Honduras

Population

8,746,673

Population 0‑14

34.2%

Internet Users

49.3%

Facebook Users

2,400,000

Mobile Subscribers

8,100,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2002 - The Ministry of Education published strategic guidelines in ICT. Although the main focus of this early document was on the development of an ICT infrastructure capable of improving the school management and increasing the efficiency of administration, it also recognized the need to further research and develop the field of information technologies in the teaching-learning process, and to integrate ICT in the educational process to raise the country’s competitiveness within the new economy.

The Ministry of Education’s Information and Computer Education Program (Programa de Infopedagogía e Informática Educativa, or, PIIE) concentrates on the integration of ICT into the planning, development, strengthening and extension of the subjects comprising the national core curriculum. Supported by UNESCO and UNDP, the program provides classroom resources of up to fifteen connected computers with multimedia capability and educational software. In addition, the program comprises of teacher training, technical support, research on ICT applied in the classroom, development and adaptation or educational software and content, as well as the constant monitoring and evaluation of the program. The training plan for teachers includes modules on computer and management tools, as well as models for evaluating the effective use of technology in the teaching-learning process.

2008 - Honduras’ Education Portal aims to encourage and support the introduction and integration of ICT into the curriculum as envisaged by the Infopedagogía program. The portal acts as a virtual platform, guiding schools and providing learning resources as well as teacher training tools. Fully supported by the Ministry of Education, it provides access to up-to-date research and documents for teachers and administrators, as well as multimedia resources and interactive resources for students.

2009 - The NGO, Partnership in Opportunities for Employment through Technology in The Americas (POETA) provides training to people with disabilities and to young people, both of whom have high rates of unemployment. The aim is that through providing training in the use of ICT, as well as courses on other topics, such as job readiness, combined with POETA’s support to students to find them job placements after they have completed their course, students will find employment.

2012 - Honduras National Commission for Telecommunications celebrated for the first time the Girls in ICT Day. The purpose of this initiative is to encourage in girls the knowledge and interest on the information and communication technology (ICT), and the effective use of these tools as a learning, communicating and entertainment mechanism for both personal and professional development.

2014 - The Honduran Foundation for Corporate Social Responsibility (Fundahrse), together with the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education hosted the ‘From writing to digital’ congress. The objective was to make people aware of the importance of writing, digital literacy and its challenges. Furthermore, during the event, participants analysed the new relations between the basic education and the new Information and communications technology (ICT) so important for the national economic development.

Digital Agenda 2014 - 2018

Educational Community of Central America and Dominican Republic (CEDUCAR)

A virtual meeting place for the teaching community, this educational portal links eight Latin American countries and their respective educational systems. It provides up-to-date information, online courses, virtual communities, digital resources, newsletters, digital libraries and other educational materials.

First Education Portal of Honduras

It offers resources for students and teachers alike, this portal arose from the need to provide schools with a virtual platform to assist them in the integration of ICT into the curriculum.

Instituto Interamericano del Niño, la Niña y Adolescente (INN)

A specialized body of the Organization of American States (OAS) on children and adolescents policy that provides guidance to the different states on how they must assume protection.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

Latin American Network of Educational Portals (La Red Latinoamericana de Portales Educativos – RELPE)

Formed in 2004 by an agreement of the Ministries of Education from sixteen Latin American countries, a network of educational portals, allowing the collaboration and sharing of educational content between the member countries. It also provides for the construction of standards and methodologies of processes to position the network as a benchmark in the region and the world on collaborative management of educational content.

Latin American Network of ICT and Education (Red Iberoamericana de TIC y Educación – RIATE)

This organization promotes bilateral or multilateral cooperation for development through the exchange of information, initiatives and projects that promote the integration of ICT in education in 21 countries.

One Laptop per Child (OLPC)

A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.

Protecting Children from Cybercrime (2015)

Simone dos Santos Lemos Fernandes, Legal Consultant, Global Forum on Law Justice and Development (GFLJD), Legal Vice Presidency, World Bank

This report studies different Latin American countries’ legislation on the prevention and combat of violence against children on the internet. It also identifies gaps and good practices on the protection of children from cybercrime.

The commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Latin America (2014)

ECPAT International

This report studies the different forms of sexual exploitation of children inLatin America. Furthermore, it highlights the new emerging trends and how Latin america is addressing this phenomena

Small World, Big Responsibility: The UK’s role in the global trade in children (2012)

Erika Hall, Phillippa Lei

This report preset information on the different forms of child exploitation. Its purpose is to raise awareness to this global issue.

Small World, Big Responsibility: The UK’s role in the global trade in children (2012)

Erika Hall, Phillippa Lei

This report preset information on the different forms of child exploitation. Its purpose is to raise awareness to this global issue.

Missing Children in Central America: Research of Practices and legislation on Prevention and Recovery (2011)

UNICEF and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

This report is about the situation of Central America in 2011 on the matter of trafficking and sexual exploitation. It pays close attention to legislation, some cases and the countries’ actions on this issue.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the Internet (2011)

Inter American Children’s Instirute

This is a report to the Organization of American States on the situation of the member states in the issue of commercial sexual exploitation and the impact of internet in their lives.

Computers in Schools: Why governments Should do their Homework (2011)

Inter-American Development Bank

This chapter is a comparison of the Latin American governments include ICT in their educational programs.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of simple majority in Honduras is 21 and the age of consent for sexual activity is fifteen, as the Penal Code stipulates that sex with a minor under fourteen, even with consent, will always be considered rape.

  • Article 140, Penal Code. Rape. Defines the crime of rape as sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral or anal) with another person of either sex by force or threat of causing serious and imminent injury to the victim, his/her spouse or domestic partner, or one of his/her relatives. The crime of rape is punishable by imprisonment for between ten and fifteen years. An increased sentence of imprisonment for fifteen to 20 years will apply if rape is committed, without any violence or threats, in the following circumstance: the victim is under fourteen years of age; the victim is unable to resist or has been drugged by the offender, using narcotic substances or alcohol; the offender has been entrusted with the victim’s care or custody, and abuses his authority to commit the crime; the offender knowingly infected his victim with the HIV (AIDS) virus or any other contagious incurable disease. The Article also states that the same punishment shall apply if the victim is over the age of 70, if the victim falls pregnant as a result of the crime, if the crime has been committed jointly by more than one person, or if the offender has previously been sentenced for the same crime.
  • Article 141, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who sexually assaults another person in an act not amounting to sexual intercourse, by taking advantage of the conditions or using the means indicated in the previous Article, will be liable to imprisonment for a term of between five to eight years. The Article also states that the penalty will be increased by half if the victim is under the age of fourteen, even if he/she consented to the act or is older than the offender, or if the victim is mentally impaired or deprived, or unable to resist. Where the offense includes the insertion of objects of any kind into the sexual organs of the victim, the punishment will be increased to ten to fifteen years’ imprisonment.
  • Article 142, Penal Code. States that the rape of a person over fourteen and under eighteen will be penalized by imprisonment for between six to eight years, if the offender took advantage of a position of trust, authority or hierarchy in order to commit the act. Where rape is committed by deception the punishment will be five to seven years’ imprisonment.
  • Article 144, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who uses force, intimidation or deceit to remove or retain a person for sexual purposes is guilty of an offense and liable to imprisonment for between four and six years. Where the victim is under the age of eighteen, the penalty will be increased by half.
  • Article 148, Penal Code. Defines the offense of pimping as promoting, inducing, facilitation, recruiting or subjecting another person’s commercial sexual activities. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between six to ten years and a fine of 100 to 200 minimum wages. The Article also states that the penalty will be increased by half if the victim is under the age of eighteen; if the offender takes advantage of his trade, profession or business; if the offender abuses a position of trust, hierarchy or power over the victim, or if the victim is subject to conditions of bondage or slavery-like practices.
  • Article 149, Penal Code. States that anyone who facilitates, promotes or runs the recruitment, retention, transport, transfer, delivery or receipt of persons, inside or outside the national territory, for commercial sexual exploitation, is guilty of the offense of trafficking and liable to imprisonment for between eight to thirteen years and a fine of 150 to 250 minimum wages. The penalty will be increased by half if the victim is under the age of eighteen; if the offender uses force, intimidation, deceit or promise of employment; if the offender drugged the victim; if the offender takes advantage of his trade, profession or business; if the offender abuses a position of trust, hierarchy or power over the victim, or pays the victim to obtain their consent.
  • Article 149A, Penal Code. States that anyone who induces or permits the exposure of minors under the age of eighteen to places that promote commercial sexual exploitation will be liable to imprisonment for between three to six years, and a fine of 50 to 100 minimum wages.
  • Article 149B, Penal Code. This Article constitutes that anyone who uses minors under the age of eighteen in public or private shows or exhibits of a sexual nature is guilty of an offense and liable to imprisonment for between four to eight years and a fine of 100 to 200 minimum wages.
  • Article 149C, Penal Code. States that it is an offense to have sexual intercourse or commit other sexual acts with a minor over the age of fourteen and under eighteen, for a fee or remuneration of any kind to the victim or a third person. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between six to ten years.
  • Article 149D, Penal Code. This Article constitutes that it is an offense to finance, produce, reproduce, distribute, import, export, offer, market or disseminate, whether direct, electronic, or by any other means, pornographic or erotic material depicting a minor under the age of eighteen. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for a term between ten to fifteen years, and a fine of 200 to 300 minimum wages. The Article also states that the possession of pornographic material depicting children and adolescents will be punished with four to six years’ imprisonment.
  • Article 155, Penal Code. States that the slander or false accusation of an offense resulting in official investigations is punishable by imprisonment for between two to three years.
  • Article 157, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone whose words or actions dishonored, discredited or disdained another person will be liable to imprisonment for one to two years.
  • Article 158, Penal Code. The offense is not admissible upon evidence of the truth of the accusation.
  • Article 159, Penal Code. States that where the slander was mutual, the court may decide not to punish either party or just one of them. The same applies if the slander was committed in a state of anger, and determined to be unjust immediately after.
  • Article 160, Penal Code. Defines defamation as libel or slander made in form or through disclosure that could cause public hatred or contempt against the defamed. The penalty imposed is the same as for slander, plus one third.
  • Article 161, Penal Code. This Article states that it is an offense to publish or reproduce, by any means, libel or slander inflicted by another person. The offender will be punished in the same way as the offender of the original libel or slander.

No information could be found about national Internet safety initiatives or campaigns in Honduras at the present time. Current focus within education is on providing ICT equipment, initially without Internet connectivity, although some online resources are available in the form of the country’s education portal.

The country’s laws cover the broad range of offenses which might be committed as a result of Internet use, and the child pornography law specifically includes dissemination by electronic means within its definition. Penalties are often increased where the victim is a child, or where a position of trust has been abused.

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