2005-2012 - As part of a cooperation between Estonia and Georgia in the Information Society sector, Georgia is trying to emulate the successful Estonian Tiger Leap Program. The national Deer Leap Program was launched by the Ministry of Education and Science (MES) in March 2005 with Estonia’s assistance and a total budget of US $14,380,000. The program has the main objective of modernizing Georgian schools, providing computers and building IT capacities, aiding the process of Georgia’s overall reconstruction and globalization. Additional goals include equipping all secondary school graduates and 50% of teachers with basic ICT skills. In addition, educational software and services as well as quality technical support were to be developed, alongside the integration of ICT into the curriculum. When Deer Leap was launched, all Georgian schools were envisaged to have at least one computer by 2008. This goal was not achieved, however, in the government program 2008 - 2012, ‘Georgia without Poverty’, the state pledges to modernize all public schools and implement the Deer Leap Program successfully, equipping schools with computers and connecting them to the Internet.
The ICT curriculum expects students to be confident in the use of email and Internet, to be able to evaluate digital content and assess its reliability, as well as observe copyrights and observe ethical and legal norms. There is no mention of lessons in online safety in the curriculum at the present time.
2013 - European Commission launched eTwinning Plus, extending services of eTwinning to a select number of schools and teachers from Ukraine, Tunisia, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The program is part of the European Commission’s Neighbourhood Policy, which encourages links and collaboration with those countries in European Union immediate neighbourhood. Schools and kindergartens from the neighbouring countries can communicate, collaborate, develop projects, share through the use of ICT with the European Union school community.
2013-2016 - The European Commission launched the TEMPUS Programme to support and fund ICT Education in Georgia. This project aims to modernize mathematics curricula for engineering and natural science studies in South Caucasian Universities by introducing modern educational technologies.
2014-2016 - The ARMAZEG project - “Developing tools for lifelong learning in Transcaucasus region: e-Learning” aims to stimulate educational reform in Armenian and Georgian partner universities by establishing e-Learning centres and training involved staff members – with special attention to lifelong learning methodologies.This project began in 2013 and is funded by the Tempus programme of the European Union. This project encourages the modernisation of higher education and focuses on an established policy on e-learning on institutional and national levels. Georgia’s Ministry of education and science recognizes that the use of technology and ICT Education plays a vital role in lifelong learning for young generations and seeks to overcome time and space limitations through e-learning initiatives.
2015 - Through its Neighbourhood Policy, European Commission launched the Eastern Partnership Connect (EaPConnect) project that establishes and operates a high-capacity broadband internet network for research and education across Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. It will integrate the national research and education networks (NRENs) in the region into the pan-European GÉANT network, which will decrease the digital divide.
Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-GE)
Members of the public can use this website to report online abusive content, malicious software and viruses, fraud, unauthorized access to networks and other computer threats.
Georgian Research and Educational Networking Association (GRENA)
Founded in July 1999, GRENA’s primary mission is to create an information infrastructure and connect Georgian research and educational institutions, libraries, academic hospitals and international organization to the Internet. Furthermore, they promote and support the ICT development in Georgia and provide user training and support on an ongoing basis.
This industry association represents the interests of European mobile network operators. The group engages in lobbying in areas such as children’s use of mobile phones, privacy, digital inclusion and reducing the digital gender gap. In 2008, the organization formed a mobile alliance against child sexual abuse content.
International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX)
An international nonprofit organization provides leadership and innovative programs to promote positive lasting change globally. They enable local individuals and institutions to build key elements of a vibrant society: quality education, independent media, and strong communities. Their program activities include conflict resolution, technology for development,gender, and youth.
Internet Governance Forum
The IGF was founded by the UN in 2006 to serve as a discussion platform for internet governance policy issues. It brings together various stakeholders to determine best practices for internet policy. Past areas of focus include cybersecurity, human rights, inclusivity and openness.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
Ministry of Education and Science
The Ministry of Education and Science aims to establish a modern and innovative educational environment, advocating freedom of choice, fair competition, equal opportunities, civil integrity, and respect for cultural identity.
Registered under the legal name Project Harmony, Inc., the organization was founded in 1985 for the purpose of cultural and educational exchanges between the then-USSR and the United States. PH International’s mission is to build strong global communities by fostering civic engagement, cross-cultural learning, and increased opportunities in the digital age.
Plans for Embedding ICTs into Teaching and Learning through a Large-Scale Secondary Education Reform in the Country of Georgia (2015)Richardson, J. W., Sales, G., & Sentočnik, S.
This article describes a team’s approach to technology integration into the design of a large-scale, five year, teacher and leader professional development project in the country of Georgia. The main goal of this project was to improve student outcomes via changing core pedagogical practices such as formative assessment, higher order thinking, and student-centered learning.
Combatting Child Sexual Abuse (2015)Petra Jeney
The study provides an overview of existing legislation at European Union, Member State and the international level related to online child sexual abuse, as well as the role of law enforcement agencies in combatting child sexual abuse online and other governmental and private sector initiatives.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION IN ASIA (2014)UNESCO,UNESCO Institute of Statistics
A comparative analysis of ICT integration and e-readiness in schools across Asia
Reducing violence against children, with special focus on sexual exploitation of children and child sex tourism. (2014)The Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT
This is a program by the Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT, which objective is to reduce violence against children, with special attention to child sexual exploitation and child sex tourism.
Overview and Analysis of 1:1 Learning Initiatives in Europe (2013)Intel
Intel 's report on the status of 1:1 Learning Initiative in Europe
Mapping Digital Media : Georgia (2012)Danelia, N., Kakabadze, N., Keshelashvili, A.
This report examines the current state of The Republic of Georgia's ICT sector, Telecommunications, technology in business and journalism, media trends, and policies surrounding media laws.
ICT in Education in Central and West Aisa (2012)Asian Development Bank
Progerss of implementation of ICT in education sector of Central and West Asian countries
Report of Georgia on the Promotion and Use of Multilingualism and Universal Access to Cyberspace (2009)UNESCO
This brief report summarizes the efforts to improve ICT Education. The document provides details about the main ICT Education program in the Republic of Georgia known as the Deer Leap Programme.
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of consent for sexual activity is fourteen. The age of simple majority and consent for marriage is eighteen. Where the parents consent, marriage is permissible from the age of sixteen.
The Criminal Code of Georgia does not contain any provisions against the dissemination of child pornography via the Internet, or any mechanisms for protecting minors from other harmful materials distributed via the Internet.
Within the framework of the Cybercrime Project, a cybercrime law came into effect in September 2010, amending sections of the Criminal Code, introducing new offences and amendments, affecting child pornography, offences against copyright and other related offenses.Chapter XXXV, entitled ‘Cybercrime’ was inserted into the Criminal Code, prescribing fines for the production and dissemination of computer viruses, unauthorized access to protected computer systems and networks, and the illegal penetration of protected websites.
- Article 137, Criminal Code. Rape. This Article defines the offense of rape as sexual intercourse through violence, threat of violence or abusing the helplessness of the victim. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for three to seven years. An aggravated penalty of five to ten years’ imprisonment will apply if the act was carried out repeatedly or if a recidivist committed the offense. Where rape was committed by a group, by abusing the offender’s official position, or under extreme violence against the victim or another person, or where the offense caused the death of the victim, an infection with AIDS or other serious consequences affecting the victim’s health, the prison sentence will be increased to five to fifteen years. Raping a child under the age of fourteen is punishable by imprisonment for ten to 20 years.
- Article 138, Criminal Code. Sexual Abuse Under Violence. States that homosexuality, lesbianism or other sexual intercourse committed under violence, threat of violence or abusing the helplessness of the victim is an offense punishable by imprisonment for a term of between three to seven years. Where the offense has been committed against a minor, a pregnant woman or repeatedly, an increased penalty of five to fifteen years’ imprisonment will apply. The sentence will be further increased to between ten and 20 years’ imprisonment if the victim is under the age of fourteen; the act was committed by a group; the victim died as a result of the offense, suffered serious consequences to his/her health or was infected with AIDS; the offense was committed with extreme violence or the offender abused his official position.
- Article 139, Criminal Code. Coercion into Sexual Intercourse or Other Sexual Acts. Defines the offense of coercing another person into sexual intercourse, homosexuality, lesbianism or other sexual acts under the threat of disclosing defamatory information, damaging property or by abusing an official position or a situation of dependency. The penalty for this offense is a fine, corrective labor for up to one year, or imprisonment for up to two years.
- Article 140, Criminal Code. Sexual Intercourse or Other Sexual Acts with Children under Sixteen. This Article states that any adult who has sexual contact with a minor under the age of sixteen is liable to restriction of freedom for up to three years, lock up into prison for a term of up to three months or imprisonment for up to three years. The term ‘lock up into prison’ means the strict isolation of a suspected person from society for between one and six months.
- Article 141, Criminal Code. Depraved Behavior. Imposes a penalty of corrective labor for up to one year or imprisonment for up to two years for anyone who commits sexual acts with a minor under the age of sixteen, knowing the child to be under this age.
- Article 143.2, Criminal Code. Trafficking in Underage Persons. This Article states that anyone who sells or buys underage persons, subjects them to other illegal deals, or recruits, transports, harbors, or takes them on for the purpose of exploitation, is liable to imprisonment for a term of between eight and fifteen years. An aggravated penalty of imprisonment for twelve to seventeen years will apply if the offense was committed repeatedly; with the use of force, blackmail or deception; against more than one underage person; by taking the victim abroad; with the use of life or health threatening coercion; with abuse of official authority; against a vulnerable person or against a person who is financially or otherwise dependent on the offender. The sentence will be further increased to fifteen to 20 years’ imprisonment if the act was committed by an organized group, or if the victim died as a result of the offense or it caused other serious consequences.
- Article 171, Criminal Code. Involving a Minor in Antisocial Activity. States, among other things, that anyone who involves a minor in prostitution without the use of violence, threat of violence or deceit is liable to imprisonment for two to five years.
- Article 255, Criminal Code. Illegal Production and Trade of Pornographic Materials or Other Items. This Article states that it is a criminal offense to illegally produce, disseminate or advertise pornographic works of literature, publications, images or other items of a pornographic nature. It is also an offense to purchase or store such items for the purpose of sale or dissemination. The penalty for this offense is 360 times the daily salary of the offender, or correctional work for a period of up to two years, or the deprivation of liberty for the same period. An aggravated penalty of correctional work or imprisonment for up to three years, or a fine, will apply for anyone who produces or stores pornographic material containing images of children, or who proposes, transfers, disseminates, sells, advertises or makes available through any other means such material. Pornographic images containing images of children is defined as any video or audio material depicting a child’s participation in real or simulated sexual scenes, using the voice of a child or demonstrating his/her genitals for the purpose of the sexual satisfaction of another person.
- Article 255.1, Criminal Code. Involvement of a Minor in the Illegal Production or Dissemination of Pornographic Materials. Defines the offense of involving a minor in the illegal production, dissemination, advertising or sale of pornographic works or any other kind of materials having a pornographic character. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for up to two years.