATE serves students and teachers by investigating and promoting advanced technology in the classroom. It also provides professional development for teachers in computer science, maintains a virtual space for writing teachers in rural Oregon to collaborate and develops techniques for students to best use the Internet for information.
Center for Cyber Security and Privacy, University of Oregon
This center serves as the university’s hub for cybersecurity research and education. Areas of focus include internet content and traffic, routing and infrastructure security, online social networking security and privacy in the digital age.
Child Abuse Intervention Center of Oregon
The Child Abuse Intervention Center of Oregon is an organization which aims to provide a network of child abuse prevention resources with the state. Their page provides access to their mission, programs, and services but also important statistics as well as types and signs of child abuse.
Child Abuse Response and Evaluation Services (CARES) Northwest
This organization’s mission is to stop child abuse and neglect through prevention, medical evaluation and ongoing treatment. The main focus of the group is providing medical services to children alleged to have been abused.
Children First for Oregon
This nonprofit advocates for children’s health care, family economic stability, affordable child care and the rights of foster children. It launched United for Kids to further push for a pro-child agenda in the state.
This nonprofit serves Clackamas County children who may be victims of sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect or emotional abuse. The intervention center receives referrals from law enforcement and the Department of Human Services, and provides support and trainings for families and communities.
Children & Youth, Oregon Department of Human Services
This sub-department focuses on child safety and child abuse. It provides information and resources on reporting and preventing child abuse.
Consumer Protection, Oregon Department of Justice
This office offers information and resources on online safety, specifically focused on children, Facebook, privacy and viruses.
Crime Victims’ Services Division, Oregon Department of Justice
The website of this division has resources and information on child abuse, sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children. It includes relevant legislation and information on reporting crimes.
Educational Technology, Oregon Department of Education
The Oregon Department of Education Technology Resources page provides standards, technology planning, distance learning information, relevant organizations, professional development for teachers and other resources on Internet safety.
In Our Backyard
This non-profit organization is aimed at preventing human trafficking and educating the public about such issues. Their platform is to “educate, mobilize, and partner” in order to combat instance of human trafficking. The website also offers resources such as indicators of human trafficking as well as other facts and definitions.
This center provides medical child abuse intervention. It connects families with support services and community resources and aims to prevent future abuse. The center also offers prevention training programs for adults, including an Internet safety training for parents and caregivers to learn about online risks and how to talk to children about Internet safety.
Klamath-Lake Child Abuse Response & Evaluation Services (CARES)
This organization aims to be a safe space for children who have been physically or sexually abused. It provides medical examinations, interviews and documentation for abuse evidence. The group also connects children and families with counseling and other resources for recovery.
Network and Security Research Laboratory, University of Oregon
This research center focuses on how to make networking more secure. It seeks solutions that are thought-provoking but also feasible for the real world.
Office of Information Technology, Oregon Department of Education
This office within the state’s education department maintains the security of school networks, and provides centralized web services, application development, system development and access to e-rate funding, among other duties.
Oregon Department of Justice
The Oregon Department of Justice offers pages dedicated to spreading awareness and information about child abuse, sexual assault, and exploitation. These pages also contain resources for these crimes, such as organizations which deal with these issues or ways to report child abuse or human trafficking.
Oregon Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force
The website contains details of the task force’s mission to protect children from online exploitation, as well as information for parents and children. It gives information about prevention and risk factors, as well as current news regarding child exploitation.
Oregon Sexual Assault Task Force
Originally established by former Attorney General Hardy Myers in 1999 to organize statewide efforts to address adult and adolescent sexual assault, the task force is now a nonprofit. The organization facilitates collaboration and focuses on victim-centered approaches to sexual assault prevention, victim advocacy, forensic medical care, prosecution and sex offender management. Its website provides information on online safety, privacy and abusive behavior. The Oregon Sexual Assault Task Force also maintains a program called the Sexual Assault Training Institute, which provides specialized training, support, and assistance to those likely to deal with sexual assault cases or victims (such as nurses or law enforcement officials).
Rebecca Bender Initiative
Founded by a survivor of human trafficking, this organization aims to combat human trafficking by providing services, empowerment, and support to those affected across Oregon and throughout the United States. Through their efforts, the Rebecca Bender Initiative also hopes to change our culture’s mindset about human trafficking and promote awareness.
National Hotline 2017 Oregon State Report (2017)National Human Trafficking Hotline
This report, provided by the National Human Trafficking Hotline, provides brief statistics about Oregon’s human trafficking cases, number of calls to the hotline, and other details aimed at promoted awareness about human trafficking in Oregon.
National Human Trafficking Resource Center: Oregon State Report (2015)National Human Trafficking Resource Center
This report compiles 2014 data on human trafficking, including the number of reports made to NHTRC and demographic data on the state's trafficking victims.
Human Trafficking & Native Peoples in Oregon: A Human Rights Report (2014)G. Skinner
This report focuses on the human trafficking of Native Americans in Oregon.
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) in the Portland Metro Area (2013)C. Carey, L. Teplitsky
This study presents data on the commercial sexual exploitation of children in the Portland metropolitan area.
Oregon Department of Human Services: Child Welfare Practices for Cases with Child Sexual Abuse (2012)Karen Gibbs, Skylar Kendoll
This document includes guidelines intended for Department of Human Services staff as it applies to working with victims of child sexual abuse. The report includes definitions, statistics related to child abuse cases, understanding trauma, information about parental response, treatment for victims, repeat offender risks, and more that is not only helpful to members of the Department of Human Services, but also to the general public. The report is informative as a official guideline but also possesses clear definitions, explanations and statistics about child sexual abuse.
The Sexual Health of Youth Who Have Experienced Sexual Abuse (2011)Maya Rowland
Developed by the Oregon Public Health Division, this report details risk factors and effects sexual abuse has on teens who have been victims. The report gives statistics about youth exposure to sexual abuse in addition to the negative emotional and physical effects abuse can have on a younger individual.
Oregon Department of Education: Data Integrity Assurance Feasibility Study Report (2002)Pacific Consulting Group
This report studied the state's use of technology and made recommendations to improve data privacy protections.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
In general, sentencing for felonies in the state of Oregon is as follows:
- Class A felony: maximum of 20 years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $375,000.
- Class B felony: maximum of 10 years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $250,000.
- Class C felony: maximum of five years’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $125,000
Unless otherwise specified, sentencing for misdemeanors is as follows:
- Class A misdemeanor maximum of one year’s imprisonment. Fine of up to $6,250.
- Class B misdemeanor: maximum of six months’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $2,500.
Class C misdemeanor: maximum of 30 days’ imprisonment. Fine of up to $1,250.
- Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS) 161.005 Unlawful Dissemination of an Intimate Image. States that it is an offense to knowingly cause the online disclosure of an identifiable image of another person whose intimate parts are exposed or who is engaged in sexual conduct with the intent to harass, humiliate or injure that person. This is a crime when the person also should have know that the other person did not consent to disclosure. This is a Class A misdemeanor unless the person has a prior conviction under this section at the time of the offense, in which case it is a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.190 Menacing. It is a crime to cause another person to fear imminent serious physical injury by words or conduct. This is a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.355 Rape in the third degree. A person commits rape in the third degree if they have sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 16. This is defined as a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.365 Rape in the second degree. A person commits rape in the second degree if they have sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 14. This is defined as a Class B felony.
- ORS 163.375 Rape in the first degree. A person is guilty of rape in the first degree if the victim is forcible to compulsion by the person, the victim is under 12 years of age, the victim is under 16 years and related to the person, or if the victim is incapable of consent for any reason such as mental defect.
- ORS 163.385 Sodomy in the third degree. It is an offense to engage in oral or anal sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 16. This is a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.395 Sodomy in the second degree. It is an offense to engage in oral or anal sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 14, or to cause them to engage in deviate sexual intercourse. This is a Class B felony.
- ORS 163.405 Sodomy in the first degree. It is a first degree offense to engage in deviate sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 12, or to cause them to engage in deviate sexual intercourse. Sodomy in the first degree is a Class A felony.
- ORS 163.408 Unlawful sexual penetration in the second degree. Defines the crime of penetrating the vagina, anus or penis of a child under the age of 14 with any object other than the penis or mouth. This is deemed to be a Class B felony.
- ORS 163.411 Unlawful sexual penetration in the first degree. Defines the crime as per the previous section but the more serious charge applies where the child in question was under the age of 12 at the time of the crime, or where force was used. This is deemed to be a Class A felony.
- ORS 163.413 Purchasing sex with a minor. States that a person commits this offense if he/she pays, or offers or agrees to pay, a fee to engage in sexual intercourse or sexual contact with a minor. If the person does not have a prior conviction under this section at the time of offense this is a Class C felony and the offender may only use the ignorance or mistake of age defense if the minor was at least 16 years old. This is punishable by a fine of $10,000, 30 days’ imprisonment and completion of a program which aims to prevent recidivism of persons who have been charged with or arrested for solicitation of sex or purchasing of sex with a minor. If the person has one or more prior convictions this is a Class B felony and the person may not use the ignorance or mistake of age defense. This is punishable by a $20,000 and the court shall designate the offense as a sex crime. If the offender is deemed a threat to community safety, he/she may be required to register as a sex offender.
- ORS 163.415 Sexual abuse in the third degree. This is defined as when a person subjects a child under the age of 18 to sexual contact and is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.425 Sexual abuse in the second degree. It is defined as a second degree offense to engage in sexual intercourse, deviate sexual intercourse or (except as provided in ORS 163.412) penetration of the vagina, anus or penis with any object other than the penis or mouth of the offender without consent. Lack of consent may also result from from a victim’s lack of ability to consent if he/she is younger than 18. This is a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.427 Sexual abuse in the first degree. It is a crime to subject another to sexual contact where that other person is under 14 or where force is used or where the victim is unable to give consent. This is a Class B felony offense.
- ORS 163.432 Online sexual corruption of a child in the second degree. A person commits this offense where, when over the age of 18, they use online communications to solicit a child to engage in sexual contact or sexually explicit conduct for the purposes of arousing or gratifying their sexual desire and they offer or agree to meet with the child. This is a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.433 Online sexual corruption of a child in the first degree. Defined as where the offender intentionally takes a substantial step toward physically meeting with a child having used online communications with that child to arouse or gratify their sexual desires. This is a Class B felony.
- ORS 163.435 Contributing to the sexual delinquency of a minor. A person who is 18 years or older contributes to the sexual delinquency of a minor if a male engages in sexual intercourse with a female under 18 years, a female engages with a male under 18 years of age, or if a person engages in oral or anal sex with a person under the age of 18. This is defined as a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.465 Public indecency. It is a crime for any person to engage in sexual intercourse, deviate sexual intercourse or exposes their genitals in a public place for the purpose of gratifying their sexual desires or that of another person. This is a Class A misdemeanor. Public indecency is a Class C felony if the person has committed a prior instance.
- ORS 163.467 Private indecency. A person commits an offense under this section if they expose their genitals with the intent of arousing the sexual desire to another person without consent or in a place where the other person had an expectation of privacy. Private indecency is defined as intending to alarm or annoy someone and occurs when consent has not been given. This is defined as a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.476 Unlawfully being in a location where children regularly congregate. Various categories of convicted sex offender are prohibited from entering schools, daycare centers or any other place where children regularly congregate or which have been designated primarily for the use of children. The offense is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.479 Unlawful contact with a child. This section prohibits various categories of convicted sex offenders from having contact with a child under the age of 18 with the intent to commit a crime or satisfy the sexual desires of any person. The offense is deemed to be a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.537 Buying or selling a person under 18 years of age. States that it is an offense to buy, sell, barter, trade or offer to do so for the the legal or physical custody of a person under 18 years old. Buying or selling someone under the age of 18 is a Class B felony.
- ORS 163.670 Using child in display of sexually explicit conduct. It is a crime to employ, authorize, permit, or induce a child to participate in sexually explicit conduct for any person to observe or to record in a photograph, motion picture, videotape or other visual recording. This is a Class A felony offense.
- ORS 163.684 Encouraging child sexual abuse in the first degree. It is defined as an offense where a person knowingly develops, publishes, prints, disseminates, or displays any image or material containing sexually explicit conduct involving a child. Duplicates include downloaded videos from a peer-to-peer network and individually downloaded images. Each visual recording of the child victim constitutes a separate crime. This offense also includes knowingly bringing material that involves sexually explicit content involving a child into this state or consciously disregards the presence of sexually explicit material involving a child.
- ORS 163.686 Encouraging child sexual abuse in the second degree. It is an offense to knowingly possess or buy material showing sexually explicit conduct involving a child for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the offender and the offender knows or is aware of and consciously disregards the fact that the conduct constitutes child abuse. This is a Class C felony.
- ORS 163.687 Encouraging child sexual abuse in the third degree. It is a crime to knowingly possess or buy material showing sexually explicit conduct involving a child for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the offender and the offender and the offender knows or fails to be aware of a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the conduct constitutes child abuse. This is a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.688 Possession of materials depicting sexually explicit conduct of a child in the first degree. It is an offense where a person knowingly possesses any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child and uses that image to induce a child to participate or engage in sexually explicit conduct. This is a Class B felony.
- ORS 163.689 Possession of materials depicting sexually explicit conduct of a child in the second degree. A person commits this crime where they knowingly possess any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child and intends to use that image to induce a child to participate or engage in sexually explicit conduct. This is a Class C felony offense.
- ORS 163.693 Failure to report child pornography. This section defines terms potentially related to child pornography cases and applies where a person develops or processes a visual recording, has reason to suspect that it contains images of child pornography and fails to report it to law enforcement. The offense is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 163.732 Stalking. It is a crime to alarm or coerce another person by engaging in repeated and unwanted contact with them. This is a Class A misdemeanor unless the offender has a previous conviction for stalking or is in breach of a court order, in which case it is a Class C felony.
- ORS 167.054 Furnishing sexually explicit material to a child. A person commits this crime if they intentionally furnish a child with, or intentionally permit a child to view, sexually explicit material. This is a Class A misdemeanor.
- ORS 167.057 Luring a minor. It is an offense where a person furnishes to or uses a visual representation or explicit verbal description of sexual conduct for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the offender or minor; or inducing the minor to engage in sexual conduct. This is a Class C felony.
- ORS 167.075 Exhibiting an obscene performance to a minor. It is a criminal offense to exhibit or admit a minor to an obscene performance. This is a Class A misdemeanor which may also carry a fine of up to $10,000.
- ORS 167.080 Displaying obscene materials to minors. It is a crime to display, where visible to minors, any material which depicts nudity, sexual conduct, sexual excitement or sadomasochistic abuse. This is a Class A misdemeanor, with a possible fine of $10,000.
- ORS 167.090 Publicly displaying nudity or sex for advertising purposes. This offense is considered a Class A misdemeanor when a person publicly displays nudity or sex for the purposes of advertisement. Visual representations of this could include a picture, photograph, drawing.