2007 - The government of the Republic of Chad introduced National Information and Communication and Infrastructure (NICI) initiative, which coincided well with the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) that aims to remove all constraints that limit access to ICT and its development. NICI’s one of the objectives is to promote and integrate ICT in schools by making technologies more accessible through the establishment of computer cafés.Chad adopted Education and Training in Liaison with Employment (EFE), a 10-year strategy where most of Chad’s initiatives involve training and continued education through ICT.
2010 - An NGO, World Concern, is working with employees from Microsoft to support the village of Karona in Chad. Monthly donations matched by the company will improve healthcare provision, food supply and education for 250 families who have faced hardship caused by droughts. Over the next two years, World Concern hopes to transform the Microsoft Village of Karona by establishing access to clean water, an education system and improved farming techniques.
2011- Because of the efforts from non-profit organizations, the Internet is gradually reaching more Chadians. Chad Now established a solar-powered Internet cafe, called Cyber Cafe Chari, as part of their broader series of small-scale, short-term development projects. Funded by the World Bank, the Central African Backbone (CAB) project will connect Chad to a regional broadband network and reduce usage costs. The project’s completion is scheduled for 2016.
2012 - World Bank has completed its Education Sector Reform Project in Chad (PARSET), which was initiated in 2003. The project’s objective was to improve access and equity for primary education, and increase capacity in strategic management and curriculum development. The project’s plans were to establish of computer centers, sciences laboratories and libraries, which have been partially achieved. Studies for computer centers management, laboratories, and libraries have been completed, but laboratory equipment and books have not been acquired.
2013 - World Bank approved Chad Education Sector Reform Project Phase 2, which came into effect in January 2014 and is expected to be completed by October 2018. The Phase 2’s objective are to improve teaching and learning conditions in primary and upper secondary schools and strengthen the system to facilitate evidence-based decision-making in the education sector. The Government of Chad released National Development Plan 2013-2015 where it planned to expanded access and improve the quality of basic education by implementation of projects and programs.
2014 - Chadian Minister of Communication announced that Chat will participate in the African Exhibition on ICT where it hopes to integrate the high speed fibre optics network, popularize the ICTs in both urban and rural areas, and create Multipurpose Community Telecentres by 2025. Bharti Airtel, a leading telecommunications services provider, has partnered up with the Ministry of Secondary Education to train 6,000 youth to improve their information and communications technology (ICT) capabilities. The Ministry of Post and New Information Technology established an Agency for the Development of Information Technologies and Communication of Chad (ADETIC) to develop new ICT efforts.
2015 - The plan for literacy and non-formal education (AENF) and sustainable logical frameworks was validated at the a workshop hosted by the Director General of the Ministry of National Education and AENF Specialist of UNESCO. In 2004, Sun Communications Inc., acquired by Oracle in 2010, created a Global Education and Learning Community (GELC) with objectives lasting until 2015. It’s mission was to facilitate a first-rate education and encourage support and development of the community simply by clicking on a keyboard a mouse. More specifically, this project focused on the development of ICT skills and local content, and enhancing a national awareness of the role of ICT.
2016 - Senegal’s Agency for the Development of State IT (ADIE) agreed to help the Agency for the Development of Information Technologies and Communication of Chad (ADETIC) to implement IT policies that support the development of infrastructure and IT solutions in Chad.
This is a collective that brings together an expanse of individuals, efforts, and ideas in support of Chad. One of their projects is to improve Internet access for all Chadians, making it fast and affordable across the country.
Development Agency of Information and Cmmunication Technology
The Agency is under the supervision of the Ministry of Post and New Information Technology, it is in charge of the development of new Information and Communication Technology.
Enterprise for Vocational Development has pursued ways to give disenfranchised Chadians means to earn more income and alleviate the effects of the country’s landlocked situation. ENVODEV’s mission is to develop vocational opportunities that correspond with the need for better cooking methods and more efficient cooking energy.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
ITU Development Sector, Africa
ITU-D fosters international cooperation and solidarity in the delivery of technical assistance and in the creation, development and improvement of telecommunication and ICT equipment and networks in developing countries.
Ministry of Post and New Information Technology
The Ministry defines and implements the state policy in the areas of Information Technologies and Communications and Posts.
The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF)
Pan-African institution of policy research and dialogue on the African child.
The Yaoundé Office supports the governments of the countries it covers, including Chad, in the development of sectoral policies and strategies of education, and contributes to the promotion of education from early childhood, technical and vocational education, non-formal education, education, HIV / AIDS, and cultural and linguistic diversity in education.
World Vision Chad
An organization that works to help communities acquire skills and resources to build a better future for themselves and their children. It has established 15 Area Development Programmes (ADPs) in six regions.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (2015)Peter Wallet
This document presents the current status of the Information and communication technologies in Education in the Sub-Saharan region.
ICT in Education in Chad (2007)Babacar Fall
This report provides a general overview of current activities and issues related to ICT use in education in Chad.
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of consent for sexual activity in Chad is 14 for girls. The age of simple majority is 21. The Civil Code of Chad sets the minimum age of marriage at 15 for girls and 18 for boys. However, there is a conflict between the Civil Code, the Article 277 of Criminal Code, and customary laws on the minimum age of marriage. Thus the Criminal Code permits customary marriages at earlier ages, even when girls have not reached the age of 13, under the condition that it is not consummated. The government is currently considering a draft code that raises the minimum marriage age for girls to 17.
A draft Criminal Code was developed in 2002, which prohibits child trafficking and make more types of child sexual exploitation illegal. However, as of June 2012, this draft code has not been adopted due to controversy surrounding proposed amendments unrelated to human trafficking. The draft Child Protection Act – which would strengthen Chadian law protecting children from forced labor, while allowing volunteers aged 18 and older – would prohibit the recruitment of individuals younger than 21, was awaiting final review at the ministerial level as of March 2012.
- Article 271, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who offends public decency or the modesty of any person will be punished by imprisonment for a term of between three months and two years and a fine of CFA 3,000 to 100,000.
- Article 272, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a term between three months and two years and a fine of CFA 3,000 to 100,000 for anyone who has homosexual intercourse with a minor under the age of 21.
- Article 273, Penal Code. States that anyone who, without violence, indecently assaults a child under the age of thirteen, or attempts to do so, is liable to imprisonment for between two and ten years.
- Article 274, Penal Code. Reclassifies the offense described in Article 273 to rape, punishable by life imprisonment if the offender used violence.
- Article 275, Penal Code. States that anyone guilty of rape will be liable to hard labor.
- Article 276, Penal Code. States that anyone guilty of the rape of a child under the age of thirteen will be punished by life imprisonment.
- Article 277, Penal Code. States that sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of thirteen who is not one’s spouse is considered statutory rape.
- Article 279, Penal Code. This Article imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a term of between six months and two years in addition to a fine of CFA 50,000 to 1m for anyone who: in any way aids, assists or abets the prostitution of others; shares the proceeds of another’s prostitution; knowingly lives on the earnings of prostitution; procures, entices or keeps, even with her consent, a person for or in prostitution or acts as an intermediary in any capacity between two persons engaged in prostitution.
- Article 280, Penal Code. Increases the penalties prescribed in Article 279 to between two and five years’ imprisonment and a fine of CFA 100,000 to 2m if the victim was a minor, the offense was accompanied by coercion, abuse of authority or rape, or the offender carried a weapon, amongst other aggravating factors.
- Article 281, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who attempts to corrupt morals by exciting, promoting or facilitating the debauchery or corruption of youth under the age of 21 will be liable to between two and five years’ imprisonment and a fine of CFA 100,000 to 2m. The penalties shall also apply if the acts were committed in different countries.
Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: While Chad has not passed its own laws, it has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.