Gabon

Population

1,705,336

Population 0‑14

42.1%

Internet Users

39.3%

Facebook Users

360,000

Mobile Subscribers

2,900,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2002 - One of the components of the Education for All (EFA) national action plan, published by the Ministry of National Education (MONE) in 2002, is to improve the quality of education and ensure excellence across all subject areas by 2015. Ministry of National Education planned to develop ICT incorporated curriculum for primary, secondary, technical and vocational education and hold training seminars for teachers to enable them to use modern technologies in the classroom and in lesson planning.

2007 - With the assistance from HP and ARES, the Ministry of Education have been working on a large-scale ICT project that will bring Gabon’s education system into the 21st century. The project has been providing schools with computers and LANs, teachers with laptops, and created Nkoma (Network of Knowledge and Online Mentoring for Africa), a Gabonese online education platform used in many classrooms. Cisco Systems has agreed to provide wireless LAN equipment for the schools, and e Charlemagne, a school administration system. Friends of the Net Forum, a Gabonese NGO, has launched two projects: Net Rush and Internet and Education. The projects create a system that makes Internet easier for youth to use.

2010 - The third UN report regarding Gabon’s progress in reaching its Millennium Development Goals states that the Republic has been successful in increasing the subscriber base for mobile telephony and Internet. However, greater national coverage, particularly in rural areas, still needs to be achieved, as well as improved quality and speed of Internet access. Gabon is also involved in the Central African Backbone (CAB) project, which will interconnect countries of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC) zone, with high-speed optical fiber cables.

2011 - The Government of Gabon launched Digital Gabon, a three-year plan within the framework of the broader ‘Emerging Gabon’ development strategy to transform Gabon into an emerging country by 2025. Through a significant investment, the government is developing a digital economy, with an emphasis placed on its broadband infrastructure, including the expansion of high-speed services such as e-learning, e-Government and e-health services. One of the projects of the Digital Gabon plan is to equip all the schools with multimedia rooms with Internet connection. Microsoft Africa, in partnership with the Ministry of Education, organized a four-day seminar focusing on the integration of ICTs in Gabon’s education system. This seminar was part of the government’s Education for All (EFA) plan to integrate ICT into the curricula for all age groups.

Agency for the Consolidation Technology in Education (ACTE), a Gabonese NGO, held a day of information and awareness to the public on the opportunities offered by ICTs in the education sector. Microsoft Africa, in partnership with the Ministry of Education, organized a seminar for integration of ICT in educational programs in Gabon where Gabonese Minister of Education expressed to the representatives of Microsoft the needs IT products and computer systems for his country. The NGO’s most relevant work in terms of VISCED involves creating high-technology computer centres inside high schools. These centres are called “Centers of Excellence”.

2012 - The new connection to the high-speed ACE submarine cable, has quadrupled Gabon’s national bandwidth, making it possible to have connection to 3G and IT services.2012 - One Laptop per Child (OLPC), began working in Gabon in 2009, has launched a 1:1 educational computing project for the children with the Government of the Republic of Gabon to initiate. OLPC planned to provide full technological, educational and community development training to the Ministry of Education staff responsible for the project’s launch. The Gabon project will also include the involvement of the Office of the President in planning for countrywide deployment of the OLPC laptops. The initial phase of the project was planned to be completed by 2014.

2014 - “Train My Generation” ICT youth project was launched by the the Funds-In-Trust agreement between Airtel Gabon and UNESCO. The three-year project provides scientific and entrepreneurial training through ICT to 5000 of students and delivers new skills to 100 secondary school teachers.

2016 - World Bank launched Skills Development and Employability Project, which aims to improve the effectiveness of vocational training, skills development and entrepreneurship programs in key growth sectors in Gabon by 2021. Employability Development, Youth Integration and Entrepreneurship Promotion is one of the components of the project that aims at extending access and improving quality of training for youth and assist in integrating young people into the labor market by offering youth with different skill levels work experience, training, and entrepreneurship skills.

No information could be found on Internet safety issues are taught in classrooms.

No information could be found as to any organizations providing citizens of Gabon with Internet safety- or cyber-security-related advice.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

ITU Development Sector, Africa

ITU-D fosters international cooperation and solidarity in the delivery of technical assistance and in the creation, development and improvement of telecommunication and ICT equipment and networks in developing countries.

One Laptop per Child (OLPC)

A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (2015)

Peter Wallet

This document presents the current status of the Information and communication technologies in Education in the Sub-Saharan region.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of consent for sexual activity in Gabon is eighteen. Under civil law, the legal age for marriage is eighteen for men and fifteen for women. Traditionally, however, parents arrange their child’s marriage at any age and some girls can, therefore, be married by the age of ten. The age of majority is eighteen.

The country’s Penal Code makes no mention of the use of the Internet as a means to commit crimes against children but its sexual offenses laws to impose harsher penalties where the victim is a younger child.

  • Article 255, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who offends public decency will be punished by imprisonment for a term of between three months and two years and a fine of CFA 24,000 to 120,000.
  • Article 256, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a term of between five and ten years for anyone guilty of rape. Where the victim is a child under the age of fifteen, a punishment of hard labor for life will apply.
  • Article 257, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who commits indecent assault with violence will be liable to three to six years’ imprisonment. The attempt to commit this crime is also punishable under this Article. Where the victim is a child under the age of fifteen, an aggravated punishment of five to ten years’ imprisonment shall apply.
  • Article 258, Penal Code. States that indecent assault without violence on a minor under the age of fifteen renders the offender liable to three to six years’ imprisonment. The Article also states that anyone who performs anal sexual intercourse or any indecent act with a person under the age of 21 faces imprisonment for one to three years.
  • Article 260, Penal Code. This Article imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a term of between six months and two years in addition to a fine of CFA 50,000 to 1m for anyone who: in any way aids, assists or abets the prostitution of others; shares the proceeds of another’s prostitution; knowingly lives on the earnings of prostitution; procures, entices or keeps, even with her consent, a person for or in prostitution, or who acts as an intermediary in any capacity between two persons engaged in prostitution.
  • Article 261, Penal Code. Increases the penalties prescribed in Article 259 to between two and five years’ imprisonment and a fine of CFA 100,000 to 2m if the victim was a minor, the offense was accompanied by coercion, abuse of authority or rape, or the offender carried a weapon, amongst other aggravating factors.
  • Article 263, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who attempts to corrupt morals by exciting, promoting or facilitating the debauchery or corruption of youth under the age of eighteen will be liable to between one and five years’ imprisonment and a fine of CFA 50,000 to 500,000.
  • Prevention and the Fight Against the Trafficking of Children in the Gabonese Republic. The Law prohibits child trafficking for both labor and sexual exploitation and prescribes penalties of up to a maximum of 40 years’ imprisonment, in addition to fines; these penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape

Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Gabon has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.

No information could be found about national Internet safety initiatives or campaigns in Gabon at the present time. Current focus for the Gabonese Government is to provide ICT equipment, Internet connection, and teacher training in the education sector.