2005 - The government has implemented the School of the 21st Century Program. Launched in 2002, the program developed an infrastructure and pedagogical models to support the acquisition of the basic skills necessary for lifelong learning and the labor market. Up to 30% of the project budget was used on ICT, including the development of electronic content, and teacher training (700 teachers received training).
2007 - Hungary adopted National Core Curriculum (NCC) that places more emphasis on acquiring the key competences required for lifelong learning. The Digital Competence of NCC promotes the creation, critical thinking, creativity and innovation through the use ICT. Informatics and Computer Science courses were added to the NCC as a compulsory subject that covers word processing and use of the Internet. In addition, the curriculum encourages students to be aware of problems associated with the dangers of information online and to participate in social communities and networks that help establish a critical attitude towards the responsible use of information and the interaction with other internet users.
The same year, the government implemented the New Hungary Development Plan 2007 - 2013 (NHDP), which set out to compliment the first National Development Plan 2004 - 2006. The second development plan supported development of the digital literacy and modernization of teacher trainings through the competency-based education with digital education program packages, including Social Infrastructure Operational Programme (SIOP) 2007 - 2013 and Social Renewal Operational Programme 2007 - 2013 (SROP). SIOP established the physical infrastructure required to enhance labor market participation and the development of human resources, while SROP implemented interventions successfully, providing equal chances of access to quality services established by the SIOP. Both programs worked on developing ICT infrastructure in schools through the Intelligent School Program, classrooms were equipped with interactive whiteboards, projectors and computers and connected to the regional service networks.
2009 - The Ministry of National Resources (MNR) has uploaded content in line with the NCC for teachers and students in grades 7-12 the Sulinet Digital Knowledge Base (SDKB), a digital curriculum database and a content management tool for grades 7 - 12. Operational since September 2001, users of the site can create new modules and share them with colleagues, teacher can use training modules to develop their ICT and methodological skills. The content repository for grades 1-4 can be accessed through Junior SDKB.
Hungary established its Safer Internet Plus Project, aiming to provide children, teenagers, parents and teachers with the necessary knowledge for the safe use of internet. The program is managed by the Hungary Safer Internet Center Safer and International Children’s Safety Service, who serve in accordance mediated by the European Union of values safer use of the Internet and new online technologies, particularly for children, and the effectiveness of the fight against illegal and harmful content.
2014 - The Hungarian Government has adopted National Infocommunication Strategy 2014 -2020. One of the pillars of the strategy is to provide internal IT services that support and ensure the security of the operation of the government, electronic public administration services, and other electronic services. The strategy plans to introduce a programme on the security risks and the methods of their mitigation for teachers and parents of 6-14 year olds, as well as combating cybercrime into teacher training programs and school subject materials.
2016 - The Hungarian Safer Internet Center in collaboration with International Children’s Safety Service organized Safer Internet Day where results of the video competition for students on the topic of Internet safety its potential dangers were announced. Video contest which motivated the production of media content. Through its Let’s play together! Campaign new free board games were distributed to schools that encourage students the safe use of online technologies. The Bureau of Educational Support Service eTwinning organization is sponsoring the “Use of modern teaching methods and ICT tools in the context of the eTwinning action” in a free, accredited teacher training. The 30-hour accredited course aims to provide participants become familiar with the international eTwinning project and its pedagogical and methodological and technological possibilities of application in educational institutions.
Association of Hungarian Content Providers (MTE)
The organization was founded in 2001 by Hungarian internet content providers in order for the content providers to be able to participate in the development of the Hungarian Internet business market with verified and professionally supported commitments, and with the tools of self-regulation.
Bigyoo.hu The website, operated by the Council of Hungarian Internet Providers, provides ratings to websites based on theirs child friendly content, as well as gives tips on how to maintain child friendly webpages.
The Hotline offers an online reporting facility for the public to report illegal, harmful or abusive online content including child sexual abuse material (and other harmful contents).
An interactive center for professionals working in the field of child abuse and neglect prevention and intervention in Eastern Europe. It was created in 2001, the website was designed to build upon and promote the professional networks established by the Eastern European Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Program.
The Hungary’s National Cybersecurity Center, coordinating preventive work and responses against IT security breaches aimed at the country’s critical infrastructure. In addition, they work to raise awareness in the field of information and network security.
The authority provides and develops IT services for education, runs education-related research and development projects, fulfills administration-type activities in the educational system, and offers pedagogical professional services for teachers. The Authority is also involved in international cooperation, and it acts as the eTwinning NSS for Hungary, as well as maintains the Hungarian educational portal Sulinet.
European School Network
This group was founded in 2006 to create an exchange network among nine European schools. ESN arranges one-to-one student exchanges for one to eight weeks, and also provides the possibility of teacher exchanges, group exchanges and student seminars.
Friendly Internet Forum
Created by collaboration between domestic IT companies INFORUM, MATISZ, and MTE to education about harmful illegal content online in accordance with the European Union’s Better Internet for Kids campaign.
This industry association represents the interests of European mobile network operators. The group engages in lobbying in areas such as children’s use of mobile phones, privacy, digital inclusion and reducing the digital gender gap. In 2008, the organization formed a mobile alliance against child sexual abuse content.
Hungarian Association of Content Industry (MATISZ)
The organization perform professional interest representation and interest protection for members operating on the field of IT content development, distribution and related infrastructure. It promotes free flow of information, the eContent market and the more effective social exploitation of information.
Hungarian Digital School
Introduced as a pilot project in 2003, this digital secondary school for adults uses distance and traditional learning, integrated into the legislative framework for secondary education. Free of charge for the students, the school awards diplomas every four years.
Hungarian Safer Internet Center
Established in April 2009, the center is coordinated by the International Children’s Safety Service in collaboration with the Hungarian Association of Content Industry (MATISZ), Theodore Puskás Foundation (PTA) and Kék Vonal Child Crisis Foundation. Every year, the center organizes the country’s events to celebrate Safer Internet Day.
Information Society Interest Reconciliation Forum (INFORUM)
Since 1997, the organization active in Hungary with implementation of the information society. In particular, considers the use of social informatics wide grossed become a priority task, Hungarian society by raising the quality of life of IT assets, and the cooperation between generations, the realization value delivery of IT tools.
International Children's Safety Service (ICSS)
A non-profit organization that was launched by the European Commission’s Safer Internet awareness-Plus as a center for children, parents, teachers and education of decision-makers. It looks to attract more Internet users in the country to surf the internet under secure conditions, or in the event of a problem the stakeholders know whom to turn to.
International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Europe
The ITU is is the UN agency for ICTs. Areas of focus in Europe include improving E-accessibility in Central and Eastern Europe, transitioning Europe to digital broadcasting, and sharing best practices for implementing e-applications.
Internet Governance Forum
The IGF was founded by the UN in 2006 to serve as a discussion platform for internet governance policy issues. It brings together various stakeholders to determine best practices for internet policy. Past areas of focus include cybersecurity, human rights, inclusivity and openness.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.
Kek Vonal Child Crisis Foundation
The foundation was established in 1993 and has a wide-ranging remit, including that of Internet safety for children. The foundation is one of the eNACSO (The European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online) partners involved in a project funded by the Safer Internet Project to develop a European network of children’s NGOs with expertise on child Internet safety, to be the focal point representing civil society in relation to online child protection.
Ministry of Human Capacities
The ministry oversees the pedagogical, professional and educational efforts in public education. It is responsible for drawing up the necessary development plans, creating the legislation required for such operations and ensuring that the institutions work at the required standard of quality. It organizes pedagogical, professional assessments, examinations and surveys in the field of public education.
Ministry of National Resources
The Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for all primary and secondary education in the country.
National Media and Infocommunications Authority
A government organization tasked with ensuring the undisturbed operation of information and communications technology, with particular attention given to the interests of users.
NISZ National Infocommunications Service Company Ltd
The company provides telecommunication and IT services to the government and public administration sector. In addition, NISZ plays a major role in realizing a wide range of nationwide IT and e-government development projects financed by both the European Union and the Hungarian Government.
The Hungarian Culture Foundation for Children was founded in 2002 for the basic literacy skills, promote values, closely linked to the national curriculum of general development requirements, helps improve user culture of IT equipment. The Foundation was one of the initiators of the child-friendly Internet movement, created and operated by carrying the child content sites rating system.
SOS Children’s Villages
The organization was established to provide a home and love to children who are forced out of their families, dedicated to caring for children to grow up and become a balanced, happy adults.
SuliNet Digital Knowledge Base (SDT)
The Ministry of Natural Resources’ digital curriculum database and a content management tool for grades 1 - 12. In addition to educational material for use in the classroom, teacher training modules aim to develop the educators’ ICT and methodological skills.
Theodore Puskas Foundation
A non-profit public benefit organization under Hungarian law. Its operational arm, the Institute of International Technology offers a wide assortment of dedicated services in the fields of technology transfer, business consulting, database services, innovation management, management consulting, unique training programs, event organising and marketing services.
A Survey on the Transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on Combating Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation of Children and Child Pornography (2016)Together Against Sexual Exploitation of Children
The study examines how seven key provisions of Directive 2011/93/EU on the fight against sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography have been adopted by the 27 European Union (EU) Member States bound by the Directive.
How parents of young children manage digital devices at home: the role of income, education and parental style (2015)Livingstone, Sonia, Mascheroni, Giovanna, Dreier, Michael, Chaudron, Stephane, Lagae, Kaat
The report compares strategies of parental mediation on the internet according to levels of parental education and household income. The aim was to inform policy-makers and practitioners on how to approach parental guidance and awareness raising.
The impact of internet and new media on the occurrence of violence against children in Europe and Cyprus (2015)Rosella Sala
This document demonstrate that countries lack of expertise on child sexual exploitation and struggle combating this issue by their own. It suggests to establish an international legal framework to prosecute offenders and protect children.
Combatting Child Sexual Abuse (2015)Petra Jeney
The study provides an overview of existing legislation at European Union, Member State and the international level related to online child sexual abuse, as well as the role of law enforcement agencies in combatting child sexual abuse online and other governmental and private sector initiatives.
Global Research Project: A Global Landscape of Hotlines Combating Child Sexual Abuse Material on the Internet and an Assessment of Shared Challenges (2015)Melissa Stroebe, Stacy Jeleniewski, PhD
This report examines hotlines combating Internet-facilitated Child Sexual Abuse Material.
Global Research Project: A Global Landscape of Hotlines Combating Child Sexual Abuse Material on the Internet and an Assessment of Shared Challenges (2015)Melissa Stroebe, Stacy Jeleniewski, PhD
This report examines hotlines combating Internet-facilitated Child Sexual Abuse Material.
Mapping Safer Internet Policies in the Member States (2014)P. Baudouin, B. Mahieu, T. Dor, B. Good, J. Milayi, S. Nakajima
The purpose of the study was to set up a framework for analysing Better Internet for Children public policies covering EU Member States, and Norway and Iceland.
Final recommendations for policy (2014)O’Neill, B., Staksrud, E
Combining all the EU Kids Online policy guidance into one resource, this report provides more than 30 proposed actions for making the Internet safer for children.
Children's Use of Online Technologies in Europe (2014)K. Ólafsson, S. Livingstone, L. Haddon
This report reviews recent research on children’s use of internet and mobile technologies identified by the EU Kids Online network.
Policy Influences and Country Clusters: A Comparative Analysis of Internet Safety Policy Implementation (2014)B. O'Neill
The report examines the policy context of internet safety and looks at how countries within each cluster approach implementation.
Global Alliance Against Child Sexual Abuse Online: Hungary (2014)European Commission
Report on Hungary's commitment to stop Child Sexula Abuse Online
Zero to Eight - Young Children and Their Internet Use (2013)Holloway, D., Green, L., and Livingstone, S. with members of the EU Kids Online network,
This report reviews a number of other studies and provides recommendations as to how younger children can be protected from online risks.
Risks and safety on the internet: Comparing Brazilian and European children (2013)Barbosa, A., O’Neill, B., Ponte, C., Simões, J.A., Jereissati, T.,
This study compares the results of the survey of Brazilian children and their parents/guardians, carried out by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee. Using the same methodology as the EU Kids Online research, the results from Brazil are compared with those from Europe.
Country Classification: Opportunities, Risks, Harm and Parental Mediation (2013)Helsper, E. J., Kalmus, V., Hasebrink, U., Sagvari, B. and De Haan, J. with members of the EU Kids Online network
With data from 25 of the European countries surveyed in EU Kids Online, the report examines the range and type of online opportunities, risks and harm which children from each country experience, as well as looking at ways in which parents control or mediate their children’s Internet use.
In their own words: what bothers children online? (2013)Livingstone S., Kirwil, L., Ponte C. and Staksrud E., with the EU Kids Online network
The results of a survey of nearly 10,000 children in 25 countries across Europe, this report details what children say upsets them and their friends online
ICT in Primary Education (2012)Ivan Kalaš, Haif E. Bannayan, Leslie Conery, Ernesto Lava, Diana Laurillard, Cher Ping Lim, Sarietjie Musgrave, Alexei Semenov, Márta Turcsányi-Szabó
Status of implementation of ICT in primary schools in Slovakia, Jordan, United States, Chile, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, South Africa, Russia, and Hugnary.
Report on risks faced by children online and policies to protect them (2012)Kristina Irion
The report provides key findings and policy recommendations to keep children safe online as a follow up to the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration on the Future of the Internet Economy.
EU Kids Online: Excessive Internet Use among European Children (2012)Smahel, D, Helsper, E, Green, L, Kalmus, V, Blinka, L, Ólafsson, K,
This report uses the data from the EU Kids Online study to examine excessive use of the Internet by children in the 25 participating countries.
Excessive Internet Use by European Children (2012)D. Smahel, E. Helsper, L. Green, V. Kalmus, L. Blinka, K. Ólafsson
This report presents new findings and further analysis of the EU Kids Online 25-country survey regarding excessive use of the internet by children.
EU Kids Online: National perspectives. (2012)Leslie Haddon, Sonia Livingstone and the EU Kids Online network
This report summarizes the Internet experiences of children in the 33 participating EU Kids Online countries and includes eight countries which have not appeared in previous reports
EU Kids Online: National perspectives (2012)Haddon, L., Livingstone, S., EU Kids Online Network
This report summarizes the Internet experiences of children in the 33 participating EU Kids Online countries and includes eight countries which have not appeared in previous reports.
Risks and safety on the internet: The perspective of European children. Full Findings (2011)Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., Görzig, A., Ólafsson, K
Building on the original study, EU Kids Online I, this second piece of research includes the findings from research which took place in 25 countries. Children in the 9 – 16 age group were surveyed on their experiences of online use, risk and safety
Safety and Security on the Internet Challenges and Advances in Member States (2011)World Health Organization
Evaluation of public health threat presented by the Internet in every Member States.
Education on Online Safety in Schools in Europe (2009)Eurydice
The study covers 30 European countries and provides information on whether online safety is taught and how it is taught in schools within the participating countries.
Hungary Country Report on ICT in Education (2009)Zsuzsa Tar, Perényi Petra
Report on the implementation of ICT in education sector
Teenagers’ Actions and Interactions Online in Central and Eastern Europe (2008)Monica Barbovschi and Maria Diaconescu
In this book, the editors present articles on Central and Eastern European teenagers’ online behavior, covering aspects including gender differences, frequency of use, and ties between life lived on and offline.
Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU - a parents' perspective (2008)Eurobarometer
The study covers 27 EU Member States and provides parental responses to a range of questions relating to Internet safety and their perception of risk.
U.S. /European Summit on Missing & Exploited Children (2005)International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children
Participants from different governments, law enforcement, and nongovernmental organizations participated in the U.S. /European Summit on Missing & Exploited Children. They discussed successes and shortcomings of current efforts to address the global problem of missing and exploited children, and adopted a comprehensive Action Plan.
Safer Internet for Children and Adolescents in the new Member States. Full Report (2004)Eurobarometer
This report covers the ten accession countries of the time: Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.
This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.
The age of consent for sexual activity is fourteen. The legal age of simple majority and consent for marriage is eighteen, although with the consent of a parent or guardian a marriage can be conducted at sixteen years of age.
Hungary has signed, ratified and entered into law the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (January 2004).
- Section 52 (3), Criminal Code. Prohibition to Exercise Professional Activity. This section states that any person who who committed crimes against the freedom of sexual life and sexual morality against a person under the age of eighteen may be disqualified from practising any profession or activity that involves the education, supervision care or medical treatment of persons under the age of eighteen or any other relationship of power or influence over such persons.
- Section 77, Criminal Code. Irreversibly Rendering Electronic Information Inaccessible. This section states that data published on electronic telecommunication networks shall be rendered permanently inaccessible if the publication or making accessible of the data is a criminal offence, the data was used for committing a criminal offence, or the data was created through a criminal offence. Rendering electronic data permanently inaccessible shall be ordered even if the perpetrator cannot be punished due to being a child, due to mental incapacity or a reason excluding punishability defined by law, or if the offender has been reprimanded.
- Section 142(e), Criminal Code. Genocide. The section states that if any person whose ultimate aim of the destruction, in whole or in part, of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group abducts children of the group and installs them into another group is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment between ten to twenty years or with life imprisonment.
- Section 142(f), Criminal Code. Crimes Against Humanity. The section states that if any persons who - being part of a widespread or systematic practice forces another person to commit or tolerate sexual violence, forces others into prostitution or to bear a child, or into illegal abortion is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment between ten to twenty years or with life imprisonment.
- Section 192 (5), Criminal Code. Trafficking in Human Beings. The section states that if any person who for the purpose of exploitation - sells, purchases, exchanges, supplies, receives, recruits, transports, harbors or shelters a person under age of eighteen years, including transfer of control over such person, for the purpose of child pornography is punishable by imprisonment between five to fifteen years.
- Section 192 (6), Criminal Code. Trafficking in Human Beings. The section states that if any person who for the purpose of exploitation - sells, purchases, exchanges, supplies, receives, recruits, transports, harbors or shelters a person under age of fourteen years, including transfer of control over such person, for the purpose of child pornography is punishable by imprisonment between five to twenty years or life imprisonment.
- Section 193 (2), Criminal Code. Forced Labor. The section states that if any person who forces another a person under the age of eighteen years by taking advantage of his vulnerable situation, or by force or by threat of force, to perform work against his will, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment between two to eight years.
- Section 196, Criminal Code. Sexual Exploitation. The section states that if any person who forces another person under the age of eighteen years to perform or tolerate sexual activities is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment between two to eight years. If the crime is committed against a person under the age of fourteen years is punishable by imprisonment between five to ten years.
- Section 197, Criminal Code. Sexual Violence. The section states that if any person who forces or threats against the life or bodily integrity of a person under the age of twelve years is punishable by the imprisonment between five to ten years. If sexual violence is committed against a person under the age of eighteen years is punishable by the imprisonment between five to ten years. Any person over the age of eighteen years who attempts to persuade a person under the age of fourteen years to engage in sexual activities with him or with another person is punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years.
- Section 198,Criminal Code. Sexual Abuse. The section states that if any person who engages in sexual activities with a person under the age of fourteen years, or persuades such person to engage in sexual activities with another person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment between one to five years.
- Section 200, Criminal Code. Pandering. The section states that if any person who offers or solicits a person under the age of eighteen years for prostitution shall be punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years for pandering.
- Section 201 (2), Criminal Code. Procuring for Prostitution or Sexual Act. The section states that if any person persuades a person under the age of eighteen years to engage in prostitution is punishable by imprisonment between one to five years.
- Section 202, Criminal Code. Living on Earnings of Prostitution. The section states that if any person who supports himself wholly or in part from the earnings of a person engaging in prostitution is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years.
- Section 203, Criminal Code. Exploitation of Child Prostitution. The section states that if any person who endeavors to profit from the exploitation of the prostitution of a person under the age of eighteen years is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years. Any person who gives money or any other form of remuneration for sexual activities with a person under the age of eighteen years is punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years. Any person who is supported partly or wholly by profiting from the exploitation of the prostitution of a person under the age of eighteen years is punishable by imprisonment between one to five years. Any person who maintains or operates a brothel, or provides material assistance for the operation of a brothel where the exploitation of the prostitution of a person under the age of eighteen years takes place is punishable by imprisonment between two to eight years.
- Section 204 (1), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. The section states that if any person who obtains or have in his possession pornographic images of a person or persons under the age of eighteen years is punishable for a felony by imprisonment not exceeding three years. If any person produces, offers, supplies or makes available pornographic images of a person or persons under the age of eighteen years is punishable by imprisonment between one to five years. If any person distributes, deals with or makes pornographic images of a person or persons under the age of eighteen years available to the general public is punishable by imprisonment between two to eight years.
- Section 204 (2), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. This section states that any person who produces, offers, supplies or makes available pornographic images of a person who is in the care, custody or supervision of or receives medical treatment from, the perpetrator, or if abuse is made of a recognized position of trust, authority or influence over the victim is punishable by the imprisonment between two to eight years.
- Section 204 (3), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. This section states that any person who provides assistance in distributing, dealing with or makes pornographic images of a person or persons under the age of eighteen years available to the general public is punishable by imprisonment between one to five years. = Section 204 (4), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. This section states that any person who persuades a person or persons under the age of eighteen years to participate in a pornographic production is punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years. Or gives a role to a person or persons under the age of eighteen years in a pornographic production is punishable by imprisonment between one to five years.
- Section 204 (5), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. This section states that any person who offers to a person or persons under the age of eighteen years to participate in a pornographic material, participates in a pornographic production in which a person or persons under the age of eighteen years also participate, provides material assistance for the involvement of a person or persons under the age of eighteen years in a pornographic production is punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years.
- Section 204 (6), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. This section states that any person who provides the means necessary for or facilitating the production or distribution of or trafficking in pornographic material on a person or persons under the age of fourteen years is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment not exceeding two years.
- Section 204 (7), Criminal Code. Child Pornography. For the purposes of this Section a ‘pornographic material’ shall mean any video, movie or photograph or other form of recording that displays sexuality in a gravely indecent manner of exposure specifically for arousing sexual demeanor. ‘Pornographic production’ means an act or show to display sexuality in a gravely indecent manner of exposure specifically for arousing sexual demeanor.
- Section 205 (2), Criminal Code. Indecent Exposure. This section states that any person who over the age of eighteen years who exposes him/herself before another person under the age of fourteen years in an indecent way for arousing or for the satisfaction of his/her sexual desire is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years, insofar as the act did not result in a more serious criminal offense.
- Section 206, Criminal Code. Prohibition from Residing in a Particular Area. This section states that prohibition from residing in a particular area may be imposed against any person found guilty of the exploitation of child prostitution, procuring for prostitution or sexual act, living on earnings of prostitution or indecent exposure.
- Section 208, Criminal Code. Abuse of a Minor. The section states that a person who is given custody of a minor to maintain and care for the person in his charge seriously violates the obligations arising from such duty and thereby endangers the physical, intellectual, moral or mental development of the minor, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment between one to five years. Any person over the age of eighteen years who persuades or makes any attempt to persuade a person under the age of eighteen years to commit a criminal or misdemeanor offense, or to engage in immoral conduct, offers a person under the age of eighteen years for the commission of a crime, is punishable by imprisonment between one to five years.
- Section 209, Criminal Code. Child Labor. This section states that any person who violates the statutory provisions on the employment of persons under the age of eighteen years or employs a third-country national under the age of eighteen years without authorization to undertake gainful employment is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment not exceeding three years.
2005 - The Hungarian Association of Content Industry established Hungary’s Internet Hotline, since 2011, it has been managed by the Hungarian National Media and Information Communications Authority. Internet users can report unlawful or harmful to minors online material, including racism/hate speech, adult pornography, self-harm, and bullying. As an active member of INHOPE, the hotline works closely with law enforcement, Internet Service Providers, policy makers, and community organizations in pursuit of its mission. In 2013, the hotline received almost 500 reports of material which may be illegal or harmful to minors.
2011 - The Theodore Puskas Foundation established Biztonsagosinternet hotline to remove any illegal or potentially harmful material from the Internet, with particularly child sexual abuse material. In addition, the hotline receives complaints regarding SPAM, racism, adult pornography, bullying, and enticement to drug use. The Biztonsagosinternet, operated by NISZ National Infocommunications Service Company Ltd., is part of the Hungarian Safer Internet Centre and became a member INHOPE in 2012. The hotline has a signed MoU with the Hungarian TLD registrar that provides a mechanism for the revocation of .hu domain names in cases of continuous breaches against code of conduct, as well as with the Kék Vonal Child Crisis Foundation, the host of the Helpline in the framework of the Safer Internet Action Plan, that details the main protocols of case handling.
2012 - Along with 54 countries, Hungary has joined the Global Alliance against Child Sexual Abuse Online. The Alliance unites Ministers of the Interior and of Justice from each country to fight against Child Sexual Abuse Online, to rescue victims, to develop more effective prosecution, and to reduce the amount of child sexual abuse images available online.
The Hungarian Criminal Code was revised, and includes for the first time offenses relating to sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. The revised Criminal Code sees the removal of references to morality and harsher penalties for sexual offenses such as rape, in line with European Union agreed standards.
2013 - After the participation in the international tender “successful multi-agency working to safeguard children: a European guide and blended training among law enforcement officers & key agencies,”the Hungarian Office of Public Administration and Justice submitted a report to the European Commission that is related to “ISEC Call for proposals restricted to Framework Partners 2012”. The project made recommendations and offered guidance, in the form of an online guide, on how to form a successful professional chain for children exposed to different forms of violence, exploitation and abuse.
2014 - The Kék Vonal Child Crisis Foundation participated in Delete Cyberbullying a European project co-financed by the DAPHNE program, which initiated in 2013. The main goals of the project were to call attention to the phenomenon of cyberbullying towards children, set up working groups to collect good practices on recognizing and preventing cyberbullying at school and family level, and develop an online, user-friendly campaign material.
The Ministry of Public Administration and Justice, which regulates the circumstances for the hearings of children, has created 21 child friendly hearing rooms throughout the country. These child-friendly hearing rooms, located at the police stations, make help experts to hear children under special circumstances suited to the child’s age and level of development with the minimum trauma possible. Training related to appropriate usage of child-friendly hearing rooms was made available to nearly 300 police officers at all 21 locations.