2008 - The Department of Education adopted a policy on Information and Communication Technology for Education (ICT4E) with a vision of “21st Century Education For All Filipinos, Anytime, Anywhere.” Its plans to moving toward enhance the curriculum with the following ICT learning targets for students in six areas: basic operations and concepts; social, ethical and human issues; ICT for producing; ICT for communication; ICT for researching; ICT for problem-solving. Oracle Education Foundation partnered with the Philippines Department of Education to help students develop 21st century skills by providing access to the ThinkQuest Online Learning Platform to 500 schools. Government of Philippines has declared that it will observe the month of June and every year thereafter as a ICT Month.
2010 - The Department of Trade and Industry of Philippines has launched Phase 4 of the Personal Computers for Public Schools Project (PCPS). With the funding support from the Government of Japan, the Department of Trade and Industry has been spearheading the PCPS project since 2001. Phases 1, 2, and 3 of the PCPS project have provided 3,714 public high schools with computers and, thus, reduced the computer backlog in secondary education from 75% in 2001 to 37% in 2010.
2011 - President Benigno Aquino III dissolved and reorganized Commission on Information and Communication Technology (CICT) renaming it as the Information and Communications Technology Office (ICTO) and transferred it to the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). Since its establishment in 2004, CICT has been an active player in the ICT4E vision. In collaboration with Department of Education (DepED), CICT has launched several initiatives including the Broadband Deployment, iSchools, eSkwela, CICT Creative Content Development, NICS-Teachers, and eQuality programs. These initiatives provided internet connection, computers, content for basic education, and Web-based learning management system (LMS) training for computer laboratory managers and teachers in public schools and Community eCenters (CeC). Just months before its dissolvement, CICT introduced Philippine Digital Strategy 2011-2016, which expanded the Philippine Strategic Roadmap for the Information and Communication Technology Sector 2006-2010 vision of digital literacy for all into the education sector. A joint initiative between the Affiliated Network for Social Accountability in East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA—EAP) Foundation, Inc and the Department of Education (DepEd) established Checkmyschool (CMS), a participatory monitoring program that aims to improve service delivery in public education by promoting social accountability and transparency.
2010 - Senate introduced Bill 909, now called Senate Bill 2012, which seeks to promote computer literacy by including basic computer applications and programs in primary schools. The Bill is currently pending in the committee. The Department of Education has rolled out DepEd Computerization Program (DCP) where 5,409 public secondary schools received at least one computer laboratory each.
2011 - In seven years of its operation, the Smart Schools Program (SSP), the community service initiatives of Smart Communications Inc.(SMART) has partnered with 652 public elementary and secondary schools, its officials and parents-teachers-community associations (PTCAs) in 17 regions and 71 provinces, providing ICT trainings to 13,514 teachers ultimately benefitting 789,070 students.
2014 - A new partnership has been formed among Department of Education, Department of Interior and Local Government, Microsoft, Globe Telecom, Ayala Foundation and Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines to mainstream Text2Teach in all 38,000 public schools across the Philippines. Text2Teach Program equips 5th and 6th grade teachers with digital content using mobile technology. Formed in 2003, the program is part of the global Bridgeit Program, developed jointly by Nokia, Pearson, the International Youth Foundation (IYF) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Intel® conducted a case study after the implementation of its Intel® Teach Program, where it provided teacher professional development with the introduction of powerful mobile computing devices that were designed specifically for education. The new technology and new methods of teaching helped engage students in learning, ensuring that they stayed in school. In span of two years, the dropout rate declined dramatically and graduation rate increased to 100%.
2015 - Since the launch of their Global Filipino School Program in 2009, telecommunication company Globe Telecom, in partnership with DepEd, has provided “superior online connectivity,” a Globe Mobile Laboratory package, and 21st Century Teaching Methods using ICT to 11 public schools. By next year, the program hopes to be present in all 18 regions nationwide and cover 60 DepEd schools divisions. Since 2008, the Philippines Government has been contemplating over the establishment of the Department of Information and Communication Technology (DICT). While the bill has gotten an approval from both Senate and House of Representatives, it is currently seeking an approval from the President. The bill creates a Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) whose aim to promote digital literacy and competitiveness across the Philippines. The United Nation Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has implemented a project that supported the development and implementation of a 21st century literacy skills program to meet the lifelong learning and employability needs for street children and disadvantaged young adults in the Philippines.
2016 - The Department of Education in the Mountain Province signed a partnership with Quipper, a pioneering e-learning platform school that provides free content covering six subjects for Grades 4 to 10 and is being used by roughly 1,400 schools nationwide. Quipper is preparing content for Grade 11 free of charge for senior high school in school year 2016 to 2017. To date, Quipper has forged official partnerships with 31 DepEd divisions and 310 schools nationwide.
A non-profit organization that develops, implements, and sustains programs in education, youth leadership, livelihood and entrepreneurship, and arts and culture.
As the Bank of the Philippine Islands’ (BPI) social development arm, the organization aims to uplift the social and economic well-being of the Filipino people by promoting financial inclusion and economic empowerment through education and entrepreneurship and advancing environmental sustainability.
Cebu Educational Foundation for IT (CEDF-IT)
The organization focused on Cebu’s sustainable growth towards higher value services through proactive intervention in talent development and assessment, strong academe-industry ecosystem inter-linkages, active support in industry development and promotions, and strategic collaborations and plans.
Center for Cyber Wellness PH
This project originally aimed to educate families about online risks and basic Internet safety. Now the organization also runs seminars and workshops, educating youth, professionals and parents alike.
Child Hope Philippines
A non-profit , non-political, non-sectarian organization whose principal purpose is to advocate for the cause of street children in the Philippines. It works towards the liberation of children from their suffering caused by working and living on the street.
Child Protection Network
It serves every abused child with compassion and competence ensuring that all abused children and children at risk are safe, healthy, and developing to the best of their potential within a nurturing family environment.
Child Rights Coalition Asia
CRC is a network of children’s rights and human rights organizations in Asia, which brings the child rights perspectives and agenda to regional and international advocacy.
Department of Education
The department is responsible for all primary, secondary and higher education in the Philippines. Its mission is to provide quality basic education that is equitably accessible to all and lay the foundation for life-long learning and services for the common good.
Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)
The Department develops, implements and coordinates social protection and poverty reduction solutions for and with the poor, vulnerable and disadvantaged.
Department of Trade and Industry
The department is tasked to expand Philippine trade, industries and investments as the means to generate jobs and raise incomes for Filipinos.
EAC-UNESCO Asia Pacific Regional Bureau for Education Strengthening Education Systems for Out of School Children
This project in partnership with UNESCO and EAC aims to improve the education system for Out of School Children, or OOSC, and give them a better start in life.
An organization that works to eliminate child prostitution, child pornography and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes.
Foundation for Information Technology for Education and Development (FIT-ED)
A non-profit organization that seek to help people and communities in Philippines to harness information and communication technologies (ICTs) for learning.
Information and Communication Technology Office (ICTO)
The Information and Communications Technology Office of the Department of Science and Technology is the lead implementing agency of the government in all ICT- related efforts with special focus on areas of industry development, policy, infrastructure development, research and development, capacity building of the public sector, and the administration of the E-Government Fund.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.
Oracle Education Foundation
A nonprofit organization funded by Oracle, the foundation delivers education technology program to K-12 schools globally that enables teachers to integrate learning projects into their classroom curriculum and students to develop critical 21st century skills.
The People’s Recovery Empowerment and Development Assistance (PREDA) Foundation Inc.is an active social development organization that saves children from sexual abusers, and from life in the brothels and sex bars.
Terre des Hommes Netherlands
This NGO focuses on stopping child sexual exploitation, child labor, child abuse and child trafficking in Asia, East Africa and Europe.
The Inter-Agency Council Against Child Pornography (IACACP)
The Agency was created under Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009. Its role is to coordinate, monitor and oversee the implementation of the law.
Children’s Rights in the Digital Age (2014)A. Third, D. Bellerose, U. Dawkins, E. Keltie, K. Pihl
This study found unequal access to digital media among youth from 16 countries, among other key findings on children's digital usage.
Transforming Education in Rural Philippines (2014)Intel Education
Case Study conducted by Intel Education on incorporation of technology into classrooms of rural Philippines
Reducing violence against children, with special focus on sexual exploitation of children and child sex tourism. (2014)The Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT
This is a program by the Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT, which objective is to reduce violence against children, with special attention to child sexual exploitation and child sex tourism.
Reducing violence agains children, with special focus on sexual exploitation of children and child sex tourism. (2014)The Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT
This is a program by the Netherlands, Defence for Children and ECPAT, which objective is to reduce violence against children, with special attention to child sexual exploitation and child sex tourism.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION IN ASIA (2014)UNESCO,UNESCO Institute of Statistics
A comparative analysis of ICT integration and e-readiness in schools across Asia
Protection of Children Against Sexual Exploitation in Tourism (2013)ECPAT
Report on the different aspects of sexual exploitation of children on Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Gambia and Dominican republic. It also highlights they actions and mechanisms of protection.
Small World, Big Responsibility: The UK’s role in the global trade in children (2012)Erika Hall, Phillippa Lei
This report preset information on the different forms of child exploitation. Its purpose is to raise awareness to this global issue.
Reversing the Trend: Child Trafficking in East and South-East Asia (2009)UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office
This report is a synthesis of seven country assessments, highlighting trends, gaps, lessons learned, promising and good practices across Asia.
Combating Child Sex Tourism: Question and Answers (2008)ECPAT
This is a general information document on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children. It also gives an overview of the global situation.
A policy and planning framework on information and communication technology for basic education in the Philippines (2008)Alexander Flor
Paper states main issues of Philippines' Policy on Information and Communication Technology for Education (ICT4E) and provides
Meta-survey on the Use of Technologies in Education in Asia and the Pacific (2003)Glen Farrell, Cédric Wachholz
This study identifies and analyses the different practices in the use of ICTs in education in Asia and the Pacific. it discusses countries’ policies, challenges and successful ICT integration in the region.
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of simple majority and the age of consent for marriage in the Philippines is defined by Article 5 of the Family Code as eighteen. The age of consent for sexual activity is also eighteen.
- Article 25, Penal Code. Penalties which may be imposed. This Article explains the penalties and their different classes which may be imposed according to this Code. Principal penalties - capital punishment: death; afflictive penalties: reclusion perpetua, reclusion temporal, perpetual or temporary absolute disqualification, perpetual or temporary special disqualification, prision mayor; correctional penalties: prision correccional, arresto mayor, suspension, destierro; light penalties: arresto menor, public censure. Penalties which are common to the three preceding classes are fines and bonds to keep the peace.
- Article 27, Penal Code. Duration of Penalties. This Article determines the duration of the different classifications of crime. Reclusion perpetua: any person sentenced to any of the perpetual penalties shall be pardoned after 30 years, unless such person by reason of his conduct or some other serious cause shall be considered by the Chief Executive as unworthy of pardon. Reclusion temporal: the penalty for this category of crime is between twelve years’ and one day to 20 years’ imprisonment. Prision mayor and temporary disqualification: imprisonment for crimes carrying the classification of prision mayor and temporary disqualification is between six years and one day to twelve years, except when the penalty of disqualification is imposed as an accessory penalty, in which case its duration shall be that of the principal penalty. Prision correccional, suspension, and destierro: imprisonment for crimes carrying these classifications is between six months and one day to six years, except when suspension is imposed as an accessory penalty, in which case, its duration shall be that of the principal penalty. Arresto mayor: these crimes carry a penalty of imprisonment for between one month and one day to six months. Arresto menor: offenses carrying this classification carry terms of imprisonment for between one to 30 days.
- Article 201, Penal Code. Immoral doctrines, obscene publications and exhibitions and indecent shows. States that anyone who publicly expounds or proclaims doctrines contrary to public morals will be punished by prision mayor or a fine of between PhP6,000 to PhP12,000, or both. The same penalty applies to the authors of obscene literature, published with their knowledge in any form; the editors publishing such literature; and the owners of the establishment selling such literature. The Article also states that the penalty will also apply to anyone who, in theaters, fairs or any other place, exhibits indecent or immoral plays, scenes, acts or shows, whether live or in film, which glorify criminals or condone crimes; serve no other purpose but to satisfy the market for violence, lust or pornography; offend any race or religion; tend to abet traffic in and use of prohibited drugs; or are contrary to law, public order, morals, and good customs, established policies, lawful orders, decrees and edicts. Lastly, the penalty also applies to anyone who sells, gives away or exhibits films, prints, engravings, sculpture or literature which is offensive to morals.
- Article 202, Penal Code. Vagrants and Prostitutes. States, among other things, that women who, for money or profit, habitually indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct, are deemed to be prostitutes. Prostitution is punishable by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding PhP200, and in case of recidivism, by arresto mayor in its medium period to prision correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from PhP200 to PhP2,000, or both.
- Article 266 A, Penal Code. Rape, When and How Committed. Defines the crime of rape as a man who has sexual intercourse with a woman under any of the following circumstances: through force, threat or intimidation; when the woman is deprived of reason or otherwise unconscious; by means of fraudulent machination or grave abuse of authority; when the woman is under twelve years of age or lacking mental capacity, even though none of the circumstances mentioned above are present. In addition, rape also includes committing an act of sexual assault by inserting the offender’s penis into the victim’s mouth or anus, or any other instrument or object, under the circumstances mentioned above.
- Article 266 B, Penal Code. Penalties. States that the crime of rape under the first paragraph of Article 266 A is punishable by reclusion perpetua. Where rape is committed with the use of a deadly weapon or by two or more persons, an aggravated penalty of reclusion perpetua to death will apply. The same applies where rape is attempted and a homicide is committed by reason or on the occasion of rape; when a homicide is committed by reason or on the occasion of the rape; if the victim has become insane by reason or on the occasion of rape. The death penalty will apply: when by reason or on the occasion of rape homicide is committed; where the victim is under the age of eighteen and the offender is a parent, stepparent, guardian, relative within the third degree or the common-law spouse of the parent of the victim; when the rape is committed in full view of the spouse, parent, any of the children or other relatives within the third degree; when the victim is a religious person engaged in legitimate religious vocation or calling and is personally known to be such by the offender before or at the time of the commission of the crime; when the victim is a child below the age of seven; when the offender knows that he has HIV/AIDS or any other sexually transmissible disease and the virus or disease is transmitted to the victim; when committed by any member of the Armed Forces of the Philippines or paramilitary units thereof, the Philippine National Police or any law enforcement agency or penal institution, when the offender took advantage of his position to facilitate the commission of the crime; where the victim has suffered permanent physical mutilation or disability as a result of the rape; when the offender knew the victim was pregnant at the time of the commission of the crime or when the offender knew of the mental disability emotional disorder and/or physical handicap of the victim at the time of the commission of the crime. The Article also states that rape under the second paragraph of Article 266 A is punishable by prision mayor. Where rape is committed with the use of a deadly weapon or by two or more persons, an aggravated penalty of prision mayor to reclusion temporal will apply. Where rape is attempted and a homicide is committed by reason or on the occasion of rape, the offender will be liable to reclusion temporal to reclusion perpetua. When the victim has become insane as a result of the crime, the penalty will be reclusion temporal. When a homicide is committed by reason or on the occasion of the rape, the penalty will be reclusion perpetua.
- Article 266 C, Penal Code. Effect of Pardon. States that if the offender marries the victim of the rape, any criminal action or penalty will be extinguished.
- Article 336, Penal Code. Acts of Lasciviousness. This Article states that anyone who commits an act of lasciviousness upon other people of either sex, under any of the circumstances mentioned in Article 335, will be punished by prision correccional.
- Article 337, Penal Code. Qualified Seduction. States, among other things, that the seduction of a virgin over twelve years and under eighteen years of age by any person in public authority, priest, home-servant, domestic, guardian, teacher, or any person entrusted with the victim’s education or custody, is punishable by prision correccional in its minimum and maximum periods. A person is deemed to have committed seduction when the offender had sexual intercourse with the virgin under any of the circumstances described in this Article.
- Article 338, Penal Code. Simple Seduction. This Article sets a penalty of arresto mayor for anyone who seduces a single woman or a woman of good reputation, aged over twelve but under eighteen years of age, by means of deceit.
- Article 339, Penal Code. Acts of Lasciviousness with the Consent of the Offender Party. This Article states that the penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed to punish any other acts of lasciviousness committed by the same persons and the same circumstances as those provided in Articles 337 and 338.
- Article 340, Penal Code. Corruption of Minors. States that anyone who promotes or facilitates the prostitution or corruption of underage persons to satisfy the lust of another will be liable to prision mayor. If the offender is a public officer or employee, including those in government-owned or controlled corporations, the penalty of temporary absolute disqualification will also apply.
- Article 342, Penal Code. Forcible Abduction. This Article states that the abduction of any woman against her will with lewd intentions is punishable by reclusion temporal. The penalty will be imposed in every case where the victim is under the age of twelve.
- Article 343, Penal Code. Consented Abduction. States that the abduction of a virgin over twelve years and under eighteen years of age, carried out with her consent and with lewd designs, will be punished by prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods.
- Article 344, Penal Code. States, among other things, that in cases of seduction, abduction, acts of lasciviousness and rape, the marriage of the offender with the victim extinguishes the crime or remits the penalty already imposed.
- Article 353, Penal Code. Definition of Libel. Defines libel as public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit, or contempt of a person, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead.
- Article 354, Penal Code. Requirement for Publicity. States that defamatory imputation is presumed to be malicious, even if it is true, if no good intention and justifiable motive for making it is shown. The following exceptions apply: a private communication made by any person to another in the performance of any legal, moral or social duty; and a fair and true report, made in good faith, without any comments or remarks, of any judicial, legislative or other official proceedings which are not of confidential nature, or of any statement, report or speech delivered in said proceedings, or of any other act performed by public officers in the exercise of their functions.
- Article 355, Penal Code. Libel Means by Writings or Similar Means. This Article states that libel committed by means of writing, printing, lithography engraving, radio, photograph, painting, theatrical or cinematographic exhibition, or other similar means, will be punished by prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods, or a fine ranging from PhP200 to PhP6,000, or both.
- Article 356, Penal Code. Threatening to Publish and Offer to Present Such Publication for a Compensation. Imposes a penalty of arresto mayor or a fine between PhP200 to PhP2,000, or both, for anyone who threatens a person with publishing a libel concerning him or the parents, spouse, child or other members of his family unless anyone offers to prevent the publication for a compensation or monetary consideration.
- Article 358, Penal Code. Slander. This Article states that oral defamation is punishable by arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correccional in its minimum period if it is of a serious and insulting nature. In any other cases the penalty will be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding PhP200.
- Article 359, Penal Code. Slander by Deed. Imposes a penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from PhP200 to PhP1,000 for anyone who performs any act not included and punished in this Title [Crimes against Honor] which dishonors, discredits or casts contempt upon another person. A reduced penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding PhP200 will be imposed if the act is not of a serious nature.
- Article 361, Penal Code. Proof of Truth. States that if the libel is true and it was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the defendants will be acquitted. However, proof of the truth of an imputation of an act or omission not constituting a crime will not be admitted.
- Article 363, Penal Code. Incriminating Innocent Person. This Article sets a penalty of arresto menor for anyone who, by an act not constituting a perjury, directly incriminates or imputes an innocent person the commission of a crime.
- Article 364, Penal Code. Intriguing against Honor. States that the penalty of arresto menor or a maximum fine of PhP200 will be imposed for any intrigue where its principal purpose is to blemish the honor or reputation of a person.
- Section 5. Child Prostitution and Other Sexual Abuse. Defines children exploited in prostitution and other sexual abuse as children, whether male or female, who for money, profit, any other consideration or due to influences of any adult, syndicate or group, indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct. This section sets a penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period to reclusion perpetua for anyone who engages in or promotes, facilitates or induces child prostitution, which includes, but is not limited to, acting as a procurer of a child prostitute; inducing a person to be a client of a child prostitute by means or written or oral advertisements or other means; taking advantage of influence or relationship to procure a child as prostitute; threatening or using violence towards a child to engage him/her as a prostitute; or giving monetary consideration, goods or other pecuniary benefit to a child with intent to engage the child in prostitution. The same penalty applies to anyone who has sexual intercourse or commits lascivious conduct with a child exploited in prostitution or subject to other sexual abuse. Where the victim is under twelve years of age, the offender shall be prosecuted under Article 335 Penal Code for rape and Article 336 Penal Code for lascivious conduct, as the case may be. The penalty of penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period to reclusion perpetua shall also apply to anyone who derives profit or advantage from child prostitution, whether as a manager or owner of the premises where the prostitution takes place, or of the sauna, disco, bar, resort, place of entertainment or establishment serving as a cover.
- Section 6. Attempt to Commit Child Prostitution. Defines the attempt to commit child prostitution as when any person who, not being a relative of a child, is found alone with the said child inside the room or cubicle of a house, an inn, hotel, motel, pension house, apartment or other similar establishments, vessel, vehicle or any other hidden or secluded area under circumstances which would lead a reasonable person to believe that the child is about to be exploited in prostitution and other sexual abuse. It is also considered attempted child prostitution when a person is receiving services from a child in a sauna parlor or bath, massage clinic, health club and other similar establishments. Attempted child prostitution is punishable by a penalty lower by two degrees than that prescribed for the consummated felony under Section 5.
- Section 7. Child Trafficking. States that anyone who trades or deals with children, including, but not limited to, the act of buying or selling a child for money or for any other consideration, or barter, is liable to a penalty of reclusion temporal to reclusion perpetua. The maximum penalty shall apply if the victim is under the age of twelve.
- Section 8. Attempt to Commit Child Trafficking. This section states that there is an attempt to commit child trafficking when a child travels alone to a foreign country without valid reason and without clearance issued by the Department of Social Welfare and Development or written permit or justification from the child’s parents or legal guardian. It is also considered attempted child trafficking when a person, agency establishment or child-caring institution recruits women or couples to bear children for the purpose of trafficking; when a doctor, hospital or clinic official or employee, nurse, midwife, local civil registrar or any other person simulates birth for the purpose of child trafficking; when a person engages in the act of finding children among low-income families, hospitals, clinics, nurseries, day-care centers, or other child-during institutions who can be offered for the purpose of child trafficking. The penalty of attempted child trafficking is lower two degrees than the penalty set for child trafficking itself.
- Section 9. Obscene Publications and Indecent Shows. This section prescribes a penalty of prision mayor in its medium period for anyone who hires, employs, uses, persuades, induces or coerces a child to perform in obscene exhibitions or indecent shows, whether live or recorded, or model in obscene publications or pornographic materials or to sell or distribute the said material. Where the victim is under the age of twelve, the penalty will be imposed in its maximum period.
- Section 10. Other Acts of Neglect, Abuse, Cruelty or Exploitation and Other Conditions Prejudicial to the Child’s Development. This section states, among other things, that it anyone who keeps or has in his company a minor aged twelve or under or who is ten years or more his junior in any public or private place, hotel, motel, beer joint, discotheque, cabaret, pension house, sauna or massage parlor, beach and/or other tourist resort or similar places is liable to the penalty of prision mayor in its maximum period and a minimum fine of PhP50,000. This penalty applies to any person who is related within the fourth degree of consanguinity or affinity, or any bond recognized by law, local custom and tradition, or acts in the performance of a social, moral or legal deputy. The section also states that anyone who induces, delivers or offers a minor to anyone for the purpose of committing an act prohibited by this law will be penalized by prision mayor in its maximum period, and a minimum fine of PhP50,000. In addition, the penalty of prision mayor in its medium period plus a minimum fine of PhP50,000 applies to anyone who, being the owner, manager or person entrusted with the operation of any public or private place of accommodation, whether for occupancy, food, drink or otherwise, including residential places, allow a person to bring a minor to such place.
- Section 4. Acts of Trafficking in Persons. States that it is unlawful for any person to commit any of the following acts: to recruit, transport, transfer, harbor, provide, or receive a person by any means, including those done under the pretext of domestic or overseas employment or training or apprenticeship, for the purpose of prostitution, pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, involuntary servitude or debt bondage; to maintain or hire a person to engage in prostitution or pornography; to adopt or facilitate the adoption of persons for the purpose of prostitution, pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, involuntary servitude or debt bondage; to recruit, hire, adopt, transport or abduct a person, by means of threat or use of force, fraud, deceit, violence, coercion, or intimidation for the purpose of removal or sale of organs of said person; and to recruit, transport or adopt a child to engage in armed activities in the Philippines or abroad.
- Section 6. Qualified Trafficking in Persons. States that the following are considered as qualified trafficking: when the trafficked person is a child; when the crime is committed by a large syndicate or in a large scale; when the trafficked person is recruited to engage in prostitution with any member of the military of law enforcement agencies; when the offender is a member of the military or law enforcement agencies; when by reason or on occasion of the act of trafficking in persons, the victim dies, becomes insane, suffers mutilation or is afflicted with HIV or AIDS.
- Section 10. Penalties and Sanctions. States that any person found guilty of committing any of the acts enumerated in Section 4 will be liable to imprisonment for 20 years and a fine between PhP1,000,000 and PhP2,000,000. Anyone guilty of qualified trafficking as described in Section 6 will be liable to life imprisonment and a fine between PhP2,000,000 and PhP5,000,000.
- Section 11. Use of Trafficked Persons. This section states that anyone who buys or engages the services of a trafficked person for prostitution will be liable to six months community service for the first offense, and imprisonment for one year and a fine of PhP100,000 for any subsequent offenses.
- Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009. The Act penalizes anyone who produces, distributes or assists in the transmission or promotion of child pornography, including via the Internet. Children exploited in such material are recognized as victims of violent crime and perpetrators can face up to a P5 million fine or a life sentence.
- Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. The Act lays down a comprehensive legal framework for the detection, investigation, and suppression of cybercrimes such as hacking, identity theft, cybersquatting, illegal access, spamming, cyber-squatting, cybersex, and online child pornography.
2006 - UNICEF and ECPAT launched Make IT Safe Campaign, which raised awareness on the risks that internet brings to minors and adolescents in schools and communities.
2007 - With assistance from local internet franchiser Everything Online Inc. (EOL), ECPAT opened ECPAT I-Café Plus, an internet café with guidelines that will protect children from illegal internet material.
2009 - Congress of Philippines adopted Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009, which created the Inter Agency Council Against Child Pornography. Under its Strategy Plan 2009 - 2013, the agency planned to increase public awareness of child pornography and educate the public on the anti-child pornography law. Internet Café owners signed a Code of Conduct at the ECPAT’s Sub-National Conference of Internet Cafe Owners Against Child Pornography, promising to promote positive use of the internet and technology.
2010 - Senate of the Philippines introduced Senate Bill 1710, which is currently pending in the committee, seeking to improve the public’s awareness regarding safe use of the Internet.
2011 - The Department of Justice and Microsoft held the second International Conference on Cybercrime in Makati City. Much of the discussion focused on the need to pass the country’s proposed cybercrime legislation in order to become compliant with the Convention on Cybercrime.
2012 - The Government of Philippines passed Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, where it hopes that by protecting all users from abuse and misuse, encourage citizens to use cyberspace for information, recreation, learning and commerce.
2015 - Manifesto against cyber-bullying has been signed at the two-day anti-cyberbullying conference, which was organized by Salesian missionaries in partnership with UNICEF, the Child Protection Network (CPN) and other child safety organization. The main conference message was to “teaching the youth to shift their views, control their lives and delete the negativity in social media.” Ako Para sa Bata (I am for the Child) international conference concluded with a clarion call to build online protection and safety for children. Department of Justice (DOJ), Philippines Judicial Academy of the Supreme Court of the Philippines,CPN, UNICEF, Energen and over twenty partner NGOs demanded urgent actions to stop online sex abuse and exploitation of children and cyberbullying of children in a major conference participated in by nearly 1,000 people. Australian Government, the Department of Justice, and the Department of Social Welfare and Development have partnered up to launch and implement a Child Protection Program, which will aim to protect Filipino children from online sexual abuse and exploitation.
2016 - Philippines observed the 20th National Awareness Week for the Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (also known as CSAAW - Child Sexual Abuse Awareness Week). In 2015, the Department of Education declared the second week of February of every year as Child Sexual Abuse Awareness Week, where it aims to raise awareness among service providers, children, parents, and the community on how to make safe environment for children. IACACP and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) have partnered up to intensifying their advocacy campaign against child cyber pornography.