2003 - The Lebanese Government published a Lebanon’s National eStrategy for the next 15 to 20 years. The Strategy stresses the importance of using ICT as an educational tool in formal education and recognizes the need to modernize existing curricula to exploit ICT for learning purposes. In addition, the strategy aims to encourage Internet access in schools by making it more affordable, and promote the use of educational websites that provide support for formal education.
2009 - The Republic of Lebanon Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (TRA) organized in cooperation with the Higher Council of Childhood a round table, where Internet service providers, software vendors, NGOs and members of the legislative internet committees shared their vision and discussed the necessary measures to take to provide protected internet space for children. World Vision kicked off Keeping Children Safe Online (KCSO) project, where teachers received training to spread awareness about of online challenges such as cyber bullying, fraud, child pornography, illegal content, and the means of protection to children and parents. As of 2015, 90% of participating teachers in Lebanon reported that they were more confident in teaching, monitoring and talking about online safety.
2010 - The Hariri Foundation for Sustainable Human Development in partnership with the World Links Arab Region, completed ICT in Education in Lebanon project, which ran for three years. The project provided methodologies and solutions for the Ministry of Education and Higher Education, strengthened the Lebanese education system by integrating ICT into schools. In total, 700 teachers were educated in 151 schools, thus reaching about 75,000 students.
An agreement has been reached at the Child Online Protection conference, held by the Higher Council of Childhood (HCC) and Microsoft. The participants agreed that Internet Service Providers should distribute a warning note to the parents when acquiring an Internet account and offer technical assistance to implement parental control software. These recommendations will be integrated into a draft code of conduct which is currently being prepared by the HCC’s Technical Committee.
2011- TRA Senior Consumer Affairs Expert, launched an awareness project at the Grand Lycee Franco-Libannais (GLFL) in Beirut with the objective to keep parents aware children’s Internet usage. In cooperation with UNESCO, a kit including security guidelines, a binding contract between parents and children, and awareness-raising information were distributed to private and public schools in Lebanon. TRA announced its latest efforts in making internet safer for children at the Quality Assured Outcomes in all Lebanese Schools held by UNESCO. The participants discussed the role of parents and academic institutions in protecting children in cyberspace. In an effort to reduce the digital divide and increase the public’s general knowledge of modern technologies, the Ministry of Telecommunications (MOT) in partnership with the Association of Banks in Lebanon inaugurated the country’s first free internet access in the public garden of Sioufi, Beirut.
Intel completed Intel’s Teach to the Future, a five-year program integrating technology into Lebanese schools to help students develop skills to be successful in 21st century. Over 20,000 teachers learned how, when and where to incorporate technology tools and resources into their lesson plans, create assessment tools, and align lessons with national standards.
2012 - Teachers were trained on the online safety curriculum prepared by World Vision and the Centre for Educational Research and Development (CERD). Those teachers are in turn now training 1,000 of their peers. The latter will be transmitting the knowledge to students in school classes and including it in their educational materials.
2013 - The Ministry of Education and Higher Learning in partnership with the CERD launched “Protecting children surfing the Internet” project to ensure protection of children using Internet by curbing any risk of exploitation and preserving the secrecy of private info.
2014 - A partnership between International Education Association (IEA), UNICEF-Lebanon, and the College of Teachers in London launched Pi4L (Pi for Learning) program. The program aims to provide access to quality education, accelerate basic literacy and numeracy learning to children underserved communities in Lebanon by increasing their level of autonomy and computer literacy skills.
2016 - The Lebanon Safer Internet Day Committee observed Safer Internet Day under the theme ‘Play your part for a better internet’. Internet safety awareness training sessions were provided to parents and students. Cisco Systems is currently implementing Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) academies across Lebanon, which were launched in 2005, to provide youth with networking and computer skills, enhancing their chances to join the job market. As of 2010, Cisco has established 44 CCNA academies in Lebanon. Furthermore, Cisco in partnership with Hariri Foundation established LebNEN (Lebanese National Education Network) seeks to support the government in building a platform for educational transformation to move the country firmly into the 21st century.
Dar Al Alman (House of Hope)
A national NGO safeguarding the rights of women and children. Established in 1970, the organization helps victims of sexual abuse, children exploited in prostitution, as well as runs literacy and educational programs, including ICT, and work towards equal opportunities for young women.
Hariri Foundation for Sustainable Human Development
The organization works on raising the Lebanese citizen’s economic, social and cultural situation, through reinforcing the citizens’ role in achieving sustainable human development.
Higher Council for Childhood (HCC)
Established in 1994, the HCC works towards implementing the general principles of children’s rights in Lebanon, in order to ensure their development and protection.
International Education Association (IEA)
The organization works with teachers, students and education-based nonprofits empowering learners to problem solve, create and collaborate through global learning, coding, electronics, robotics and media to become the entrepreneurs of the future in their communities.
International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Arab States
The specialized agency for ICT in the United Nations.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation
A feminist, secular, Lebanese, non-profit, non-governmental civil society organization that seeks to create a society that is free of social, economic and legal patriarchal structures that discriminate against women. One of their focus is child protection, particularly from sexual and gender-based violence.
Lebanese Council to Resist Violence against Women
Created in March 1997 with the main objective of divulging the taboo issue of violence against women and working on establishing social and legal structures that can prevent this social problem, the council is the only organization in Lebanon exclusively dedicated to combating all forms of violence against women, be it physical, emotional, sexual, economical, etc.
Ministry of Education and Higher Education
The Ministry is the government entity responsible for providing primary and secondary public education.
One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.
Save the Children Lebanon
The organization works with children, adolescents, youth and families in Lebanon since 1953, implementing the approaches developed during past emergencies to create effective safe spaces for children, adolescents, youth and families in need.
The organization aims to connect all primary and secondary public schools, private schools and libraries with the MoE through a telecommunications infrastructure with a gateway to the Internet, supported by the latest ICT developments.
Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (TRA)
The Authority liberalizes, regulates, and develops telecommunication to to establish a regulatory environment that enables a competitive telecommunications market to deliver state-of-the-art services at affordable prices to the broadest spectrum of the Lebanese population.
The Center for Educational Research and Development (CERD)
A national organization charged with modernization and development of education, based on educational planning, in collaboration with all stakeholders in the country. CERD reports directly to the Minister of Education and Higher Education.
The Ministry of Telecommunications
The ministry responsible for constructing, equipping, operating, and maintaining all telecommunications services in Lebanon including, comprising fixed, mobile, all internet services, and postal services.
A non-profit organization based in Beirut which has the objective of building the ICT capacity and competence of NGOs and SMEs.
Women in Technology (WIT) for the Middle East and North Africa
Funded by the United States State Department’s Middle East Partnership Initiative, WIT was implemented in collaboration with local partners in nine countries/regions: Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. The aims of WIT are to empower women and increase their participation in the workforce by providing partner organizations with curricula, training, professional development, and Information Technology.
World Vision - Lebanon
The international organization ensures that children’s safety is protected by educating parents and children on child rights and self protection.
Arab Social Media Report (2015)Arab Social Media Influencers Summit
The Arab social media report provides an overview on the social media reality in the Arab world through the monitoring of all social media trends in the Arab world and provides a detailed view on using social media channels in the different Arab countries.
Media Use in the Middle East (2013)E. Dennis, J. Martin, R. Wood
This report provides a view of how people in the Middle East use media and how they feel about their effect on their lives and societies.
Child Protection in Emegencies in Lebanon (2013)UNHCR
Child protection rapid needs in Lebanon assesment
Child Protection Policy (2013)KAFA (enough) Violance and Exploitation
The report published as part of “Protecting Children from Gender-based Violence” project and with the support of UNICEF, KAFA presents this child protection policy to serve as a reference and a code of conduct for all organizations implementing child protection activities as part of their emergency program in response to the Syrian crisis.
Global Digital Communication: Texting, Social Networking Popular Worldwide (2012)J. Menasce Horowitz, K. Simmons, J. Poushter, C. Barker
The report is a part of the Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project, which conducts opinion surveys on subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day.
Internet Filtering in Lebanon (2009)Open Net Initiative
Status of internet filtering and usage of ICT in Lebanon
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of majority in Lebanon is eighteen, with the age of consent for sexual activity set at fifteen. The age of consent for marriage is eighteen for boys and fifteen for girls. However, this can be reduced by the religious authorities where the boy or girl has reached puberty.
Penal Law published by decree 340, clauses 535 and 536 amended to include Child Online Abuse (not yet binding).
- Article 73, Penal Code. Defines the offense of inciting a minor under the age of eighteen to engage in prostitution, either by threat, deception or coercion. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between three months to two years.
- Article 503, Penal Code. Rape. This Article states that anyone who forces another person to have sexual intercourse outside marriage will be punished by hard labor for a minimum of five years. This will be increased to seven years if the victim is below the age of fifteen years.
- Article 505, Penal Code. Non-violent Sexual Intercourse with a Minor. States that it is a criminal offense to have sexual intercourse with a minor under the age of fifteen and that the crime is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor for up to fifteen years. A minimum penalty of five years applies if the victim is under the age of twelve. The article also prescribes a penalty of imprisonment for a period of between two months and two years for anyone who has sexual intercourse with a minor over the age of fifteen but under eighteen years of age.
- Article 506, Penal Code. This Article states, among other things, that anyone who abuses his authority or official position to have sexual intercourse with a minor aged between fifteen and eighteen is guilty of an offense and is liable to imprisonment with hard labor for up to fifteen years.
- Article 507, Penal Code. Obscene Acts. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment with hard labor for a minimum term of four years for anyone who coerces another person, by violence or intimidation, to commit or endure an obscene act. The minimum sentence will be six years’ hard labor if the victim is under the age of fifteen.
- Article 508, Penal Code. States that anyone who resorts to trickery or takes advantage of being physically or mentally superior to the victim in order to commit an obscene act will be punished by imprisonment with hard labor for up to ten years.
- Article 509, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who commits a lewd act with a minor under the age of fifteen, or incites the minor to commit such an act, is guilty of an offense and is liable to imprisonment with hard labor for up to fifteen years. The minimum sentence will be four years’ hard labor if the victim is under the age of twelve.
- Article 510, Penal Code. States, among other things, that anyone who abuses his authority or official position to commit an obscene act with a minor aged between fifteen and eighteen, or incites the minor to commit such an act, is liable to hard labor for up to ten years.
- Article 519, Penal Code. Defines the crime of touching a minor, male or female, under the age of fifteen without consent. The offender will be liable to imprisonment for up to six months.
- Article 520, Penal Code. States that anyone who propositions lewd or obscene acts to a minor under the age of fifteen will be punished by imprisonment for between one to ten days, or a fine up to a maximum of 250,000 Lebanese Pounds, or both.
- Article 523, Penal Code. Debauchery. This Article states that anyone who abets a person, male or female, under the age of 21 to debauchery or prostitution, or to assist the offender to commit these, is liable to imprisonment for a term between one month to one year, and a fine of between 50,000 to 100,000 Lebanese Pounds.
- Article 524, Penal Code. States that anyone who seduces a woman or a girl under the age of 21, even with consent, to gratify the sexual needs of others, will be punished by imprisonment for a minimum term of one year and a fine of 200,000 Lebanese Pounds.
- Article 533, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who produces, exports, imports or keeps writings, drawings, images, photographs, films, emblems or any other obscene object for trade or distribution, or advises on how to obtain them, is guilty of an offense and liable to imprisonment for a term of between one month to one year and a fine of 20,000 to 200,000 Lebanese Pounds.
- Article 534, Penal Code. Sets a punishment of imprisonment for between one month to one year and a fine between 200,000 and 1,000,000 Lebanese Pounds for anyone who engages in homosexual acts.
Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Lebanon has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.
2012 - Himaya was launched, developed by World Vision and its local partners, an e-helpline page that provides a hotline for children of Lebanon to report on online dangers and feel safer on the Internet. After just six months of promoting the Himaya online reporting, knowledge of the service increased overall from 19% to 54%, and knowledge among youth increased from 6% to 80%.
The Lebanese Telecommunication Regulatory Authority(TRA) presents information on child online protection as well as, along with the Ministry of Telecommunication, manages National Internet Safety Lebanon campaign that works on increasing awareness about the risks of interacting in the cyber space and provides tools, methodologies and best practices to address these risks.
Cyber Crime Bureau within Internal Security Forces provides hotline to report cyber crime including Child Abuse.
Dar Al Amal, an organization helps victims of sexual abuse, children exploited in prostitution, operates a specialised prevention project for child victims of violence, sexual abuse, exploitation and maltreatment aged between 11 and 18.