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2002– The Kansas State Department of Education launched its first technology plan, for years 2002-2006. The plan was created to “provide information, goals, and recommendations to guide Kansas educators as they integrate technology tools in the curriculum to effectively meet the State Board of Education priorities and to enhance and develop the strategic directions of the Kansas State Department of Education.”
2003 – Since 2003, the Technology Rich Classroom (TRC) Program has offered Enhancing Education through Technology (EETT) competitive grant awards to benefit students in grades 3 through 8. The primary goal of the TRC program is to improve student achievement by integrating technology in elementary and secondary schools. It is also designed to assist every student in becoming technologically literate by the end of Grade 8.
2007 – Following the 2002-2006 plan, the Kansas State Department of Education released a plan for 2007-2011 outlining the state policy on developing technology literacy and 21st Century skills. Internet safety was mentioned twice within the plan. KSDE states that it will provide resources and use best practices to ensure that children develop digital citizenship and Internet safety practices. It also states that it will provide ongoing professional development opportunities for staff, on topics including Internet safety and integrating technology into the classroom. The department also pledged to help local school districts develop educational technology plans. These district plans provided the framework for technology implementation in schools following the conclusion of this 4-year statewide plan. Today, creating technology plans is no longer required by districts.
2008 – School district bullying policies were updated to define cyberbullying as bullying using electronic means such as email and instant messaging. The section requires each school district to adopt an anti-bullying policy, which must include a plan to address bullying incidents and provisions for the training of staff members and students.
2010 – The 23 Things program began in state libraries, helping librarians learn about technology tools and assisting them in collaborating with library peers.
2012– National Digital Learning Day was launched to promote the effective use of modern day tools. The Kansas State Department of Education participates in celebrating the national initiative.
2016– The state government released the Kansas Connect & Learn Initiative to bring high-speed internet to every school over the following 2.5 years through a partnership with non-profit EducationSuperHighway. According to the organization’s 2017 report, 99 percent of Kansas districts have connectivity meeting the per student minimum goal, and 94 percent of districts have fiber connections needed to reach broadband goals.
2018– Wichita Public Schools updated their cell phone policy. Previously, students could not use their phones at all during the school day, according to the policy. The policy now permits use during certain times.
Child Abuse Wichita
This community-based website serves to inform people on child abuse and equip them with the understanding and resources necessary to combat it.
Children's Alliance of Kansas
Founded in 1954 under the name Kansas Association of Licensed Private Child Care Agencies (KALPCCA), the organization has expanded to specialize in a wide range of children welfare and family support areas, including providing services for victims of human trafficking.
This website is operated by the South Kansas Central Library System and provides advice to other libraries within the state relating to Internet safety and filtering.
Kansas Children's Service League
The Kansas non-profit devoted to the wellbeing of children provides information on child abuse, in addition to other resources on a range of family issues.
Kansas Coalition Against Sexual and Domestic Violence
The non-profit focuses on preventing and eliminating sexual and domestic violence. The organization trains professionals, develops policy and legislation, and increases awareness.
Kansas Department for Children and Families
The department serves as a center for reporting abuse of a child or adult and learning about Kansas state policy with regard to family wellbeing. The website provides resources about reporting abuse, state services, and more.
Kansas Office of the Attorney General
The current Attorney General Derek Schmidt lists Internet safety as one of his priorities and provides online safety tips for parents, teens and children. The website also lists warning signs of human trafficking, including that of minors.
Kansas State Department of Education
The KSDE’s website provides information on state curriculum, school policies and related information of early and K-12 education. The department specifically identifies tech plan resources to help schools and districts integrate technology, as well as provides information about digital learning.
Kansas State Library
The state library’s website provides resources on digital literacy.
This sexual assault and domestic violence focused nonprofit provides crisis services to survivors of these crimes, as well as specialized child advocacy centers for abused and neglected children. The organization also engages in sexual assault and violence prevention education efforts.
Stop Bullying Kansas
The program, initiated in 1999, will close at the end of 2016. It has offered comprehensive bullying prevention training for school staff and students.
Cyberbullying: Adolescents' Experiences, Responses, and Their Beliefs about Their Parents' Recommended Responses (2016)Taylor W. Wadian, Tucker L. Jones, Tammy L. Sonnentag, Mark A. Barnett
This study looks at responses given by Kansas adolescents about their experiences with cyberbullying, what they would do if they were a victim, and what they believed their parents would recommend they do if they were a victim. More adolescents reported being a victim than the amount who reported cyberbullying someone else. It was reported that the teens would rather go to a friend for a solution than their parents or teachers.
Sexting in Kansas Schools (2011)D. May
This is an exploratory study on sexting in Kansas public schools.
Digital Divide: A Myth or Reality? An Empirical Examination of a Spatial Dependency Model in Rural Kansas (2011)M. Cader, J. Leatherman
This paper focuses on the existence, or lack thereof, of a digital divide in rural Kansas.
The Influence of Technology Rich Learning Environments: A Classroom-based Observational Study (2011)J. Craig Hare, M. Ault, C. Niileksela
This study examines the effects of Kansas' Technology Rich Classroom environment, including the differences in teacher and student use of technology, classroom grouping strategies and higher order thinking skills utilized in classrooms.
23 Things x 600 People = Building an Online Library Learning Experience in Kansas (2010)H. Braum, R. Brown, J. Brooks, D. Weaver
This paper explains how the 23 Things Kansas program helped librarians across the state of Kansas learn about various technology tools and how it also assisted them with networking with and learning alongside their library peers from different library types.
Important, But Not for Me: Parents and Students in Kansas and Missouri Talk About Math, Science and Technology Education (2007)Alison Kadlec, Will Friedman, Amber Ott
This study focuses on improving math, science, and technology education in the Kansas City metro region, so it asks parents and students in Kansas and Missouri to consider their opinions and attitudes on the subject. It included both surveying methods and focus groups and interviews.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
Felony sentencing in Kansas differs from that in other states, with crimes being deemed to be “on-grid” or “off-grid.” The grid determines the length of time to be served in prison related to the severity of the crime. Off-grid offenses include treason and capital murder and the sentences for these crimes are determined by other laws. When sentencing a defendant, the judge takes the severity of crime in their criminal history into account. The sentencing guidelines classify criminal history by a letter code. For criminal history purposes “person felonies” are considered the most serious, for example robbery or rape. “Nonperson felonies” are the next most serious crimes and misdemeanors the least. Off-grid felonies may incur a life sentence, although this does not mean whole-of-life. Generally, offenders may be eligible for parole after a set number of years but habitual sex offenders may be incarcerated for life without eligibility for parole.
For misdemeanors, the following classifications apply:
- Class A misdemeanor: Sentence does not exceed one year.
- Class B misdemeanor: Sentence does not exceed six months.
- Class C misdemeanor: Sentence does not exceed one month.
Unclassified misdemeanor: Sentence as specified in the sentence defining the crime. If no specified sentence is given, the offender is liable to the same penalty as for a Class C misdemeanor.
- Kansas Statutes Annotated (K.S.A.) 21-5426. Aggravated Human Trafficking. This section states, among other things, that anyone who recruits, harbors, transports, provides or obtains a person under 18 years of age, knowing that the person, with or without force, fraud, threat or coercion, will be used to engage in sexual gratification of the defendant or another person, is guilty of aggravated human trafficking. This is a severity level 1, person felony. Where the offender is an adult and the victim is under the age of 14, this is further aggravated to an off-grid person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5427. Stalking. Defines stalking as intentionally or recklessly engaging in a course of conduct targeted at one person, which causes that person to reasonably fear for their safety or the safety of their family. The communication method may include electronic means. The offense is a Class A person misdemeanor. The Kansas sentencing guidelines show that second or subsequent offenses are to be deemed felonies of varying levels dependent on severity.
- K.S.A. 21-5503. Rape. States, among other things, that anyone who has sexual intercourse with a child under the age of 14 is guilty of rape. Where the offender is an adult, this is deemed to be an off-grid person felony; otherwise it is a level 1, person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5504. Criminal Sodomy; Aggravated Criminal Sodomy. This crime includes acts of sodomy with a child between ages 14 and 16, and causing a child between ages 14 and 16 to engage in sodomy with any person or animal. This is a severity level 3, person felony. Aggravated sodomy is sodomy with a child under 14 years old or causing a child under 14 years old to engage in sodomy with any person or animal. This is a severity level 1, person felony, except where the offender is 18 years of age or older, in which case it is an off-grid person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5506. Indecent Liberties with a Child; Aggravated Indecent Liberties with a Child. States that it is an offense to engage in the following acts with a child over 14 but less than 16: any lewd fondling or touching designed to satisfy or arouse sexual desires in either party or encouraging a child to commit the above acts with another. This is defined as a level 5, person felony. The aggravated offense includes sexual intercourse with a child over 14 but less than 16, and is a level 3, person felony. When the offender is 18 or older and commits an aggravated crime under this section, he/she is liable for an off-grid person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5507. Unlawful Voluntary Sexual Relations. It is unlawful to engage in any of the following voluntary acts with a child between the ages of 14 and 16: sexual intercourse, sodomy, or lewd touching or fondling. This applies when the offender is less than 19 years old, the offender is less than four years older than the child, the child and the offender are the only parties involved, and the child and the offender are of different sexes. Under this section, voluntary sexual intercourse is a severity level 8, person felony; voluntary sodomy is a severity level 9, person felony; and voluntary lewd touching or fondling is a severity level 10, person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5508. Indecent Solicitation of a Child; Aggravated Indecent Solicitation of a Child. This crime includes enticing, commanding, inviting, persuading or attempting to persuade a child between 14 and 16 years old to commit to or submit to an unlawful sexual act, or enter any vehicle, building, room or secluded place with intent to commit an unlawful sexual act upon or with the child. This is a severity level 6, person felony. This crime is aggravated when a person entices, commands, invites, persuades or attempts to persuade a child under 14 years old to commit to or submit to an unlawful sexual act, or enter any vehicle, building, room or secluded place with intent to commit an unlawful sexual act upon or with the child. This is a severity level 5, person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5509. Electronic Solicitation. This crime is defined as, by means of communication through a telephone, the internet or other electronic means, enticing or soliciting a person, whom the offender believes to be a child, to commit or submit to an unlawful sexual act. This is a severity level 3, person felony if the offender believes the person to be a child between 14 and 16 years old, and a severity level 1, person felony if the offender believes the person to be a child under 14 years of age. Included in the electronic means definition are email, chat room messages and text messages.
- K.S.A. 21-5510. Sexual Exploitation of a Child. The crime is defined as enticing or persuading a child under 18 to engage in sexually explicit conduct for the purpose of promoting a performance. Possessing any recording of the above, and being a parent and permitting your child to engage in the above activity are also covered in this section. The offense is deemed to be a level 5, person felony. Where the child is under 14 and the offender is over 18, it is classed as an off-grid person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5512. Unlawful Sexual Relations. Among other offenses, this section defines unlawful sexual relations as a worker, volunteer, or other person in a position of authority in a family foster home, or a teacher or other person in a position of authority in a school engaging in consensual sexual intercourse, lewd fondling or touching or sodomy with person 16 or older who is in the care of the foster home or attends the school where the offender is employed. This is a severity level 5, person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-5513. Lewd and Lascivious Behavior. The offense is defined as when parties engage in otherwise lawful sexual intercourse with the knowledge that they are being viewed or where the offender publicly exposes a sex organ to someone without consent. When committed in the presence of someone under 16, it is deemed to be a level 9, person felony.
- K.S.A 21-5514. Internet trading in child pornography; aggravated internet trading in child pornography. The offense internet trading in child pornogrpahy is defined as sexual exploitation of a child when the offender is 18 years of age or older, and the offender knowingly causes or permits the visual depiction to be viewed, by use of any electronic device connected to the internet, by any person other than the offender or a person depicted in the visual depiction. The offense aggravated internet trading in child pornography is defined as sexual exploitation of a child when the offender is 18 years of age or older and the offender knowingly causes or permits the performance to be viewed, by use of any electronic device connected to the internet, by any person other than the offender or a person depicted in the performance.
- K.S.A 21-5610. Unlawful possession of a visual depiction of a child. The offense is defined as knowingly possessing an image of a child older than 12 and less than 16 who is in a state of nudity.
- K.S.A. 21-5611. Unlawful transmission of a visual depiction of a child. The offense is defined as knowingly transmitting a visual depiction of a child 12 or more years of age but less than 18 years of age in a state of nudity.
- K.S.A. 21-5612. Promoting travel for child exploitation. The offense is defined as selling or offering to sell travel services that include or facilitate travel for the purpose of any person engaging in conduct that would promote human trafficking of children, sexual exploitation of a child, internet trading of child pornogrpahy, or commercial sexual exploitation of a child.
- K.S.A. 21-5839. Unlawful Acts Concerning Computers. It is illegal to access, alter or destroy any computer related property without authorization. It is illegal to use a computer to commit a scheme to obtain property under false pretenses. It is illegal to disclose means of acc
- K.S.A. 21-6401. Promoting Obscenity; Promoting Obscenities to Minors. Promoting obscenity involves manufacturing, issuing or selling (amongst others) obscene material. It also covers possession of such material with intent to supply and production of it. The penalty is that of a Class A nonperson misdemeanor. A second or subsequent offense increases the classification to a level 9, person felony. A person commits this crime in relation to minors when he/she promotes obscenity to those under the age of 18. This is a Class A nonperson misdemeanor for a first offense, but on a second conviction it becomes a level 8, person felony.
- K.S.A. 21-6402. Promotion to Minors of Obscenity Harmful to Minors. It is an offense under this section when a person having control of a commercial establishment displays obscene material that is harmful to minors. This includes displaying it where minors could see it, selling it to a minor or allowing a minor to see an obscene performance. This is punishable as a Class B nonperson misdemeanor.
- K.S.A. 21-6419. Selling Sexual Relations. It is an offense against this section to sell sexual relations by performing for hire, or agreeing to perform for hire where there is an exchange of value, sexual intercourse, sodomy, or manual or other bodily contact stimulations of the genitals of any person. This is a Class B nonperson misdemeanor. This does not apply when the defendant committed the violation because he/she was a victim of human trafficking or commercial sexual exploitation of a child.
- K.S.A. 21-6420. Promoting the Sale of Sexual Relations. Defines the offense as knowingly (a) establishing, owning, maintaining or managing any property where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale by a person who is 18 or older, or participating in the establishment, ownership, maintenance or management thereof; (b) permitting any property partially or wholly owned or controlled by the defendant to be used as a place where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale by a person who is 18 or older; (c) procuring a person selling sexual relations who is 18 or older for a place where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale; (d) inducing another who is 18 years of age or older to become a person who sells sexual relations; (e) soliciting a patron for a person 18 or older who is selling sexual relations or for a place where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale; (f) procuring a person 18 or older who is selling sexual relations for a patron; (g) procuring transportation for, paying for the transportation of, or transporting a person 18 or older within this state with the intention of assisting or promoting that person’s engaging in the sale of sexual relations; or (h) being employed to perform any act which is prohibited by this section. This is a severity level 9, person felony and a fine of $2,500 to $5,000 will be levied, except where the person has a prior conviction, in which case it is a severity level 7, person felony and a fine of at least $5,000 will be levied.
- K.S.A. 21-6421. Buying Sexual Relations. Defines the offense as knowingly entering or remaining in a place where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale with intent to engage in manual or other bodily contact stimulation of the genitals of any person with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desires of the offender or another, sexual intercourse, sodomy or any unlawful sexual act with a person selling sexual relations who is 18 or older; or hiring a person selling sexual relations who is 18 or older to engage in manual or other bodily contact stimulation of the genitals of any person with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desires of the offender or another, sexual intercourse, sodomy or any unlawful sexual act. This is a class A person misdemeanor, but a severity level 9, person felony when the person has a prior conviction of this crime. A first-time offender will be fined $2,500 and person with a prior conviction will be fined at least $5,000.
- K.S.A. 21-6422. Commercial Sexual Exploitation of a Child. Defines the crime as knowingly giving, receiving, offering or agreeing to do so, to perform any of the following acts: (a) procuring, recruiting, inducing, soliciting, hiring or otherwise obtaining any person younger than 18 to engage in sexual intercourse, sodomy or manual or other bodily contact stimulation of the genitals of any person with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desires of the offender or another; or (b) procuring, recruiting, inducing, soliciting, hiring or otherwise obtaining a patron where there is an exchange of value, for any person younger than 18 to engage in sexual intercourse, sodomy or manual or other bodily contact stimulation of the genitals of any person with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desires of the patron, the offender or another. It is also an offense under this section to establish, own, maintain or manage any property where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale by a person younger than 18 years of age, or participating in the establishment, ownership, maintenance or management thereof; permit any property partially or wholly owned or controlled by the defendant to be used as a place where sexual relations are being sold or offered for sale by a person who is younger than 18 years of age; or procure transportation for, paying for the transportation of or transporting any person younger than 18 years of age within this state with the intent of causing, assisting or promoting that person’s engaging in selling sexual relations. This is a severity level 5, person felony liable to an additional fine of $2,500 to $5000, except where the offender has a prior conviction under this section, in which case it is a severity level 2, personal felony liable to an additional fine of at least $5,000. When the offender is 18 or older and the victim is under 14 years old, this crime is an off-grid person felony. The court may also order an educational or treatment program for the offender.
- K.S.A. 21-6626. Aggravated Habitual Sex Offender; Sentence to Imprisonment for Life Without Parole. States that where an offender is convicted of three separate sexually violent crimes then they shall be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole. Sexually violent crimes include but are not limited to rape, indecent liberties with a child, aggravated indecent liberties with a child, criminal sodomy, and aggravated sexual battery.
- K.S.A 38-2289. Child in custody, victim of certain conduct; reporting of information. It is required by law that the secretary reports information that a child has been identified as a victim of human trafficking, aggravated human trafficking, or commercial sexual exploitation of a child within 24 hours to law enforcement agencies. The secretary must also report if a child in the custody of the secretary within 24 hours to the national center for missing and exploited children and the law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction for which the child is missing. The law enforcement agency shall enter such information into the missing person system of the national crime information center and the missing and unidentified person system of the Kansas bureau of investigation.
- 60-31a04. Commencement of proceedings; persons seeking relief on behalf of minor; forms; no docket fee; confidentiality exceptions. As part of the Protection from Stalking or Sexual Abuse Act, the statute permits a person to seek relief under the protection from stalking or sexual assault act by filing a verified petition with any district judge or clerk of the court. A parent or an adult residing with a minor child may seek relief under the protection from stalking or sexual assault act on behalf of the minor child by filing a verified petition with the district judge or with the clerk of the court in the county where the stalking or sexual assault occurred.
- K.S.A. 72-6147. Bullying, school district policies. This statute defines bullying as any verbal, electronic, physical, or written threat that creates an abusive or threatening educational environment. The statute defines cyberbullying as bullying through electronic forms of communication. Each school’s board of education should develop a policy preventing bullying by anyone in school or in school-related activities. Each board should create a plan to address bullying which includes education and training for staff members and students.
- K.S.A. Kansas Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) 75-2589 provides that state libraries shall implement and enforce technology protection measures to ensure that no minor has access to visual depictions that are child pornography, harmful to minors or obscene on public computers.
- S.B. 40. Amends human trafficking and related crimes; creates certain new crimes; requires training for commercial driver’s license applicants; and addresses offender registration, expungement of juvenile adjudications and victim compensation.
- H Sub S.B.101 Amends the protection from abuse act and protection from stalking act to establish the protection from stalking and sexual assault act; provides exceptions to the parental notification requirement when a sexual assault evidence collection examination of a minor has taken place; authorizes certain claims for compensation through the crime victims compensation board.
- S.B. 179 Creates juvenile crisis intervention centers, amends the revised Kansas code for care of children and the newborn infant protection act and amends certain powers and duties of the secretary for children and families.
- S.B. 266 makes changes to the Kansas sexually violent predator program.
- S.B. 281 amends the Protection from Stalking or Sexual Assault Act to apply to victims of human trafficking. The bill renames the act the Protection from Stalking, Sexual Assault, or Human Trafficking Act. The bill revises who may seek relief on behalf of a minor child under the Protection from Abuse and Protection from Stalking, Sexual Assault, or Human Trafficking Act. Additionally, the bill allows the child’s court-appointed legal custodian or court-appointed legal guardian to seek relief on behalf of a minor child under the Protection from Abuse Act and the Protection from Stalking, Sexual Assault, or Human Trafficking Act. Under continuing law in these acts, parents and adults residing with the minor are authorized to seek relief on behalf of a minor not alleged to be a human trafficking victim.
- S.B. 418 Enacts the host families act; clarifies use of a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program to aid in determining the issue of legal custody, residency and parenting time of a child; amends statutes related to human trafficking, children in need of care and juvenile offenders.
- H.B. 2134 Authorizes consumer credit report security freezes for individuals less than 16 years old.
- H.B. 2501 Clarifying the definition of crime committed with an electronic device; including unlawful dissemination of consensually taken images in blackmail and breach of privacy; creating the crimes of unlawful transmission of a visual depiction of a child and unlawful possession of a visual depiction of a child.