Senegal

Population

44,429,471

Population 0‑14

15.2%

Internet Users

43.4%

Facebook Users

4,600,000

Mobile Subscribers

63,500,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2006 - GEEP and the School of Education hosted a training workshop to establish technical service centers in francophone African countries to support the sourcing, refurbishment, distribution, and maintenance of second-hand PCs to schools. As of 2006, six e-Schools have been built in Senegal since the launch of New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) e-School initiative in 2003. The first phase of the Nepad e-Schools Initiative aims to have all schools in Africa equipped with ICTs and connected to the Internet, with teachers and school staff fully trained over the next decade.

2007 - CyberSmart Africa began in 2007 as a single-school personal initiative, the organization now partners with USAID, the Ministry of Education of Senegal, the Earth Institute at Columbia University, the Senegalese Ministry of Education, and Orange. CyberSmart Africa aims to equip Senegal’s schools that have no electricity and other developing regions, their all-in-one mobile device offers 21st century learning technologies, multimedia content, and teacher training. By 2020, the program plans to impact around 10 million students in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Twenty four Community Multimedia Centres (CMCs) were established, over 400 people were trained and the partnership between national and local level government was developed, since the agreements made in Geneva by the President of the Republic of Senegal, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, and UNESCO. B Hundreds of thousands of people living in isolated rural areas now have access community radio, computers connected to the Internet and digital devices.

2009 - Africa’s annual International Conference on ICT for Development, Education and Training, eLearning Africa, was held in Dakar, capital of Senegal. The program covered ten topics, encompassing a variety of aspects of ICT in education and development. These included learning, eLearning and pedagogy, designing eLearning systems, and content development and delivery. India, in a joint initiative with the African Union, launched the first phase Pan-African e-Network Project, which supported development tele-education, telemedicine, e-commerce, e-governance, infotainment, resource-mapping and meteorological services in 11 African countries, including Senegal.

2010 - The Ministry of Education completed the implementation of a computerization plan, known as the PDI Education Plan (Plan Directeur Informatique). It was designed in line with Programme de Developpement de l’Education et de la Formation - PDEF to achieve program’s objectives in improving the quality and efficiency of the education system, and creating conditions that allow efficient coordination of policies, plans and education programs. The four main objectives of the plan are: improvement in communication systems; improved management of databases; development of decision-making web-based tools; and project sustainability.

Ericsson, Earth Institute at Columbia University, and Millennium Promise have launched the ‘Connect to Learn’ initiative to address some of the challenges relating to secondary education access and quality, particularly among the girls, by providing scholarships and bringing ICT to schools in remote, resource-poor parts around the world, including Senegal, over mobile broadband.

2011 - Senegal launched an Education and Research Network (SnRER) Initiative to build a national and regional academic infrastructure to support research and science collaboration; build a common information system and data center for higher education in the country; share resources and applications, including grid-computing, e-learning, VoIP, videoconference, digital library, e-health. During 2015, the initiative interconnected all five public universities via optical fiber. UNESCO and Microsoft Africa met with the Government of Senegal to address challenges in the education sector and to find answers to innovative financing for education.

2013 - ICT Ministry, in cooperation with UNESCO established 30 Multimedia community centers between 2011 and 2013 to facilitate access to ICT by communities. The World Bank began it’s Senegal Quality and Equity of Basic Education project, which is expected to be completed in 2018. The World Bank is working with the Government of Senegal to improve learning outcomes for primary schools, increase access to the science and mathematics tracks for secondary schools, and improve equity in access to basic education.

With the support from the USAID, FHI 360 and the Ministry of Education completed the Education de Base (EDB) project to improve the quality and governance of the middle school education system in Senegal. EDB strengthened middle school education through a curriculum that is more relevant to the needs of students and provided them access to information and communication technologies that improved teaching and learning.

2014 - Sonatel, the national telecommunications company and subsidiary of France Telecom, has launched the Orange Foundation’s digital education project in Senegal. The 30 primary and secondary schools that were chosen by the Ministry of Education will have access online educational content via Wi-Fi, including math and science courses, and digital books, benefiting around 72,000 pupils. Each school Sonatel’s plan is to provide a kit consisting of 50 tablets, two servers, a digital white board and a video projector for each participating schools. UNESCO launched the YouthMobile initiative that offers introductory courses in computer programming and problem solving to young boys and girls. By 2017, the initiative’s overall objective is to allow at least 25,000 young people to develop the skills of the 21st century to participate in addressing the challenges of sustainable development in local communities.

2015 - The Ministry of Education completed the implementation of Programme de Developpement de l’Education et de la Formation/Education for All – PDEF/EFA 2000 - 2015. Development of ICT in schools was one of the main objectives of the program. Ministry introduced computers into elementary education with a maintenance and security device that increases the communication and collaboration between institutions on national and international sphere. By designing curriculum tailored to student learning, the use of computers made the implementation of ICT more effective and efficient in learning. The National Commission of Senegal to UNESCO, in collaboration with UNESCO’s Regional Office in Dakar published the Global Monitoring Report 2015 that evaluates PDEF/EFA initiative and provides a comprehensive assessment of country progress towards the EFA goals. It highlights effective policies and makes recommendations for monitoring and evaluating education targets after 2015.

Samsung Electronics Africa, in partnership with Senegal Ministry of Education and Millennium Connect Africa, launched Samsung Smart School initiative, a mobile education solution aimed at creating positive change and providing an advanced and interactive classroom experience for learners. The mobile solution includes a monitoring and controlling feature which allows teachers to keep track of education content on learners’ screens which includes a screen sharing feature and a real time question and answer feature.

2016 - Senegal observed Safe Internet Day, where young people from schools and colleges contributed to make the internet better. The festivities were organized by JOXAFRICA, an organization that works for the protection of children online.

Africa Child Online Protection Education & Awareness Center (ACOPEA)

The center focuses on education and awareness across Africa and the provision of mechanisms to report abuse and protect the rights of citizens in cyberspace.

CyberSmart Africa

A non-profit that provides ICTs to classrooms of developing nations. Their specialized Digital Learning Platform is designed to deliver up-to-date learning and teaching resources to the vast majority of schools that have no electricity in sub-Saharan Africa and other developing regions.

Global e-Schools and Communities Initiative (GeSCI)

Part of the UN ICT task-force, focused on ICT education across Africa and the developing world. Provides technical and research assistance to e-learning programs.

Global Teenager Project

The Global Teenager Project Ghana stimulates the use of computers and Internet in secondary schools. It was founded in 1998 as a co-operation between SchoolNet South Africa and the International Institute for Communication and Development. The project aims to enliven the educational process as teachers integrate new ideas and methods into their classes.

Group for the Study and Teaching of Population (GEEP)

A multidisciplinary organization and non-governmental non-profit organization that promotes the integration of variable population in the capital of knowledge disseminated in schools based on a participatory approach.

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)

Part of Canada’s foreign affairs and development efforts, center was created to initiate, encourage, support, and conduct research into the problems of the developing regions of the world and into the means for applying and adapting scientific, technical, and other knowledge to the economic and social advancement of those regions.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

ITU Development Sector, Africa

ITU-D fosters international cooperation and solidarity in the delivery of technical assistance and in the creation, development and improvement of telecommunication and ICT equipment and networks in developing countries.

JOXAFRICA

An organization that campaigns for proper use of the Internet among young people and is present in the European Insafe network, coordinates Safer Internet Day,and spreads awareness and information on good practices of the Internet.

Ministry of Education

The Ministry is responsible for all primary and secondary education in Senegal. One of its objectives is to improve the quality of the Middle and Secondary Education as well as management capacity of institutions by a balanced development of school mapping.

Ministry of Higher Education and Research

The Ministry is to prepares and implements the higher education and scientific research policies defined by the Head of State. It exercises its powers in connection with universities, higher schools teaching and with all applied research centers, and coordinates the conduct of research policy with all departments.

Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MPT)

The Ministry prepares and implements the policy defined by the Head of State in the areas of telecommunications, technology of communication and Information and posts.

NEPAD e-Africa Commission: e-Schools Project

The e-Schools initiative operates in several African nations, including Senegal. The aim of the project is to provide students in both primary and secondary education with ICT skills and knowledge which will enable them to participate in the emerging Information Society and Knowledge Economy.

Plan International - Senegal

An international organization supports the Senegalese government in development of a practical system that improves the quality of education in the country’s primary schools, and improves the transition rate of primary school children to secondary school.

SchoolNet Africa

An African-based non-government organisations (NGO) that operates across the continent in its endeavour to improve education access, quality and efficiency through the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in African schools. It works with learners, teachers, policymakers and practitioners through country-based schoolnet organisations.

State IT Agency (ADIE)

A government agency whose mission is to modernize the Senegalese Government by the dematerialization of administrative procedures, stream IT spending of the state by pooling and harmonizing technology choices Services Administration,build a national network infrastructure, coordinate the development of a legislative and regulatory framework conducive to the development of information and communications technology, and reduce the digital divide and social exclusion by widespread access to ICTs.

The African Virtual University

An intergovernmental organisation disseminating training courses in collaboration with other African higher education institutions. It provides distance learning courses to support local institutions, thus improving course offerings in response to an ever increasing demand.

USAID

The United States Agency works with the Senegal Ministry of Education to establish higher-quality standards for education and a national curriculum that is sensitive to gender, ethnicity, and social standing. Since the partnership, USAID has provided internet access to 20,000 students.

World Vision Senegal

The international organization works with community members and local partners to ensure effective teaching practices, basic education improvement practices. In addition, the organization works with local government, other agencies, community and religious leaders to engage in greater child protection and participation and strengthen local community protection and participation systems to empower children and families to provide adequate care and protection for their children.

World Wide Watch

Founded in 2012, a small NGO registered in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland, and whose goal is to promote and foster the education of children.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (2015)

Peter Wallet

This documents presents the current status of the Information and communication technologies in Education in the Sub-Saharan region.

Don't Look Away (2013)

ECPAT

Assessment on sexual exploitation of children related to tourism and reporting mechanisms in Gambia, Kenya, Madagascar, Senegal and South Africa

Small World, Big Responsibility: The UK’s role in the global trade in children (2012)

Erika Hall, Phillippa Lei

This report preset information on the different forms of child exploitation. Its purpose is to raise awareness to this global issue.

Small World, Big Responsibility: The UK’s role in the global trade in children (2012)

Erika Hall, Phillippa Lei

This report preset information on the different forms of child exploitation. Its purpose is to raise awareness to this global issue.

ICT in Education in Senegal (2007)

InfoDev

Statuse of ICT implementation into Senegal's education system

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of simple majority in Senegal is eighteen years, the age of consent for sexual activity is sixteen years.

  • Article 256, Penal Code. Defines the offense of manufacturing, holding for manufacture, distributing, renting, displaying or exhibiting any indecent images, prints, writings, drawings, posters, paintings, photographs, films, photographic reproductions or objects. It is also an offense to import or cause to be imported, export or cause to be exported, transport, post, screen for public viewing, sell, lease, or make available by any means whatsoever such indecent material. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for one month to three years and a fine of 25,000 to 300,000 francs. The article also states that the convicted person will be banned from exercising functions of management of any printing company, any editing or consolidating and distributing of newspapers and periodicals for a maximum of six months.
  • Article 257, Penal Code. States that the same penalties shall apply to anyone who is heard publicly singing, shouting or talking in an indecent manner.
  • Article 258, Penal Code. This article defines libel as any allegation or imputation of a fact which undermines the honor or reputation of the person or body to which the fact is attributed. It is an offense to publicize libel by any means of public dissemination: broadcasting, television, film, print media, billposting, exhibition, distribution of messages or images of any kind, speeches, singing, shouting or threats uttered in public places or meetings, and all technical processes designed to reach the public. The dissemination is punishable even when the victim is not expressly named, but is identifiable by the terms used in the libel. The article also states that any offensive expression, any term of contempt or any abuse not imputing a fact is regarded an insult.
  • Article 259, Penal Code. States that libel is punishable by imprisonment for between four months and two years, a fine of 200,000 to 1,500,000 francs, or both.
  • Article 261, Penal Code. This article states that the defamation of individuals is punishable by imprisonment for between three months to two years, a fine of 100,000 to 1,000,000 francs, or both. Defamation against a group of unnamed persons on the grounds of their origin, race or religion shall be punished by imprisonment for between two months and two years and a fine of 50,000 to 500,000 francs, if the intent of the defamation was to incite hatred among citizens or residents.
  • Article 318, Penal Code. This article states that anyone who commits a public offense against modesty will be punished by imprisonment for between three months and two years, and a fine of 20,000 to 200,000 francs.
  • Article 319, Penal Code. States that anyone who indecently assaults or attempts to assault a child under the age of thirteen (without the use of violence) is liable to imprisonment for between two to five years. The maximum penalty shall apply if the offender is a relative of the victim, or has authority over the minor, even if the victim is a minor over the age of thirteen. The article also states that a punishment of imprisonment for between one and five years and a fine of 100,000 to 1,500,000 francs will apply to anyone who commits an indecent or unnatural act with a person of the same sex, unless it constitutes a more serious crime. Where the act was committed with a person below the age of 21, the maximum penalty will always apply.
  • Article 319 bis, Penal Code. Defines the offense of abusing authority to harass another person by the use of orders, gestures, threats, words, writings or constraints in order to obtain sexual favors. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between six months to three years, and a fine of between 50,000 to 500,000 francs. Where the victim is aged sixteen or below, the maximum term of imprisonment will apply.
  • Article 320, Penal Code. Defines the offense of rape, which is described as sexual penetration of whatever nature, committed against another person by violence, coercion, threat or surprise. Rape is punishable by imprisonment for between five and ten years. The article also states that where the offense has caused mutilation or permanent disability, or where the offense was committed by wrongful deprivation of personal liberty or by more than one person, the sentence will be doubled. Where rape resulted in the death of the victim, the offender will be guilty of murder and punished accordingly. If the victim was a child under the age of thirteen, or a person particularly vulnerable because of pregnancy, old age or physical or psychological health problems, the offender shall be liable to the maximum penalty. The article also states that anyone who commits or attempts to commit indecent assault with the use of violence will be punished by imprisonment for between five and ten years. If the victim was a child under the age of thirteen, or a person particularly vulnerable because of pregnancy, old age or physical or psychological health problems, the offender shall be liable to the maximum penalty.
  • Article 320 bis, Penal Code. This article defines pedophilia as any gesture, touch, caress, pornographic handling or use of images or sounds for the sexual abuse of a child under sixteen years of age. This is punishable by imprisonment for between five to ten years. The article also states that where the crime was committed by a relative or a person having authority over the minor, the maximum penalty will apply. Attempted crimes are also punishable under this article.
  • Article 320 ter, Penal Code. States that encouraging the corruption of a minor is punishable by imprisonment for between one to five years, and a fine of 100,000 to 1,500,000 francs. An increased penalty of three to seven years’ imprisonment and a fine of 200,000 to 2,000,000 francs applies if the victim is under the age of thirteen. The article also states that the same penalties shall apply to adults who invite minors to attend or participate in meetings which include exhibitionism or sexual relationships.
  • Article 321, Penal Code. This article states, among other things, that where the offense has been committed by more than one person, an increased penalty of imprisonment for ten years will apply.
  • Article 322, Penal Code. States that pimping is an offense punishable by imprisonment for between one to three years and a fine of 250,000 to 2,500,000 francs, unless the crime constitutes a more serious offense. Pimping is defined as one or more of the following: aiding, assisting or knowingly protecting the prostitution of others, or soliciting for prostitution; sharing the proceeds of the prostitution of others or receiving money from a person who habitually engages in prostitution; knowingly living with a person who habitually engages in prostitution; funding his lifestyle, wholly or in part, by being in a habitual relationship with one or more persons engaged in prostitution; procuring, enticing or keeping, even with consent, a person into prostitution or debauchery; acting as an intermediary between persons engaged in prostitution or debauchery and individuals who exploit or remunerate the prostitution or debauchery of others; obstruction the prevention, control, assistance or rehabilitation undertaken by qualified organizations for persons engaging in prostitution or in danger of prostitution by threats, pressure, deception or other means.
  • Article 324, Penal Code. This article states that with regard to article 322, an increased sentence of imprisonment for between two to five years and a fine of 300,000 to 4,000,000 francs applies in the following cases: the victim was a minor; the offense was accompanied by threats, coercion, violence, assault, abuse of authority or fraud; the offender was carrying a weapon; the perpetrator is the husband, father, mother or guardian of the victim; the offender is required to participate, by its very nature, the fight against prostitution, protection of health or the maintenance of public order; the crime was committed against several persons; the victims have been delivered or incited to engage in prostitution outside the national territory; the crime was committed by more than one person. The same penalty applies to anyone who any person who attempts to incite, encourage or facilitate debauchery or corruption of a youth under the age of 21 years or, even occasionally, persons under sixteen. The article also states that the penalties prescribed in this article shall be imposed, even when the various elements of the offenses were committed in different countries.
  • Article 325, Penal Code. States that a penalty of imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of 300,000 to 4,000,000 francs applies to anyone who owns, directly or through intermediaries, manages, directs, operates or finances a house of prostitution; who holds, manages, operates, finances or helps to finance a boarding house, hotel, pub, restaurant, club, dance hall, place of entertainment or their annexes or any place open to the public used by one or more persons engaged in prostitution. The penalty will be doubled for repeat offenses committed within ten years of the previous conviction.
  • Article 338, Penal Code. States that anyone who kidnaps, conceals or removes a child will be punished by imprisonment for five to ten years.
  • Article 346, Penal Code. States that anyone who, by fraud or violence, kidnaps or abducts minors, or removes or diverts them from a place where they were put by the authorities will be penalized by forced labor for five to ten years.
  • Article 347, Penal Code. This article states that where the minor removed or diverted was under the age of fifteen, an increased penalty of forced labor for life will apply. A reduced penalty of forced labor for five to ten years applies if the minor is found alive before the offender has been sentenced. Abduction carries the death penalty if it caused the death of the minor.
  • Article 348, Penal Code. States that anyone who, without fraud or violence, kidnaps or abducts, removes or diverts a minor under the age of eighteen, is liable to imprisonment for between two and five years, and a fine of 20,000 to 200,000 francs.
  • Article 431-34, Penal Code. This article defines the offense of producing, recording, offering, making available, distributing or transmitting any pornographic picture or representation of a child through a computer system. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for five to ten years, a fine of 5,000,000 to 15,000,000 francs, or both.
  • Article 431-35, Penal Code. States that anyone who obtains or provides to others, whether imported or caused to be imported, exported or caused to be exported, any pornographic image or representation of a child through a computer system will be liable to imprisonment for five to ten years, a fine of 5,000,000 to 15,000,000 francs, or both.
  • Article 431-36, Penal Code. This article states that the same penalty applies to anyone who has a pornographic image or representation of a child on a computer system or any computer storage device. The penalty also applies to anyone who facilitates access to pornographic images, documents or audio recordings of a minor.
  • Article 431-37, Penal Code. States that any offenses under this law will be punished by the maximum allowable penalty if they were committed by an organized group.
  • Article 431-38, Penal Code. This article states that anyone who creates, downloads, distributes or makes available in any form whatsoever any writings, messages, pictures, drawings or other representations of racist or xenophobic ideas or theories through a computer system is liable to imprisonment for between six months and seven years and a fine of 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 francs.
  • Article 431-39, Penal Code. States that it is an offense to make threats by means of a computer system on the grounds of a person’s race, color, descent, membership of a group, national or ethnic origin or religion. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between six months to seven years, and a fine of 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 francs.
  • Article 431-40, Penal Code. Defines the crime of insulting a person by means of a computer system on the grounds of his race, color, descent, membership of a group, national or ethnic origin or religion. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between six months and seven years, and a fine of 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 francs.
  • Article 431-41, Penal Code. This article states that anyone who intentionally denies, approves or justifies acts constituting genocide or crimes against humanity by means of a computer system will be liable to imprisonment for between six months and seven years, and a fine of 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 francs.
  • Article 431-42, Penal Code. Upon conviction, the Court may confiscate the offender’s equipment, instruments, computer programs and any other devices or data belonging to the offender and used to commit an offense under this section.
  • Article 431-58, Penal Code. Defines means of public dissemination as: radio, television, film, print, billposting, exhibition, distribution of messages or images of any kind, speeches, singing, shouting or threats uttered in public places or meeting, any technical process designed to reach the public and generally any means of digital communication by electronic means.
  • Article 431-59, Penal Code. States that a penalty of imprisonment for between six months and seven years, a fine of 500,000 to 10,000,000 francs, or both, will apply to anyone who is found guilty of manufacturing, holding for dealing in, distributing, displaying or exhibiting any indecent prints, writings, drawings, paintings, photographs, films, photographic reproductions, emblems, or other indecent objects. It is also an offense to import or cause to be imported, export or cause to be exported, transport, screen for public viewing, sell or lease (even if not publicly, directly or through indirect means), or offer for free such indecent material; the same penalty will apply. The article also states that the maximum sentence will be imposed when the objects mentioned above have a pornographic nature. The article also states that the convicted person will be banned from exercising functions of management of any printing company, any editing or consolidating and distributing of newspapers and periodicals for a maximum of six months.
  • Article 431-64, Penal Code. This article states that where an offender is convicted of a crime committed by means or support of digital communications, the Court may impose additional penalties such as the prohibition of sending digital communication, a temporary or permanent ban preventing access to the site used to commit the offense, the disconnection of access to all technical means available, or the prohibition of any Internet hosting. Violation of the prohibitions imposed by the judge will be punished by imprisonment for between six months and three years and a fine of 300,000 to 5,000,000.
  • Articles 431(34)-431(37), Law No. 2008-11 on Cybercrime. Child Porgnography. States that anyone who produces, records, offers, makes available, distributes or transmits an image or representation that constitutes child pornography through a computer system shall be punished with a prison term of five to ten years and/or a fine of 5,000,000 to 15,000,000 francs.
  • Article 431(42), Law No. 2008-11 on Cybercrime. Other Content-Related Offenses. States that in the event of conviction, the court may order the confiscation of materials, equipment, instruments, computer programs or any devices or data belonging to the convicted person that have been used to commit the offenses established in Articles 431-8 to 431-41 of the present Law.
  • Article 431(58), Law No. 2008-11 on Cybercrime. Offenses Committed by Any Means of Public Dissemination. The following are considered to be means of public dissemination: radio and television broadcasting, cinema, the press, billposting, exhibitions, the distribution of writings or images of all kinds, speeches, singing, shouts or threats uttered in public places or at public meetings, any technical process intended to reach the public and, in general, any means of digital communication that is delivered electronically.
  • Article 431(59), Law No. 2008-11 on Cybercrime. Offenses Committed by Any Means of Public Dissemination. States that a prison shall be imposed on anyone who carries out the following acts in respect of any immoral printed matter, writings, drawings, posters, engravings, paintings, photographs, films or negatives, photographic matrices or reproductions, emblems, objects or images: 1. manufacturing or holding them with a view to trading, distributing, renting, displaying or exhibiting them; 2. importing them or arranging their import, exporting them or arranging their export, or transporting them or arranging their transport knowingly for the same purposes; 3. displaying, exhibiting or projecting them for public view; 4. selling or renting them or offering them for sale or rent, even if not publicly; 5. making them available, even free of charge and even if not publicly, in any form, directly or indirectly; 6. distributing them or supplying them for distribution by any means.
  • Article 431(64), Law No. 2008-11 on Cybercrime. Criminal Liability. States that in the event of a conviction for an offense committed through a digital communication medium, the court may order, as additional penalties, a prohibition on sending digital communication messages, a temporary or permanent prohibition on access to the site used to commit the offense, the cutting of access to the site by all available technical means or even a prohibition on hosting the site.

Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Senegal has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.

2010 - A Code of Conduct for teaching and administrative staff in schools, explicitly prohibiting sexual abuse, exploitation and violence, was adopted in some countries (such as Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Niger and Senegal in West and Central Africa and Kenya and South Africa in Eastern and Southern Africa in an effort to address recurring incidents of school-based violence against children.

2012 - The U.S. Department of State and the Government of Senegal co-hosted the West African Cybersecurity and Cybercrime Workshop in Dakar. The workshop addressed broad issues on cybercrime and cybersecurity while focusing discussions on issues of specific interest to West Africa, such as mobile cellular security, computer forensics, Internet access and affordability, and the development of national computer emergency response teams or CERTs.

2015 - The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications held a national workshop to review the online child protection policies, draft new child protection initiatives, devise recommendations based on good practices, and identify types of vulnerabilities children face online and how to prevent them. Government of Senegal hosted Internet Governance Forum 2015 under the theme of “Digital Sovereignty: issues and challenges” to Provide a platform and an efficient and effective discussion between experts and citizens around a wide range of topics relating to political, economic, technical, cultural and social as well as the initiatives conducive to the development of the economy Digital Senegal.