Fiji

Population

909,389

Population 0‑14

28.0%

Internet Users

60.7%

Facebook Users

130,000

Mobile Subscribers

1,100,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2002 - The Fiji Computer Science curriculum was first developed in 1993, but not implemented as a pilot program until 1996. Following the success of the pilot, a further 74 schools implemented the curriculum in 2002, with an additional twelve schools following suit in 2003. This equates to 55% of all secondary schools in total, and only 35 of these schools have Internet connectivity.

2004 - The PRIDE Project (Pacific Regional Initiatives for the Delivery of basic Education) seeks to improve the quality of basic education in its fifteen Pacific member nations: Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Implemented by the Institute of Education at the University of the South Pacific (USP) and jointly funded by the EU and NZAid, the project strives to assist countries to implement, monitor and evaluate their strategic educational plans, and strengthening each Ministry of Education (or equivalent) to deliver quality basic education at national, sub-regional and regional levels. The project’s objective is to assist Ministries of Education in formulating strategic plans for education through wide consultation with all stakeholders, including, teachers, parents, pupils, community and private sector groups.

2005 - Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) sponsored a regional workshop on ICT Education in Suva. The main objective of the workshop was to review the current regional situation of ICT Education and explore opportunities to improve it and promote it.

2007 - The government’s Strategic Development Plan 2007 - 2011 states that much greater use of ICT is necessary for social and economic development in Fiji. This transfers to the policy objectives, which include the reduction of telecom rates, increased coverage of services especially in rural areas, liberalization of the telecommunications sector and alignment of Fiji’s ICT training to developments in the employment market.

The Ministry of Education’s Strategic Plan 2009 - 2011 aims to improve access to inclusive quality education for all, with improved access to ICT and technology in all schools identified as one priority. The goal was to equip 80% of secondary schools with IT facilities, and train 30 librarians in ICT literacy for the next three years.

2013 - The Ministry of Education and the Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education (CPCS) held a National Seminar on ICT for Education and Training. The event created a platform for educators and experts to exchange innovative ideas that enable an environment for students to learn the use of ICT.

2014 - The Ministry of Education and the Reach 4 Your Future Foundation worked in collaboration to implement digital literacy in some schools in Fiji. The project aim was to help students learn ICT skills with a the project Microsoft IT Academy that has an online curriculum.

2015 - The primer minister, Voreqe Bainimarama, launched a new national framework for digital literacy. This program aims to ensures teaching digital literacy in schools from Year one to Year 12. In collaboration with the Reach 4 Your Future Foundation. The program will help Fijian students in 900 schools to attain industry-recognized skills and certification for the latest Microsoft software by the time they leave secondary school.

Blue Light

This program aims to help police work with young people to prevent crime and victimisation, by providing an integrated and proactive youth service.

Fiji Media Watch

It is NGO dedicated to raise awareness of the impact of mass media on the lives of people in Fiji, especially children and women. Through Media Education, Media Monitoring, and Advocacy, it to encourage people to find ways in which the media can enhance their lives.

Homes of Hope Fiji

It is an NGO established in 2003 working with young women and children who are victims of, or are vulnerable to, situations of forced sexual encounters, sexual exploitation, child sexual abuse and violence. It offers long-term residential care and support to heal and recover from long-term abuse and trauma.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

ITC Services

It is the official government department for providing IT services, which include expert advice and policy formulation, information technology infrastructure building and management, systems development, training and customer support.

One Laptop per Child (OLPC)

A nonprofit organization launched by Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab, whose aim to empower the world’s poorest children through education by providing a low cost laptops.

Reach 4 Your Future Foundation

It is an organisation dedicated to the delivery of digital literacy education to the children of Fiji. It provides funding for the establishment of Technology Hubs, for early age educational development programs, educational outreach programs for communities and other resources for educators to promote innovation that motivates students to learn.

2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Fiji (2015)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Fiji during 2014. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

Cyberwellness Profile - Fiji (2014)

ITU

Report on the internet safety in Fiji

Making learning and teaching a richer experience: A challenge for rural Fijian primary schools (2013)

Govinda Ishwar Lingam, Narsamma Lingam

Study on the quality of schools in rural areas and their teachers perception on the resources for a richer learning experience in primary school.

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse of Children in Fiji: A Situational Analysis (2013)

Save the Children

Study on the situation of the various types of sexual abuses of children in Fiji to create knowledge for better action.

2009 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Fiji (2010)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Fiji during 2008. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

e-Learning and Educational Service Delivery- A case study of the (2009)

Gurmeet singh, R D PAthak, Rafia Naz

Study on the importance of e-learning in high quality education and how Fiji is failing to meet its potential in this aspect.

Protect me with love and care (2008)

Anafia Norton, Penelope Taylor, Patrick Vakaoti, Marie Wernham, Freida M’Cormack

Report on the protection of children. It analyses legal framework, social service structures and the different environments in which children are. This report also provides information on the progress of the Government of Fiji in this aspect and gives the recommendations to continue with this effort

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) and Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) in the Pacific: A Regional Report (2006)

UNICEF, UNESCAP, ECPAT

Regional report on the findings of child sexual exploitation in the pacific region. Its purpose is to bring into attention the incidences and patters of the abuses present throughout the region.

2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Fiji (2006)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Fiji during 2005. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

Evaluation of Computer Science Curriculum in Fiji - Secondary Schools (2004)

Esther Williams, Maki Kato, Natasha Khan

Report on the research project “Evaluation of the Computer Science Curriculum in Fiji Secondary Schools”. The results were submitted to the Ministry of Education for later improvement.

Bula Internet: Fiji ICT Case Study (2004)

Michael Minges, Vanessa Gray

Book on the situation of the ICTs in Fiji. It presents data on access and infrastructure among others.

Meta-survey on the Use of Technologies in Education in Asia and the Pacific (2003)

Glen Farrell, Cédric Wachholz

This study identifies and analyses the different practices in the use of ICTs in education in Asia and the Pacific. it discusses countries’ policies, challenges and successful ICT integration in the region.

2002 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Fiji (2003)

Bureau of International Labor Affairs

Report on the findings on the worst forms of labor in Fiji during 2002. It explores the incidences of child labor, government legislation, enforcement, policies and programs to eliminate them.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of simple majority in Fiji is eighteen. The age of consent for sexual activity is sixteen and the age of consent for marriage is eighteen.

  • Section 149, Penal Code. Definition of Rape. Defines the felony of rape as unlawful sexual intercourse with a woman or girl without her consent, or with her consent if it is obtained by force, by means of threat or intimidation of any kind, or by fear of bodily harm, by means of false representation as to the nature of the act, or, in the case of a married woman, by impersonating her husband.
  • Section 150, Penal Code. Punishment of Rape. States that any person who commits the felony of rape is liable to imprisonment for life, with or without corporal punishment.
  • Section 151, Penal Code. Attempted Rape. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for seven years, with or without corporal punishment, for anyone who attempts to commit the crime of rape.
  • Section 152, Penal Code. Abduction. This section states that anyone who, with intent to marry her or have sexual intercourse with a woman of any age, or cause her to be married or have sexual intercourse with another person, takes her away or detains her against her will is guilty of a felony. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for seven years, with or without corporal punishment.
  • Section 152, Penal Code. Abduction of a Girl under Eighteen Years of Age with Intent to Have Carnal Knowledge. States that anyone who, with intent that any unmarried girl under the age of eighteen years shall have sexual intercourse with any man, whether a particular man or generally, takes or causes to be taken such girl out of the possession and against the will of her father or mother, guardian or any other person having the lawful care or charge of her, is guilty of a misdemeanor. It is a defense under this section that the offender had reasonable cause to believe that the girl was of or over the age of eighteen.
  • Section 154, Penal Code. Indecent Assault on Females and Indecently Insulting or Annoying Females. This section imposes a penalty of imprisonment for five years, with or without corporal punishment, for any person who unlawfully and indecently assaults any woman or girl. The section also states that it is no defense to a charge for an indecent assault on a girl under sixteen to prove that she consented to the act. However, it is a sufficient defense for an indecent assault on a girl under sixteen to prove that she consented to the act and that the offender had reasonable cause to believe and did in fact believe that the girl was of or above the age of sixteen. The section also states that anyone who, intending to insult the modesty of any woman or girl, utters a word, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, intending that it would be heard or seen by the woman or girl, is guilty of a misdemeanor and liable to imprisonment for one year. The same penalty applies to anyone who intrudes upon the privacy of a woman or girl by doing an act of nature likely to offend her modesty.
  • Section 155, Penal Code. Defilement of Girl under Thirteen Years of Age. Defines the felony of having unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of thirteen. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for life, with or without corporal punishment. The attempt to have sexual intercourse with a girl under thirteen is deemed to be a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for five years, with or without corporal punishment. It is no defense to a charge under this section to prove that she consented to the act.
  • Section 156, Penal Code. Defilement of Girl Between Thirteen and Sixteen Years of Age. States that anyone who has or attempts to have unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl of or above the age of thirteen and under sixteen years of age is guilty of a misdemeanor and liable to imprisonment for five years, with or without corporal punishment. It is a sufficient defense to a charge under this section that the offender had reasonable cause to believe and did in fact believe that the girl was of or above the age of sixteen years; however, it is no defense to prove that the girl consented to the act.
  • Section 157, Penal Code. Procuration. Defines the misdemeanor of procuring or attempting to procure any girl or woman under the age of 21 years, not being a common prostitute or of known immoral character, to have unlawful connection with any other person, either in Fiji or elsewhere. Anyone who procures or attempts to procure a woman or girl to become a prostitute, leave Fiji with intent that she may become an inmate of or frequent a brothel elsewhere, or leave her usual place of abode in Fiji with intent that she may for the purposes of prostitution become an inmate or frequent a brothel, is also guilty of a misdemeanor. The misdemeanor is punishable by imprisonment for two years, with or without corporal punishment. The section also states that no person will be convicted of an offense under this section upon the evidence of one witness only. It is no defense to a charge to prove that the woman or girl was procured with her consent.
  • Section 158, Penal Code. Procuring Defilement of Woman by Threats or Fraud or Administering Drugs. This section states that anyone who, by threats or intimidation, procures or attempts to procure any woman or girls to have unlawful sexual intercourse either in Fiji or elsewhere, is guilty of a misdemeanor and liable to imprisonment for two years, with or without corporal punishment. The same penalty applies to anyone who, by false pretenses or false representations, procures a woman or girl, not being a common prostitute or of known immoral character, to have unlawful sexual intercourse, either in Fiji or elsewhere; or applies, administers to or causes to be taken by any woman or girl any drug with intent to stupefy or overpower the victim so as to thereby enable any person to have unlawful sexual intercourse with her. No person will be convicted of an offense under this section upon the evidence of one witness only.
  • Section 159, Penal Code. Householder Permitting Defilement of Girl under Thirteen Years of Age on His Premises. This section imposes a penalty of imprisonment for five years, with or without corporal punishment, for anyone who, being the owner or occupier of premises, or having or acting or assisting in the management or control thereof, induces any girl under the age of thirteen years to resort to or be upon the premises for the purpose of having unlawful sexual intercourse with a man. It is a defense to a charge under this section that the offender had reasonable cause to believe the girl to be above the age of sixteen years. Section 160, Penal Code. Householder Permitting Defilement of Girl under Sixteen Years of Age on His Premises. This section imposes a penalty of imprisonment for two years, with or without corporal punishment, for anyone who, being the owner or occupier of premises, or having or acting or assisting in the management or control thereof, induces any girl of or above the age of thirteen and under sixteen to resort to or be upon the premises for the purpose of having unlawful sexual intercourse with a man. It is a defense to a charge under this section that the offender had reasonable cause to believe the girl to be above the age of sixteen years.
  • Section 161, Penal Code. Detention with Intent or in Brothel and Constructive Detention by Withholding Clothes. States that anyone who detains any woman or girl against her will in or upon any premises with intent that she shall have unlawful sexual intercourse with a man or in a brothel is guilty of a misdemeanor and liable to imprisonment for two years, with or without corporal punishment.
  • Section 163, Penal Code. Buying Minors under the Age of Sixteen for Immoral Purposes. Defines the misdemeanor of buying, hiring or otherwise obtaining the possession of a minor under the age of sixteen with intent that the minor shall at any age be employed or used for the purposes of prostitution or illicit sexual intercourse with any person, for any unlawful or immoral purpose, or knowing it to be likely. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for two years, with or without corporal punishment. The section also states that any common prostitute who buys, hires or otherwise obtains possession of a minor under the age of sixteen shall, until the contrary is proved, be deemed to have obtained possession of the victim for purposes detailed above.
  • Section 166, Penal Code. Male Person Living on Earnings or Prostitution or Persistently Soliciting. This section states that any man who knowingly lives, wholly or in part, on the earnings of prostitution, or in any public place persistently solicits or importunes for immoral purposes is guilty of a misdemeanor. Further convictions under this section render the offender liable to corporal punishment. A male person is deemed to be living on the earnings of prostitution when he is proved to live with or be habitually in the company of a prostitute, or has exercised control, direction or influence over the movements of a prostitute in such manner to show that he is aiding, abetting or compelling her prostitution.
  • Section 167, Penal Code. Woman Living in Earnings of Prostitution or Aiding, etc. for Gain Prostitution of Another Woman. States that any woman who knowingly lives, wholly or in part, on the earnings of prostitution, or who is proved to have, for the purpose of gain, exercised control, direction or influence over the movements of a prostitute in such a manner as to show that she is aiding, abetting or compelling her prostitution with any person, or generally, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
  • Section 170, Penal Code. Brothels. States that anyone who keeps, manages or assists in the management of a brothel; or, being the tenant, lessee or occupier of any premises, knowingly permits them to be used as a brothel or for the purposes of habitual prostitution; or, being the lessor or landlord of any premises let them with the knowledge that they are or will be used as a brothel, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
  • Section 171, Penal Code. Conspiracy to Defile. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for three years, with or without corporal punishment, for anyone who commits the felony to conspire with another to induce any woman or girl, by means of any false pretense or other fraudulent means, to permit any man to have sexual intercourse with her.
  • Section 175, Penal Code. Unnatural Offenses. States, among other things, that anyone who has anal intercourse with a person or permits a male person to have anal intercourse with him is guilty of a felony and liable to imprisonment for fourteen years, with or without corporal punishment.
  • Section 176, Penal Code. Attempts to Commit Unnatural Offenses and Indecent Assaults. States that anyone who attempts to commit an offense specified in Section 175, or anyone who is guilty of an assault with intent to commit the same or any indecent assault upon a male person, is guilty of a felony. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for seven years, with or without corporal punishment.
  • Section 177, Penal Code. Indecent Practices Between Males. This section states that any man who, whether in public or private, commits an act of gross indecency with another man, or procures or attempts to procure another man to commit such an act with him or another person, is guilty of a felony and liable to imprisonment for five years, with or without corporal punishment.
  • Section 188, Penal Code. Traffic in Obscene Publications. States that anyone who makes, produces, possesses, conveys, exports, imports, causes to be exported or imported, or circulates any obscene writing, drawings, paintings, printed matter, pictures, posters, emblems, photographs, cinematographic films, or any other obscene objects, or any other object tending to corrupt morals for the purpose of or by way of trade, or for the purpose of distribution or public exhibition, is guilty of a misdemeanor and liable to imprisonment for two years or a fine of 200 FJD. The same penalty applies to anyone who carries on or takes in any business concerned with any such matters or things, or deals or distributes such things, exhibits them publicly or makes a business of lending any of them. The penalty also applies to anyone who advertises or makes known by any means whatsoever with a view to assisting the circulation of or traffic in any such matter or thing, that someone is engaged in any of the acts referred to in this section, or that such obscene things can be procured either directly or indirectly. Publicly exhibiting any indecent show or performance or show tending to corrupt morals is also deemed a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for two years or a fine of 200 FJD.

2015 - The Government launched the first national child helpline, Child Helpline Fiji, to help abused children. By dialing for free the number 1325, children and young people who are in need receive the support, care and protection they need in total confidentiality.