North Carolina

Population

10,042,802

Population 0‑18

25.5%

Internet Users

75.2%

Home Internet Subscribers

68.4%
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2001 - A bill was passed that required libraries and schools to take effective measures to limit access of obscene or violent materials online to children. The General Assembly found it to be in the best interest for people in North Carolina to have assurance that public libraries and schools has provisions in place to allow young computer users to have a safe experience online.

2001 - The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction implemented the test development process for a web-based computer skills test. This test combines traditional multiple-choice and performance tests into one test that is available online.

2007 - A bill was passed that provided the development and implementation of a public education program concerning internet safety.

2009 - House Bill 1381 is passed; this is the Internet Defamation bill that defines internet defamation and repercussions for it.

2012 - To be eligible for E-Rate funding, from July 1st, 2012, in addition to compliance with CIPA, schools will also need to certify that they will educate students with regard to safe online behavior. Passed into law in January 2008, the ‘Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act’, Section 215 (titled ‘Promoting Online Safety in Schools’) inserts Section 254(h)(5)(B) (iii) of the Communications Act of 1934, requiring each school to certify that ”as part of its Internet safety policy, [it] is educating minors about appropriate online behavior, including interacting with other individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms and cyberbullying awareness and response”. The certification has to be made no later than 120 days after the beginning of the first program funding year, or as part of the application process for any subsequent year (Section 254(h)(5)(E)).

2012 - The North Carolina Department of Justice partnered with Facebook to host a town hall meeting at a high school in Cary to answer concerns of social networking safety.

2016 - The North Carolina Digital Learning & Media Inventory went live on April 11, 2016. This inventory gathers data for state and national reporting. Its goal is to inform state and local budgets as well as help state and local digital learning efforts. The questions associated with the inventory are aligned to the North Carolina Digital Learning Progress Rubric.

2017 - North Carolina passes the BRIGHT Futures Act; BRIGHT stands for Broadband, Retail, Internet of Things, Grid Power, Healthcare and Training. Its goal is to expand access to high-speed, broadband internet in rural areas of where it’s too expensive for private service providers to extend their lines.

eLearning NC

eLearning NC is the one-stop website all about eLearning resources offered to K-20 public educators in North Carolina. It is presented and maintained by the North Carolina Education Cabinet and Office of the Governor.

National Human Trafficking Hotline - North Carolina

This state specific organization is part of the National Human Trafficking Hotline organization and it provides citizens with information on events and resources as well as statistics about trafficking in their state. The NHTH-North Carolina works closely with service providers, law enforcement, and other professionals to serve victims and survivors of trafficking.

NC Wise Owl

NC WiseOwl (North Carolina Online Windows for Learning) has been providing online subscription resources for schools for the last decade. Its mission is to ensure that all of public and charter school students have access to a collection of online resources for use in research projects and homework assignments, without regard to the economic status of their local school system. Among other resources, the site provides link access to all Internet safety resources in the area, from local (the North Carolina Department of Justice) to national (including iSafe, Get Net Wise and others) for parents and teachers.

North Carolina Department of Justice

Among other things, the North Carolina Department of Justice provides resources and information regarding internet safety for parents and families.

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction

The site of the DoPI provides details about the current Information Technology Standards as well as information for parents, teachers, and students about ongoing programs.

North Carolina State Bureau of Investigations Computer Crimes Unit

The SBI CCU helps law enforcement across North Carolina to solve sophisticated crimes which involved a computer. Its agents combine technological expertise with investigative training to catch child predators and other criminals. The Computer Crimes Unit is also the lead agency in the NC Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force.

North Carolina Virtual Academy

NCVA is a community of students, families, and educators dedicated to expanding the educational choices through innovative and technology-rich instructional practices. This group is an online public charter school authorized by the NC Dept of Public Instruction and gives K-12 children a high quality and tuition free public education.

North Carolina Virtual Public School (NCVPS)

Formed in 2005 on the recommendation of the NC e-Learning Commission, the North Carolina Virtual Public School, under Session Law 2006-66 (Section 7.16.(a-e)), provides e-learning opportunities to students. The authorizing legislation for NCVPS states: “NCVPS shall be available at no cost to all students in North Carolina who are enrolled in North Carolina’s public schools, Department of Defense schools, and schools operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.”

Social Media: Connecting With Parents (2016)

Izzi Hernandez-Cruz, Dylan Russell

This research delves into the question, "how do North Carolina's districts and schools currently use social media to engage and communicate with parents? Does social media use affect parental involvement in schools?" The study gave recommendations such as establishing a best practice policy for districts, claiming unofficial pages, and encouraging leadership in districts to delegate the maintaining of platforms.

Accessibility and Usage of Technology by North Carolina Agriculture Teachers (2014)

Maegen R. Williams, Wendy J. Warner, James L. Flowers, D. Barry Croom

This research study looks into the integration of technology in North Carolina agricultural education classrooms and found that most educators had access to digital projectors and cameras and access to teacher desktop and laptop computers. Their lesson plans mostly used web browsers and specific software for managing student records. Technology use by students was less frequent and mostly consistent of Internet searching and the use of CD-ROM reference materials.

Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement (2014)

Jacob L. Vigdor, Helen F. Ladd, Erika Martinez

This paper studied the question, "does differential access to computer technology at home compound the educational disparities between rich and poor and would a program of government provision of computers to early secondary school students reduce these disparities?" using data on North Carolina public school students. Evidence suggests providing universal access to home computers and the Internet would broaden math and reading achievement gaps.

Digital Literacies and Learning: Designing a Path Forward (2012)

Hiller A. Spires, Melissa E. Bartlett, Adam Garry, Angela H. Quick

This white paper from the Friday Institute showcases digital literacies and digital learning in North Carolina. The paper questions what it means to be literate in the digital age, what digital literacy is, and provides research results from teachers' use of digital literacies in North Carolina and the connections among digital literacies, common core standards and assessments.

Needs of elementary and middle school teachers developing online courses for a virtual school (2010)

Kevin Oliver, Shaun Kellogg, Latricia Townsend, Kevin Brady

This report looks at the thoughts of elementary and middle school teachers who developed pilot online courses for the North Carolina Virtual Public School. This report also identifies comment needs of non-traditional course designers during their course development efforts and the types of support that is necessary.

What Students Think About Technology and Academic Engagement in School: Implications for Middle Grades Teaching and Learning (2009)

John Lee, Hiller Spires

This study provides the results of a survey of 4,000 North Carolina middle schoolers about what they need to be engaged with and how to achieve in a 21st Century technological setting. Findings from this study include the fact that students use technology differently inside and outside of school.

Issues Surrounding the Deployment of a New Statewide Virtual Public School (2009)

Kevin Oliver, Jason Osborne, Ruchi Patel, Glenn Kleiman

The purpose of this article is to highlight results and lessons learned from the first sessions of the North Carolina Virtual Public School, which opened in Summer 2007. Some of its findings include the fact that there are advantages of online learning, course design issues, and student readiness varies for online learning.

Identification of Quality Characteristics for Technology Education Programs: A North Carolina Case Study (1999)

Aaron C. Clark, Robert E. Wenig

The purpose of this study was to identify quality indicators for assessing whether North Carolina technology education programs throughout the state were being met with the correct standard levels as well as developing a correlated check sheet for the process. They found 25 quality indicators for the technology education and these could also be translated to programs that utilize laboratory instruction.

This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

Sentencing in North Carolina is generally as listed below, unless otherwise specified. Any sentence which incurs a term of imprisonment may also incur a fine. Sentence ranges classed as presumptive are for offenses where no aggravating or mitigating factors apply so the actual sentence imposed may be lower or higher than that stated, depending on circumstances.

  • Class A felony: life imprisonment without parole or death.

  • Class B1 felony: presumptive range between 192 and 240 months’ imprisonment.

  • Class B2 felony: presumptive range between 125 and 157 months’ imprisonment.

  • Class C felony: presumptive range between 58 and 73 months’ imprisonment.

  • Class D felony: presumptive range between 51 and 64 months’ imprisonment.

  • Class E felony: presumptive range between 20 and 25 months’ imprisonment.

  • Class F felony: presumptive range between thirteen and sixteen months’ imprisonment.

  • Class G felony: presumptive range between ten and thirteen months’ imprisonment.

  • Class H felony: presumptive range between five and six months’ imprisonment.

  • Class I felony: presumptive range between three and four months’ imprisonment.

The penalties shown for misdemeanor convictions are on the basis of a first offense. Sentences are increased where the offender has one to four prior convictions or more than five convictions respectively.

  • Class A1 misdemeanor: one to 60 days’ imprisonment.
  • Class 1 misdemeanor: one to 45 days’ imprisonment.
  • Class 2 misdemeanor: one to 30 days’ imprisonment.
  • Class 3 misdemeanor: one to ten days’ imprisonment.

  • North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS) § 14 27.2. First-degree Rape. This section states that a person is guilty of rape in the first degree if they engage in vaginal intercourse with a child under the age of thirteen where they are at least twelve years old and at least four years older than the victim or use a weapon or inflict serious personal injury upon the victim. This is a Class B1 felony.

  • NCGS § 14 27.2A. Rape of a Child; Adult Offender. It is a crime where a person who is at least eighteen engages in vaginal intercourse with a child under the age of thirteen. This is a Class B1 felony and incurs a minimum sentence of 300 months’ imprisonment and a maximum sentence of life without parole if the court finds that there were aggravating factors. In the event that life without parole is not imposed, the offender is subject to satellite-based monitoring for life upon release from prison.

  • NCGS § 14 27.3. Second-degree Rape. Defines the offense as engaging in vaginal intercourse with a person against their will. The offense is deemed to be a Class C felony.

  • NCGS § 14 27.4. First-degree Sexual Offense. Defines the offense as engaging in a sexual act with a victim who is a child under thirteen and where the defendant is at least twelve years old and is at least four years older than the victim. The section also covers the use of a weapon in the assault or causing serious personal injury to the victim. This is defined as a Class B1 felony.

  • NCGS § 14 27.4A. Sexual Offense with a Child; Adult Offender. Where an adult offender engages in a sexual act with a child under the age of thirteen, they commit this offense. The offense is deemed to be a Class B1 felony and carries a minimum sentence of 300 months’ imprisonment, with a maximum sentence of life without parole. Upon release from any prison term the offender will be subject to satellite-based monitoring for life.

  • NCGS § 14 27.5. Second-degree Sexual Offense. States that it is unlawful to engage in a sexual act with a person without their consent, which is deemed to be a Class C felony.

  • NCGS § 14 27.5A. Sexual Battery. Defines the crime to engage in sexual contact for the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse without the consent of the other person, by use of force or against one who is physically helpless. This is a Class A1 misdemeanor.

  • NCGS § 14 27.7A. Statutory Rape or Sexual Offense of Person who is 13, 14, or 15 Years Old. This section states that it is an offense to engage in vaginal intercourse or a sexual act with another person who is aged between thirteen and fifteen and where the offender is at least six years older than the victim. The offense is deemed to be a Class B1 felony. Where the offender is more than four years but less than six years older than the victim it is categorized as a Class C felony.

  • NCGS § 14-43.11. Human Trafficking. Defines the offense as to recruit, entice, harbor, transport, provide or obtain, by any means, another person with intent that the victim will be held in sexual or involuntary servitude. This is deemed to be a Class C felony, unless the victim is a minor which elevates the offense to a Class B2 felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.1. Obscene Literature and Exhibitions. This section states, among other things, that it is a crime to intentionally disseminate obscenity. This includes selling, renting, directing, publishing or exhibiting obscene material and is deemed to be a Class I felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.5. Preparation of obscene photographs, slides and motion pictures. States that it is a Class 1 misdemeanor to photograph or record oneself or another for the purpose of creating an obscene image or film.

  • NCGS § 14 190.6. Employing or Permitting Minor to Assist in Offense under Article. States that it is unlawful for a person over the age of eighteen to hire, employ, permit or use a minor, under the age of sixteen, to commit any offense considered to be obscene under this section. This is defined as a Class I felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.7. Dissemination to Minors under the Age of 16 Years. This section defines as an offense the dissemination of obscene material to a minor under the age of sixteen by someone over the age of eighteen and deems it to be a Class I felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.8. Dissemination to Minors under the Age of 13 Years. States that it is a crime for a person over the age of eighteen to disseminate obscene material to a minor under the age of thirteen. The offense is categorized as a Class I felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.9. Indecent Exposure. This section states that it is an offense for a person to expose their private parts in any public place and in the presence of other people. This is a Class 2 misdemeanor unless there are children under sixteen present in which case it is a Class H felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.14. Displaying Material Harmful to Minors. States that it is an offense for an owner of a commercial establishment to display material that is harmful to minors where they can see it. Violation of this section is a Class 2 misdemeanor with each day’s violation being classed as a separate offense.

  • NCGS § 14 190.15. Disseminating Harmful Material to Minors; Exhibiting Harmful Performances to Minors. Deems it to be a Class 1 misdemeanor to allow a minor to view harmful material or a live performance that, by reason of its content, is harmful to them.

  • NCGS § 14 190.16. First Degree Sexual Exploitation of a Minor. This section states that it is an offense whereby a person uses, employs, induces or coerces a minor to engage in sexual activity for a performance or in order to produce material containing a visual representation of such activity. This is deemed to be a Class C felony. The same applies to anyone who records, develops, duplicates, or photographs for sale or pecuniary gain any material that depicts a minor engaged in sexual activity.

  • NCGS § 14 190.17. Second Degree Sexual Exploitation of a Minor. Where a person records, photographs, films, distributes, develops or duplicates material that contains a visual representation of a minor engaged in sexual activity they are guilty of a Class E felony.

  • NCGS § 14 190.17A. Third Degree Sexual Exploitation of a Minor. States that it is illegal to possess material that contains a visual representation of a minor engaging in sexual activity. This is deemed to be a Class H felony.

  • NCGS § 14-190.18. Promoting Prostitution of a Minor. Deems it to be a Class C felony to entice, force, encourage or otherwise facilitate a minor to engage in prostitution, or to support or supervise the prostitution of a minor.

  • NCGS § 14-190.19. Participating in Prostitution of a Minor. States, among other things that anyone who solicits or requests a minor to participate in prostitution is guilty of a Class F felony.

  • NCGS § 14-196. Using Profane, Indecent or Threatening Language to Any Person over Telephone; Annoying or Harassing by Repeated Telephoning or Making False Statements over Telephone. Defines the crime of using telephonic communications to use language which is lewd, profane, vulgar, lascivious or of indecent character. The section also includes (among other definitions) making threats to harm the victim of their family. Telephonic communications are used to mean communications made or received by telephone, answering machine, facsimile or computer modem. The offense is deemed to be a Class 2 misdemeanor.

  • NCGS § 14 196.3. Cyberstalking. This section states that it is a criminal offense to use electronic mail to threaten harm to a person or a member of his or her family. The term ‘electronic mail’ is defined as the Internet, a computer, facsimile machine, pager, cellular telephone, video recorder or other electronic means. The section also prohibits the same use of ‘electronic communication’. This is defined as any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature, transmitted in whole or in part by wire, radio, computer, electromagnetic, photoelectric or photo-optical system. The offense is deemed to be a Class 2 misdemeanor.

  • NCGS § 14 202.1. Taking Indecent Liberties with Children. Where the offender is at least five years older than the victim and they engage in any lewd or lascivious acts with a child under sixteen they are guilty of an offense. This is a Class F felony.

  • NCGS § 14 202.2. Indecent Liberties Between Children. States that any child under the age of sixteen who engages in immoral, improper or lewd or lascivious behavior with a child who is at least three years younger commits this crime, which is punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • NCGS § 14 202.3. Solicitation of Child by Computer or Certain Other Electronic Devices to Commit an Unlawful Sex Act. This section states that it is unlawful for a person aged sixteen or older to entice, command or coerce a child under the age of sixteen, and at least five years younger than the offender, by means of a computer of any other device capable of electronic data storage or transmission, to meet with the offender with the intent to commit an unlawful sex act with them. This is a Class G felony unless the offender does not appear at the meeting location, in which case it is a Class H felony. The crime is deemed to have taken place within the state if the transmission originated or was received there.

  • NCGS § 14 202.5. Ban Use of Commercial Social Networking Web Sites by Sex Offenders. Makes it unlawful for a registered sex offender to access a commercial social networking website which permits minor children to become a member or maintain a personal web page. Sites are not covered by this section if they provide only one of the following: photo sharing, e-mail, instant messenger, or chat room or message board platform. This is a Class I felony and is deemed to have taken place within the state if the transmission constituting the offense originates or was received there.

  • NCGS § 14 202.5A. Liability of Commercial Social Networking Sites. States that a commercial social networking site that complies with NCGS § 14-208.15A or makes other efforts to prevent sex offenders from accessing its website will not be held civilly liable for damages arising from that person’s communications.

  • NCGS § 14-208.15A. Release of Online Identifiers to Entity; Fee. This section states that the Division of Criminal Information of the Department of Justice can release registry information regarding a registered sex offender’s online IDs to certain entities (ISPs, electronic communications service, remote computing service, online service, e-mail service, IM or chat services) to allow prescreening. The section also states that any entity that receives a user’s complaint that a person registered with the entity abuses their service for the purpose of online solicitation of a minor or the posting or transmitting of child pornography, has to report the user’s ID to the Cyber Tip Line.

  • NCGS § 14-277.3A. Stalking. Defines the crime as two or more acts of harassment, which may include electronic means, which causes distress or fear to the victim. The crime is deemed to be a class A1 misdemeanor for a first offense, with a period of mandatory probation if a prison term is not imposed. For a subsequent breach of this section the offender is guilty of a Class F felony and if the offender is in breach of a court order prohibiting such behavior, they are guilty of a class H felony.

  • NCGS § 14-458.1. Cyber-bullying; Penalty. States that it is an offense to, with intent to intimidate a minor, follow a minor online or into an Internet chat room; post private, personal or sexual information about the minor online; build a fake website or profile; or pose as a minor in an online chat room, e-mail or instant message. With intent to intimidate or torment a minor’s parents, it is also an offense to post a real or manipulated image of a minor online; access, erase or alter any computer data, networks, program or software; or to use a computer system for continuing, repeated electronic communication to a minor. The section also covers publishing a true or false statement with intent to provoke a third party to harass or stalk a minor; to copy or disseminate, without authorization, any data pertaining to a minor with intent to intimidate or harass; to sign a minor up for a pornographic website, or mailing lists or junk mail, with intent to harass. Any of the above is deemed to be cyberbullying, a Class 1 misdemeanor if the accused is an adult, or a Class 2 misdemeanor if the accused is a minor.

  • NCGS § 66-67.4. Film and Photographic Print Processor or Computer Technician to Report Film or Computer Images Containing Pictures of a Minor Engaging in Sexual Activity. States that if a computer technician reports images of a minor involved in sexual activity discovered as part of their employment they become immune to criminal or civil actions that may result, provided they acted in good faith.

  • NCGS § 115C-407.15 (2010). Bullying and Harassing Behavior. States that no student or school employee is permitted to bully, including via electronic means, or harass other students or employees.

  • NCGS § 115C-407.16. Policy Against Bullying or Harassing Behavior. Requires each local school administrative unit to adopt a policy prohibiting bullying and harassing behavior, which must contain consequences and remedial action for anyone committing bullying as well as a reporting and investigation procedure. Furthermore, school employees have to be educated about the policy in the school’s training program.