Syria

Population

18,028,549

Population 0‑14

31.6%

Internet Users

31.9%

Facebook Users

4,900,000

Mobile Subscribers

13,349,860
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2012 - The Syrian Kids Foundation founded the Al Salam School which delivered free education to over 1,880 Syrian refugee children. The Karam Foundation donated a computer lab to the school, where children were able to practice video editing and other online skills.

In 2015, the Rumie Initiative began its #LearnSyria campaign, which raised funds and gathered learning content for displaced Syrian children without access to education. The campaign provided power-efficient tablets with preloaded resources, which enabled students to learn on their own time and make up for missed school.

2016 - An internet shutdown in August marked the ninth such outage since July of 2016. The reported objective of the outage was to prevent cheating on National High School exams. However, internet blackouts have been prominent in Syria since June of 2011, after violence erupted in the country.

In February of 2016, students in Syria discussed their education with students in the UK on Skype over a series of three “virtual classroom exchanges”. These conversations were part of the #MyVoiceMySchool initiative, conducted between the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, Digital Explorer, and Skype in the Classroom. The discussions aimed to foster conversation between the groups regarding idea for the international response to education amid the global refugee crisis. After the exchanges, students drafted press releases that provided steps to provide young people in Syria with education.

Also in 2016, SalamaTech launched an e-learning portal entitled ‘Be Heard’, a project that supports the safe and effective use of social media platforms. The portal provides Syrian activists in opposition-controlled areas with simplified tools and training materials on how to safely communicate and publish online activities and communications. It aims to help activists safeguard their online activities and communications. The portal also contains a special section on human rights violation documentation.

The pilot initiative, A Tale of Two Cities, emerged as a way to connect youth in Syria to those abroad to give them a voice in the international community. The initiative works to build digital peace and and fosters a specific collaboration between Syrian and Canadian youth ages 12 - 16. A Tale of Two Cities creates safe communication by enabling Syrian children to video conference with their peers, creating material for Ottawa students to share on websites they build themselves through Weebly, an internet platform. Together, the youth create social media campaigns used to counteract the dominant images of violence and war in Syria, by shining light on the dreams of Syrian youth.

2017 - UNICEF supported the digital engagement and blog writing of young people through the MENA Voice of Youth platform and the Syria U-Report. Additionally, UNICEF initiated the drafting of a first National Framework of Action on Adolescent and Youth Development and Participation under the leadership of the Syrian Commission for Family Affairs and Population.

Also in 2017, Microsoft’s Skype in the Classroom provided a Skype Lesson with Syrian refugees, enabling youth in other areas of the world to learn more about the crisis from others who experienced it first-hand.

2018 - Télécoms Sans Frontières provided digital support for schools in Syria, and worked to establish new learning centers in collaboration with World Vision. These centers include three Child Friendly Spaces and three Women’s Empowerment Centers in the Alsalama, Alnour, and Jibrin Internally Displaced Person camps. The activities were especially beneficial to young women and children who are out-of-school due to the country’s civil war. 596 displaced or refugee children benefit from interactive tablet-courses in Arabic, Mathematics, and English, and 90 women and girls have attended from sessions dedicated to literacy skills, languages, and internet awareness.

Hand in Hand for Syria

This UK based charity supports education by providing schools with funding, equipment, or supplies to enable them to remain functioning. They also run a number of other programs with the focus on health, emergency relief, and shelter.

International Orthodox Christian Charities

The IOCC provides emergency aid and other services to the Syrian people, and repairs and rehabilitates schools to help children stay on track with their learning.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Arab States

The specialized agency for ICT in the United Nations.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

Islamic Relief USA

Under the umbrella of UNICEF’s “No Lost Generation Initiative”, Islamic Relief USA works to ensure Syrian children’s access to education. Islamic Relief constructed and staffed an elementary school that houses a computer lab, for Syrian children living in nearby settlements, free of charge.

Rumie Initiative

The Rumie Initiative provides relevant, high-quality learning resources to Syrian children who may not have regular access to school.

Salamatech

In addition to providing first responders and resources for women, Salamatech promotes the Tale of Two Cities initiative and other projects that work to digitally connect Syrian youth to the rest of the world.

Sunrise USA

Sunrise USA builds school buildings in Syria and supplies books, backpacks and school materials to students and families in refugee camps.

Syria Relief & Development

Syria Relief & Development (SRD) provides a myriad of programs including those focused on education, especially for young women and girls. SRD administers its Global High School, an online internationally-accredited high school program that enables graduates to continue their studies at schools worldwide.

Smart Refugees: How Syrian Asylum Migrants Use Social Media Information in Migration Decision-Making (2018)

Rianne Dekker, Godfried Engbersen, Jeanine Klaver, Hanna Vonk

Social media is an increasingly popular channel of information on which immigrants base their decisions on whether to migrate and where to settle.The findings of this study show that the majority of Syrian asylum migrants have access to social media information before and during migration, often through the use of smartphones. They use social media to modify their travel routes based on the latest and most relevant information, and to stay in contact with family.

Online Political Activism in Syria: Sentiment Analysis of Social Media (2017)

Ahmed Al-Rawi

This study analyzes a popular Facebook page created by a Syrian opposition group and analyzes its posts in order to understand the sentiments associated with this kind of online activism.

A Social Informatics Analysis of Refugee Mobile Phone Use: A Case Study of Za'atari Syrian Refugee Camp (2015)

Carleen Maitland, Ying Xu

Refugees who are forced to flee their homes are increasignly using mobile phones to navigate their often precarious and changing environments. Based on field research conducted in the Za'atari Refugee camp, this study analyzes data gathered through interviews, observation, and survey research gathered in two camp visits to shed light on the social, technical, and demographic factors shaping refugee mobile phone use.

Arab Social Media Report (2015)

Arab Social Media Influencers Summit

The Arab social media report provides an overview on the social media reality in the Arab world through the monitoring of all social media trends in the Arab world and provides a detailed view on using social media channels in the different Arab countries.

Tweeting the Jihad: Social Media Networks of Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq (2014)

Jytte Klausen

Social media has played an essential role in the jihadists' operational strategy in Syria. Twitter in particular has been used to drive communications over other social platforms, as Twitter streams from the insurgency may give the illusion of authenticity. This study collected information from Twitter, to point to the controlling role played by feeder accounts belonging to Terrorist organizations in the insurgency zone.

Censorship in the Wild: Analyzing Internet Filtering in Syria (2014)

Abdelberi Chaabane, Terence Chen, Mathieu Cunche

This study provides the first analytical look into internet filtering in Syria, including using IP addresses and domain names to block subnets or websites, censoring Instant Messaging, and keywords or categories to target specific content.

Online Social Media in the Syria Conflict: Encompassing the Extremes and the In-Betweens (2014)

Derek O'Callaghan, Nico Prucha, Derek Greene, Maura Conway, Joe Carthy, Padraig Cunningham

Online social media has played an important role in the Syria crisis. This study collects information on the preferred platforms of the central actors on the ground in the country.

Lessons Learned from the Syrian Sarin Attack: Evaluation of a Clinical Syndrome Through Social Media (2014)

Yossi Rosman, Arik Eisenkraft, Arthur Shiyovich, Shai Shrot

On the night of August 21, 2013, sarin was dispersed in the eastern outskirts of Damascus, killing 1,400 civilians. This article aims to delineate the clinical presentation and management of a mass casualty event caused by a nerve agent as shown on social media. This is believed to be the first time that social media was used to evaluate clinical data and management protocols to better prepare against future possible events.

Understanding The Terminolog y Used To Describe Bullying Acts In Qatar (2014)

Muthanna Samar; Mahitab Sherif; Jon Perkins; Hisham Morsi; Azhar Omar Al Rawas; Aiman El Asam

This study aims to investigate the perception of bullying amongst Qataris and Arabic speakers in Qatar

The Role of Gender in Syrian Consumers' Beliefs about Attitudes towards Online Advertising (2012)

Ali Bassam Mahmoud

This study looks at the affect of gender on advertising effectiveness and looks into the differences between Syrian males and females in their attitudes on online advertisements. Results showed that males have more positive beliefs about online advertising than females.

The State of Disarray of a Networked Revolution: The Syrian Uprising's Information Environment (2011)

Enrico De Angelis

This study looks at the information environment for the Syrian Uprising and the absence of credible sources, fragmentation, and overabundance of information and why that uprising was in more of a disarray than Tunisia and Egypt.

Teachers' Attitudes Toward Information and Communication Technologies: the Case of Syrian EFL teachers (2006)

Abdulkafi Albirini

This study researched the attitudes of high school English as a Foreign Language teachers in Syria about ICT in education. Results showed that teachers have positive attitudes towards ICT.