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2002 – The Idaho Digital Learning Academy was created with the goal of fostering a learning environment that joined technology and instructional best practices. Its establishing law states that the goal of the academy was to provide choice, accessibility, flexibility, quality and equity in curriculum.
2006 – Jared’s law passed, amending and adding to existing law, providing that principals may suspend students for harassment, intimidation or bullying, and making any student who commits or conspires to commit an act of harassment, intimidation or bullying may be guilty of an infraction. The law explicitly includes harassment, intimidation or bullying through use of data or computer software as a relevant offense.
2010 – A section was added to the Education Code requiring each local school boards to develop and implement an acceptable Internet use policy, which must include an Internet safety component for that district’s curriculum. Such a policy must prohibit and prevent the use of school computers to send, receive, view or download materials deemed harmful to minors. School districts must also filter or block internet access to obscene material, material harmful to minors and depictions of child sexual exploitation.
2011 – Amid tension, school reform package Students Come First was passed. The laws, among other targets, aim to equip every classroom for the 21st century. Funds traditionally used for teachers’ salaries were redistributed to fund classroom technology. Under Senate Bill 1184, concerning modernization and reform, advanced technology, such as Wi-Fi, hardware, software, will be integrated into the classroom.
Schools were required to adopt acceptable internet use policies by August 2011. Each policy had to ensure that school computers were unable to send or receive material that is harmful to minors, and would filter or block websites that depict the sexual exploitation of minors. In addition, the policy must include an Internet safety curriculum component.
As part of the reform package, the Technology Task Force was established to study the implementation of the state’s mobile computing device program in high schools.
2012 – High school teachers received mobile computing devices beginning in fall 2012, and will be trained on how to integrate technology into the classroom and raise student achievement. High school students will be given access to similar devices.
2013 – The State Department of Education signed a contract with Education Networks of America to provide and maintain a wireless network service in public high schools.
The Governor’s Task Force for Improvement Education Summary Recommendations were published. Among the recommendations were those for a statewide electronic collaboration system for resource and idea sharing, high speed bandwidth and wireless infrastructure for all schools, and equal access to technology for teachers and students.
The same year, a FCC contractor put Idaho’s e-rate funding on hold following a contract dispute. In the past, the federal e-rate program funded about 75 percent of the Idaho Education Network project.
2015 – The Governor signed new anti-bullying legislation, amending Idaho Code 18-917A, Student Harassment – Intimidation – Bullying. The law prohibits students or minors on school property or at a school activity from intentionally conspiring to commit or committing an act of harassment, bullying or intimidation against another student. This includes acts of bullying committed through the use of data or computer software.
The same year, the state school system’s broadband contract was ruled illegal in court. The Idaho Education Network, which was the statewide telecommunications system for public school distance learning and provided new curriculum options in rural parts of the state, was declared void in the ruling as well.
The state board of education’s 2015-2021 strategic plan took effect. One of the goals included in the plan is to support technology use in the classroom by integrating locally selected technology solutions to improve student learning. This includes providing all schools with broadband internet and wireless networks, ensuring that all students and teachers can use technology in the classroom, and funding instructional management systems for school districts.
2016 – Idaho students will have online curriculum, with the amount determined by the State Board of Education and the curriculum itself designed locally.
The aftermath of the state’s illegal broadband contract continues to affect schools. School districts could miss out on e-rate funding, amounting to nearly $2 million across the state, which would have funded technology costs.
Advocates Against Family Violence
This website describes the warning signs of teen dating violence, including digital abuse such as using social media to harass a current or former partner, cyberbullying, sexting, and stalking.
Center for School Improvement & Policy Studies
This research center within Boise State University focuses on developing school improvement methods and providing technical assistance to participating schools and communities. Two initiatives are the Idaho Positive Behavior Network, which has bullying prevention resources, and i-STEM, which provides STEM education resources online.
FACES Family Justice Center
This nonprofit’s Children at Risk Evaluation Services team provides services to survivors of child sexual abuse. This includes forensic medical evaluations, interviews in cases of suspected abuse, and mental health care referrals.
Idaho Coalition Against Sexual and Domestic Violence
This nonprofit organization focuses on issues of domestic violence, dating abuse, stalking and sexual assault. It emphasizes prevention, and offers programs and services for teens and adults who have experienced violence.
Idaho Commission for Libraries
The state’s library system’s website provides information on its internet safety policy requirements, including a model policy. Libraries throughout the state are Connectivity Libraries, which have expanded their Internet bandwidths and number of computers as part of a mission to promote digital literacy for underserved populations. Idaho libraries could also participate in national Teen Tech Week, which encourages teens to explore information technology in their local libraries and become ethical, competent users of that technology.
Idaho Cyber Security Awareness
This department promotes online safety in Idaho, including information for parents, teens, children, educators and businesses on its website. It includes good online habits, online sexual predation, internet fraud and identity theft as topics.
Idaho Department of Health and Welfare
The department has a hotline for reporting child abuse and neglect, and provides information on the warning signs of both problems.
Idaho Internet Crimes Against Children Coalition
This charitable fund supports ICAC investigations and educates the community on internet safety. The website has tips for parents on keeping their children safe online, as well as online sexual abuse crime statistics.
Idaho Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force
The Task Force is a statewide coalition of law enforcement agencies dedicated to investigating and prosecuting online crimes against children, including child pornography and online grooming.
Idaho Microsoft Imagine Academy
Free information technology courses offered through the Academy instruct students on using programs like Powerpoint, Sharepoint and Outlook. High school students can gain certifications to prepare them for the workforce. The programs are offered through Idaho public libraries.
Idaho Office of the Attorney General
The Attorney General’s website offers advice to parents and children on the subject of Internet safety. The ProtecTeens initiative, a partnership with the state ICAC and the Idaho Secretary of State, is a video presentation and resource kit to educate parents about child sexual predation on the internet and other risks.
Idaho State Department of Education
The education department offers technology services to each school through the federal e-rate program and also has broadband and wireless internet programs for high schools. It provides instructional technology through partnerships with Microsoft and Discovery Education. The department’s website has tools for reporting incidents of bullying.
My Idaho Courses
This online portal makes digital learning available to students across the state, and provides course credit for classes completed.
How Education Level and Willingness to Learn Affect Older Adults in their use of Mobile Technology in Southwest Idaho (2016)K. Neagle
This project examines how education levels affect a senior’s use of technology, and how their willingness to learn affects their adoption of mobile technology.
The Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse in Idaho: July 1, 2006 - June 30, 2007 (2008)R.L. Marsh, S. Patrick, T. Hopfenbeck, B. Doane, N. Hopfenbeck
The study focuses on the prosecution of adult and child sexual abuse cases in the state between 2006 and 2007.
Idaho Virtual Campus: Using the Internet for Science Education (2001)S.S. Hughes, J. Harvey, V. Taube, D. Boyack
This paper evaluates online science education in Idaho.
The Idaho K-8 Teacher Networking Project: Using the Internet To Improve K-8 Science Instruction (1999)S.D. Gammon, S.G. Hutchison, B.E. Waller, R.W. Tolbert
This project developed, delivered and evaluated a summer professional development course for K-8 science teachers.
This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
Unless otherwise specified, a felony is punishable by imprisonment not to exceed five years and/or a fine of up to $50,000. Except where a different punishment is prescribed, misdemeanors are punishable by imprisonment for up to six months and/or a fine not to exceed $1,000.
- Idaho Code (IC) 18-1506. Sexual Abuse of a Child under the Age of 16 Years. States that this applies where the perpetrator is 18 years of age or older. The offense includes soliciting a minor to commit a sexual act, sexual contact with a child, creating a photograph or electronic recording of the child or allowing the child to witness a sexual act. This crime is punishable by up to 25 years’ imprisonment.
- IC 18-1506A. Ritualized Abuse of a Child. A person commits this offense when he commits a range of acts upon or in the presence of a child as part of a ceremony or rite. This includes involving a child in a mock, unauthorized or unlawful marriage ceremony, followed by sexual contact with the child. An offense is a felony punishable by life imprisonment.
- IC 18-1507. Sexual Exploitation of a Child. This section prohibits the use of a child under the age of 18 sexually for commercial purposes. It is an offense for a person to knowingly and willfully: (a) possess or access, including through the internet, any sexually exploitative material; (b) causes, induces or permits a child to engage in, or be used for, any explicit sexual conduct for the purpose of producing or making sexually exploitative material; (c) Promotes, prepares, publishes, produces, makes, finances, offers, exhibits or advertises any sexually exploitative material; or (d) distributes through any means, including through use of a computer, any sexually exploitative material. Distribution of sexually exploitative material does not require a pecuniary transaction or exchange of interests in order to complete the offense. An offense under section (a) is a felony punishable by imprisonment not to exceed 10 years and/or by a fine not to exceed $10,000. Any other offense under this section is a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to 30 years and/or a fine of up to $50,000.
- IC 18-1508. Lewd Conduct with Minor Child under 16. Defines the offense as sexual contact with a child under the age of 16, including bestiality or sadomasochism. This is deemed to be a felony punishable by up to life in prison.
- IC 18-1508A. Sexual Battery of a Minor Child 16 or 17 Years of Age. Applies where the perpetrator is at least five years old than the 16- or 17-year-old victim. The section states that anyone who commits a lewd or lascivious act upon the child, including sexual contact and sadomasochism, is guilty of a felony punishable by up to life imprisonment. The section also states that anyone who solicits such a child to participate in such acts, or who makes photographic or electronic recordings of the child with the intent of arousing or gratifying their lust, passion, or sexual desire, is liable to up to 25 years’ imprisonment.
- IC 18-1509. Enticing of Children. Defines the offense of persuading a minor under 16 years of age to leave their home or school, to enter a car or building or to enter a building or area where they can be concealed from view, when not acting with the authority of the child’s legal guardians. The penalty for this offense is imprisonment in the county or municipal jail for up to six months, a fine of up to $1,000 or both. Upon a second or subsequent offense, an offender is guilty of a felony and liable to five years’ imprisonment.
- IC 18-1509A. Enticing a Child Through Use of the Internet or Other Communication Device. States that this offense applies where a person aged 18 years or older knowingly uses the Internet to entice, lure or solicit a child aged (or believed to be aged) under 16 to engage in a sexual act. The offense is deemed to be a felony and the penalty is imprisonment in the state prison for up to 15 years.
- IC 18-1513. Obscene Materials – Dissemination to Minors. This section defines the state policy on the dissemination of obscene material to minors. Such materials are deemed harmful to young people and their distribution, dissemination or promotion are not permitted by law.
- IC 18-1514. Obscene Materials – Definitions. Defines a minor in this case as being a person aged under 18. The defines “harmful to minors” as any material that depicts or describes nudity, sexual conduct or excitement, or sadomasochistic abuse, and which “appeals to the prurient interest of minors.”
- IC 18-1515. Disseminating Material Harmful to Minors. Defines the offense as knowingly giving, selling, possessing with intent to sell, loaning for monetary consideration any photograph, picture, movie or similar visual representation which is considered harmful to minors, or admitting a minor into a motion picture or other presentation which will contain such a representation.. This includes material depicting nudity, sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse. The penalty for this offense is imprisonment in the county jail for up to a year, a fine of up to $1,000 or both.
- IC 18-1517. Disseminating Material Harmful to Minors – Defenses. It is a defense to a charge under section 18-1515 that the defendant had reasonable cause to believe the minor was 18 or older; the minor involved was accompanied by his parent or legal guardian or by an adult who claimed to be that guardian; the defendant was the parent or guardian of the minor involved; or the defendant was a bona fide school, college, public library or similar institution, or was an employee of such an establishment or an affiliated retailer, and was acting to serve educational purposes.
- IC 18-1517A. Hiring, Employing, Etc., Minor to Engage in Certain Acts. Every person who, without knowledge that there is a minor under 18 years old or who, while in possession of such facts should know that a minor is under 18 years old, and hires, employs or uses a minor to assist sell or distribute obscene material is guilty of a misdemeanor. If a person has a prior conviction under this sentence, he is guilty of a felony.
- IC 18-1519. Each Prohibited Item Disseminated Constitutes Separate Offense. States that if more than one item which is deemed to be prohibited under this statute is sold, given, advertised for sale, distributed commercially or promoted by the same person, each act is to count as a separate offense.
- IC 18-2202. Computer Crime. A person who knowingly accesses, attempts to access or uses, or attempts to use any computer, computer system, computer network, or any part thereof for the purpose of: devising or executing any scheme or artifice to defraud; obtaining money, property, or services by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises; or committing theft; commits computer crime. A person who knowingly and without authorization alters, damages, or destroys, or uses or accesses, any computer, computer system, or computer network or any software, program, or data contained in such a computer is guilty of an offense. A person who commits either of the above offenses is guilty of a felony. A person who knowingly and without authorization uses, accesses, or attempts to access any computer, computer system, or computer network or any computer software, program, documentation or data contained in such a computer is guilty of a misdemeanor.
- IC 18-4501. Kidnapping Defined. A person who willfully leads, takes, entices away or detains a child under the age of 16 years, with intent to keep or conceal it from its custodial parent, guardian or other person having lawful care or control thereof, or with intent to steal any article upon the person of the child is guilty of this offense.
- IC 18-4502. First Degree Kidnapping – Ransom. A kidnapping for the purpose of obtaining money, property or any other thing of value for the return or disposition of such person kidnapped, or committed for the purpose of raping, or committing the infamous crime against nature, or committing serious bodily injury upon the person kidnapped, or committing any lewd and lascivious act upon any child under the age of 16 years with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying the lust or passions or sexual desires of any person, is guilty of this crime.
- IC 18-4504. Punishment – Liberation of Kidnapped Person. A person guilty of kidnapping in the first degree can be punished by the death penalty or life imprisonment. A person guilty of kidnapping in the second degree – any kidnapping offense that does meet the standards of a first degree offense – may be punished with imprisonment for one to 25 years.
- IC 18-5609. Inducing Person Under 18 Years of Age Into Prostitution. A person who induces or attempts to induce a person under 18 years old to engage in prostitution shall be guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for two years, which may be extended to life imprisonment, and/or a fine of up to $50,000.
- IC 18-5610. Utilizing a Person Under 18 Years of Age for Prostitution. A person who exchanges or offers to exchange anything of value for sexual conduct or contact with a person under 18 years old is guilty of a felony. This offense is punishable by imprisonment for two years, which may be extended to life imprisonment, and/or a fine of up to $50,000.
- IC 18-5611. Inducing Person Under 18 Years of Age to Patronize a Prostitute. A person who induces or attempts to induce a person under the age of 18 to patronize a prostitute is be guilty of a felony.
- IC 18-6101. Rape Defined. Defines the offense as, among other things, sexual penetration with a female under the age of 16 when the accused is aged 18 or older, or where the female is aged 16 or 17 and the accused is three or more years older.
- IC 18-6104. Punishment for Rape. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a term of between one year up to life imprisonment for anyone guilty of rape.
- IC 18-6108. Male Rape. Defines the offense as, among other things, sexual penetration with a male under the age of 16 when the accused is aged 18 or older, or where the victim is aged 16 or 17 and the accused is three or more years older.
- IC 18-6109. Punishment for Male Rape. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a term of between one year up to life imprisonment for anyone guilty of male rape.
- IC 18-6609. Crime of Video Voyeurism. A person commits an offense when – with the intent of arousing, appealing to or gratifying sexual desires of their own or of another person, for his own or another person’s lascivious entertainment, or for the purpose of sexually degrading or abusing another person – he uses, installs or permits the use or installation of an imaging device at a place where a person would have a reasonable expectation of privacy, without the knowledge or consent of the person using such place; or intentionally or with reckless disregard disseminates, publishes or sells or conspires to disseminate, publish or sell any image or images of the intimate areas of another person or persons without the consent of such other person. This is also a crime when the offender knows or reasonably should have known that such image or images were obtained where one or both parties agreed or understood that the images should remain private. The offense is a felony.
- IC 18-7905. Stalking in the First Degree. This section states that where stalking involves a victim under 16 years of age, it is automatically deemed to be stalking in the first degree. The offense is deemed to be a felony punishable by a prison term of between one and five years in the state prison, a fine of up to $10,000 or both.
- IC 83. Sexual Offender Registration Notification and Community Right-to-Know Act. This chapter establishes sex offender registration requirements and public accessibility of these records in Idaho. It is a misdemeanor for a registered sex offender to be in a school building or on school grounds or other property when children under the age of 18 may be present within 30 minutes of that time. This section also regulates the dwellings of registered sex offenders. An offender who fails to register or provide information required by this chapter is guilty of a felony and will be punished by imprisonment for up to 10 years and/or a fine of up to $5,000. An offender on probation will have it revoked. An offender subject to registration who intentionally provides false or misleading information is be guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in a state prison for a period not to exceed 10 years and/or a fine not to exceed $5,000.
- IC 84. Juvenile Sexual Offender Registration Notification and Community Right-to-Know Act. This chapter establishes separate sex offender registration requirements for juvenile offenders, as well as community accessibility of these records in Idaho. A juvenile sex offender who fails to register or update information as required is guilty of a misdemeanor. The parent of a juvenile sex offender commits a misdemeanor if the offender fails to register or update information as required. A person guilty of this offense is liable to a fine of up to $1,000. It is a felony for a registered juvenile sex offender to apply for or accept employment at a day care center, group care facility or family day care home, or remain on such premises when children are present. A person who employs a juvenile sex offender in such a job is guilty of misdemeanor.
- IC 86. Human Trafficking. This section defines human trafficking as sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act is younger than 18 years old, or as labor trafficking. A person who commits human trafficking is liable to 25 years’ imprisonment, unless a more severe penalty is prescribed. The offender will also owe restitution to the trafficking victim.