2003 - The the President of Azerbaijan implemented the National ICT Strategy for the Development of the Republic of Azerbaijan 2003 - 2012, which aimed to develop human capital by creating a favorable environment for the population to get satisfactory education and to eliminate the digital divide in the country. One of the key principles was to increase the population’s ICT awareness by facilitating the implementation of ICT and informing the public about its benefits and use. To achieve the objective, the National Strategy pledged to modernize the country’s education system and provide minimal ICT literacy for its citizens, along with the implementation of distance learning and lifelong learning opportunities.
2006 - Memorandum of agreement was signed between the Ministry of Education and CISCO Systems, through this agreement 218 schools of Baku and Sumgait connected to the Internet. Furthermore, memorandum of understanding was signed between the Ministry of Education and Microsoft on cooperation in the development of modern information technologies in the area of education and development of Education Partnership Initiative.
2007 - By the end of the year, the Ministry of Education planned to supply 4,521 secondary schools with computers and internet connection through range of projects. The projects envisages the appointment of new teachers in information technology.
2008 - The Ministry of Education adopted the State Program on Informatization of the Educational System in the Republic of Azerbaijan 2008-2012 to improvement of the quality of education through efficient application of modern information and communication technologies in all educational grade levels. The program has developed a single high speed Azerbaijan Education Network (AZEDUNET), connecting all Azerbaijan’s schools, colleges and universities, The network provides educational institutions access to local and international education content. Through the program, 38,400 personal computers were presented to schools, reaching 1:16 computer to student ratio. Furthermore, through the program’s E-education project, teachers across the country were trained in the educational use of ICT, 30 schools were evaluated on the application of ICT in education, which helped develop Azerbaijan’s National Education Model during “e-school” pilot project. In addition, the project launched Azerbaijan’s education portal through which students, parents and teachers can access learning resources and teaching aids. The portal also offers internet safety courses for all grade levels.
The Education System Computerization Department was established in compliance with the State Program 2008-2012 within the Ministry of Education. The department’s mission is to gradually introduce ICT within the education sector, implement endorsed programs, and establish e-education for all subjects.
The same year, Tech Age Girls (TAG) program was implemented by IREX with support from Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OCSE), Peace Corps, USAID, and US Department of State to develop information technology (IT) skills of young female leader. The program addresses the underrepresentation of women in the IT field and promotes the online presence of girls’ voices in local languages.
2009 - The National PC Project (Xalq Kompüteri), a cooperation between the Ministry of Communications and High Technologies, the Ministry of Education, HP and Microsoft Azerbaijan, was established in effort to bridge the digital divide. Through the program, citizens are enabled to purchase modern computers and software at reduced costs. During the pilot phase of the project, completed in November 2009, more than 3,500 teachers from selected secondary schools acquired computers. By February 2011, over 11,500 computers were sold within the scope of this project. In 2010, Azercell Telekom joined the project, followed by Azerfon-Vodafone in 2011. The companies offer data cards and mobile Internet access on concessional conditions.
With assistance from the SIVECO Romania, Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard and Intel, the Ministry of Education implemented a National Education Management and Elearning Project, which offers students equal access to education and technology and creates more possibilities for a safer future. Students have benefited from the features offered by the complex AeL eLearning solution, which includes an interactive digital content library in Azeri language.
The same year, International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX) has completed the Internet Access and Training Program (IATP), which was initiated in 1995 by the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs and in 2007, was funded by USAID. The program promoted internet usage and information access by setting up IATP centers in over 250 locations in 11 Eurasian countries, including Azerbaijan. In addition, IATP staff created over a dozen training modules, covering basic computer literacy, Web design, internet research, blogging, and wiki creation.
2010 - Education Impact organized the “Economic Success through Education and Technology” International Education Conference where the Ministry of Education shared it experience with 1 to 1 computing and personalized learning and discussed the best practices, both locally and internationally. The Ministry of Education held a conference, supported by Microsoft, which focused on the use of ICT in the country’s education system. Microsoft also supports the annual competition to identify teachers who use ICT in an innovative way as a teaching tool.
Over the two years, PH International has provided training and opportunities for Armenian, Azeri, and American youth through its Developing Online Tools for Community Outreach and Mobilization (DOTCOM) program, which was launched in 2008. The program,sponsored by the Bureau of Education and Cultural Affairs, U.S. State Department, was implemented to create socially conscious media impacting communities in the U.S. and the Caucasus.
2011 - UNESCO Institute for Information Technology Education (IITE) has launched a project aiming to provide expert support and technical assistance to the Azerbaijan Republic. Consultants in Technology Enhanced Learning Systems, visited Azerbaijan to evaluate the effectiveness of ICT application in education and to provide recommendations on further development in the area.
2012 - Second State Program for Development of Communication and Information Technologies in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2010 - 2012 (E- Azerbaijan) was implemented, which was an extension of the e-Azerbaijan program 2005-2008. The main objectives of the program was to transform the country into an information society and use ICT to build a competitive economy. E-Azerbaijan focused on the following four areas: the development of telecommunications, postal infrastructure and services; introduction of ICT and e-services in state and local bodies; creation of favorable conditions for the transition to an information society; and the enhancement of export potential.
2013 - The Ministry of Education, in cooperation with the Azerbaijani State Students Admission Commission established a portal of electronic textbooks. Besides offering textbook for every level and every class, the portal provides guidance materials for teachers working with the textbooks. Education Ministry developed third State program Informatization of the Education System in the Republic of Azerbaijan 2013-2020. The program plans to provide all educational institutions, including schools located in remote regions, with internet access and under the “1 pupil - 1 computer” program. Secondary schools will be supplied laptops, projectors and electronic boards.
European Commission launched eTwinning Plus, extending services of eTwinning to a select number of schools and teachers from Ukraine, Tunisia, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The program is part of the European Commission’s Neighbourhood Policy, which encourages links and collaboration with those countries in European Union immediate neighbourhood. Schools and kindergartens from the neighbouring countries can communicate, collaborate, develop projects, share through the use of ICT with the European Union school community.
2014 - The National Strategy for Information Society Development in Azerbaijan for 2014-2020 was approved by the Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.The main objective of the strategy is to build an information society with effective use of its capabilities by citizens, society and the state for the sustainable socio-economic, cultural and economic development of Azerbaijan. It continues to increase the number of computers in the enterprises and the number of enterprises with access to Internet. Through its program the Korean Ministry of Education built state-of-the-art “ICT classrooms” in a high school in Baku to share Korea’s experience in e-learning and applying ICT in the classroom and to reduce the gap in the use of ICT in education around the world. The program also trains teachers on how to use ICT devices and how to upgrade their ICT skills.
2015 - Through its Neighbourhood Policy, European Commission launched the Eastern Partnership Connect (EaPConnect) project that establishes and operates a high-capacity broadband internet network for research and education across Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. It will integrate the national research and education networks (NRENs) in the region into the pan-European GÉANT network, which will decrease the digital divide.
2016 - The Ministry of Education of Azerbaijan successfully completed f the Second Education Sector Development Project, which was funded and coordinated by the World Bank in 2008. The objective of the project was to modernize teaching in secondary schools, improve learning results in schools that received new school libraries, and improve efficiency of spending on general education through new curriculum reforms. Since project inception, over 125,000 teachers have been trained to teach the new curriculum. New teaching and learning materials have also been developed. The project also supported the Ministry of Education in various policy analysis and advisory work.
Azerbaijan Republic Educational Portal
The portal provides teachers with access to educational material for all grades and subjects. Students and parents can join and start discussion, access the latest news and find out about educational events in their area.
Foundation for Educational, Scientific and Cultural Cooperation (IFESCCO)
The foundation contributes to the further development of humanitarian cooperation and intercultural communication in the Commonwealth of Independent States in the area of education, science, culture, mass communications, information, archives, sport, tourism and youth matters.
iEARN - Azerbaijan
Became an officially registered non-profit organization in 2008, the organization provides professional development workshops that involve many educators and students. As well as, its collaborative projects work on schools to use ITC in classes and to integrate online activities into school curriculum.
International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX)
An international nonprofit organization provides leadership and innovative programs to promote positive lasting change globally. They enable local individuals and institutions to build key elements of a vibrant society: quality education, independent media, and strong communities. Their program activities include conflict resolution, technology for development,gender, and youth.
Internet Governance Forum
The IGF was founded by the UN in 2006 to serve as a discussion platform for internet governance policy issues. It brings together various stakeholders to determine best practices for internet policy. Past areas of focus include cybersecurity, human rights, inclusivity and openness.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
The organization whose mission to provide governments, businesses and citizens educational opportunities for professional development and innovation in learning.
Ministry of Communication and High Technology
The ministry formulates and implements unified state policy, conducts state regulation in the field of communications and high technologies, and ensures efficient use of telecommunications, including wireless technologies, broadband Internet, mail, radio and TV broadcasting and radio frequencies.
Registered under the legal name Project Harmony, Inc., the organization was founded in 1985 for the purpose of cultural and educational exchanges between the then-USSR and the United States. PH International’s mission is to build strong global communities by fostering civic engagement, cross-cultural learning, and increased opportunities in the digital age.
Save the Children - Azerbaijan
The organization supports the uprooted Azerbaijani population by providing not only immediate relief, but the assistance needed to ensure access to long-term health, education and employment opportunities. It directly implements programs in partnership with international and national NGOs, businesses, communities and the Azerbaijani government to help families and communities care for the needs of children by reforming the child welfare system, promoting economic opportunities, encouraging family and community healthy lifestyles, improving basic social and physical infrastructure, and developing new educational materials and curricula.
This educational website provides information for students on universities, courses, summer schools, the national education system and much more. Created by an Azerbaijani journalist in 2008, the site has since collaborated with various companies and institutions, such as the London School of Business and Finance.
The ‘National PC’ project is implemented jointly by the Ministry of Communications and High Technology, the Ministry of Education, HP and Microsoft Azerbaijan. The project enables people from all backgrounds to purchase modern computers, hence contributing to bridging the digital divide.
Combatting Child Sexual Abuse (2015)Petra Jeney
The study provides an overview of existing legislation at European Union, Member State and the international level related to online child sexual abuse, as well as the role of law enforcement agencies in combatting child sexual abuse online and other governmental and private sector initiatives.
Freedom on the Net: Azerbaijan (2015)Freedom House
This report evaluates freedom of internet and development of the internet access in Azerbijan
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION IN ASIA (2014)UNESCO,UNESCO Institute of Statistics
A comparative analysis of ICT integration and e-readiness in schools across Asia
ICT in Education in Central and West Aisa (2012)Asian Development Bank
Progerss of implementation of ICT in education sector of Central and West Asian countries
Promotion of the use of Information and Communication Technologies in Technical and Vocational Education and Training in CIS countries (2012)UNICEF
This analytical report presents the results of a comparative study on current situation and main tendencies in ICT use in TVET in CIS countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Besides, the report includes recommendations on further development and improvement of the use of modern ICTs in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET).
Struggle for Internet Freedom in Azerbaijan (2011)Vugar Gojayev
This report evaluates freedom of internet usage in Azerbaijan
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
Chapter 30 of the Criminal Code, entitled ‘Crimes in the Sphere of Computer Information’, covers a wide range of aspects of cybercrime, from unauthorized access to computer systems and breaches of the security of, as well as the development and use of computer viruses.
The age of majority in Azerbaijan is eighteen, the age of consent for sexual activity is sixteen as determined by Article 152 of the country’s Criminal Code. The legal age of consent for marriage is seventeen for women and eighteen for men.
Azerbaijan has signed, ratified, and entered into law the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (July 2010).
- Article 147, Criminal Code. Slander. This Article defines slander as the dissemination of obviously false information about a person which discredits the honor and dignity of the victim or undermines his reputation in a public statement or via mass media. The penalty for this offense is a fine of up to 500 financial units, public works for up to 240 hours, corrective work for up to one year, or imprisonment for up to six months. Where the slander is an accusation of committing a serious or especially serious crime, the penalty will be increased to corrective work for up to two years, deprivation of freedom for up to years, or imprisonment for up to three years.
- Article 148, Criminal Code. Insult. States that anyone who deliberately humiliates the honor and dignity of a person in a public statement or via mass media is guilty of an offense and liable to a fine of 300 to 1,000 financial units, public work for up to 240 hours, corrective work for up to one years, or imprisonment for one year.
- Article 149, Criminal Code. Rape. Defines the offense of rape as sexual intercourse committed by means of physical violence or threat thereof, or by abusing the victim’s helpless state. Anyone guilty of the offense is liable to imprisonment for four to eight years. Where the offense was committed against a minor under the age of eighteen; more than once; by a group of people; with a threat of murder or serious health damage to the victim or other person, or if the victim was infected with a venereal disease, an aggravated sentence to five to ten years’ imprisonment will apply. The penalty will be eight to fifteen years’ imprisonment if the victim was under the age of fourteen, the victim died as a result of the crime or was infected with HIV.
- Article 150, Criminal Code. Violent Actions of Sexual Nature. States that buggery or other actions of a sexual nature with applications of violence or threat thereof, or by abusing the victim’s helpless state, is an offense punishable by imprisonment for three to five years. An increased sentence of five to eight years’ imprisonment will apply where the offense was committed against a minor under the age of eighteen; more than once; by a group of people; with a threat of murder or serious health damage to the victim or other person, or if the victim was infected with a venereal disease. This is increased to eight to fifteen years’ imprisonment if the victim was under the age of fourteen, the victim died as a result of the crime or was infected with HIV.
- Article 151, Criminal Code. Coercion into Actions of Sexual Nature. This Article defines the offense of coercing other people to commit sexual relations, buggery or other acts of a sexual nature by threat of destruction, damage or withdrawal of property, or by blackmailing the victim. The offense is punishable by a fine of 500 to 1,000 financial units, or by corrective work for up to two years, or by imprisonment for up to three years.
- Article 152, Criminal Code. Sexual Relations and Other Actions of Sexual Nature with a Person who has not Reached the Age of Sixteen. This Article states that anyone over the age of eighteen who has sexual relations with a person under the age of sixteen is liable to restriction of freedom for up to three years or imprisonment for the same term.
- Article 153, Criminal Code. Immoral Actions. Imposes a penalty of corrective work for up to two years, or restriction of freedom for up to two years, or imprisonment for the same term, or a fine of 500 to 1,000 financial units for anyone who commits immoral actions, without the use of force, against a person under the age of fourteen.
- Article 171, Criminal Code. Involving of Minors in Prostitution, or Commitment of Immoral Actions. States that it is an offense to involve a minor in prostitution or other immoral actions. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for three to six years. The same act committed by an organized group or with application of violence or threat thereof will increase the punishment to four to eight years’ imprisonment.
- Article 242, Criminal Code. Illegal Distribution of Pornographic Materials or Objects. This Article states that it is an offense to manufacture, disseminate, advertise, trade in or store pornographic works, publications, imprints, images, movies, videos or other objects of a pornographic nature. The penalty for this offense is up to 3,000 financial units, restriction of freedom for up to two years, or corrective work for up to two years.
- Article 243, Criminal Code. Involving in Prostitution. States that involving a person in prostitution by application of violence or threat thereof, blackmail, destruction or damage of property, deceit or with the purpose of the receipt of income or other benefit. The penalty for this offense is a fine of 500 to 1,000 financial units, public work for 160 to 240 hours, or imprisonment for up to three years. The same act committed by an organized group or by abusing the victim’s helpless state will increase the punishment to imprisonment for three to six years.
- Article 10, Law on Mass Media (Dec 2009). This Article states, among other things, that it is an offense to publish pornographic material or slander via mass media.
Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Azerbaijan has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.
2011 - Council of Europe launched Eastern Partnership – Cooperation against Cybercrime ([email protected]) project, which was implemented in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and the Ukraine through 2014. The goal of the project was to strengthen the capacities of criminal justice authorities of Eastern Partnership countries to cooperate effectively against cybercrime in line with European and international instruments and practices. Currently, [email protected] II and III are being implemented to assist law enforcement to fight cybercrime. The projects will run through 2017.
2012 - The Baku European Lyceum has held an open class to discuss Internet safety for children, combating cybercrime against children, as well as social networks. The lesson involved students of the lyceum, head of the Department of Public Information of the UN Office in Azerbaijan, and subject expert from the United States. Recommendations were made to prevent Internet dangers for children, including strengthening the parent control over children’s online communication, as well as the importance of the full privacy for children and prevention of leakage of data online.