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2012- A request was submitted by the Executive Director of Parent and Community Engagement to allow students to use smartphones in their classrooms if iPads or computers cannot be supplied. After attending a conference in Orlando, FL, Melodie Fulmer realized the impact that technology could have on students in a classroom. She realized that budgets were tough and schools couldn’t provide computers or iPads to students nor could they ask parents to provide them. In an effort to expand technology usage in her school district, she requested that smartphone usage in the classroom for school related subjects be allowed. Through the conference she saw how the technology turned failing schools into schools that model success and she wished to bring that to Oklahoma. This was one of the first steps for Oklahoma in moving towards alternative styles of teaching to become more modern.
2013-The Student Data Accessibility, Transparency and Accountability Act of 2013 establishes limitations to who can access public school records for individual students. It also sets requirements for the Board of Education to what student data is being collected in the system. Some of those requirements are restricting what they collect and why it is collected, and who can view the data. This Act also lays out FERPA rules for when a student is 18 or older.
2013- Voters approved a bond for Putnam City Schools to fund iPads in the classroom. This allowed for every student to get an iPad or share an iPad with only one other person which makes the total number of iPads in the district 14,000. This bond made it possible for teachers to personalize students’ learning and bring materials from across the web into the classroom without having to worry about cost. This has expanded education and made learning limitless for the students of Putnam City Schools.
2013-School Safety and Bullying Prevention Act states the definition of bullying and deems it illegal to bully. It is in the Act stating that if you are found guilty by the school for bullying, the school must offer options of discipline in order to make up for bad behavior. The school must have a procedure for dealing with bullying reports and incidents and all hired employees must report any possible bullying incidents immediately. It is the school’s job to provide a safe learning environment for kids and therefore must discipline those who go against providing that safe space.
2015-ConnectEd initiative- Every student in Arthur Elementary was given an iPad to use in the classroom and at home to help them learn. Each teacher is also given an iPad, macbook, and Apple TV to use for the classroom as well. This advancement helps Oklahoma in their initiative to integrate technology into the classroom in order to expand students’ knowledge and interest in learning. Arthur Elementary was one in 114 schools in the nation to be chosen for this ConnectEd program and the only one in Oklahoma which puts them as one of the leading schools with technology use in the classroom.
2016- The Board of Education in Oklahoma offers online lesson plans in order to build an anti-bullying curriculum into Oklahoma school systems. These lesson plans are tailored to different age groups and call upon the students to determine, after reading or learning about a bullying circumstance, what the proper way to act would be and why bullying is not a good thing. The lesson plans use a wide variety of materials and help students gain knowledge from many platforms such as readings, theatre, and internet.
2016-New STEM program Learning Lab can be found in Clinton Public Schools. These learning labs redefine how children learn and how teacher should approach learning. The labs are designed to encourage kids to explore, build, and tinker as a way to promote Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). The point is to help children become their own problem solvers. It is to instill the values of trying again even after messing up and helps each student find the solution without a teacher leading them to it. The learning labs raise expectations and help kids reach the potential they can actually get to while promoting the STEM program.
2016-Superintendent Hofmeister, Sen. Loveless, Sen. Sparks, Rep. Denney believe SB 711 is making schools safer. The law makes it so the school’s superintendent must tell the State Board of Education when a teacher has been recommended for dismissal or has resigned due to possible criminal behavior of sexual misconduct. This move will create a safer environment for children as well as create a better learning environment.
2016 - Governor Mary Fallin launched the Oklahoma Connect and Learn Initiative aimed to transforming education in Oklahoma by personalizing learning plans to every student in hopes of increasing access to upper-level courses and concurrent enrollment. The goal of this program is to ensure that Oklahoma classrooms have Wi-Fi access to better facilitate digital learning. This will help ensure that students have access to devices, as well as affordable and effective high-speed broadband network both at school and at home. Governor Fallin will be partnering with EducationSuperHighway to achieve their goal of supporting digital learning today and in the future.
2016 - The Oklahoma State School Boards Association launched the Oklahoma Library of Digital Resources. This is the only online library that provides digital teaching resources to help elementary and middle school teachers. This library will allow schools to use technology to further improve student achievement in more innovative and cost-saving ways.
2016-2017- Oklahoma Standards and Assessments- The 2016-2017 Oklahoma School standards and assessments included standards for learning technology. For Standards, Oklahoma uses PASS which is Priority Academic Student Skills. These standards make it so students in grades 6-10 will have daily hands-on exposure to technology and future career options. PASS helps students realize the impact of technology around the world, its effect on the environment, and its effect on human beings around the world. Along with PASS there is ISTE which stands for International Society for Technology in Education which are national technology standards in schooling that Oklahoma adopted. ISTE helps students learn and put into practice ideas and concepts regarding technology such as issues, research, communication, and problem-solving.
2017 - Oklahoma passed a partisan bill, which grew out of Governor Fallin’s Connect and Learn Initiative, that required Oklahoma teachers to receive professional development covering digital teaching. This bill was passed by Governor Fallin to help enhance classroom education through the use of digital and instructional technologies. The bill requires teachers to use digital teaching and learning standards in their local and professional development programs.
2017 - The First Writing Team Meeting was held on September 2017 to discuss the first draft of the Academic Standards for Computer Science. The third and final draft of the Standards will be presented and reviewed by the Oklahoma State Board of Education on March 22, 2018, and if approved, it will be presented to the Oklahoma Legislature for their consideration. This will then be initially implemented into the 2018-2019 academic school year. If Oklahoma adopts the Standards, it will become only the third state in the nation to have grade-specific standards for computer science. This will hopefully help increase the percentage of schools that offer computer coding classes (40%), as well as the percentage of students enrolled in computer science classes (3%).
Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security (OKOHS)
The Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security has a cyber security section on its website where it gives advice and information regarding cyberbullying, spyware, general Internet safety, and phishing.
Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigations (OSBI)
The Computer Crimes Unit at the OSBI was created to deal with Oklahoma’s increasing number of computer crimes such as networks intrusions, child pornography, identity theft, and fraud. The Unit has at least one agent in charge and seven special agents who assist with local law enforcement agencies.
Oklahoma State Department of Education
The Oklahoma State Department of Education website contains a variety of links to inside and outside resources for parents on the topic of online safety.
National Human Trafficking Hotline Data Report: Oklahoma State Report 1/1/2016-12/31/2016 (2016)National Human Trafficking Hotline
This report compiles the results of the National Human Trafficking Hotline's data from the year of 2016 in regards to the incoming communication to the Hotline. Communication took the form of phone calls, online tip reports, or emails.
Violence Among Oklahoma Public High School Students (2015)Oklahoma State Department of Health
This report summarized the findings from the 2015 Oklahoma Youth Risk Behavior Survey which was distributed among public high school students. This section of the survey focused on violence and violence in schools and the ways in which schools are mitigating problems. It touched on topics like weapons, fights, dating violence, and cyberbullying.
Use of Social Media Data to Explore Crisis Informatics (2014)Satish Ukkusuri, Xianyuan Zhan, Arif Sadri, Qing Ye
This study looked at microblogs posted to Twitter after the May 20, 2013 Moore, Oklahoma tornado to explore individual behaviours during a crisis and categorize the needs and activities of people during disasters.
The Influence of Media Literacy Curriculum on Body Image of Postsecondary Students in Oklahoma (2011)ReAnne Ashlock
This dissertation questions whether a one hour media literacy course created by the author would have any affect on postsecondary students' perceptions of self in terms of media influence. The report concluded that this specialized media literacy course did in fact influence student perceptions.
I-SAFE Evaluation (2006)Susan Chibnall, Madeleine Wallace, Christin Leicht, Lisa Lunghofer
In 2001, Caliber Associates was awarded a contract to carry out an experimental longitudinal study of the effectiveness of the i-SAFE curriculum which teaches students about Internet safety. Sites in Kentucky, Oklahoma, and Nebraska were chosen to conduct surveys which asked children about whether they retained the information given in the course and do they use the knowledge they gained. They also tried to determine at what reduced levels or intensities of implementation are the curriculum benefits no longer measurable.
The Digital Divide and Academic Achievement (2006)Jie Huang, Susan Russell
This paper seeks to understand the relationship between technology accessibility in students and their academic achievement. The subjects in the study were fifth grade students in metro Oklahoma City, OK. The results from the study suggest that the digital divide still exists and that a relationship between accessibility and achievement may exist.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
Oklahoma Statutes OKS §21-891. Child stealing - Penalty. Defines the crime of enticing a child under sixteen away from their home with the intent to detain or conceal them from their parents or guardians. This is deemed to be a felony which incurs a term of imprisonment of up to ten years and a period of mandatory probation upon release.
OKS §21-906. Obscene language a misdemeanor. Where any person utters obscene or lascivious language in a public place in the presence of females or children under the age of ten, they shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and may be sentenced to up to 30 days’ imprisonment, a fine of up to $100 or both the fine and imprisonment.
OKS §21-1021. Indecent exposure - Indecent exhibitions - Obscene material or child pornography - Solicitation of minors. Any person who lewdly exposes their genitals in any public place or downloads, publishes or sells any obscene material or child pornography is guilty of an offense. The section also covers the possession of child pornography in a variety of forms. They may be fined between $500 and $20,000, sentenced to a term of imprisonment between 30 days and ten years or be both fined and imprisoned. Where the material is distributed or shown to a minor the sentences range from ten years’ to 30 years’ imprisonment.
OKS §21-1021.2. Minors - Procuring for participation in pornography. It is a felony offense to procure or cause the participation of any minor under the age of eighteen in any child pornography. This section also deals with possession, sale and manufacturing of child pornography. This carries a punishment not to exceed 20 years’ imprisonment, a fine of $25,000 or both. There is also a mandatory period of parole following the release from prison for any sentence over two years.
OKS § 1021.4. Disclosure of obscene materials containing minors. Amongst others, any professional computer technician who observes in the course of his employment an image depicting a child under the age of eighteen years engaged in an act of sexual conduct shall report it to an appropriate body within 36 hours. Failure to do so is a misdemeanor and the person may be punished by up to one year’s imprisonment.
OKS §21-1024. Destruction of child pornography or obscene material. Upon the final conviction of the accused any child pornography, or obscene material found in their possession shall be destroyed.
OKS §21-1024.2. Purchase, procurement or possession of child pornography. This section defines the offense of purchasing, procuring or possessing child pornography in violation of sections 1024.1 through 1024.4 and deems it to be a felony. The penalty is up to five years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to $5,000 or both.
OKS §21-1024.3. Seizure of evidentiary copy of obscene material or all copies of explicit child pornography. This section empowers law enforcement and other authorized persons to seize evidentiary copies of obscene material or child pornography and all copies of explicit pornography for delivery to the court.
OKS §21-1024.4. Destruction of obscene material or child pornography upon conviction. States that upon conviction any obscene material or child pornography possessed by the accused it to be destroyed.
OKS §21 1040.8. Publication, distribution or participation in preparation of obscene material or child pornography - Unsolicited mailings. Defines the offense of participating in the production of obscene material or child pornography and the sending of such matter in an unsolicited mailing. The section also prohibits the publication or distribution of such matter, including in an electronic format. The sending of unsolicited mail that contains subject matter harmful to minors is also prohibited. The crime is deemed to be a misdemeanor punishable by up to a year in the county jail, a fine of up to $1,000 or both.
OKS §21-1040.12a. Aggravated possession of child pornography - Penalties - Definitions. This section states that if a person is found guilty of possessing 100 or more separate materials depicting child pornography, they commit this offense. Multiple copies of the same image are to be counted as separate items. The penalty is a prison term of up to 20 years and a fine of up to $10,000.
OKS §21-1040.13. Acts prohibited - Felony. Defines the crime of knowingly bringing obscene material or child pornography into the state for sale or commercial distribution. The section also prohibits (among other definitions) the sale or commercial distribution of such materials from within the state. Also defined is the crime of giving information to someone else about how to procure obscene material or child pornography. Committing these crimes leaves the offender liable to a prison term of up to ten years, a fine of up to $10,000 or both.
OKS §21-1040.13a. Facilitating, encouraging, offering or soliciting sexual conduct with a minor. It is a crime to transmit, including via a computer or any technology, any name, telephone number, place of residence, physical characteristics or other descriptive or identifying information of a minor for the purposes of facilitating, encouraging, offering or soliciting sexual conduct with them. Each communication constitutes a separate offense. The crimes carries a sentence for up to ten years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to $10,000 or both. A mandatory period of parole upon release from prison will also be imposed.
OKS §21-1040.54. Seizure and forfeiture of equipment used in certain offenses relating to obscene material or child pornography. Any equipment that is reasonably believed to be involved in the creation, publication or sale of child pornography may be seized by the state and is subject to forfeiture after a trial has ended with a guilty verdict.
OKS §21-1040.76. Material or performances harmful to minors - Prohibited acts. It is a crime to display material that is potentially harmful to minors where they can see it. This misdemeanor is punishable by a daily fine of $500 for as long as it remains in view for either a first or second offense. Upon a third or subsequent conviction the fine increases to $1,000 per day.
OKS §21-1040.80. Interactive computer service providers - Removal of child pornography. Interactive computer service providers are required, upon application, to remove indecent images of children in a timely manner. Failure to comply with such a request incurs a fine of $1,000 but further breaches lead to fines of up to $30,000 and a term of imprisonment of up to five years.
OKS §21-1111. Rape. This section defines the crime of rape as being an act of sexual intercourse involving vaginal or anal penetration where the victim is under sixteen, where threats or violence is used or where the victim is over sixteen but under eighteen and the offender is in a position of authority.
OKS §21-1114. Rape in first degree – second degree. Defined (among other criteria) as where the victim is under fourteen and the offender is over eighteen. This is punishable by death or a minimum term of imprisonment of five years. Life or life without parole are all sentences which may apply depending on the severity of the crime. All other situations involving non-consensual sexual intercourse are rape in the second degree and offenders may be sentenced to between one and fifteen years’ imprisonment. In the event that the offender is sentenced to a prison term of at least two years, a mandatory period of probation must be imposed. Second convictions under this section mean that probation may not be offered and sentences must be served in full. A third conviction carries a mandatory sentence of life or life without parole.
OKS §21-1123. Lewd or indecent proposals or acts as to child under 16 - Sexual battery. It is an offense to make any oral, written or electronically or computer-generated lewd or indecent proposal to any child under sixteen. Furthermore, it is a crime to commit sexual acts in front of a child or to invite them to a secluded place for the purpose of performing a prohibited act. The sentences for these offenses range from one to 20 years’ imprisonment. Also under this section it is a crime to commit “Sexual battery”: the intentional touching, mauling or feeling of the body or private parts of a person over sixteen. The maximum sentence for this is five years’ imprisonment.
OKS §21-1171. Peeping Tom. It is a crime to use photographic, electronic or video equipment in a clandestine manner for any prurient purpose to look upon another person without their consent. The sentence under this section is a maximum of five years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to $5,000 or both.
OKS §21-1172. Obscene, threatening or harassing telecommunication or other electronic communications - Penalty. It is unlawful for any person, by way of electronic device, to make any lewd or lascivious comments, or to threaten, intimidate or harass any other person. This is a misdemeanor on a first conviction rising to a felony subsequently.
OKS §21-1173. Stalking - Penalties. Where any person willfully and maliciously follows or harasses another person, which would cause a reasonable person feel frightened or terrorized an offense is committed. The sentence for a first offense is a maximum of one year’s imprisonment, a fine of up to $1,000 or both. If the offender has committed the offense while on parole or in breach of a court order, the sentence increases to up to five years’ imprisonment, a fine of up $2,500 or both.
HB2006-2011. Relates to solicitation of sexual conduct or communication with a minor by use of technology; includes description of text messages with certain sexual content; modifies penalty for consensual text messages between certain persons; specifies penalty for certain persons; declares an emergency. The Bill is currently pending and has been carried over to the 2012 Session. http://webserver1.lsb.state.ok.us/2011-12bills/HB/HB2006_int.rtf
OKS §1491- Kristin’s Law This law states that any person who commits domestic abuse and has a history of physical violence (2 or more separate incidents happening on different days but including the current incident) will be found guilty of a felony punishable up to 10 years in prison, up to a $5,000 fine, or both.