Kentucky

Population

4,339,367

Population 0‑18

23.6%

Internet Users

71.7%

Home Internet Subscribers

69.7%
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2000 - Kentucky is the first state to establish an online state virtual school to provide access to education to rural areas.

Also in 2000, Kentucky SB 315/HCS added sections 26-30, to KRS Chapter 61 in an effort to support Section 508 compliance. Section 508 compliance means that all electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained, or used by the federal government is accessible to people with disabilities.

2010 - The Technology Kentucky Core Academic Standards provide a framework for integrating technology into all content areas. As technology can enhance learning for all students, these content standards will be integrated into each curriculum subject. Directly aligned with Kentucky’s Academic Expectations, the Technology Core Standards are organized around three Big Ideas that are important to the subject of technology, one of them being ‘Safety and Ethical/Social Issues’. From primary level, students will explain the importance of safe Internet use (e.g., iSafe skills) and demonstrate safe and ethical behavior when using technology, adhering to Acceptable Use Policies as well as federal and state legislation. Students in middle school will additionally learn model ethical behavior relating to privacy, security and personal information, recognizing possible consequences of misuse.

Kentucky Center for School Safety

The Kentucky Center for School Safety covers all aspects of safety in schools, including digital issues such as cyberbullying and sexting. Additionally, the organization provides information on dealing with natural disasters, lockdowns, and other classroom management issues. Information is available for parents, children, and educators.

Kentucky Department of Education

The Kentucky Department of Education is responsible for all students in the state’s 1,233 schools which are spread over 174 school districts. Their website contains information for parents, students, and teachers alike. The school Library Media Program is an integral part of a school’s total education program. Success in life and work includes the use of higher-order thinking skills, collaboration, innovation and information and media literacy.

Kentucky Office of the Attorney General

The Attorney General’s website includes a page on cyber safety. This page links to resources on issues ranging from cyberbullying to computer viruses. An Internet Safety Toolkit is also provided.

Sex Trafficking Of Minors in Kentucky (2013)

Jennifer Cole, Elizabeth Anderson

This report reflects on the results of a survey of Kentucky professionals' awareness, knowledge, and experiences working with youth victims of sex trafficking.

Effects of the Kentucky Virtual Schools' Hybrid Program for Algebra I On Grade 9 Student Math Achievement (2012)

Linda Cavalluzzo, Deborah L. Lowther, Christine Mokher, Xitao Fan

This study evaluated the Kentucky Virtual Schools hybrid algebra I curriculum which combines traditional face-to-face instruction with an online program. This study used a two cohort sample with over twenty schools participating. It found that a hybrid class format was no more effective at increasing achievement than just a traditional format of class instruction.

Predicting Online Harassment Victimization Among a Juvenile Population (2011)

Adam M. Bossler, Thomas J. Holt, David C. May

This study surveyed Kentucky middle and high school students about online harassment experiences in order to see if the factors linked to computer crime victimization in college students has the same influences in a juvenile population.

Can You Read This? (2009)

Ashley Reynolds, Lesia Lennex

This article explores the measures Kentucky put in place to remain compliant with Section 508 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, which states that everyone, regardless of physical or technical challenges would be able to access the Internet and retrieve information. This section was passed in 1998.

I-SAFE Evaluation (2006)

Susan Chibnall, Madeleine Wallace, Christin Leicht, Lisa Lunghofer

In 2001, Caliber Associates was awarded a contract to carry out an experimental longitudinal study of the effectiveness of the i-SAFE curriculum which teaches students about Internet safety. Sites in Kentucky, Oklahoma, and Nebraska were chosen to conduct surveys which asked children about whether they retained the information given in the course and do they use the knowledge they gained. They also tried to determine at what reduced levels or intensities of implementation are the curriculum benefits no longer measurable.

Training Rural Educators in Kentucky through Distance Learning: Impact with Follow-up Data (2002)

Jennifer Grisham-Brown, Belva C Collins

This report focuses on the Training Rural Educators in Kentucky (TREK) projects which provide distance education courses to graduate students in moderate/severe disabilities (MSD) and early childhood special education (ECSE) courses since 1989. A survey was done at the end of a federal funding cycle and looked into student satisfaction with content and delivery and best practices.

Kentucky educators first to Web with middle school and high school online learning (2002)

Mike Abell

This article covers details regarding the Kentucky Migrant Technology Project (KMTP) and their online courses for middle and high schoolers. In a subscriber based model, the classes are available to all students, parents, and teachers and the coursework was developed by teachers in Kentucky.

Evaluation of Educational Technology in Kentucky Middle Schools (1999)

Barbara A Kacer, James R Craig

This report delves into the use of educational technology in Kentucky Middle Schools after the Kentucky Educational Reform Act. Five middle schools were followed longitudinally and teachers were interviewed.

This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

  • Kentucky Revised Statutes (KRS) 17.510 Registration System for Adults who have Committed Sex Crimes or Crimes Against Minors – Persons Required to Register – Manner of Registration – Penalties – Notifications of Violations Required. Among the other, detailed, criteria of the conditions governing convicted sex offenders is the requirement for offenders to register their online identities and e-mail addresses with the state. They are also required to update this information should they make any changes or create additional accounts.

  • KRS 17.546 Registrant Prohibited from Using Social Networking Web Site or Instant Messaging or Chat Room Program Accessible by Minors. Registered sex offenders are prohibited from accessing social networking or instant messaging sites that are knowingly accessible to minors. Registrants also cannot intentionally photograph or film a minor without the written consent of a guardian, stating that the are aware the person is registered as a sex offender in the state of Kentucky. A breach of this section is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor.

  • KRS 17.580 Duty of Department of Kentucky State Police to Maintain and Update Web Site Containing Information About Adults who Have Committed Sex Crimes or Crimes Against Minors – Immunity from Liability for Good Faith Dissemination of Information – Justice and Public Safety Cabinet to Establish Toll-free Telephone Number – Permission for Local Law Enforcement Agency to Notify of Registrants in Jurisdiction. In addition to detailing the information that must be held on the sex offender database and the duties of the Kentucky State Police, this section states that members of the public must have the facility to search for e-mail addresses, online identifiers and profile names into a section of the website. The database will return a message that tells the searcher whether that information matches that of a registered sex offender, without identifying that person. This information is not publically available, and can only be matched in the database if searched. It must also post a prominent warning that harassment of an offender is an offense punishable by jail time.

  • KRS 156.675 Prevention of Transmission of Sexually Explicit Materials to Schools – Administrative Regulations – Local School District Policy on Student Internet Access. Requires the Department of Education to develop regulations to prevent sexually explicit material from being transmitted via education technology systems. Schools must use the latest available filtering technology and the Kentucky Department of Education will make software products available to schools upon request and without cost.

  • KRS 500.120 Subpoena Power of Attorney General in Cases Involving Use of an Internet Service Account in the Exploitation of Children and Other Cases. The section allows the Attorney General to issue a subpoena to obtain information about Internet accounts which it is suspected are being used in cases of child exploitation. This does not include passwords, financial records, or search history, but this information may be surrendered in obedience to a warrant.

  • KRS 508.140 Stalking in the First Degree. Defines the offense as to intentionally stalk another person and to make threats to place the person in fear of sexual contact, physical injury or death, and a protective order has been issued to protect that person, the offender has a firearm or has been convicted of an offense against that same person in the last five years. The offense is deemed to be a Class D felony. The definition of stalking (KRS 508.130) includes the use of computers and the Internet as a means to conduct stalking activity.

  • KRS 508.150 Stalking in the Second Degree. Defined as being where a person intentionally stalks another person and makes threats to place the person in fear of sexual contact, physical injury or death. The offense is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor.

  • KRS 510.040 Rape in the First Degree. This section states that anyone who has sexual intercourse with a child under the age of twelve, with or without consent, is guilty of rape, a Class A felony. It is a Class B felony if intercourse is had by forcible compulsion, regardless of age. It can also be a Class A felony if the force used causes serious physical injury.

  • KRS 510.050 Rape in the Second Degree. States that any adult who has sexual intercourse with a child under the age of fourteen or with a mentally incapacitated person is guilty of a Class C felony.

  • KRS 510.060 Rape in the Third Degree. Defines the offense as when the offender is 21 years of age or over, or in a position of special trust, and engages in sexual intercourse with a person aged under sixteen years old. The offense is classified as a Class D felony.

  • KRS 510.070 Sodomy in the First Degree. Applies when the offender engages in deviate sexual intercourse with a person who is less than twelve years old or by forcible compulsion and is defined as a Class A felony.

  • KRS 510.080 Sodomy in the Second Degree. Defined as when the offender is aged over eighteen and he engages in deviate sexual intercourse with a person less than fourteen years old or who is mentally incapacitated. The offense is deemed to be a Class C felony.

  • KRS 510.090 Sodomy in the Third Degree. Defines the offense as when the offender is 21 years of age or over, or in a position of special trust, and engages in deviate sexual intercourse with a person aged under sixteen years old. The offense is classified as a Class D felony.

  • KRS 510.110 Sexual Abuse in the First Degree. This section states that a person is guilty of this offense if they subject another person under the age of twelve years old to sexual contact. Additionally, the section provides for when the offender is older than 21 and the victim is less than sixteen and the minor is subjected to sexual contact; the offender engages in masturbation with the knowledge that the minor is present or the offender engages in masturbation while using the Internet. This is deemed to be a Class D felony unless the victim is younger than twelve years old when it is elevated to a Class C felony.

  • KRS 510.120 Sexual Abuse in the Second Degree. Defines the crime of a person aged between eighteen and 21 years of age engaging in sexual conduct with a person who is less than sixteen. The offense is classified as a Class A misdemeanor. It is a defense to a charge under this section if the victim’s lack of consent of solely due to incapacity to consent by reason of being under the age of sixteen, the victim was at least fourteen and the accused was no more than five years older.

  • KRS 510.130 Sexual Abuse in the Third Degree. The offense is defined as when the victim is subjected to sexual contact without their consent. This is deemed to be a Class B misdemeanor. It is a defense to a charge under this section if the victim’s lack of consent of solely due to incapacity to consent by reason of being under the age of sixteen, the victim was at least fourteen and the accused was no more than five years older.

  • KRS 510.148 Indecent Exposure in the First Degree. Covers the intentional exposure of a person’s genitals under circumstances by one should know that it is likely to cause alarm to a person aged under eighteen years of age. A first offense is a Class B misdemeanor. A second offense within three years is a Class A misdemeanor; a third or subsequent offense within three years of the second conviction is a Class D felony.

  • KRS 510.155 Unlawful Use of Electronic Means Originating or Received within the Commonwealth to Induce a Minor to Engage in Sexual or Other Prohibited Activities – Prohibition of Multiple Convictions Arising from Single Course of Conduct – Solicitation as Evidence of Intent. Defined as being an offense for any person to knowingly use communication systems, including computer networks and cellular telephones, to procure or promote the use of a minor to engage in any activity defined as commercial sexual activity. The offense is deemed to be a Class D felony.

  • KRS 525.080 Harassing Communications. This section states that anyone who, with intent to harass, annoy, intimidate or alarm, while enrolled as a student in a local school district, communicates with or about another students, anonymously or otherwise, by the Internet or other form of electronic communication, is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.

  • KRS 529.100 Human Trafficking. Defines the offense as a Class C felony, or Class B if the victim suffered physical injury. Where the victim is under the age of eighteen the penalty will be one level higher than the level otherwise specified in this section.

  • KRS 529.110 Promoting Human Trafficking. States that anyone who benefits financially from human trafficking, or who recruits, entices, transports, provides, harbors or obtains another person, knowing that this person will be subject to human trafficking. Promoting human trafficking is a Class D felony, unless the victim is a minor under the age of eighteen, in which case it is a Class C felony.

  • KRS 531.020 Distribution of Obscene Matter. Defines as a crime the situation where a person, with knowledge, sends or brings obscene material into Kentucky. This section also covers where the person publishes or otherwise disseminates the material or has it in his possession with intent to distribute it. This offense is punishable as a Class B misdemeanor, however where there is more than one unit of material then it becomes a Class A misdemeanor. The definitions section of this statute (KRS 531.010) includes the transmission of live images over the Internet as a form of obscene matter.

  • KRS 531.030 Distribution of Obscene Matter to Minors. States that it is an offense to knowingly send, exhibit or distribute obscene material to a person the offender knows, or should know, to be a minor. This is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor for a first offense, becoming a Class D felony for future convictions.

  • KRS 531.040 Using Minors to Distribute Obscene Material. States that a person is guilty of this crime where they knowingly hire, employ or use a minor to do or assist with any of the acts prohibited in section 531.020 (Distribution of Obscene Matter). This is a Class A misdemeanor upon a first conviction, and becomes a Class D felony for future violations.

  • KRS 531.050 Advertising Obscene Material. This section states that the creation of advertising, or soliciting another person to publish such advertising, or otherwise promoting the distribution of obscene material is an offense punishable as a Class B misdemeanor.

  • KRS 531.060 Promoting Sale of Obscenity. Decrees that a person is guilty of promoting the sale of obscenity when he knowingly, as a condition to a sale, requires the purchaser to accept such matter. This is a Class B misdemeanor that becomes a Class D felony upon a third conviction.

  • KRS 531.090 Voyeurism. States that it is an offense to view, enter a premises with the intention of viewing, or use or cause to be used any recording equipment to observe or film any sexual conduct, genitals, or nipple of the female breast of another person without their consent; the victim must have an expectation of privacy in that location for this section to apply. This is deemed to be a Class A misdemeanor.

  • KRS 531.100 Video Voyeurism. This section covers the situation where video recording equipment is used and the images are then distributed for commercial consideration or the pictures are broadcast live or in an electronic form over the Internet, by email or on a commercial on-line service. This is defined as a Class D felony.

  • KRS 531.310 Use of a Minor in a Sexual Performance. States that a person is guilty of this crime where they induce, consent to, authorize or employ a minor to engage in a sexual performance. Where the minor is less than eighteen it is a Class C felony; where they are sixteen or less it is a Class B felony and where physical injury results it is a Class A felony. The sentence shall include an additional five year period of post-incarceration supervision added to the maximum penalty prescribed (KRS 532.060).

  • KRS 531.320 Promoting a Sexual Performance by a Minor. States that it is a crime to promote, direct or produce any performance with the knowledge that it involves sexual performances by a minor. This is a Class C felony where the minor is less than eighteen, a Class B felony where the minor is under sixteen and a Class A felony where physical injury to the minor results.

  • KRS 531.335 Possession of Matter Portraying a Sexual Performance by a Minor - Applicability. States that a person is guilty of this crime where they knowingly have within their possession or control material that tends to show a minor participating in a sexual performance. Law enforcement investigators, the minor’s parents, and school administrators involved in an investigations are exempt from application of 531.335. This is considered to be a Class D felony.

  • KRS 531.340 Distribution of Matter Portraying a Sexual Performance by a Minor. This section states that it is an offense to distribute, exhibit or send/bring into Kentucky any material portraying a sexual performance by a minor. Any person with possession of more than one unit shall be presumed to have the intent to distribute it. This is a Class D felony for a first offense, becoming a Class C felony for future convictions.

  • KRS 531.350 Promoting Sale of Material Portraying a Sexual Performance by a Minor. States that a person is guilty of promoting the sale of material portraying a sexual performance by a minor when he knowingly, as a condition to a sale etc requires the purchaser to accept such material. It is a Class A misdemeanor for a first offense, a Class D felony for a second offense and a Class C felony for subsequent convictions.

  • KRS 531.360 Advertising Material Portraying a Sexual Performance by a Minor. The creation of advertising, or soliciting another person to publish such advertising, or otherwise promoting the distribution of such material is a Class D felony for a first offense, increasing to a Class C felony for future convictions.

  • KRS 531.370 Using Minors to Distribute Material Portraying a Sexual Performance by a Minor. Defines the offense as to knowingly hire, employ or use a minor to do or assist with the distribution of material portraying a sexual performance by a minor. This is a Class D felony unless there is a previous conviction for this crime in which case it is a Class C felony.

  • Kentucky Administrative Regulations (KAR) 701 KAR 5:120 Prevention of Sexually Explicit Materials Transmitted to Schools via Computer. This regulation requires school districts to implement acceptable use policies and filtering technology to prevent sexually explicit material from being sent or received by school networks. The acceptable use policy must contain procedures to prevent access to sexually explicit content and disciplinary actions for violations of the guidelines. The filtering technology must be able to manage both incoming and outgoing information from school networks. E-mail services used by students must be approved by the Kentucky Department of Education.