1998 - To introduce of ICTs in the educational sphere, the Ukrainian Government adopted Laws No. 74 “On the National Informatization Programme” and No. 75 “On the Concept of the National Informatization Programme.” The Program’s implementation resulted in the creation of the National Educational and Scientific Network URАN with access to the GEANT trans-European network, development of specialized software for distance learning, teachers training in administration of computer systems were conducted, creation of teaching software packages, development of a bank of e-Learning resources, and creation Scientific and Educational Portal.
2001 - The Ukrainian Government has developed a long-term ICT strategy, ‘e-Ukraine’, which was supported by the UN Development Project’s Innovations Springboard. The State Committee for Communication and Informatization, UNDP Ukraine and the International Renaissance Foundation signed a Memorandum of Understanding in July 2001 with the aim of formulating such a strategy to foster the development of ICT across the country.
2005 - United Nation Development Program completed Innovation Springboard project focusing on ‘Leveraging Information and Communications Technologies for Ukraine’s Prosperity’. The project focused on the introduction of ICT into schools and other educational institutions and creating online distance learning programs. In addition, the springboard aimed to increase the number and proportion of the population with Internet access by 50% by the introduction of distance learning and rural network access.
The EU/Ukraine Action Plan was developed by the EU Association Agreement Agency, with one section specifically focusing on ICT policies towards the development of an information society. The plan’s vision is to accelerate the progress in policy and regulation development concerning electronic communications, as well as the further advance the development of an information society. The latter involves the promotion of the widespread use of ICT, in particular in the education and health sectors, as well as providing training for citizens to develop the use of the Internet and online services.
2008 - The Coalition for Child Safety Online was established by the partnership between 27 organization, including Microsoft’s Partners in Learning program, Hewlett Packard, the International School of Equal Opportunities, Edipress Ukraine publishing house, the All-Ukrainian Network on the Struggle Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC), the Internet Association of Ukraine, the Institute of Informational Society, Ukrtelecom, life:), and Volya. The Coalition launched the online safety website On-Landia, as well as developed school and summer camps for children and teachers focusing on the issue of online safety. Over three years, Coalition for Child Safety Online implemented a training program entitled “Onlandia: Internet Safety for Children” for 79,697 students of schools and other educational institutions, 14,701 teachers, and 17,433 parents.
The partnership between PH International and the Microsoft launched the Information Dissemination and Equal Access (IDEA) project. The project sets up and assists community-based Internet centers which enable residents to access computers and the Internet as well as receive free IT training. In addition, the project holds educational events training teaching staff, public officials and other government employees. As of 2012, over fifty IDEA centers were operational across the Ukraine, and close to 40,000 people received training via IDEA courses and seminars.
Microsoft funded trainings for trainers (ToT) organized by the All Ukrainian Network against CSEC and the NGO “School for Equal Opportunities” (SEO). The ToT targeted youth in order to provide them with knowledge and skills needed to organise further trainings on CSEC and online risks. ECPAT in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports trained 30 Ukrainian teachers on Internet safety for children.The participants were mainly computer teachers from 26 regions of the Ukraine, all of which received a certificate and training guide at the end of the course.
The same year, Tech Age Girls (TAG) program was implemented by IREX with support from Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OCSE), Peace Corps, USAID, and US Department of State to develop information technology (IT) skills of young female leader. The program addresses the under representation of women in the IT field and promotes the online presence of girls’ voices in local languages.
2009 - Kyivstar, Ukrainian mobile operator and Internet provider, launched Internet Security for Children program, with an objective to provide children with guidelines on the online security, promote the creation of safe internet area for education and personal development. As well as, Kyivstar implemented parental control service on mobile phones to provide children protection from the online-threats. Children in Ukrainian schools benefited from online safety lessons which were taught as part of the national curriculum, an initiative which came into force in the 2009/10 academic year.
In partnership with USAID, IREX has completed the Internet Access and Training Program (IATP). Initiated in 1995, the program promoted internet usage and information access by setting up IATP centers in over 250 locations in 11 Eurasian countries, including Ukraine. In addition, IATP staff created over a dozen training modules, covering basic computer literacy, Web design, internet research, blogging, and wiki creation.
ECPAT International conducted Child Internet Safety training session to computer teachers from 26 regions of Ukraine to further disseminate the information among teachers in their regions. At the end of the workshop all participants received a certificate and a Training Guide.
2010 - The Ukrainian Government launched “Open World” National Project, which consist of four components: supplying 17 000 schools around Ukraine with modern multimedia equipment; distributing portable and convenient tablets for students at a affordable price; creating educational portal, which will become a single & safe informational site for the search of educational materials, communication, experience and information exchange for children, parents and teachers; connecting all schools, student’s tablets and home computers to a national network based on 4G technology.
2011 - The ECPAT International with the support from the Body Shop Norway, implemented Certified Safe Internet School Project in Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine and Russia. Completed in 2013, the CISS project supported schools in understanding internet safety for children on child rights principles, including access to information and knowledge, protection from online risks. Through trainings, school teachers and administrators were educated on children’s behaviour online and the related risks, and recieved tools for the implementation of policies and programs needed to protect children in schools.
2012 - Code of Conduct for Information Technologies providers was adopted. IT Companies that joined the signing of the Code intend to reassure business partners as well as the general public that IT services are provided in a professional and ethical manner with respect to the right to privacy.
2013 - The National Commission for the State Regulation of Communications and Informatization of Ukraine developed and adopted by the Decision No. 609 dated 22.11.2012 the Draft Law of Ukraine “On Amending the Law of Ukraine On Main Principles of Information Society Development in Ukraine for 2007-2015” in order to improve the quality of life, creation of wide opportunities to satisfy needs and the free development of personality, to ensure the competitiveness Ukraine, development of economic, social, political, cultural and spiritual areas of public life, improve governance through the use of ICT, warning of threats that arise in the Information Society.
IDEA Powered by Microsoft YouthSpark,a new joint project of PH International and Microsoft within Microsoft’s YouthSpark social initiative began in Ukraine. The project aims to assist disadvantaged youth, including unemployed youth and young people who prepare to live on their own, to receive computer skills and other life skills. The project as well offers guidelines and tips from Microsoft on how to protect children’s privacy and safety when they use the computer for information search, school projects, games, online communication. As of 2014, 18 centers have open doors around the country.
European Commission launched eTwinning Plus, extending services of eTwinning to a select number of schools and teachers from Ukraine, Tunisia, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The program is part of the European Commission’s Neighbourhood Policy, which encourages links and collaboration with those countries in European Union immediate neighborhood. Schools and kindergartens from the neighboring countries can communicate, collaborate, develop projects, share through the use of ICT with the European Union school community.
2014 - Due to the ongoing conflict in Eastern Ukraine, the Open World National Project was suspended by the decree of the Government. However, all the materials that were completed from the past four years can be used by everyone. The first Ukrainian Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) platform Prometheus was launched, which is a non-profit non-governmental organization in Kyiv, Ukraine. Main goal of the platform is to develop an open space for any of Ukrainian universities, schools, organizations and single persons to create their own MOOCs.
2015 - Microsoft Ukraine launched an ]Internet of Things (IoT)](http://iotlab.in.ua/) laboratory, an Ukrainian projects willing to work in this field will be selected to receive an equipped working space to study and work. In past ten years, Microsoft Partners in Learning Program has trained 700 000 teachers and 21 million students. Microsoft’s Ukrainian Partners in Learning curriculum, designed to train teachers on how to effectively incorporate ICT into schools, has become a mandatory part of the teacher training program across Ukraine.
Ukraine joined Horizon 2020 to work with EU in science and research. Horizon 2020 is the largest multinational program dedicated to research and innovation. The one of the program’s objective focuses on development of leadership in industries, which funded the development of new technologies and materials, including ICT and space research.
Through its Neighbourhood Policy, European Commission launched the Eastern Partnership Connect (EaPConnect) project that establishes and operates a high-capacity broadband internet network for research and education across Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. It will integrate the national research and education networks (NRENs) in the region into the pan-European GÉANT network, which will decrease the digital divide.
2016 - Ukrainian state organisations, NGOs, educational institutions, private companies and the media observed Safer Internet Day which was organized by Ukraine Safer Internet Day Committee. The participants took part in educational activities, discussions, i-mobs, round tables.
An interactive center for professionals working in the field of child abuse and neglect prevention and intervention in Eastern Europe. It was created in 2001, the website was designed to build upon and promote the professional networks established by the Eastern European Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Program.
Child Well-Being Fund(CWF) Ukraine
A non-governmental and non-denominational organization that provides positive changes for the creation of favorable conditions to develop the full potential of every child in Ukraine. The goal of CWF Ukraine is to develop and implement innovations in the field of social work, to mobilize communities and to build partnerships in order to improve the living conditions of children and families.
This industry association represents the interests of European mobile network operators. The group engages in lobbying in areas such as children’s use of mobile phones, privacy, digital inclusion and reducing the digital gender gap. In 2008, the organization formed a mobile alliance against child sexual abuse content.
An international non-profit organization that leads a national drive for training trainers, professional development of teachers/ educators and curriculum development (for ICTs in secondary education) thus preparing the country for true education in the 21st century.
International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX)
An international nonprofit organization provides leadership and innovative programs to promote positive lasting change globally. They enable local individuals and institutions to build key elements of a vibrant society: quality education, independent media, and strong communities. Their program activities include conflict resolution, technology for development,gender, and youth.
Internet Governance Forum
The IGF was founded by the UN in 2006 to serve as a discussion platform for internet governance policy issues. It brings together various stakeholders to determine best practices for internet policy. Past areas of focus include cybersecurity, human rights, inclusivity and openness.
Internet Hotline on Child Pornography Counteraction
The hotline was launched on November 2009 with the aim of collecting information on online child pornography, especially that contained on Ukrainian servers, and to ban this content. Internet users can report websites through a special form, anonymously, online.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
La Strada - Ukraine
The organization works in the field of prevention of trafficking in persons, especially women and children, the elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence in society, promotion and protection of human rights, gender equality and children’s rights. The organization also runs All-Ukrainian Network against CSEC.
Ministry of Education and Science
The Ministry is responsible for all primary, secondary and higher education in the Ukraine.
Registered under the legal name Project Harmony, Inc., the organization was founded in 1985 for the purpose of cultural and educational exchanges between the then-USSR and the United States. PH International’s mission is to build strong global communities by fostering civic engagement, cross-cultural learning, and increased opportunities in the digital age.
A project, created by the Internet Association Ukraine, provides a simple online form enabling users to report online pornography involving minors, racial and ethnic intolerance, terrorism and calls for the violent overthrow of the constitutional order.
Ukraine Safer Internet Day Committee
The committee has been promoting safe internet since 2013. Their activities focus on young people, which implemented through non-formal education in schools and youth organisations.
Women’s Consortium of Ukraine
A union established by women’s non-governmental organizations to ensure equal rights and opportunities of women and men & well-being of children in Ukraine.
Reducing violence against children, with special focus on sexual exploitation of children and child sex tourism. (2014)The Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT
This is a program by the Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT, which objective is to reduce violence against children, with special attention to child sexual exploitation and child sex tourism.
Global Alliance Against Child Sexual Abuse Online (2014)European Commission
Report on Ukraine's commitment to stop Child Sexula Abuse Online
Ukraine ICT Environment, Innovation Policies & International Corperation (2013)EAST-HORIZON
Status of implementation of ICT in Ukraine
Promotion of the use of Information and Communication Technologies in Technical and Vocational Education and Training in CIS countries (2012)UNICEF
This analytical report presents the results of a comparative study on current situation and main tendencies in ICT use in TVET in CIS countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Besides, the report includes recommendations on further development and improvement of the use of modern ICTs in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET).
Global Digital Communication: Texting, Social Networking Popular Worldwide (2012)J. Menasce Horowitz, K. Simmons, J. Poushter, C. Barker
The report is a part of the Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project, which conducts opinion surveys on subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day.
ECPAT Global Monitoring Report: Ukraine (2011)ECPAT
Status of action against commercial sexual exploitation of children in Ukraine
Regional Overview on Child Sexual Abuse Images Through the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Belarus, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine (2008)ECPAT
This regional report provides an overview of the situation based on the information collected in the literature reviews and the detailed analysis of cases.
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of majority in Ukraine is eighteen years of age, the age of consent for sexual activity is sixteen years. The legal age of consent for marriage is eighteen years for men and seventeen years for women.
Ukraine has signed, ratified and entered into law the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (November 2001).
- Article 152, Criminal Code. Rape. Defines the crime of rape as sexual intercourse with the use of violence or threats thereof, or committed by taking advantage of the victim’s helpless condition. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between three and five years. The Article also states that if the act was committed against a minor or by a group of persons it is punishable by a term of imprisonment of between seven and twelve years. The Article also allows for rapes which have ‘particularly serious consequences’ and the rape of a young child to be punished by a prison term of ten to fifteen years. Any further convictions under this Article or Article 153-155 of this Code render the offender liable to an increased sentence of five to ten years’ imprisonment.
- Article 153, Criminal Code. Violent Unnatural Gratification of Sexual Desire. This Article states that anyone who commits violent, unnatural gratification of sexual desire combined with physical violence or threat thereof, or by taking advantage of the victim’s helpless condition, is punishable by imprisonment for up to five years. Where the same act was committed against a minor, by a recidivist, jointly by a group of persons, or by anyone previously convicted of any offenses provided for in Articles 152 or 154 of this Code, an aggravated penalty of three to seven years’ imprisonment will apply. The Article also states that the penalty will be increased to ten to fifteen years’ imprisonment where the offense has been committed against a young child or where it causes especially grave consequences.
- Article 155, Criminal Code. Sexual Intercourse with a Sexually Immature Person. Imposes a penalty of limitation of liberty for up to five years or imprisonment for the same duration for anyone who has sexual intercourse with a sexually immature person. If the crime is committed by a parent, guardian or anyone entrusted with the victim’s upbringing or care, or where the offense caused infertility or other grave consequences, the sentence is increased to five to eight years’ imprisonment, with or without the deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term up to three years.
- Article 156, Criminal Code. Debauchery of Minors. This Article states that anyone who commits debauchery in regard of a person under the age of sixteen is guilty of an offense and liable to limitation of liberty for up to five years or imprisonment for the same term. Where the offense was committed in regard of a young child, by a parent or surrogate parent, stepparent, foster parent or guardian, or any person responsible for the victim’s upbringing or care, an increased penalty of five to eight years’ imprisonment will apply, with or without the deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term up to three years.
- Article 301, Criminal Code. Import, Production, Sale or Distribution of Pornographic Items. Defines the offense of the importation for sale or distribution purposes, production, transportation, sale and distribution of pornographic items. The offense is punishable by a fine of 50 to 100 times of the legally determined daily minimum income before tax is deducted. Alternatively, the offender can be placed under arrest for up to six months or suffer limitation of liberty for up to three years. The pornographic items and the means for their distribution and production are also subject to confiscation. Should the items comprise video recordings or computer programs and are for sale or distribution to minors, the fine rises to between 100 and 300 times of the minimum daily wage or limitation of liberty or imprisonment for five years. Again, the means for producing and/or distributing the items are to be confiscated. In the event that the perpetrator is a repeat offender or works as part of a group of people, or where the offense is aimed at generating a large profit, the punishment is a term of imprisonment of seven to twelve years. The offender will also be prohibited from holding certain positions in society for up to three years and the means of producing or distributing the items will be confiscated. Where the offense includes child pornography or compelling a minor to participate in the making of pornographic works, images, films or computer programs, the offender will be liable to five to ten years’ imprisonment with the deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage on certain activities for up to three years; the means for producing and/or distributing the items are to be confiscated.
- Article 302, Criminal Code. Setting Up or Running Brothels and Trading in Prostitution. Defines the offense of establishing or running brothels, and trading in prostitution. The offense is punishable by a fine of up to 50 times of the minimum daily wage before tax, or limitation of liberty for up to two years. Where the offense has been committed for reasons of gain, by a person previously convicted of this offense, or by an organized group, the penalty will increase to limitation of liberty for up to five years, or imprisonment for the same duration. Where the offense was committed against a minor, a prison sentence of two to seven years will apply.
- Article 303, Criminal Code. Pimping or Engaging Person in Employment of Prostitution. States that it is an offense to compel a person to prostitution by deceit, blackmail, threat of violence or by taking advantage of the victim’s vulnerability. The penalty for this offense is imprisonment for three to five years. Where the offense was committed repeatedly or by a group of persons upon their prior conspiracy, or by an official through abuse of office, from whom the victim was material or otherwise dependent, an increased penalty of four to seven years’ imprisonment will apply. Where the victim was a minor or the offense was committed by an organized group, the sentence will be further increased to five to ten years’ imprisonment, with or without the forfeiture of property. The article also states that where the victim was a juvenile or the offense caused grave consequences, the offender will be liable to imprisonment for a term of between eight and fifteen years, and their property may be forfeit.
- Chapter 16, Criminal Code. Criminal Offenses Related to the Use of Electronic Computing Machines (Computers), Systems and Computer Networks and Telecommunication Networks. Deals with a range of cybercrime offenses, from unauthorized interference with computers and networks to the creation and dissemination of viruses, as well as the violation of operating rules and impeding computer and network operations.
2008 - Interpol in cooperation with the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC) arranged a series of training seminars on cyber crime for the employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. The event was supported by Microsoft Ukraine. The seminars were intended to provide Ukrainian law enforcement agencies with the technical tools for investigating criminal cases of child exploitation online. Ukraine signed a pact at the World Congress III Prevent and Stop Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents, pledging to undertake as a matter of priority the necessary measures to prevent and stop the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents.
2009 - La Strada-Ukraine launched an Internet hotline specifically dedicated to reporting child pornography and between 2009 and 2011, the hotline received 547 reports,189 of which related to child pornography. The Computer Emergency Response Team of Ukraine ([CERT-UA]), established to combat cybercrime in Ukraine, also provides an online form to report incidents.
2010 - ECPAT International together with the All-Ukrainian network against CSEC held the regional consultative forum and training workshops on the protection of children from sexual exploitation through the use of ICT in the Baltic Region and the Commonwealth of Independent States in Kyiv. The guide for teachers was prepared by ECPAT and La Strada specialists on the issues of child pornography in Ukraine. As well as, number of meetings, seminars, theater performances, debates, and roundtables were organised in 2009 – 2010 by members of the All-Ukrainian network against CSEC to discuss and raise awareness of child pornography and build capacity of children and young people on online safety.
2011 - Along with 54 countries, Ukraine has joined the Global Alliance against Child Sexual Abuse Online. The Alliance unites Ministers of the Interior and of Justice from each country to fight against Child Sexual Abuse Online, to rescue victims, to develop more effective prosecution, and to reduce the amount of child sexual abuse images available online.
2014 - The BICE in partnership with Women’s Consortium of Ukraine have launched fight against sexual abuse program against child abuse, which will run until 2017. The organization have been working together to fight against child victims of sexual abuse since 2011. The aim of the program in Ukraine is to give children the skills to cope with situations where there is a risk of sexual abuse, to provide children with life skills (self-esteem, conflict resolution, crisis communication, understanding of their rights), and to tackle taboo subjects that are not traditionally taught in schools.
In partnership with OAK Foundation and Nobody’s Children Foundation (Poland), Child Well-Being Ukraine launched “Prevention of Child Abuse and Sexual Exploitation in Central and Eastern Europe - A Comprehensive Approach” project, which will be implemented in Ukraine through 2018. The project’s aim is to prevent sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children in Central and East European countries. It sets up workshops for teachers, pedagogues, psychologist focussing on resilience building, preventive activities for small children in the field of sexual abuse and conducting educational meeting with parents, risks of sexual exploitation online and offline, consequences, methods used by perpetrators, available tools and resources to run preventive activities with adolescents.
2016 - La Strada-Ukraine together with the Ministry of Social Policy hosted a two day seminar for the heads of regional children’s services in “Protecting children from violence, sexual exploitation, pornography and trafficking”, which are Ukraine’s international obligations. The participants discussed about the National Children’s hotline as a tool to identify and protect children who are victims of abuse and violence, as well as become acquainted with new challenges arising under decentralization of power in Ukraine.