Virginia

Population

8,382,993

Population 0‑18

22.3%

Internet Users

75.4%

Home Internet Subscribers

77.2%
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2007 - Virginia’s Guidelines and Resources for Internet Safety in Schools provides the guidance to school divisions and is held online so that it can be updated as changes in the law or Internet environment necessitate it. The guidelines, issued by the Department of Education (DoE), list a variety of resources for educators and policy writers, including a set of vetted resources covering a variety of topics from standard Internet safety to the theft of computer services and Wi-Fi surfing.

2008 - The Virginia Department of Education’s Division of Technology and Career Education released an information brief on cyberbullying in schools and policies against it. The brief also gives examples of bullying and the way that it can impact children. There is also a sample policy form that can be used in the state of Virginia.

2010 - Virginia’s Department of Education created a guide for students, parents, caregivers, teachers and other educational figures on what they need to know about ICT Literacy. The guide provides lists geared toward each individual, outlining the important aspects of ICT Literacy.

2011 - The Stafford County Public Schools District Integrated Technology Plan 2011-2016 includes provisions aimed at facilitating the implementation of high-quality Internet safety programs in the county’s schools. The schools will aim to identify and disseminate best practices and resources to promote the integration of Internet safety in the curriculum, whilst also monitoring the implementation of online safety policies and programs. Furthermore, the district will aim to educate the community, including parents and businesses, in the matter.

2013 - The purpose of Virginia E-Learning Backpack Initiative is to provide every ninth grader that attends a public school with access to a laptop computer or tablet, digital content, and applications, as well as access to content creation tools. Through this initiative, students will be able to learn using relevant technology and will be able to utilize important digital tools.

This section contains details of the state’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

Unless otherwise specified, felonies in the state of Virginia are sentenced as follows:

  • Class 1 felony: death penalty or life imprisonment if the convict is aged eighteen or above at the time of the offense, or life imprisonment if the convict is under the age of eighteen years or mentally retarded, plus a fine of up to $100,000;
  • Class 2 felony: imprisonment for life or for a minimum of 20 years, plus a fine of up to $100,000;
  • Class 3 felony: imprisonment for between five to 20 years, plus a fine of up to $100,000;
  • Class 4 felony: imprisonment for between two to ten years, plus a fine of up to $100,000;
  • Class 5 felony: imprisonment for one to ten years, or confinement in jail for up to twelve months and/or a fine of up to $2,500;
  • Class 6 felony: imprisonment for between one to five years, or confinement in jail for up to twelve months and/or a fine of up to $2,500. For a felony offense prohibiting proximity to children as described in §18.2-370.2, the sentencing court is authorized to impose the punishment set forth in that section in addition to any other penalty provided by law. Unless otherwise specified, misdemeanors in the state of Virginia are sentenced as follows:
  • Class 1 misdemeanor: confinement in jail for not more than twelve months and/or a fine of up to $2,500;
  • Class 2 misdemeanor: confinement in jail for not more than six months and/or a fine of up to $1,000;
  • Class 3 misdemeanor: a fine of not more than $500;
  • Class 4 misdemeanor: a fine of not more than $250.

For a misdemeanor offense prohibiting proximity to children as described in subsection A of §18.2-370.2, the court is authorized to impose the punishment set forth in subsection B of that section in addition to any other penalty provided by law.

  • The Virginia Computer Crimes Act (Va. C. §18.2-152 through to §18.2-152.15) provides penalties for computer-related offenses such as computer fraud, trespass, invasion of privacy and theft of computer services.

  • Va. C. §2.2-507.2. Youth Internet Safety Fund Established. Establishes the Youth Internet Safety Fund for the purposes of education, public awareness, and other activities to promote the safe and secure use of the Internet.

  • Va. C. §18.2-152.7:1. Harassment by Computer; Penalty. States that anyone who, with the intent to coerce, intimidate, or harass any person, uses a computer or computer network to communicate obscene, vulgar, profane, lewd, lascivious, or indecent language, or make any suggestion or proposal of an obscene nature, or threaten any illegal or immoral act, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-48. Abduction with Intent to Extort Money or for Immoral Purpose. This Section states, among other things, that the abduction of any person with intent to defile such person; of a child under the age of sixteen for the purposes of prostitution or concubinage; of any person for prostitution; or of a minor for the purpose of manufacturing child pornography is punishable as a Class 2 felony. Where the sentence imposed includes a term for less than life imprisonment, the judge shall impose, in addition to any active sentence, a suspended sentence of no less than 40 years.

  • Va. C. §18.2-60.3, VC. Stalking; Penalty. This Section states that it is a Class 1 misdemeanor for any person to, on more than one occasion, engage in conduct directed at another person with the intent to place that person in reasonable fear of death, criminal sexual assault or bodily injury to that person or his/her family. A third or subsequent conviction within five years or for a similar offense under the law of another jurisdiction is a Class 6 felony.

  • Va. C. §18.2-61. Rape. Defines the offense as sexual intercourse with a complaining witness or causing a person to engage in intercourse with a third person, accomplished against the victim’s will, by force, threat or intimidation, or with a child under the age of thirteen, or by abusing the victim’s mental incapacity. The penalty for rape is confinement in a prison for life or for any term not less than five years. Where the victim is a child under the age of thirteen and the offender is more than three years older than the victim, and the offense was committed in the commission of, or as part of the same course of conduct as subsection A of §18.2-47 (abduction) or §18.2-48 (abduction with intent to extort money or for immoral purpose); §18.2-89 (burglary), 18.2-90 (entering dwelling house with intent to commit murder, rape, robbery or arson) or 18.2-91 (entering dwelling house with intent to commit larceny, assault and battery or other felony); or §18.2-51.2 (aggravated malicious wounding), a mandatory minimum term of confinement of 25 years will apply. Where the victim is a child under the age of thirteen and the offender is more than three years older than the victim, and the sentence is less than life imprisonment, the judge shall impose, in addition to any active sentence, a suspended sentence of no less than 40 years. This suspended sentence shall be suspended for the remainder of the defendant’s life, subject to revocation by the court. There is a rebuttable presumption that a juvenile over the age of ten but under twelve does not possess the physical capacity to commit a violation of this section.

  • Va. C. §18.2-63. Carnal Knowledge of Child between Thirteen and Fifteen Years of Age. States that anyone who commits a sexual act, without the use of force, with a child aged thirteen or fourteen is guilty of a Class 4 felony. Where the accused is a minor and the consenting victim is three years or more the accused’s junior, the accused is guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.1. Forcible Sodomy. States that anyone who engages in , fellatio, anilingus or anal intercourse with a complaining witness, or causes a person to engage in such acts with any other person, and the victim is under thirteen years of age, or the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by force, threat or intimidation, or by abusing the victim’s mental incapacity or physical helplessness, is guilty of forcible sodomy. This felony is punishable by confinement in a state prison for life or for any term no less than five years. Where the victim is under thirteen years of age and the offender is more than three years older than the victim, and the offense was committed in the commission of, or as part of the same course of conduct as subsection A of §18.2-47 (abduction) or §18.2-48 (abduction with intent to extort money or for immoral purpose); §18.2-89 (burglary), 18.2-90 (entering dwelling house with intent to commit murder, rape, robbery or arson) or 18.2-91 (entering dwelling house with intent to commit larceny, assault and battery or other felony); or §18.2-51.2 (aggravated malicious wounding), a mandatory minimum term of confinement of 25 years will apply. Where the victim is a child under the age of thirteen and the offender is more than three years older than the victim, and the sentence is less than life imprisonment, the judge shall impose, in addition to any active sentence, a suspended sentence of no less than 40 years. This suspended sentence shall be suspended for the remainder of the defendant’s life, subject to revocation by the court.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.2. Object Sexual Penetration; Penalty. This Section states that it is an offense to penetrates the vagina or anus of another person, other than for medical purposes, or cause the victim to penetrate his/her own body with an object or to engage in such acts with another person or to penetrate, or to be penetrated by, an animal, and the victim is under thirteen years of age, or the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by force, threat or intimidation, or by abusing the victim’s mental incapacity or physical helplessness. This is deemed a felony, punishable by confinement in a state prison for life or for any term no less than five years. Where the victim is under thirteen years of age and the offender is more than three years older than the victim, and the offense was committed in the commission of, or as part of the same course of conduct as subsection A of §18.2-47 (abduction) or §18.2-48 (abduction with intent to extort money or for immoral purpose); §18.2-89 (burglary), 18.2-90 (entering dwelling house with intent to commit murder, rape, robbery or arson) or 18.2-91 (entering dwelling house with intent to commit larceny, assault and battery or other felony); or §18.2-51.2 (aggravated malicious wounding), a mandatory minimum term of confinement of 25 years will apply. Where the victim is a child under the age of thirteen and the offender is more than three years older than the victim, and the sentence is less than life imprisonment, the judge shall impose, in addition to any active sentence, a suspended sentence of no less than 40 years. This suspended sentence shall be suspended for the remainder of the defendant’s life, subject to revocation by the court.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.3. Aggravated Sexual Battery; Penalty. Defines the offense of aggravated sexual battery as sexually abusing a child under the age of thirteen; sexually abusing a person by taking advantage of their mental or physical disability; or accomplishing the act against the victim’s will by force, threat or intimidation and the victim is aged fourteen or fifteen, or causing serious bodily harm or mental injury, or using or threatening to use a dangerous weapon. This is a felony punishable by imprisonment for a term between one to 20 years and a fine of up to $100,000.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.4. Sexual Battery. States that it is an offense to sexually abuse a person against their will (among other definitions) by force, intimidation or ruse. This is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.4:1. Infected Sexual Battery; Penalty. States that anyone who, knowing he/she is infected with HIV, syphilis or hepatitis B, has sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anallingus or anal intercourse with the intent to transmit the infection to another person is guilty of a Class 6 felony. Where the offender did not know he was infected, he/she is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.4:2. Sexual Abuse of a Child under Fifteen Years of Age; Penalty. States that any adult who, with lascivious intent, commits an act of sexual abuse with a child of or above the age of thirteen but under fifteen is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.5. Attempted Rape, Forcible Sodomy, Object Sexual Penetration, Aggravated Sexual Battery, and Sexual Battery. This Section states that an attempt to commit rape, forcible sodomy, or inanimate or animate object sexual penetration shall be punishable as a Class 4 felony. An attempt to commit aggravated sexual battery is punishable as a Class 6 felony. An attempt to commit sexual battery is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. § 18.2-67.5:1. Punishment upon Conviction of Third Misdemeanor Offense. States that a person is guilty of a Class 6 felony offense when he/she is convicted of sexual battery, attempted sexual battery, a violation of § 18.2-371 involving consensual intercourse with a child, indecent exposure of himself or procuring another to expose himself, or of peeping or spying into dwelling or enclosure, and it is alleged that the person has previously been convicted within the ten-year period immediately preceding the offense charged of two or more of the offenses specified above, each such offense occurring on a different date.

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.5:2. Punishment upon Conviction of Certain Subsequent Felony Sexual Assault. This Section states that anyone convicted of one or more of the offenses specified below or in §18.2-67.5:3 when such offenses were not part of a common act, transaction or scheme, and who has been at liberty between each conviction shall, upon conviction of the second or subsequent such offense, be sentenced to the maximum term authorized by statute for such offense. This applies for convictions for: carnal knowledge of a child between thirteen and fifteen years of age (§18.2-63) when the offense is committed by a person over the age of eighteen; aggravated sexual battery (§18.2-67.3) or taking indecent liberties with a child (§18.2-370 or §18.2-370.1).

  • Va. C. §18.2-67.5:3. Punishment upon Conviction of Certain Subsequent Violent Felony Sexual Assault. States that anyone convicted of more than one offense specified below, when such offenses were not part of a common act, transaction or scheme, and who has been at liberty between each conviction shall, upon conviction of the second or subsequent such offense, be sentenced to life imprisonment and shall not have all or any portion of the sentence suspended. This applies for convictions for: rape (§18.2-61); forcible sodomy (§18.2-67.1); object sexual penetration (§18.2-67.2); abduction with intent to defile (§18.2-48; or conspiracy to commit any offense listed in subdivisions 1 through 4 pursuant to §18.2-22.

  • Va. C. §18.2-346. Being a Prostitute or Prostitution. This Section states, among other things, that anyone who offers money or its equivalent to another person for the purpose of engaging in sexual acts is guilty of solicitation of prostitution, a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-348. Aiding Prostitution or Illicit Sexual Intercourse. Defines the offense of taking or transporting, or assisting in taking or transporting, or offering to do so, any person to a place, whether within or without any building or structure, used or to be used for the purpose of lewdness, assignation or prostitution within this Commonwealth, with knowledge of the immoral purpose of the visit. It is also an offense to procure or assist in procuring for the purpose of illicit sexual intercourse, or any act which violates §18.2-361, or to give any information or direction to any person with intent to enable such person to commit an act of prostitution.

  • Va. C. §18.2-355. Taking, Detaining, etc., Person for Prostitution, etc., or Consenting Thereto. States that anyone who, for the purposes of prostitution or unlawful sexual intercourse, takes any person into, or persuades, encourages or causes to enter, a bawdy place, or takes or causes such person to be taken to any place against his/her will for such purposes, is guilty of a Class 4 felony. The same applies to anyone who takes or detains a person against his/her will with the intent to compel the victim, by force, threats, persuasions, menace or duress, to marry him/her or any other person, or to be defiled.

  • Va. C. §18.2-356. Receiving Money for Procuring Person. Defines receiving money or other valuable things for or on account of procuring for or placing in a house of prostitution or elsewhere any person for the purpose of causing the victim to engage in unlawful sexual intercourse as a Class 4 felony.

  • Va. C. §18.2-357. Receiving Money from Earnings of Male or Female Prostitute. States that anyone who knowingly receives any money or other valuable things from the earnings of a prostitute is guilty of pandering, a Class 4 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-361. Crimes against Nature; Penalty. This Section states that anyone who carnally knows any person by the anus or by or with the mouth, or voluntarily submits to such carnal knowledge, is guilty of a Class 6 felony.

  • Va. C. §18.2-370. Taking Indecent Liberties with Children; Penalties. States that any adult who, with lascivious intent, knowingly and intentionally commits any of the following acts with any child under the age of fifteen years is guilty of a Class 5 felony: expose his/her sexual or genital parts to any child to whom such person is not legally married or propose that any such child expose his/her sexual or genital parts to the offender; propose that any such child feel or fondle the sexual or genital parts of the offender or propose that the offender feel or fondle the sexual or genital parts of the child; or propose to the child the performance of an act of sexual intercourse or any act constituting an offense under § 18.2-361; or entice, allure, persuade, or invite any such child to enter any vehicle, room, house, or other place, for any of the purposes set forth above. The Section also states that any adult who, with lascivious intent, knowingly and intentionally receives money, property, or any other remuneration for allowing, encouraging, or enticing any person under the age of eighteen years to perform in or be a subject of sexually explicit visual material or who knowingly encourages such person to perform in or be a subject of sexually explicit material, is guilty of a Class 5 felony. Any second or subsequent offense under this Section is punishable as a Class 4 felony, provided that the offenses were not part of a common act, transaction or scheme, and that the accused was at liberty between each conviction.

  • Va. C. §18.2-370.2. Sex Offenses Prohibiting Proximity to Children; Penalty. States that any adult who is convicted of an offense prohibiting proximity to children when the offense occurred on or after July 1, 2000, shall as part of his sentence be forever prohibited from loitering within 100 feet of the premises of any place he knows or has reason to know is a primary, secondary or high school. In addition, every adult who is convicted of such an offense if it occurred on or after July 1, 2006, shall as part of his sentence be forever prohibited from loitering within 100 feet of the premises of any place he knows or has reason to know is a child day program. The Section also states that every adult who is convicted of an offense prohibiting proximity to children, when the offense occurred on or after July 1, 2008, shall as part of his sentence be forever prohibited from going, for the purpose of having any contact whatsoever with children that are not in his custody, within 100 feet of the premises of any place owned or operated by a locality that he knows or should know is a playground, athletic field or facility, or gymnasium. The following are classed as offenses prohibiting proximity to children: clause (ii) or (iii) of §18.2-48 (abduction with intent to defile or of a child under the age of sixteen years for prostitution), subsection A (iii) of §18.2-61 (rape of a child under the age of thirteen), §18.2-63 (carnal knowledge of a child between thirteen and fifteen years of age), subdivision A 1 of §18.2-67.1 (forcible sodomy with a child under the age of thirteen), subdivision A 1 of §18.2-67.2 (object sexual penetration with a child under the age of thirteen), subdivision A 1 of §18.2-67.3 (aggravated sexual battery with a child below the age of thirteen), §18.2-370 (taking indecent liberties with children), clause (ii) of §18.2-371 (causing or encouraging acts rendering children delinquent, abused, etc), §18.2-374.1 (production, publication, sale, financing, etc., of child pornography), §18.2-374.1:1 (possession, reproduction, distribution, and facilitation of child pornography), or §18.2-379 (employing or permitting minor to assist in offense). As of July 1, 2006, “offense prohibiting proximity to children” shall include a violation of §18.2-472.1 (providing false information or failing to provide registration information), when the offense requiring registration was one of the foregoing offenses. A violation of this Section is punishable as a Class 6 felony.

  • Va. C. §18.2-370.6. Penetration of Mouth of Child with Lascivious Intent; Penalty. States that any adult who, with lascivious intent, kisses a child under the age of thirteen on the mouth while knowingly and intentionally penetrating the mouth of such child with his tongue is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-371. Causing or Encouraging Acts Rendering Children Delinquent, Abused, etc.; Penalty; Abandoned Infant. States that any adult who willfully contributes to, encourages, or causes any act, omission, or condition which renders a child delinquent, in need of services, in need of supervision, or abused or neglected, or who engages in consensual sexual intercourse with a child age fifteen or older not his spouse, child, or grandchild, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §18.2-373. Obscene Items Enumerated. States that obscene items include: any obscene book, leaflet, pamphlet, magazine, booklet, picture, painting, bumper sticker, drawing, photograph, film, negative, slide, motion picture, videotape recording; any obscene figure, object, article, instrument, novelty device, or recording or transcription used or intended to be used in disseminating any obscene song, ballad, words, or sounds; any obscene writing, picture or similar visual representation, or sound recording, stored in an electronic or other medium retrievable in a perceivable form.

  • Va. C. §18.2-374. Production, Publication, Sale, Possession, etc., of Obscene Items. This Section states that it is unlawful to prepare any obscene item for the purposes of sale or distribution; print, copy, manufacture, produce, or reproduce any obscene item for purposes of sale or distribution; publish, sell, rent, lend, transport in intrastate commerce, or distribute or exhibit any obscene item, or offer to do any of these things; or possess with intent to sell, rent, lend, transport, or distribute any obscene item. Possession in public or in a public place of any obscene item as defined in this article shall be deemed prima facie evidence of a violation of this Section.

  • Va. C. §18.2-374.1. Production, Publication, Sale, Financing, etc., of Child Pornography; Presumption as to Age; Severability. Defines child pornography as sexually visual material which utilizes or has as a subject an identifiable minor. A person is guilty of the production of child pornography if he/she accosts, entices or solicits a person under the age of eighteen years with intent to induce or force the child to perform in or be a subject of child pornography; produces or makes or attempts or prepares to produce or make child pornography; knowingly takes part in or participates in the filming, photographing, or other production of child pornography by any means; or knowingly finances or attempts or prepares to finance child pornography. Where the child is under fifteen years of age, the penalty will be five to 30 years in a state correctional facility; where the offender is at least seven years older than the victim, an aggravated penalty of imprisonment for the term specified above in a state correctional facility will apply. Any second or subsequent offense where the offender is at least seven years older than the victim will render the delinquent liable to imprisonment for fifteen to 40 years. The Section also states that where the victim is aged fifteen or above but under eighteen, the penalty will be one to 20 years in a state correctional facility; where the offender is at least seven years older than the victim, an aggravated penalty of imprisonment for three to 30 years in a state correctional facility will apply. Any second or subsequent offense where the offender is at least seven years older than the victim will render the delinquent liable to imprisonment for ten to 30 years.

  • Va. C. §18.2-374.1:1. Possession, Reproduction, Distribution, and Facilitation of Child Pornography; Penalty. Constitutes that any person who knowingly possesses child pornography is guilty of a Class 6 felony. Any second or subsequent violation is a Class 5 felony. The Section also states that anyone who reproduces by any means, including by computer, sells, gives away, distributes, electronically transmits, displays with lascivious intent, purchases, or possesses with intent to sell, give away, distribute, transmit, or display child pornography with lascivious intent will be liable to five years to 20 years in a state correctional facility; a second or subsequent violation render the offender liable to imprisonment for a term between five to 20 years in a state correctional facility. Any person who intentionally operates an Internet website for the purpose of facilitating the payment for access to child pornography is guilty of a Class 4 felony.

  • Va. C. §18.2-374.3. Use of Communications Systems to Facilitate Certain Offenses Involving Children. A. Defines the term “use a communications system” as making personal or direct contact through any agent or agency, any print medium, the United States mail, any common carrier or communication common carrier, any electronic communications system, the Internet, or any telecommunications, wire, computer network, or radio communications system. B. This subsection states that it is a Class 6 felony to use a communication system, including but not limited to computers or computer networks or bulletin boards, or any other electronic means for the purposes of procuring or promoting the use of a minor for any activity in violation of §18.2-370 (taking indecent liberties with children) or §18.2-374.1 (production, publication, sale, financing, etc., of child pornography). C. The subsection states that any adult who uses a communications system, including but not limited to computers or computer networks or bulletin boards, or any other electronic means, for the purposes of soliciting, with lascivious intent, any person he knows or has reason to believe is a child under fifteen years of age to knowingly and intentionally: expose his sexual or genital parts to any child to whom he is not legally married or propose that any such child expose his sexual or genital parts to such person; propose that any such child feel or fondle the sexual or genital parts of the offender or propose that such person feel or fondle the sexual or genital parts of any such child; propose to the child the performance of an act of sexual intercourse or any act constituting an offense under §18.2-361 (crimes against nature); or entice, allure, persuade, or invite any such child to enter any vehicle, room, house, or other place, for any purposes set forth above. This is deemed a Class 5 felony. However if the offender is at least seven years older than the child he knows or has reason to believe is less than fifteen years of age, the person shall be punished by a term of imprisonment for five to 30 years in a state correctional facility; any second or subsequent violation of this subsection render the offender liable to imprisonment for ten to 40 years. D. The subsection states that it is a Class 5 felony to use a communications system, including but not limited to computers or computer networks or bulletin boards, or any other electronic means, for the purposes of soliciting, with lascivious intent, any child of or above the age of fifteen but less than eighteen years of age to knowingly and intentionally commit any of the activities listed in subsection C if the person is at least seven years older than the child. Any second or subsequent violation of this subsection will be punished by a term of imprisonment between one to 20 years. E. States that any adult who uses a communications system, including but not limited to computers or computer networks or bulletin boards, or any other electronic means, for the purposes of soliciting any child for any activity in violation of §18.2-355 (prostitution) or 18.2-361 (crimes against nature), any activity in violation of §18.2-374.1 (production, publication, sale, financing, etc., of child pornography) or of §18.2-374.1:1 (possession, reproduction, distribution, and facilitation of child pornography) is guilty of a Class 5 felony.

  • Va. C. §18.2-375. Obscene Exhibitions and Performances. States that it is an offense to produce, promote, prepare, present, manage, direct, carry on or participate in, any obscene exhibitions or performances, including the exhibition or performance of any obscene motion picture, play, drama, show, entertainment, exposition, tableau or scene; own, lease or manage any theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place and lease, let, lend or permit such theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place to be used for the purpose of presenting such obscene exhibition or performance or to fail to post prominently therein the name and address of a person resident in the locality who is the manager of such theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place.

  • Va. C. §18.2-387. Indecent Exposure. Defines the offense intentionally making an obscene display or exposure of his person, or the private parts thereof, in any public place, or in any place where others are present, or procuring another to so expose himself. This is punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor. This does not include women breastfeeding a child in a public place or a place where others are present.

  • Va. C. §18.2-387.1. Obscene Sexual Display; Penalty. States that anyone who, while in any public place where others are present, intending that he be seen by others, intentionally and obscenely engages in actual or explicitly simulated acts of masturbation, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  • Va. C. §22.1-70.2. Acceptable Internet use policies for public and private schools. Requires every division superintendent to file biennially with the Superintendent of Public Instruction an acceptable use policy, approved by the local school board, for the use of the Internet. At a minimum, the policy has to contain provisions that: are designed to prohibit use by division employees and students of the division’s computer equipment and communications services for sending, receiving, viewing, or downloading illegal material via the Internet; seek to prevent access by students to material that the school division deems to be harmful to juveniles; select a technology for the division’s computers having Internet access to filter or block Internet access through such computers to child pornography and obscenity; establish appropriate measures to be taken against persons who violate the policy; and include a component on Internet safety for students that is integrated in a division’s instructional program. The policy may include such other terms, conditions, and requirements as deemed appropriate, such as requiring written parental authorization for Internet use by juveniles or differentiating acceptable uses among elementary, middle, and high school students.

  • Va. C. §22.1-212.2:3. Family Involvement in Technology (FIT) Program. In order to promote parental and family involvement in children’s education, found a partnership between families and schools, increase students’ time on task, integrate educational technology into the public school curriculum to meet the Standards of Learning objectives, and increase access to educational technology, particularly in schools with large populations of disadvantaged children, the FIT program promotes parental and family involvement in children’s education, including increased and appropriate supervision of children using the Internet. One grant for each district will provide at least 100 computers per district.

  • Va. C. §42.1-36.1. Power and Duty of Library Boards and Certain Governing Bodies Regarding Acceptable Internet Use Policies. States that state-funded libraries shall have technology protection measures against Internet restrictions. The library board or governing body of a library that receives state funding for any purpose is required to include in its acceptable use policy for the Internet provisions on selecting, installing and activating on those computers that have Internet access a technology protection measure to filter or block Internet access through such computers to child pornography, obscenity and materials deemed harmful to juveniles.