2002 - The Government of Burkina Faso adopted the Ten Year Plan for Development of Basic Education (PDDEB 2002 - 2011). The plan focused on increasing the supply of basic education, including alternative education, and reducing socio-economic, regional and gender disparities,improving the quality, relevance and effectiveness of basic education and developing coherence and integration between the various levels and styles of education, and building capacity to lead, manage and assess centralized and decentralized sectoral structures as well as the ability to coordinate external assistance.
2003 - The NEPAD launched e-Schools Initiative in hopes to have all secondary schools on the African continent equipped with Internet connectivity, computers, and trained teachers by the end of the decade. Burkina Faso was selected as one of the countries to implement the pilot project, which was conducted with the assistance from Advanced MicroDevices (AMD) and Hewlett Packard (HP).
By 2007, the World Links program, an NGO that provides ICT support in schools of developing areas in the world, has supported ten schools (eight secondary and two primary) and two pedagogical institutions in Burkina Faso. Each school has received an Internet-ready computer laboratory with 10 computers connected to the network and has trained more than 300 teachers and over 750 students and 60 pedagogical trainers on modules about initiation to computing, pedagogical applications of the Internet, managing collaborative projects, maintenance, network setting, ICT application to others subjects, and Website design.
2008 - International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD) completed the TICE Burkina ICT for Education Project in Burkina Faso, where 50 computers were installed in senior secondary schools, as well as ten internet connections and ten local area networks (LAN) were established. Scanners,CD-write drives, and printers were provided to various partners in junior and senior secondary schools. In addition, 1,500 teachers, supervisors, librarians, administrators were trained to use basic computer and internet tools.
Under the Finance Bill 2008, a measure was introduced that allowed import of computers for the benefit of technical upper secondary schools to be exempt from tax and customs for a period of one year.
In April 2008, Microsoft announced an agreement with the Ministry of Education and Intel to bring affordable computing to school children in the country. The companies committed to delivering 50 classmate PCs as part of an educational pilot to the Lycée Philippe Zinda Kabore secondary school in the capital, Ouagadougou. The computers are equipped with Microsoft software, local educational content and an Internet connection, whilst also being fully integrated with the Microsoft Partners in Learning (PiL) curriculum.
2010 - The Government of Burkina Faso adopted the Cyber National Strategy 2010, where it will focus on the promotion of good practice in terms of internet safety, facilitating discussions between non-governmental entities, identifying areas most vulnerable and sharing information on risks, threats and vulnerabilities so that non-governmental entities to adjust their management risks and their plan.
2011 - Burkina Faso has adopted a Growth Strategy Accelerated and Sustainable Development (SCADD) for the period 2011 -2015 derives its foundations from the Burkina 2025 Vision, which seeks to make Burkina Faso “a nation of solidarity, progress and justice, which consolidates its respect on the international scene.” Support Infrastructure is one of the pillars of SCADD, where government set plans to accelerate growth of information and communications technology.
2012 - The Government developed the Sector Program for Education and Training 2012-2021 to increase supply of education and training, improve the quality of learning and acquisitions, accelerate literacy and increase non-formal education in early childhood, youth, and adulthood, and to strengthen the management and steering of education.
2013 - Burkina Faso has hosted, in support with ITU, Pan-African Forum in 2007, 2008, 2010 and 2013 where participants shared best practices in the field of ICT. The 2013 Forum focused on “Digital Data for Development (DATA4DEV)”, which reflected the high-level commitment in Africa to exploit digital data for the development of the continent and to use this wealth of information to diversify services and information to the general public while creating new business opportunities.
2014 - The Ministry of Development of the Digital Economy and Posts in partnership with the Ministry of Basic Education and Literacy launched an open data community project called NENDO (Our Schools, Our Data) as part of BODI (Burkina Open Data Initiative). The project provides indicators and statistics on the Burkina schools for stakeholders, including education system analysts, educationists, researchers, technical partners, investors, teachers, students, parents.
2015 - The MESS and MENA implemented the Education Access and Quality Improvement Project, which was developed and financed by the World Bank and planned to be complete in 2019. The project focuses on expanding equitable access to pre-school education in the two poorest regions and to secondary education in the five poorest regions, on improving the quality of teaching and learning, including the development of a basic education curriculum, on contributing to strengthening education institutional capacity at central and decentralized entities.
2016 - Over 3500 young teachers signed up to participate in a Government sponsored six month training program, which is conducted as part of the Youth Employment for Education program. The training will focus on French, English, Biology, Mathematics and Physics and chemistry for general education and some branches of technical education.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Development of the Digital Economy and Post launched of the traditional introductory campaign for the use of information and communications technology. The first edition of the International Technology Security Information and communication Salon (SISTIC) opened in Ouagadougou. Center was created in the framework of the national week of the Internet, it aims to secure 90% of the IT environment in Burkina Faso in the next three years, as well as encourage safe usage of internet.
Every year since 2005, the National Week of the Internet (SNI) has been organizing an Internet Week, in collaboration with the Ministry Development of the Digital Economy and Post. The overall objective of the week is to promote the Internet and other modern technologies across the republic. The private development of national websites is greatly encouraged whilst international co-operations in the field of ICT are promoted. Prizes are awarded to outstanding websites in a variety of categories, such as e-government, education, business, culture, and health. In 2015, the speakers urged ICT stakeholders, parents, and tutors to protect children against the new dangers of the Internet.
Global e-Schools and Communities Initiative (GeSCI)
Part of the UN ICT task-force, focused on ICT education across Africa and the developing world. Provides technical and research assistance to e-learning programs.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
ITU Development Sector, Africa
ITU-D fosters international cooperation and solidarity in the delivery of technical assistance and in the creation, development and improvement of telecommunication and ICT equipment and networks in developing countries.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (2015)Peter Wallet
This document presents the current status of the Information and communication technologies in Education in the Sub-Saharan region.
WSIS 10 Year Country Report by Burkina Faso (2014)WSIS
Report on the status of implementation of ICT into the society of Burkina Faso
ICT in Education in Burkina Faso (2007)InfoDev
Status of the implementation of ICT into Burkina Faso education sector.
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of consent for sexual activity in Burkina Faso is thirteen for heterosexual and 21 for homosexual activities. The age of consent for marriage is seventeen for girls and 20 for boys. The age of simple majority is 20 years.
- Article 1, Law No. 029-2008/AN on the Fight against Trafficking of Persons and Similar Practices. Defines human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, harboring or receipt of persons, by the use of threat, force, abduction, coercion, fraud, deception or abuse of power, for the purposes of exploitation, which specifically includes sexual exploitation and prostitution.
- Article 2, Law No. 029-2008/AN on the Fight against Trafficking of Persons and Similar Practices. States that the recruitment, transport, harboring or receipt of a minor for the purposes of exploitation is regarded as human trafficking, even if none of the means listed in Article 1 are employed.
- Article 4, Law No. 029-2008/AN on the Fight against Trafficking of Persons and Similar Practices. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for five to ten years for anyone guilty of human trafficking.
- Article 5, Law No. 029-2008/AN on the Fight against Trafficking of Persons and Similar Practices. Increases the penalty for human trafficking to between ten and 20 years’ imprisonment if the victim is a minor aged fifteen or over, amongst other aggravating circumstances.
- Article 364, Penal Code. States that defamation disseminated in writing or by any other means is punishable by imprisonment for two to six months and a fine of CFA 50,000 to CFA 150,000.
- Article 367, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of two to six months’ imprisonment and a fine of CFA 100,000 to CFA 300,000 for anyone guilty of libel.
- Article 410, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who commits an offense against public decency will be liable to imprisonment for a term of between two months to two years and a fine of CFA 50,000 to CFA 600,000. A public offense against morals is defined as any intentional act contrary to morality performed publicly or in a private place accessible to the public. Such an act committed in private in the presence of a minor is considered a minor misdemeanor.
- Article 411, Penal Code. Defines indecent assault as any sexual act contrary to morals and intentionally performed on a person, with or without violence or coercion.
- Article 412, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for between one and five years for anyone who commits indecent assault without violence or coercion on a minor under the age of fifteen, or attempts to do so. Where the offender is in a position of authority over the victim, an increased penalty of five to ten years’ imprisonment will apply.
- Article 414, Penal Code. States that anyone who commits indecent assault without violence or coercion on a minor of or over the age of fifteen, or attempts to do so, will be liable to imprisonment for one to three years.
- Article 417, Penal Code. Defines rape and sets a penalty of imprisonment for five to ten years for anyone guilty of this offense. Where the victim is a minor under the age of fifteen, the punishment will increase to ten to 20 years’ imprisonment.
- Article 422, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who incites debauchery or the corruption of minors aged between thirteen to eighteen will be liable to imprisonment for two to four years and a fine of between CFA 600,000 to CFA 1,5 million.
- Article 424, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for between one and three years and a fine of CFA 300,000 to CFA 900,000 for anyone who knowingly aids, abets or protects the prostitution of others, or solicits for prostitution, or who hires or maintains, even with consent, another person for the purpose of prostitution.
- Article 428, Penal Code. Imposes a punishment of imprisonment for between two months to one year and a fine of CFA 50,000 to CFA 300,000 for anyone who, by gestures, words or other means, publicly solicits people to commit debauchery.
- Article 5, Burkina Faso Labor Code Act No. 028-2008/AN of 13 May 2008. The article prohibits both forced labor and the worst forms of child labor. It defines forced labor as any labor or service demanded of an individual under threat of penalty or punishment and which has not been offered under the individual’s own free will. No one may have recourse thereto in any form, in particular as a measure of coercion, political education or punishment with regard to persons who have expressed their political opinions, a means of mobilizing and utilizing labor for political ends, a disciplinary measure at work, a means of social, racial, national or religious discrimination, punishment for participating in a strike.”
- Article 153, Burkina Faso Labor Code Act No. 028-2008/AN of 13 May 2008. The article defines the worst forms of labor as all forms of slavery or slavery-like practices, such as the sale of children, child trafficking, debt bondage and servitude, and forced or compulsory labor, including the forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict, the use, recruitment or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances,the use, recruitment or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of narcotic drugs, as defined in international conventions, work which, by its nature or the conditions in which it is performed,may be harmful to the child’s health, safety or morality.
2006 - Burkina Faso has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.
2008 - The Burkina Faso adopted the Framework of Strategic Guidelines for Children’s Promotion (COSPE) for the period 2008–2017. A national plan for the survival, protection and development of children for the period 2008–2012 serves as the operational tool for implementing these Guidelines. It offers a national response to children’s issues based on a multisectoral, decentralized approach. The aim of COSPE is that the various developmental stakeholders should take into account the higher interests of children in national development strategy.
On May 18, 2008, the Government enacted the Burkina Faso Labor Code Act No. 028-2008/AN, prohibiting forced labor and the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances.
2010 - The National CIRT (CIRT.BF) has officially recognized national (and sector specific) cybersecurity frameworks for implementing internationally recognized cybersecurity standards.
National action plans are being prepared, including the national plan of action to combat trafficking and sexual violence against children in Burkina Faso, which lays down clear strategies for combating child trafficking and the sexual exploitation of children.