Paraguay

Population

6,783,272

Population 0‑14

25.6%

Internet Users

52.6%

Facebook Users

2,600,000

Mobile Subscribers

5,914,711
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

1997 - The Paraguay’s Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC) started to make various efforts to incorporate ICT into the education system, when the Programa de Mejoramiento de la Calidad de la Educación Secundaria – MECES (Program for Improving the Quality of Secondary Education) in cooperation with the World Bank made arrangements to implement the World Links program, making Paraguay one of the first four countries to benefit from the initiative. The program integrated ICT into the existing secondary school curriculum and into the classroom, and provided teacher training to promote the educational use of the Internet.

2009 - The country’s Plan Nacional de Educación 2024 (Spanish) (National Education Plan 2024) defines the role of ICT in education as a medium to support the teaching and learning process, while the Política de TIC para la Educación (Spanish) (ICT Policy for Education 2009-2015) outlines the government’s strategy to implement the action lines proposed in the National Education Plan. The policy’s mission is to improve the national education process through the use of ICT and equipping students with the digital skills necessary to succeed in the 21st century workplace.

2010 - Proteccion Online was founded as part of the social responsibility of the Institute of Design and Technology (IDT). This non-profit initiative aims to provide recommendations, tutorials and counseling for children, adolescents, parents and educators at national and international level about the appropriate use of new technologies with the firm objective of preventing risks through the power of knowledge.

2012 - The Ministry of Education and Culture launched their Access Plan for ICT Tools for the Public Sector. The overall objective of the plan is to ensure access to computers for teachers and school principals, so as to facilitate their training through course offerings, support management and digital tools, as well as to improve teacher performance through the use of modern technologies. The first phase of the project saw the MEC purchase and distribute 33,585 laptops.

2013 - The Ministry of Education and Culture established a national education portal, Paraguay Aprende (Paraguay Learns), which provides curriculum resources for educators and information for school administrators. Students have access to educational material and can create their own space, whilst parents can also find information about national education policies and plans.

The 27th edition of the Latin American Information Security Congress and Fair, organized jointly by the Organization of American States (OAS), the government of Paraguay and the Asociación Argentina de Usuarios de TIC - USUARIA (Argentinean Organization of Users of ICT) was held in Asuncion in March. The event, Segurinfo Paraguay 2013, which focused on increasing awareness of the importance of strong cyber security in Paraguay and the Americas, attracted more than 400 representatives from government, civil society and private sector. Issues discussed during the event included the development of public policy and government responses, the challenges and international responses to cybercrime, and analysis and trends in internet security, to name but a few. Unusually, the event was also held in Paraguay in 2014 and 2015.

The Ministry of Information Technology and Communication (SENATICs) hosted the seminar @SecurityDays 2013. The purpose was to create awareness on cybersecurity while providing information to acquire skills to identify potential risks.

2014 - The Ministry of Education and Culture and The Ministry of Information Technology and Communication (SENATICs) signed the ‘Convenio Marco.’ This agreement aims to improve the education system throughout the incorporation of ICT. Its duration is five years and during this time it seeks to implement plans and programs that allow to strengthen education and improve quality, efficiency and equity.

Microsoft in partnership with The Trust for the Americas is Partnership in Opportunities for Employment through Technology in The Americas (POETA) YouthSpark Centers, which seeks to improve the economic prospects open to young people, specifically women, in the region by offering them access to technology, education and employment opportunities.

Computer Emergency Response Team Paraguay

Has as main objective to act as the central coordinator for security incident reports in Paraguay, providing the necessary response, support and solution to the incidents. Furthermore, the organization promotes awareness of security issues and the analysis of current threat levels.

Global Infancia

It is a organization founded in 1995 as a response to the trafficking of children. Yet it advocates for the right of the child in all its aspects. Global Childhood has carried out many projects and training for parents to protect children from the danger of Internet and the usage of ICT.

Instituto Interamericano del Niño, la Niña y Adolescente (INN)

A specialized body of the Organization of American States (OAS) on children and adolescents policy that provides guidance to the different states on how they must assume protection.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

Latin American Network of Educational Portals (La Red Latinoamericana de Portales Educativos – RELPE)

Formed in 2004 by an agreement of the Ministries of Education from sixteen Latin American countries, a network of educational portals, allowing the collaboration and sharing of educational content between the member countries. It also provides for the construction of standards and methodologies of processes to position the network as a benchmark in the region and the world on collaborative management of educational content.

Latin American Network of ICT and Education (Red Iberoamericana de TIC y Educación – RIATE)

This organization promotes bilateral or multilateral cooperation for development through the exchange of information, initiatives and projects that promote the integration of ICT in education in 21 countries.

Ministry of Education and Culture

It is responsible for all levels of public education in Paraguay, and has been making various efforts to implement ICT in education.

One Laptop per Child (OLPC)

A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.

ParaguayEduca

It is an NGO founded specifically for the purposes of realizing One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) in Paraguay . In 2011, ParaguayEduca signed an agreement with Ceibal Uruguay, who will provide advice and support to the NGO in order to strengthen the OLPC project

Protección Online

It is a venture by the Institute of Design and Technology. It was officially declared a Foundation by presidential decree in April 2014. Their website offers a wealth of information about online safety, such as tutorials, videos, downloads and tips tailored to different age groups.

The Federation of Association of Parents of Students of Educational Institutions of Paraguay

In association with Panda Internet Security and the Municipality of Asuncion, through the Directorate of Youth and Sports, launched the campaign Internet en Buenas Manos (Internet in Good Hands)

The Network for the Rights of Children and Adolescents to the Safe and Responsible Use of New ICTs - RedNATIC

It comprises a joint group of organizations from across Latin America. Its member organizations assume as shared the principles of the statements contained in the Theoretical Framework for the rights of children and teens to a Safe and Responsible Use of ICT.

Third Millennium

In Paraguay is designed to harness and combine IT, digital media, modern teaching techniques, trained teachers and relevant program content to develop distance education programs of high quality and cost accessible to students.

Paraguay - 2015 Trafficking in Persons Report (2015)

Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

Report on the 2015 findings, prosecution, protection and prevention on the matter of trafficking people in Paraguay

Protecting Children from Cybercrime (2015)

Simone dos Santos Lemos Fernandes, Legal Consultant, Global Forum on Law Justice and Development (GFLJD), Legal Vice Presidency, World Bank

This report studies different Latin American countries’ legislation on the prevention and combat of violence against children on the internet. It also identifies gaps and good practices on the protection of children from cybercrime.

Paraguay - Protecting Children and Adolescents online (2015)

Arturo Bregaglio

This documents talks about sexual rights and Internet. It present some statistics and and government actions on safety of Paraguayan children online.

Paraguay 2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor (2014)

United States Department of Labor

This is a report by the United States department on the worst forms of child labor during the year 2014.

The commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Latin America (2014)

ECPAT International

This report studies the different forms of sexual exploitation of children inLatin America. Furthermore, it highlights the new emerging trends and how Latin america is addressing this phenomena

Voice of Youth- Paraguay Terms of Reference (2014)

Chief of Civic and Social Media, NYHQ Communication Officer, UNICEF Paraguay

A study on the usage and impact of social media and other technologies among the youth in Paraguay.

ICT IN EDUCATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN A regional analysis of ICT integration and e-readiness (2012)

UNESCO Institute for Statistics

UNESCO Institute for Statistics, based on survey responses from 38 countries reveals the extent to which factors such as education policy, teacher training, and infrastructure drive or hamper the integration of ICTs in schools.

Paraguay: Children’s Rights References in the Universal Periodic Review (2011)

Child Rights International Network (CRIN)

A compilation of information on the child-rights issues from the first Universal Periodic Review reports, the National Report, UN information and Summary of Stakeholder’s Information.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the Internet (2011)

Inter American Children’s Instirute

This is a report to the Organization of American States on the situation of the member states in the issue of commercial sexual exploitation and the impact of internet in their lives.

Computers in Schools: Why governments Should do their Homework (2011)

Inter-American Development Bank

This chapter is a comparison of the Latin American governments include ICT in their educational programs.

Computers in Schools: Why governments Should do their Homework (2011)

Inter-American Development Bank

This chapter is a comparison of the Latin American governments include ICT in their educational programs.

Children’s une of mobile phones - An international comparison 2011 (2010)

GSM Association and the Mobile Society Research Institute within NTT DOCOMO Inc.

A comparative document of the statistics and facts of the usage of mobile phones by children across the globe.

Los desafíos de las TIC para el cambio educativo (2009)

Roberto Carneiro, Juan Carlos Toscano and Tamara Díaz

This is a collective Inter-American educational program which goals are projected until the year 2021. It analyses the challenges of the new era of education and the importance of incorporating ICT on it.

Paraguay (2009)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report by the United States Department of Labor on the the nature of child labor, incidences, government policies, programs, laws and enforcement in their aim to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in Paraguay.

2007 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Paraguay (2008)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report by the United States Department of Labor on the the nature of child labor, incidences, government policies, programs, laws and enforcement in their aim to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in Paraguay.

Contemporary forms of slavery in Paraguay (2006)

Mike Kaye

A report on the different contemporary forms of slavery present in Paraguay during the year 2006 and what actions the government was taking

.py (2001)

Karen Coppock, Mark Lopes, Juan L Balsevich P and Luis Guerrero

Country profile on Paraguay’s status of ICT in 2001

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The Penal Code was updated in 2008 by Law No. 3440 and now includes provisions regarding pornography and trafficking of children for sexual purposes.

In March 2010, a bill proposing to add computer crime-related offenses to the Penal Code was presented to the Paraguayan Congress. Pursuant to the details presented in the Bill, the following computer crimes would be punishable: unlawful access to data, data interception or access to computer systems; preparation of the aforementioned; computer system sabotage; fraud throughout the use of computer systems; forgery of debit cards or credit card and other electronic payment means.

  • Article 128, Penal Code. Sexual Coercion and Rape. This Article states that anyone who, by force or threat, coerces another person to engage in a sexual act will be punished by up to ten years’ imprisonment. Where the victim was coerced to engage in sexual intercourse, the penalty will be three to twelve years’ imprisonment; this will be increased to three to fifteen years’ if the victim is a minor.
  • Article 129, Penal Code. Human Trafficking. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for up to six years for anyone who, through force, threat or deception, abuses another person’s helplessness and brings them into Paraguay or takes them outside the country for the purpose of prostitution.
  • Article 129a, Penal Code. Pimping. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for up to five years for anyone who exploits a person engaged in prostitution by taking advantage of the financial gains from it.
  • Article 129b, Penal Code. Trafficking in Persons for Sexual Exploitation. States that anyone who, abusing a context of constraint or vulnerability of another person from being in a foreign country, induces or coerces this person into engaging or continuing to engage in prostitution will be liable to imprisonment for eight years. The same penalty will apply to anyone who induces a minor to engage in prostitution. The Article also states that it is an offense to use force, threat or deceit to induce a person to engage in prostitution and offenders will be liable to an increased prison sentence of up to twelve years. The same penalty applies if the victim is under the age of fourteen, or exposed to serious physical abuse or threat to life. It is irrelevant whether or not the victim consented to the offense.
  • Article 132, Penal Code. Exhibitionism. Defines the offense of publicly offending another person’s morals by an act of exhibitionism, which is punishable by imprisonment for up to one year and, in some cases, medical treatment.
  • Article 135, Penal Code. Sexual Abuse of Children. This Article states that anyone who commits sexual acts with a child (a minor under the age of fourteen), or induces a child to perform a sexual act on himself/herself or a third person, will be punished by imprisonment for up to three years or a fine. The penalty will be increased to five years’ imprisonment if the offender physically abused the victim in any way or sexually abused the same child on more than one occasion. In circumstances more severe than those described above, an aggravated penalty of up to six years’ imprisonment will apply. Where actual intercourse took place, the offender will be liable to between three and twelve years’ imprisonment, and where the victim was under the age of ten, the penalty may be increased to up to fifteen years’ imprisonment. The Article also states that anyone who performs an act of exhibitionism in the presence of a child, or who displays pornographic publications in a place accessible by a child, will be liable to a fine. Any penalties may be dispensed with if the perpetrator is under the age of eighteen.
  • Article 137, Penal Code. Rape. States that any man who persuades a girl aged between fourteen to sixteen to engage in extramarital intercourse will be liable to a fine. Where the offender is under the age of eighteen the penalty may be waived.
  • Article 138, Penal Code. Homosexual Acts with Minors. This Article states that any adult who performs homosexual acts with a minor under the age of sixteen will be liable to up to two years’ imprisonment and a fine.
  • Article 139, Penal Code. Procuration. Imposes a penalty of up to five years’ imprisonment or a fine for anyone who leads a person under the age of sixteen into prostitution. The same penalty applies if the victim is between sixteen and eighteen and the offender takes advantage of their helplessness, trust or naiveté, or is in charge of the victim’s education. Where the offender acts commercially, the penalty will increase to up to six years’ imprisonment and where the victim is under the age of fourteen, the offender will be liable to up to eight years’ imprisonment.
  • Article 140, Penal Code. Child Pornography and Pornography. This Article states that anyone who, for the purpose of sexual arousal, produces, distributes, imports, exports, exchanges, disseminates, promotes or finances any media publications featuring scenes of a sexual nature involving minors or minors exhibiting their genitals, will be liable to up to five years’ imprisonment or a fine. The same penalty applies to anyone who organizes, finances or promotes shows, private or public, involving minors performing sexual acts. The reproduction of any publications as specified above will render the offender liable to up to three years’ imprisonment or a fine. The penalties prescribed in this Article may be increased to ten years’ imprisonment if the publications relate to minors under the age of fourteen; the offender abused a position of authority over the victim, or was entrusted with the victim’s education or care; the offender used violence, force, threat, deception, coercion, rewards or promise of remuneration of any kind; the offender acted commercially or as a member of an organized gang. The possession child pornography with intent to distribute or reproduce carries a penalty of up to three years’ imprisonment or a fine.
  • Article 143, Penal Code. Violation of Personal Privacy. States, among other things, that it is an offense to expose details about another’s private life, especially his/her sex life, family life or health, in a publication or before a crowd of people. The offender will be liable to a fine.
  • Article 144, Penal Code. Violation of the Right to Communication and to the Image. Punishes with two years of prison or a fine anyone who, without authorization and by technical means, listens, records, or makes accessible to third parties someone’s word not intended to the listener or the public.
  • Article 145, Penal Code. Violation of the Confidentiality of the Word. Imposes a penalty of a fine for anyone who stores and makes accessible to third parties confidential information only intended to the victim.
  • Article 150, Penal Code. Calumny. This Article states that anyone who knowingly makes a false declaration of fact regarding another person that is capable of causing harm to the honor of that same individual will be fined. Where the statement is made publicly or repeated over a prolonged period of time, then the penalty will increase to two years imprisonment, or a fine.
  • Article 151, Penal Code. Defamation. States that anyone who makes a statement about another person that is capable of damaging that person’s honor, whether false or not, will be liable to a fine of 180 times the statutory daily amount. Where the defamatory statement is publicly circulated or repeated over a prolonged period, a penalty of imprisonment of up to a year, or a fine will apply.
  • Article 152, Penal Code. Insult. Prescribes a fine of 90 times the statutory daily amount for anyone who makes a statement of fact about an individual that can damage that person’s honor, or who expresses a negative opinion about an individual. Where the statement is made in front of a third party, or repeated over a prolonged period, the fine may be increased up to 180 times the statutory daily amount.
  • Article 154, Penal Code. Additional Penalties. States that where the offenses in Article 150, 151 or 152 has been committed publicly or disseminated in a publication, additional sanctions may be imposed, including community service or forced medical treatment.

2013 -The Government of Paraguay through the The Ministry of Information Technology and Communication (SENATICs) launched Conéctate Seguro Py (Connect safely Py), the first campaign to create awareness of the online risks. The project planned to inform not only children, but also parents about issues such as cyberbullying, grooming, sexting, among others.

2014 - The Paraguayan Attorney General’s Office signed an international agreement with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. The aim was improve information exchange to combat child pornography.