Haiti

Population

10,110,019

Population 0‑14

33.3%

Internet Users

12.0%

Facebook Users

1,000,000

Mobile Subscribers

8,600,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2010 - The earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, affected an estimated 3 million people, with an estimated 220,000 deaths and more than 1.2 million left homeless. ICT was an important tool in facilitating communication and coordination in the aftermath of this disaster. Volunteers, the government of Haiti and international organizations were able to collect, share and act upon vast amounts of digital information made available on social networking websites, platforms and web portals. During the earthquake, a large proportion of the island’s ICT infrastructure and telecommunications network were destroyed or badly damaged, and by July 2010 the ITU led an international effort to speed up its reconstruction.

In an effort to expose school children to modern technologies at an early stage, Haiti joined the One Laptop Per Child program. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab launched the now-famous project in 2005, aiming to provide a basic laptop to all the poorest children in the world, especially in developing countries. In its first year in Haiti, 11,000 children benefited from the OLPC program at four sites across the island, with equipment purchased with the aid of a US$2.5 million grant made available by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the OLPC Foundation. As stated in its Operational Plan 2010 - 2015, the Ministry of National Education & Professional Training (Ministère de l’Éducation Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle – MENFP) hoped to distribute the XO laptops to all primary schools across Haiti by the end of 2015, equipping a total of 2 million students with the hardware at a cost of US$ 348 million.

2011 - Haiti has a requirement for 2,000 new educators annually, standing in sharp contrast to the 400 applicants each year, of which an estimated 70% have not received any formal teacher training. The government has recognized that it is essential to modernize its education infrastructure and the quality of its teacher training and education standards in an attempt to prepare its students for work in the 21st century.

The possible impact of computers on educational attainment, how technology can improve education, and what role ICT skills should play in the core curriculum were among the topics discussed during Haiti’s ‘ICT in Education Summit’ in June 2011. Unfortunately, no document presenting conclusions or recommendations from the summit appears to be available online.

2012 - The ICT project in the Commonwealth C@ribNET, was launched in April. This research and education broadband fiber optic network was introduced under the Caribbean Knowledge Learning Network Project (CKLN), connecting all regional tertiary institutions, research institutes and civil institutions from the education sector. The network links all 21 Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries with research and education entities in Europe, North and Latin America, giving them affordable access to e-learning content and other knowledge resources.

2014 - In March, Inveneo launched the project the TTT (Transforming Teaching through Tablets )for primary school teachers in Haiti. It is designed to improve the quality of education in primary schools by providing teachers in rural Haiti with training and access to tablets with educational content and tools for professional development.

Educa Vision recognizes that curiosity, critical thinking are part of a quality education. Educa collaborates with teachers, governments, NGOs and industry to advance education and enable individuals to develop skills for success. Educa Vision is directly involved in developing education solutions and programs through collaboration, development, advocacy and access to technology. The solutions are tailored to local communities’ needs and circumstances, but are unified by the common theme of unlocking individual potential.

Camara and UCDVO launch the project Solar-Powered Computer Lab in Haiti. With refurbished computers, while also providing training for the teachers, the project give a sustainable solution for schools to access ICT education in places where electric infrastructure is not built.

C@ribNET

C@ribNET is a regional organization established by the heads of government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), to connect local educational institutions to research and other institutions engaged in knowledge transfer worldwide.

Instituto Interamericano del Niño, la Niña y Adolescente (INN)

A specialized body of the Organization of American States (OAS) on children and adolescents policy that provides guidance to the different states on how they must assume protection.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

Inveneo

is an nonprofit social enterprise which mission to deliver the tools of Information and Communications Technologies. In Haiti it has set up small computer labs in a select number of schools to enhance basic ICT skills of teachers and students.

Ministry of National Education & Professional Training

is tasked with creating equal educational opportunities for all Haitians, and preparing its students for life in the 21st century workplace.

One Laptop per Child (OLPC)

A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.

Cyberwellness Profile Republic of Haiti. (2015)

ITU

This is a report on the overall internet safety sstatus in Haiti.

2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Haiti (2015)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Haiti during 2015. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

Legal Curriculum on Restavèk Children in Haiti (2015)

Tina Borysthen-Tkacz, Adrienne Zack, Jill Zumbach

Project to help restavèk children by meeting with stakeholders involved in protection of children’s rights and legal advocates to tackle this issue.

Haiti: Child Rights References in the Universal Periodic Review. (2012)

Child Rights International Network

This is a compilation of information from different reports submitted to the second Universal Periodic Review.

2011 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Haiti (2012)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Haiti during 2011. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

Small World, Big Responsibility: The UK’s role in the global trade in children (2012)

Erika Hall, Phillippa Lei

This report preset information on the different forms of child exploitation. Its purpose is to raise awareness to this global issue.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the Internet (2011)

Inter American Children’s Instirute

This is a report to the Organization of American States on the situation of the member states in the issue of commercial sexual exploitation and the impact of internet in their lives.

Children’s Legal Rights in Haiti. (2008)

Law and Armed Conflict Working Group Report

Report of the Haitian legal framework. It explores the circumstances where it fails to protect the rights of the children.

2003 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Haiti (2004)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Haiti during 2003. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

Initial Report of theUnited States Federal to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child Concerning the Optional Protocol to the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography. (2002)

U.S. Department of State

Report of the Governement of the United States on the implementation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography by Haiti.

Rights of the Child in Haiti (2002)

World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) for the committee on the Rights of the Child

Report on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the Republic of Haiti. It aims to bring knowledge about the main problem affecting the situation of the rights of the children.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of consent for sexual activity is eighteen, as is the age of simple majority and for marriage. However a girl who becomes pregnant before reaching the age of eighteen may marry provided that she has parental consent or acceptance of responsibility and that the President of the Republic authorizes the marriage.

  • Section 278, Penal Code. This section states that anyone who commits rape or any other sexual assault with the use of violence, threats or psychological pressure, will be liable to ten years’ hard labor.
  • Section 279, Penal Code. States that where the victim of rape is a child under the age of fifteen years, the offender will be punished by fifteen years’ imprisonment.
  • Section 280, Penal Code. This section imposes an aggravated penalty for rape if the crime was committed jointly by more than one person, the victim died as a result of the offense, or the offender abused a position of authority or trust in order to commit the crime.
  • Section 281, Penal Code. States that anyone who attempts to corrupt morals, exciting, encouraging, or facilitating debauchery or the corruption of a minor under the age of eighteen, will be punished by imprisonment for six months to two years.
  • Section 283, Penal Code. States that anyone who offends another person’s modesty in public by indecently touching the other person or by other similar acts will be liable to imprisonment for one year and three months.

2002 - Haiti signed on August 15 the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, and on the involvement of children in armed conflict and ratified on September 9, 2014.

2011 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police supported the Haitian National Police (HNP), the Canadian Police Center for Missing and Exploited Children (CPCMEC) by sending a team to Haiti in an effort to protect children from online enabled sexual exploitation as part of the Program Activity 1.2: Canadian Law Enforcement Services.