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2008 - Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act - This legislation requires each school to certify that “as part of its Internet safety policy, [it] is educating minors about appropriate online behavior, including interacting with other individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms and cyberbullying awareness and response”.
2010 - The New Hampshire Attorney general released an informational brochure for families and teenagers that helps both parents and children understand the importance of online safety.
2014 - The New Hampshire Department of Education offers a host of resources that parents, teachers and students can use to educate themselves on safe Internet practices.
2016 - The New Hampshire ICAC Task Force works diligently all throughout New Hampshire to monitor suspicious online activity and protect young children who may be at risk of exploitation. The unit has also offered some helpful tips to children to ensure they are using the internet in a fun, educational but also secure way.
Advancing New Hampshire Public Education (ANHPE)
Formerly known as Defending New Hampshire Public Education (DNHPE), ANHPE is a follow-on organization for DNHPE; both sites track education bills in legislature and discuss New Hampshire education policy. They also promote legislation and policies that improve New Hampshire public education and oppose legislation seen as harmful.
Crimes Against Children Research Center
This University of New Hampshire affiliated organization combats crimes against children through “high quality research and statistics to the public, policy makers, law enforcement personnel, and other child welfare practitioners.” Their research educates youth about online predators and the best ways to spot dangerous signs. Their publication, “Online “Predators” and their Victims: Myths, Realities and Implications for Prevention and Treatment,” addresses the problems and solutions to Internet safety among youth.
New Hampshire Children's Trust
Founded in 1986, “New Hampshire Children’s Trust Fund” transitioned their name and purpose to “New Hampshire Children’s Trust, Inc.,” a 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation in 2011. Their purpose is to provide training, technical assistance, resources, evaluation and accreditation support to direct-service programs; improve systems and public policies to support healthy outcomes for children; and engage the general public, community, business, religious and parent leaders to take action to eliminate child abuse and neglect. New Hampshire Children’s Trust is the Governor’s designated statewide community-based child abuse prevention agency, the New Hampshire Chapter of Prevent Child Abuse America, and a member of the National Alliance of Children’s Trust & Prevention Funds.
New Hampshire Department of Education
The NHDOE is committed to providing a safe and effective education system for all students whether it be online or at school. NHDOE also provides detailed research and data on the issue of cyberbullying.
New Hampshire Department of Safety
The NHDOS has delegated certain units to handle different parts of criminal investigation. One such unit is the computer crimes unit which deals with computer and internet related crimes including fraud, online-harassment and child pornography.
New Hampshire Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force
The Task Force works to enhance investigative responses to offenders who use the Internet, online communication systems or other computer technologies to sexually exploit children. The website also offers a page where you can look up any sex offender by name or address.
Virtual Learning Academy Charter School
Approved in 2007, VLACS is New Hampshire’s most recently renewed charter school and non-profit 501(c)(3) organization for middle school to adult education. It provides all-online access to educational materials and is approved by the New Hampshire State Board of Education as a diploma-granting public school.
Low-Stakes Completion-Based Funding: A New Approach to Financing Competency-Based Education (2016)Larry Miller, Megan Just, Joy Cho
This report looks into the costs of personalized and blended learning, the policy landscape of online charter schools, and the potential of school finance to act as a lever for personalized learning at scale. Using New Hampshire's success as a case study, the researchers looked into the state's unique funding system.
Performance-Based Funding & Online Learning: Maximizing Resources for Student Success (2015)Susan Patrick, John Myers, Justin Silverstein, Amanda Brown, John Watson
This paper comprehensively looks at the relationship between performance-based funding and online learning in the United States, using case studies from Minnesota, Florida, and New Hampshire.
Blending toward competency: Early patterns of blended learning and competency-based education in New Hampshire (2014)Julia Freeland
This study looks at the role of blended learning in 13 schools in New Hampshire where the New Hampshire Department of Education mandated that high schools measure learning in terms of competency, rather than by credit hours. By studying blended learning classrooms, educators can better learn about the personalization of education and the best strategies to achieve those goals.
From Policy to Practice: How Competency-Based Education Is Evolving In New Hampshire (2014)Julia Freeland
The paper outlines the move from credit hour based assessment to competency-based learning in New Hampshire and states how successful the state has been in its transition. The successful policy measures also play a role, and this paper explains the levers available in the state to transition to competency-based learning.
Children with a TV in their bedroom at higher risk for being overweight (2006)A M Adachi-Mejia, M R Longacre, J J Gibson, M L Beach, L T Titus-Ernstoff, M A Dalton
This research project looked into the relationship between childhood obesity and having televisions in bedrooms. It concluded that having a television in the bedroom of a child did become a risk factor for being overweight and it was reported that almost half of children surveyed had a TV in their room.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
Sentences for felonies and misdemeanors within New Hampshire vary widely dependent on the nature of the crime committed but generally are as follows:
Class A felony: imprisonment for any term from seven years’ to life imprisonment.
Class B felony: one to seven years’ imprisonment.
Class A misdemeanor: not exceeding one year’s imprisonment.
Class B misdemeanor: fines, monitoring or other non-custodial sentences.
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated (RSA) 193-F:4 Pupil Safety and Violence Prevention. Requires each school district to adopt a policy prohibiting bullying and cyberbullying, which has to include procedures regarding the reporting of bullying incidents, the notification of parents and a requirement for an adequate response by the principal to any bullying incidents in order to prevent future occurrences.
RSA 194:3-d School District Computer Networks. This section states that every school district which has computer systems or networks must adopt an acceptable use policy which, in addition to outlining how they should be used, defines inappropriate and illegal use of those systems, including, but not limited to, the Internet. Any user who intentionally violates the policy and causes damage to the computer system or network assumes legal and financial liability for such damage.
RSA 631:4 Criminal Threatening. Defines the crime of placing or attempting to place another person in fear of imminent bodily injury or physical contact by their physical conduct, among other definitions. This is a misdemeanor unless a weapon is used in which case it is a Class B felony.
RSA 632-A:2 Aggravated Felonious Sexual Assault. This section states, among other things, that a person is guilty of this offense where they engage in sexual penetration with a child aged between thirteen and eighteen and the offender is in a position of authority over the victim or the victim is aged under thirteen. It is also an offense to engage in such acts with any child under the age of sixteen years of age, regardless of whether the offender holds a position of influence over the child. Also a person is guilty of aggravated felonious sexual assault without penetration when they intentionally touch whether directly, through clothing, or otherwise, the genitalia of a person under the age of thirteen under circumstances that can be reasonably construed as being for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification. Sentencing for crimes committed under this section are detailed in RSA 632-A-10-a. The maximum sentence under this section is 20 years’ imprisonment with a minimum of ten years’ imprisonment for a first offense. If the offender has previously been convicted of an offense under this section, or a similar offense in another state, a 20 year minimum term applies with a 40 year maximum term. In the event that an offender has been twice convicted of this offense, or a similar offense in another state, they will be sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. All offenders convicted under this section may be subject to a lifetime supervision order.
RSA 632-A:3 Felonious Sexual Assault. States that it is a crime to engage in sexual penetration with a minor aged between thirteen and sixteen when the offender is four or more years older than the victim. It is also a crime under this section to engage in sexual contact with a victim under thirteen. This is a Class B felony.
RSA 632-A:4 Sexual Assault. States that a person is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor when they subject a child between thirteen and sixteen to sexual contact where the offender is five or more years older than the victim. The section also defines the crime of engaging in sexual penetration with a child aged between thirteen and sixteen when the offender is no more than four years older than the victim and none of the circumstances detailed in RSA 632-A:2 apply.
RSA 633:3-a Stalking. This section states that it is unlawful to purposely, knowingly, or recklessly engage in a course of conduct aimed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable individual to fear for his or her personal safety. This is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor unless the offender is found guilty of a subsequent offense under this section within seven years of a previous conviction under this section, in which case the offense is deemed to be a Class B felony.
RSA 633:7 Trafficking in Persons. States, among other things, that anyone who knowingly subjects another person to involuntary servitude by causing or threatening to cause serious harm, confining the victim, threatening to commit a crime against the victim or reveal any information about the victim, or false promise, is guilty of a Class A felony. Where the victim is under the age of eighteen and the involuntary servitude involves a commercial sexual act or sexually explicit performance, the prison term shall be between ten to 30 years. The section also states that it is a class A felony to recruit, harbor, obtain or make a person available, knowing that the victim will be subjected to trafficking. The minimum penalty shall be ten years if the victim is a minor, with the maximum penalty to be fixed by the court.
RSA 644:4 Harassment. This section states, among other things, that a person is guilty of a misdemeanor if he/she makes repeated communications, including by electronic transmission, in an offensive language with the purpose to annoy or harass the receiver.
RSA 644:9 Violation of Privacy. Defines the offense of observing, photographing, recording, broadcasting or transmitting images or sounds of another person’s private body parts without that person’s consent. This is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor. The same applies to anyone who disseminates any photo or video of himself/herself engaging in sexual activity with another person without that person’s consent.
RSA 645:1 Indecent Exposure and Lewdness. States that it is an offense where a person fornicates, exposes their genitals, or performs any other act of gross lewdness under circumstances which they should know will likely cause affront or alarm. This is a misdemeanor. Where the acts are performed in the presence of a minor under the age of sixteen it is deemed to be a Class B felony and includes the offense of transmitting images of the offender engaged in this behavior. Two or more convictions under this section, or a similar section in another state, means that the offense is upgraded to a Class A felony.
RSA 645:2 Prostitution and Related Offenses. States, among other things, that a person is guilty of a Class B felony if they induce or otherwise cause a minor to engage in prostitution, transport a minor for the purpose of prostitution, or living on the earnings derived from the above.
RSA 649-A:3 Possession of Child Sexual Abuse Images. Under this section it is defined as a crime to buy, procure, possess, control or to bring into the state any visual representation of a child engaging in sexually explicit conduct. This is deemed to be a Class A felony and if the offender has previously been found guilty of this (or a similar offense in another state) a minimum sentence of ten years’ imprisonment will apply with the maximum sentence being 20 years.
RSA 649-A:3-a Distribution of Child Sexual Abuse Images. States that it is a crime to sell, exhibit, transfer, publish, distribute or possess with intent to do the above, any image of a child engaging in or being engaged in sexually explicit conduct. The maximum sentence for a first offense is up to 20 years’ imprisonment. A second or subsequent violation of this section incurs a prison term of up to 30 years.
RSA 649-A:3-b Manufacture of Child Sexual Abuse Images. Defines the offense as creating, producing, manufacturing, or directing a visual representation of a child engaging in or being engaged in sexually explicit conduct. For a first offense a prison term of up to 30 years applies. A second conviction leads to a maximum term of life imprisonment, or such term as the court dictates.
RSA 649-B:3 Computer Pornography Prohibited. This section states that it is an offense for any person to buy, sell, receive, exchange, or disseminate etc by means of computer any information on a minor for the purposes of facilitating sexual conduct with any child or image thereof. This is deemed to be a Class B felony.
RSA 649-B:4 Certain Uses of Computer Services Prohibited. States that it is unlawful for any person to use Internet services to entice a child to commit any sexual behavior or indecent exposure or lewdness. Where the offender believed the child to be under the age of thirteen it is deemed to be a Class A felony and incurs a prison term of up to 20 years. In other cases the offense is deemed to be a Class B felony. For a second or subsequent conviction under this section, or a similar offense in another state, a prison term of up to 30 years may be imposed.
RSA 49-B:5 Owners or Operators of Computer Services Liable. Under this section it is a Class A misdemeanor for the owner or operator of an Internet service to knowingly permit a subscriber to engage in any behavior listed above.
RSA 650:2 Obscene Matter – Offenses. This section states that it is a crime to sell, present, deliver or publish obscene material, amongst other definitions. This is a misdemeanor and rises to a Class B felony if the offender knew that the material involved a child. A second or subsequent offense (if the offender knew that the matter involved a child) is deemed to be a Class A felony, otherwise all subsequent offenses are deemed to be Class B felonies.