Luxembourg

Population

584,103

Population 0‑14

16.8%

Internet Users

95.2%

Facebook Users

310,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

In early 1993, the Luxembourg government created the Department for the Coordination of Research and Innovation in Education and Technologies (Service de Coordination de la Recherche et de l’Innovation Pedagogiques et Technologies – SCRIPT) whose mission is to coordinate research and innovation in the areas of education, including the integration of information technologies and communication. Under the authority of the Ministry of Education and National Training, SCRIPT continues to promote and implement the innovation and research of technology in education, along with ensuring the quality of teacher training in schools and colleges.

Following the June 2000 launch of the community action plan, eEurope, aimed at creating an information society for all, the government of Luxembourg aimed to ensure its implementation at a national level by launching the platform eLuxembourg the same year. It allows businesses, government, education and the general public to acquire and effectively use new electronic communication tools.

Building on the of eLuxembourg platform the pedagogical portal, mySchool!, was set up in October 2001 by the Ministry of Education, allowing all members of the school community to seek information, communicate, collaborate and learn in a secure environment. The platform gives each school the opportunity to create their own independent intranet whilst benefiting from cutting edge technology. Besides, every user can customize their own working environment to their specific needs and interests. Users can add modules, choose channels and change their information preferences to personalize their content. The portal contains a large number of resources and educational resources, relating to all subjects taught in schools in Luxembourg. The material provides assistance to teachers wishing to diversify their courses and students wishing to deepen their knowledge.

As part of the mySchool! project, the Luxembourg government initiated the distance learning project eBacin 2005, allowing adults and adolescents who dropped out of the traditional school system before graduation the possibility to take a BA in a blended learning structure. eBac consists of a range of units, each comprising seventeen modules. These can be downloaded by the user and completed in their own time. Learners also have the optional of attending some traditional classes should they choose, but only the final exams have to be sat in a physical school, with the successful graduates receiving exactly the same diploma as conventional learners.

In 2003, sixteen municipalities in the Northern region of Luxembourg were identified to participate in an educational project on the integration of ICT in primary schools, special education institutions and the Luxembourg Autism Foundation. The pilot project, called norTIC, is first regional project of its kind in the field of ICT in the country, overseen by the Ministry of Education in primary education. norTIC aims to contribute to the development of an information society and increase ICT knowledge among students and teachers. This is achieved by offering the means and resources necessary to learn how to use new digital technologies.

Internet safety lessons are mandatory for all students in grade 7 and these are provided by the BEE SECURE website, in conjunction with CASES.

In 2015, Luxembourg’s Minister of National Education, Childhood, and Youth announced the new Digital Education strategy. This government initiative aims to strengthen and consolidate Luxembourg’s position in the field of ICT over time. To make Luxembourg a highly connected country for both national and international business, major investment has been carried out at several levels: communication infrastructures, research/innovation, and adaptive legislative framework to the digital society. The Digital Education Strategy includes various components and programs to fulfill Luxembourg’s ICT goals. The Digital Classroom gives all students the skills needed to manipulate the basic digital tools they will find daily in their professional lives and privacy to stay connected anywhere, anytime and with any device that makes them easier Creative and productive. The Mobile Learning portal helps improve access to portable technology. Before a larger scale deployment, some high schools decided to create several classes in 2015-2016 where all pupils in these classes will be equipped with digital tablets. The eduSphere Project was established to design and implement a digital environment that is suited to the challenges of teaching and learning of the 21st century and developments of communication and pedagogy. MathemaTIC is a personalized and multilingual mathematics learning environment. It is a solution adapted to the Luxembourg context because it is based on the Luxembourg study plan. BEE Creative is one of the most central programs for the development of education technology. BEE Creative is the project to set up a network of makerspaces. The aims of this program is to know how to create using ICT and promote creativity, talents and entrepreneurship towards young generations. The BEE SECURE initiative encompasses actions to raise awareness of the more secure use of new information and communication technologies.

BEE SECURE

Luxembourg’s Internet safety awareness center informs the public about the safe use of new technologies, especially the Internet. Its strong network of stakeholders enables the center to disseminate educational material, conduct surveys and issue advice to children, teachers and parents alike.

CASES

Supported by Directorate of E-commerce and Computer Security of the Ministry of Economy and Fair Trade, CASES (Cyberworld Awareness and Security Enhancement Structure) is an initiative aimed at raising awareness of the security risks that can accompany new information technologies. Its mission is to educate the general public and promote the use of security measures, targeting families with young children as well as small businesses. To achieve this goal the organization uses tools such as fact sheets, special features, workshops, conferences and eLearning.

GSMA Europe

This industry association represents the interests of European mobile network operators. The group engages in lobbying in areas such as children’s use of mobile phones, privacy, digital inclusion and reducing the digital gender gap. In 2008, the organization formed a mobile alliance against child sexual abuse content.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Europe

The ITU is is the UN agency for ICTs. Areas of focus in Europe include improving E-accessibility in Central and Eastern Europe, transitioning Europe to digital broadcasting, and sharing best practices for implementing e-applications.

Internet Governance Forum

The IGF was founded by the UN in 2006 to serve as a discussion platform for internet governance policy issues. It brings together various stakeholders to determine best practices for internet policy. Past areas of focus include cybersecurity, human rights, inclusivity and openness.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

LuSI (Luxembourg Safer Internet)

LuSI (Luxembourg Safer Internet) is a project aimed at promoting safer use by young people of the Internet and new communication technologies. Comprising a range of partners from the public sector and private sectors, LuSi creates tailored content and outreach activities aimed at children, parents and educators.

A Survey on the Transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on Combating Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation of Children and Child Pornography (2016)

Together Against Sexual Exploitation of Children

The study examines how seven key provisions of Directive 2011/93/EU on the fight against sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography have been adopted by the 27 European Union (EU) Member States bound by the Directive.

The impact of internet and new media on the occurrence of violence against children in Europe and Cyprus (2015)

Rosella Sala

This document demonstrate that countries lack of expertise on child sexual exploitation and struggle combating this issue by their own. It suggests to establish an international legal framework to prosecute offenders and protect children.

How parents of young children manage digital devices at home: the role of income, education and parental style (2015)

Livingstone, Sonia, Mascheroni, Giovanna, Dreier, Michael, Chaudron, Stephane, Lagae, Kaat

The report compares strategies of parental mediation on the internet according to levels of parental education and household income. The aim was to inform policy-makers and practitioners on how to approach parental guidance and awareness raising.

Coping with Cyberbullying: A Comparison Between Students from Luxembourg and Germany (2015)

G. Steffgen

This research presents a comparison of cyberbullying behaviors among students in Luxembourg and Germany.

Combatting Child Sexual Abuse (2015)

Petra Jeney

The study provides an overview of existing legislation at European Union, Member State and the international level related to online child sexual abuse, as well as the role of law enforcement agencies in combatting child sexual abuse online and other governmental and private sector initiatives.

Global Research Project: A Global Landscape of Hotlines Combating Child Sexual Abuse Material on the Internet and an Assessment of Shared Challenges (2015)

Melissa Stroebe, Stacy Jeleniewski, PhD

This report examines hotlines combating Internet-facilitated Child Sexual Abuse Material.

e-skills in Europe : Luxembourg (2014)

Empirica

This research tracks the progress of ICT education in Luxembourg schools, and analyzes barriers and policy strategies for improved education technology.

Children's Use of Online Technologies in Europe (2014)

K. Ólafsson, S. Livingstone, L. Haddon

This report reviews recent research on children’s use of internet and mobile technologies identified by the EU Kids Online network.

Final recommendations for policy (2014)

O’Neill, B., Staksrud, E

Combining all the EU Kids Online policy guidance into one resource, this report provides more than 30 proposed actions for making the Internet safer for children.

Mapping Safer Internet Policies in the Member States (2014)

P. Baudouin, B. Mahieu, T. Dor, B. Good, J. Milayi, S. Nakajima

The purpose of the study was to set up a framework for analysing Better Internet for Children public policies covering EU Member States, and Norway and Iceland.

Survey of Schools: ICT in Education (2013)

Balamskat, A., Blamire R., Gaer, E., Kearney, C., Monseur, C., Quittre, V., Wastiau, P.

Based on over 190,000 responses from students, teachers and head teachers collected and analyzed during the school year 2011-12, this research report provides detailed, up-to-date and reliable benchmarking of Information and Communication Technologies in school level education across Europe, painting a picture of educational technology in schools: from infrastructure provision to use, confidence and attitudes.

Country Classification: Opportunities, Risks, Harm and Parental Mediation (2013)

Helsper, E. J., Kalmus, V., Hasebrink, U., Sagvari, B. and De Haan, J.

With data from 25 of the European countries surveyed in EU Kids Online, the report examines the range and type of online opportunities, risks and harm which children from each country experience, as well as looking at ways in which parents control or mediate their children’s Internet use.

Zero to Eight - Young Children and Their Internet Use (2013)

Holloway, D., Green, L., and Livingstone, S. with members of the EU Kids Online network,

This report reviews a number of other studies and provides recommendations as to how younger children can be protected from online risks.

Risks and safety on the internet: Comparing Brazilian and European children (2013)

Barbosa, A., O’Neill, B., Ponte, C., Simões, J.A., Jereissati, T.,

This study compares the results of the survey of Brazilian children and their parents/guardians, carried out by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee. Using the same methodology as the EU Kids Online research, the results from Brazil are compared with those from Europe.

EU Kids Online: National perspectives (2012)

Leslie Haddon, Sonia Livingstone and the EU Kids Online network

This report summarizes the Internet experiences of children in the 33 participating EU Kids Online countries and includes eight countries which have not appeared in previous reports

EU Kids Online: National perspectives (2012)

Haddon, L., Livingstone, S., EU Kids Online Network

This report summarizes the Internet experiences of children in the 33 participating EU Kids Online countries and includes eight countries which have not appeared in previous reports.

The Protection of Children Online (2012)

Kristina Irion

The report provides key findings and policy recommendations to keep children safe online as a follow up to the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration on the Future of the Internet Economy.

Safety and Security on the Internet Challenges and Advances in Member States (2011)

World Health Organization

Evaluation of public health threat presented by the Internet in every Member States.

Education on Online Safety in Schools in Europe (2009)

Eurydice

The study covers 30 European countries and provides information on whether online safety is taught and how it is taught in schools within the participating countries.

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU – a parents’ perspective (2008)

The Gallup Organisation

This survey was conducted to study parents’ views about their children’s use of the Internet, to determine parents’ strategies to supervise their child’s Internet usage and their own awareness of safety measures.

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU - a parents' perspective (2008)

Eurobarometer

The study covers 27 EU Member States and provides parental responses to a range of questions relating to Internet safety and their perception of risk.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

Luxembourg has signed, but not ratified the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (November 2001).

  • Article 327, Penal Code. States that it is an offense to threaten to attack another person or their property – either verbally or in writing. The punishment for this offense is imprisonment for between three months and two years and a fine of up to €3,000. Where the threat is accompanied by an order or a condition the maximum sentence increases to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to €5,000.
  • Article 329, Penal Code. States that it is unlawful to threaten a person through the use of gestures. This offense is punishable by a term of imprisonment of up to one year and a fine of up to €3,000. Where the threats are made against property, the term of imprisonment may not exceed three months and the fine is up to €1,000.
  • Article 330-1, Penal Code. The term of imprisonment is doubled for the above offenses where the victim is particularly vulnerable owing to their age, amongst other designations.

  • Article 372, Penal Code. Where a person indecently assaults a child under sixteen without the use of threats, they may be sentenced to between one and five years’ imprisonment. If the child is under eleven the sentence increases to between five and ten years’ imprisonment.

  • Article 373, Penal Code. States that where an indecent assault is accompanied by violence or threats, the sentence of imprisonment ranges from between six months and five years. Where the victim is under fourteen the sentence increases to between five and ten years’ imprisonment.

  • Article 375, Penal Code. This section states that any act of sexual penetration which is accomplished without valid consent constitutes the crime of rape and may be punished by a term of imprisonment of between five and ten years. If the victim is under fourteen then the sentence increases to between ten and fifteen years’ imprisonment.

  • Article 376, Penal Code. States that if the rape results in the death of the victim the sentence of imprisonment increases to between fifteen and 20 years. If the murder is committed to facilitate the rape then the punishment is life imprisonment.

  • Article 377, Penal Code. The sentences for the sexual assault charges listed above double if the offender is in a position of authority over the victim or if the offender is assisted by more than one person, amongst other criteria.

  • Article 383, Penal Code. The offense of creating, importing, distributing or advertizing pornographic material carries a penalty of A sentence of between eight days and three years imprisonment and a fine of up to €50,000 attaches to the offense of between eight days’ and three years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to €50,000. If the pornographic material features minors under eighteen years of age then the sentence ranges from one year to five years’ imprisonment.

  • Article 384, Penal Code. Where a person knowingly possesses indecent images of children under eighteen, they commit a criminal offense which is punishable by a term of imprisonment of between one month and two years and a fine of up to €12,500. All applicable images will also be confiscated.

  • Article 385, Penal Code. The offense of causing outrage to public morals is punishable with between eight days’ and three years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to €25,000.

  • Article 385-1, Penal Code. It is a crime to cause outrage to public morals though songs, images, and writings; the penalty for which is between eight days’ and one year’s imprisonment and a fine of up to €12,500.

  • Article 385bis, Penal Code. The offense of selling or distributing indecent material to a child under sixteen carries the penalty of a fine of up to €25,000. This also applies to the situation where such material is advertized within view of a child.

  • Article 442-2, Penal Code. States that anyone who repeatedly harasses another person when they know or should know that it is adversely affecting the victim is guilty of an offense. The punishment for this crime is between fifteen days’ and two years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to €3,000. Any prosecution under this section must have the support of the alleged victim.

  • Article 445, Penal Code. Libel or slander will be punished by a term of imprisonment of between fifteen days and six months and a maximum fine of €10,000.