2004 - The Ministry of Education signed a Partners in Learning agreement with Microsoft. The government wanted to identify teachers who could use technology in innovative ways, creating best practice which could be incorporated into curricula and increase the spread of ICT use in teaching. Microsoft partnered with the National Center of Renovation and Experimentation in Education (NCREE), a part of the Ministry of Education, to run a national competition to find innovative teachers. The ten winners were then formed a newly-created Moroccan Innovative Teachers Network, or ITN. The ITN shares best practice and encourages the use of technology in schools.
2006 - ‘GENIE Program’ (GENeralization of Information Technologies and Communication in Education in Morocco) was launched as part of E-Morocco 2010 Strategy by the Ministry of Education, its objectives is to provide internet connection to all schools, train teachers training in ICT, develop digital resources, including national laboratory and a national ICT portal, and provide support to users. Initially scheduled to conclude in 2009, the the program was extended for a further four years under Digital Morocco 2013, where it provided multimedia resources and Internet enabled computers in 9,260 institutions and provided ICT training and digital content to 230,000 teachers.
2007 - The second five-year plan was published in the e-Morocco (e-Moroc) strategy, the focal point of the new ‘e-Morocco 2010’ strategy lay on reducing digital costs and positioning the Kingdom of Morocco internationally in the ICT area. The following liberalization and privatization policy in the telecommunications sector led to reduced telecommunications costs, resulting in a rising number of cyber cafés and access to computers and the Internet, even in small towns. The first e-Morocco strategy was launched in 2001, enabling the government to increase the use of ICT in all aspects of life. King Mohammed VI of Morocco announced the period 1999 - 2009 as the “education decade”, adopting the Education Charter developed by his father Hassan II as the key document for envisaged developments in the education sector. During this decade the educational reforms focused on five key themes: e-education, e-governance, e-business, e-commerce and access, which formed the basis for the national strategy for ICT development and collectively were called the e-Maroc plan.
Intel has joined the Moroccan Department of Telecommunications and Information Technology (D.E.P.T.I.) to develop public Internet access centers, and with the Ministry of Education to train thousands of teachers and donate computers to Moroccan schools. Intel has agreed to donate 1,000 PCs for primary schools and as of 2009 has provided training to 20,000 teachers.
2010 - Article 10 of The National Charter of Education and Training of 1999 concentrated on the integration of ICT in education. The main focal point was the utilization of ICT to improve teacher training and distance learning for remote areas, which led the government to invest heavily in the equipment of schools with modern technologies. Completion of the project was scheduled for the end of 2010, however an evaluation or progress report does not appear to be available online. To promote ICT literacy in Moroccan schools, the Minister of Education hosted a seminar in partnership with the Consulate General of Great Britain to learn from the English education system of integrating ICT in teaching and learning.
2013 - The current ICT strategy, Digital Morocco 2013: The National Strategy for Information and Digital Economy (also known as Maroc Numeric) was launched by the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and New Technologies in 2008. The strategy focuses on four main priorities: equipping families with PCs and Internet connection, promoting ICTs through the provision of eGovernment services, promoting computerization across SMEs, boosting the Moroccan ICT industry. To further promote computer equipment and internet use in the education sector, the Moroccan government implemented an action to provide engineering students and their similarity with subsidised laptops and internet access. The strategy also envisages public awareness campaigns for the general public aimed at increasing confidence in modern technologies. Digital Morocco 2013 also includes provisions to subsidize computer equipment, laptops and Internet access for teaching staff.
Many programs were launched by the Ministry of Education and Professional Training under the national strategy Digital Morocco 2013, including U-NET Program, which aims to provide universities and university cities of Wifi networks. SIE Program, whose objective is to digitize public institutions and structure data in a single database. “E -SUP” program aims to meet the requirements of the National Charter for Education and Training, including ICT is a strategic imperative to improve the quality of education at the university level .
As part of the strategic partnership with Microsoft, the Office of Vocational Training and Employment Promotion (OFPPT) to offers quality IT training to 40,000 students, who have been enrolled in 100 Microsoft new IT Academies across Morocco. OFPPT manages vocational training centers across Morocco and provides diversified services that provide opportunities for people to develop the necessary skills to be successful in the 21st century.”
Since Nafid@ program launch in 2008, 150, 000 teachers have benefited from the grant for equipment in computer and Internet connection. The program was established by the Mohammed VI Foundation for Social Works Promotion of Education-Training, it provides access to family education using ICT resources, which enables them to use tools in the national education system, accessing multimedia content and digital educational resources. 74 Community Access Centers (CAC) have been set up at the Youth Homes under the Ministry of Youth and Sports. Community Access Center (CAC) program aims to create 400 CACs that allow citizens in rural areas to access to the Information and Communication Technology.
2014 - The 5th edition INJAZ program, which corresponds to the 2013-2014 academic year, has been launched. After four previous editions, more than 86,000 students have benefited from the program. The 5th edition allows 24,400 students in Morocco to benefit from Injaz Package that enables students to acquire a computer and a USB 3G at a subsidized prices through partnership between government and telecom operators.
There is currently no information available online regarding the progress of introducing online safety lessons in public schools.
Better Future for Our Children Association is a Moroccan law association which was established in February 2009 to fight against sexual violence against children.
Centre Bayti Morocco
A nongovernmental organization that focuses on preventing the exclusion of children on child protection against all forms of violence on the psychosocial rehabilitation of children, on the reintegration of families and the social and professional reintegration of children and young on children’s participation in the development and implementation of life projects, and the promotion of child rights.
A non-profit organization that empowers teachers and young people to work together online using the Internet and other new communications technologies.
A non-profit organization that engages the private sector to the youth to contribute to the emergence of a new generation of entrepreneurs. INJAZ Al-Maghrib adapted to the Moroccan context programs that allow students to start junior companies, master the basics of finance and prepare them for the challenges of the workplace.
International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Arab States
The specialized agency for ICT in the United Nations.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
Moroccan Observatory of Information and Communication Technologies (OMTIC)
The department develops, tracks, and implements the country’s action plans (Morocco Numéric 2013), as well as anticipates and monitors changes in the ICT environment.
It is an internet and development consulting firm in Morocco and Africa specializes in Information Communication Technology (ICT) applications for development initiatives. MTDS works to put information technology in the hands of those that need it most.
National Telecommunications Regulatory Agency (ANRT)
The Agency was established by the Head of Government and is endowed with a legal personality and financial autonomy, it is responsible for the control and regulation of the telecommunications sector.
The Mohammed VI Foundation
The foundation was created as part of the implementation of the provisions of the National Charter for Education and Training, it’s mission is the structural improvement of the living conditions of family education, consisting of over 300 000 members and including teachers, civil servants and pensioners of public Education-Training sector.
Women in Technology (WIT) for the Middle East and North Africa
Funded by the United States State Department’s Middle East Partnership Initiative, WIT was implemented in collaboration with local partners in nine countries/regions: Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. The aims of WIT are to empower women and increase their participation in the workforce by providing partner organizations with curricula, training, professional development, and Information Technology.
Assessing ICT Policy Development and Implementation in Developing Countries: a Case Study from Morocco (2015)Dr. Driss Kettani
In this paper, wepresent an analysis of the national Information and Communication Technologies Strategy in Morocco during the last 20years, along with numbers and facts relatedto what has been achieved in the ground and what has not.
ECPAT Global Monitoring Report: Morocco (2015)ECPAT
Status of action against commercial sexual exploitation of children in Morocco
Arab Social Media Report (2015)Arab Social Media Influencers Summit
The Arab social media report provides an overview on the social media reality in the Arab world through the monitoring of all social media trends in the Arab world and provides a detailed view on using social media channels in the different Arab countries.
ICT Practice in Morocco’s innovative teachers (2013)Ahmed Lablidi, Brahim Nachit, Abdelmjid Abourriche, Abdelwahed Namir, Mohammed Talbi
Results from a study on teachers ICT training in Morocco
Worldwide Online Bullying Survey (2012)Microsoft
This survey explored children’s experience of online bullying in 25 countries across the globe.
Worldwide Online Bullying Survey. (2012)Microsoft
This survey explored children’s experience of online bullying in 25 countries across the globe.
ICT in Education in Morocco (2007)Amr Hamdy
Status of implementaiton of ICT in Moroccan education system
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of consent for sexual activity in Morocco is eighteen. The age of consent for marriage is also eighteen, although minors can marry from the age of fourteen with parental consent. The age of simple majority in the country is eighteen.
- Article 483, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who publicly commits any obscene acts or offends public morals by voluntarily appearing nude will be liable to imprisonment for one month to two years and a fine of between 200 to 500 Dirham. An act is considered public if committed in the presence of one or more minors under the age of eighteen or in a place accessible to the public.
- Article 484, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for between two and five years for anyone who indecently assaults, or attempts to do so, without violence, a minor under the age of eighteen or a mentally disabled person. Where the offender had authority over the victim, or where the offense was committed jointly by two or more persons, an increased penalty of five to ten years’ imprisonment will apply (Article 487). If the victim was a virgin the prison term will be increased to between five and ten years’ (Article 488).
- Article 485, Penal Code. States that anyone who employs violence to indecently assault another person is liable to imprisonment for between five and ten years. Where the victim is a minor under the age of eighteen, an aggravated penalty of imprisonment for between ten and 20 years will apply. The same extended sentence applies if the victim was a virgin (Article 488). If the offender had authority over the victim, the offense was committed jointly by two or more persons, or the victim was a virgin, an aggravated penalty of between ten to 20 years’ imprisonment will apply, which will be increased further to 20 to 30 years if the victim was a minor (Article 487 and 488).
- Article 486, Penal Code. Defines rape as where a man has sexual intercourse with a woman against her will. The penalty is imprisonment for five to ten years. Where the victim is a minor under the age of eighteen, an aggravated penalty of imprisonment for between ten and 20 years will apply. If the offender had authority over the victim, the offense was committed jointly by two or more persons, or the victim was a virgin, an aggravated penalty of between ten to 20 years’ imprisonment will apply, which will be increased further to 20 to 30 years if the victim was a minor (Article 487 and 488).
- Article 489, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who commits any form of unnatural sexual acts with a person of the same gender will be punished by six months to two years in jail and a fine of between 200 to 1,000 Dirham, unless the offense constitutes a more serious crime.
- Article 490, Penal Code. States that anyone who has sexual intercourse with a person outside wedlock is liable to imprisonment for a term of between one month to one year.
- Article 497, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who excites, encourages or facilitates the debauchery or prostitution of minors under the age of eighteen will be punished by imprisonment for between two and ten years and a fine of between 20,000 to 200,000 Dirham.
- Article 498, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of one to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of between 5,000 to 1,000,000 Dirham for anyone who knowingly aids, assists or protects the prostitution of others or solicits for the purposes of prostitution. The same penalty applies to anyone who in any way profits from the prostitution of others, or who lives with a person who habitually engages in prostitution. It is also an offense, punishable with the same prison term and fine, to engage, support or entice a person to engage or remain in prostitution or debauchery, or to deliver a person into such, notwithstanding the consent of that person, or to act as an intermediary between persons engaged in prostitution.
- Article 499, Penal Code. States that anyone who commits an offense as specified in Article 498 in one of the following circumstances will be liable to imprisonment for between two to ten years and a fine of between 10,000 to 2,000,000 Dirham: the victim is a minor under the age of eighteen; the victim was in a difficult position because of her/his age, disability or physical or mental weakness, or was pregnant; the offense was committed against more than one victim; the offender is the victim’s spouse; the offense was committed under duress, undue influence or by fraud, or when means of photographing, filming or recording were used; the offender carried a weapon or lethal instrument; the offense was committed jointly by more than one perpetrator.
- Article 499-1, Penal Code. States that an aggravated penalty of between ten to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine of between 100,000 to 3,000,000 Dirham will apply if an offense against Article 499 was committed by a criminal organization.
- Article 499-2, Penal Code. States that the offenses under Articles 499 and 499-1 are punishable by life imprisonment if committed by torture or barbarous acts.
- Article 502, Penal Code. Defines the offense of publicly soliciting, by gestures, words, writing or any other means, other persons to commit debauchery. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between one month and one year and a fine of between 20,000 to 200,000 Dirham.
- Article 503-2, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who incites, encourages or facilitates the participation of children under the age of eighteen in the production of pornographic material is liable to imprisonment for between one and five years and a fine of between 10,000 to 1,000,000 Dirham. The same applies to anyone who produces, disseminates, publishes, imports, exports, exhibits, sells or possesses pornographic material relating to a minor via or in any medium. These acts are punishable even if they are committed in other countries. Any pornographic material involving children will be confiscated and destroyed, and judges may close any businesses or establishments involved in the production of these materials and publish the names and sentences of persons convicted. Attempts to commit this offense are also punishable.
Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Morocco has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.
2001 - Morocco created a cyber crime unit made up of specialist investigators from the national security division. Measures contained in PANE, the National Action Plan for Children, include devising and implementing a global communication strategy to combat all child exploitation.
2013 - Morocco is currently in the process of implementing a National Cybersecurity Management System (NCSecMS), which consists of four components: the National Cybersecurity Framework, Maturity Model, Roles & Responsibilities and the Implementation Guide. The Framework includes provisions for awareness raising and child online protection.
2015 - The Government of Morocco published a National Plan of Action for Children (PANE) 2006-2015 to honor the commitments Morocco made at the UN Special Session in May 2002 and to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The plan offers 10 collective goals to improve the wellbeing of the Morocco’s children, including better health , quality education, and safety and protection against all forms of abuse. It also provides support for vulnerable groups and children victims of abuse and violence.