Egypt

Population

88,487,396

Population 0‑14

31.9%

Internet Users

54.6%

Facebook Users

27,000,000

Mobile Subscribers

93,400,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2007 - The Central Department for Information Technology and Systems at the Ministry of Education in cooperation with the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) set up a plan to spread the culture of internet safety and child online protection including training 6000 teachers nationwide, which was finalized in 2012. The Cisco® Internet Business Solutions Group (IBSG) was asked by the MCIT to help implement a Web-based, e-learning and management system for Egypt’s E-Learning Competence Center (ELCC). This helped EEI to deliver ICT-related education to thousands of small and medium-sized enterprises across Egypt.

2008 - The MCIT published Version II of the the Egyptian Education Initiative (EEI), which was launched in 2006 by the Egyptian Government in partnership with World Economic Forum’s ICT community . The publication provides an overview of the initiative’s four tracks for reforming country’s education system: Pre-university education, higher education, lifelong learning, and e-learning industry development.

2010 - The Ministry of Education (MoE) introduced Internet safety into the curriculum from Grade 3 through to Middle School. Topics covered in primary school include the appropriate ethical use of the Internet as well as privacy protection.

2011 - Since its launch in 2006 by the Government of Egypt and World Economic Forum’s ICT community, the Egyptian Education Initiative (EEI) has teamed up with close to 185,000 stakeholders across Egypt’s educational community, delivering computers to more than 2,000 schools, seventeen universities and 1,000 IT clubs, and provided ICT training for over 185,000 people. It also established internet connection at 900 schools, installed learning labs in all eighteen universities, and trained over 64,000 teachers, 45,000 teachers/administrators, and 5,000 parents on use of ICT tools. The Vodafone Egypt Foundation for Community Development launched an initiative to eradicate illiteracy among 17 million Egyptians over the next five years. The initiative is being supported by the Ministry of Education, UNESCO, Life Makers and the General Authority for Adult Literacy. Under the heading, ‘Knowledge is Power’, the first agreement signed was with Life Makers in order to benefit from their network of youth volunteers.

2012 - The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) published its ICT Strategy 2012 – 2017, where it aims to provide all schools and educational institutions access to high-speed internet and development of ICT-based education programs and materials.

2013 - The National Committee for Child Online Safety was launched by the MCIT to continue National e-Safety Working Group’s aim of activating a national strategy for protecting and empowering children online. The National e- Safety Working Group ran from 2009 - 2012 with objectives to raise awareness of safe Internet usages at homes, in the educational institutions, and NGOs; to evaluate the current situation of child online safety, and provide recommendations to adopt new specific policies in the field of child online protection that suit the nature of the Egyptian society and the latest technological developments. One Global Economy (OGE), who helps low income communities use technology to achieve their goals, in partnership with the Christian Evangelical Organization for Social Services (CEOSS), Hands Along the Nile (HANDS), and USAID launched Egypt Employment Beehive. A search engine that offers information on health, jobs, education, governance, environment, and internet safety.

2016 - The Orange Foundation is continuing to develop digital education programs by offering everyone access to education, particularly young people in difficulty, and women in need. Since its decision to move in a new direction with digital solidarity in 2015, Orange Foundation has provided support to FabLab in Cairo to create a network of mini FabLabs in 5 cities, and its “digital schools” program has given 40,000 children access to education across Africa, including Egypt. The 11th annual eLearning Africa conference, a key networking event for ICT enhanced development, education and training in Africa, will take place in Cairo. Business and public sectors will meet to debate, share and take action on all themes surrounding access, openness, skills, pedagogy, sustainable development in education sector.

e-Learning Competence Center (ELCC)

Founded in 2004 by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) in cooperation with Cisco Systems, the e-Learning Competence Center (ELCC) act as a hub for the integration, development and dissemination of e-Learning content of relevance to the Egyptian market.

eLearning Portal

Education - Media Literacy, Awareness Raising, Digital Literacy, ICT

FabLab Egypt

It is a digital fabrication lab and a community-run public makerspace where anyone can make almost anything, from electronics to furniture and installations. Young children, college students, entrepreneurs and businesses materialize and prototype their ideas in the lab.

ICDL Arabia

The organization is responsible for the delivery of the International Computer Driving License (ICDL) program in the GCC States, Egypt and Iraq. The ICDL program, the world’s largest digital literacy program, is administered by the ECDL Foundation, a not-for-profit body, charged with promoting the program globally through its regional and national awarding bodies.

International School of Information Science

It is an institute that carries out and promotes research and development of activities and projects related to building a universal digital library.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Arab States

The specialized agency for ICT in the United Nations.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

ISPCAN

The International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, multidisciplinary international organization that brings together a worldwide cross-section of committed professionals to work toward the prevention and treatment of child abuse, neglect and exploitation globally.

Ministry of Communication Information Technology (MCIT)

MCIT is a government agency whose mission is to enable the development of a knowledge-based society and a strong digital economy relying on equitable and affordable access to knowledge; digital rights; and the development of a competitive, innovative national ICT industry.

National Committee for Child Online Safety

The committee was established by MCIT to activate a national strategy for protecting and empowering children online, it works on preventive, protective and corrective mechanisms addressing children, parents and educators.

NetHope

The non-profit is a catalyst for productive collaboration, innovation, and problem-solving to create and deploy powerful, world-changing information and communication technology (ICT) solutions to those in need.

Plan International Egypt

A non-profit organization that has been promoting children’s right to protection from all forms of violence and harmful practices in Egypt since 1981. .

Relief International

A nonprofit organization whose sole mission is to reduce human suffering by responding to natural disasters, humanitarian emergencies and chronic poverty.

Save the Children Egypt

The organization directly addresses the needs and rights of children, their families and communities. It works to increase employability skills and link better prepared young people to safe jobs.

TEDate

The database was established in 2001 by Egypt Telecom and is Egypt’s largest IP based data communications vehicle. Its service is supervised by the National Telecommunication Regulatory Agency (NTRA). It launched the Family Internet service to protect children from inappropriate content exposure on the web

Vodafone Egypt Foundation

It is a non-profit foundation funded by Vodafone Egypt and Vodafone Group Foundation to support in driving social change and improve living through the innovative use of mobile technology for development.

Arab Social Media Report (2015)

Arab Social Media Influencers Summit

The Arab social media report provides an overview on the social media reality in the Arab world through the monitoring of all social media trends in the Arab world and provides a detailed view on using social media channels in the different Arab countries.

Children's Use of Mobile Phones - An International Comparison (2014)

GSMA, NTTDoCoMo

This reports on the findings of a survey of 3,560 children and their parents in Algeria, Egypt, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The report is the fifth in the series.

Microsoft Computing Safety Index (2014)

Microsoft

This annual survey of more than 10,000 adults in 20 countries around the world creates the data for the MCSI, which measures the actions that consumers take to help keep themselves and their families safe online.

Understanding The Terminolog y Used To Describe Bullying Acts In Qatar (2014)

Muthanna Samar; Mahitab Sherif; Jon Perkins; Hisham Morsi; Azhar Omar Al Rawas; Aiman El Asam

This study aims to investigate the perception of bullying amongst Qataris and Arabic speakers in Qatar

Children’s Rights in the Digital Age (2014)

A. Third, D. Bellerose, U. Dawkins, E. Keltie, K. Pihl

This study found unequal access to digital media among youth from 16 countries, among other key findings on children's digital usage.

Children’s Use of Mobile Phones - An International Comparison 2013 (2014)

GSMA

Mobile Society Research Institute and the GSMA jointly conducted an international research study examining the ways in which children communicate through mobile phones

Microsoft Computing Safety Index (MCSI). (2013)

Microsoft

This annual survey of more than 10,000 adults in 20 countries around the world creates the data for the MCSI, which measures the actions that consumers take to help keep themselves and their families safe online.

Microsoft Computing Safety Index (MCSI) (2013)

Microsoft

The survey, Computing Safety Index, measures the steps people report taking to protect their computers, mobile phones, and info online in the categories of foundational, technical and behavioral.

Media Use in the Middle East (2013)

E. Dennis, J. Martin, R. Wood

This report provides a view of how people in the Middle East use media and how they feel about their effect on their lives and societies.

Worldwide Online Bullying Survey (2012)

Microsoft

This survey explored children’s experience of online bullying in 25 countries across the globe.

Children’s use of mobile phones – An international comparison 2012 (2012)

GSMA

This report surveyed 4,500 children to provide a detailed picture of children’s mobile phone usage across five different countries

Global Digital Communication: Texting, Social Networking Popular Worldwide (2012)

J. Menasce Horowitz, K. Simmons, J. Poushter, C. Barker

The report is a part of the Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project, which conducts opinion surveys on subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day.

Worldwide Online Bullying Survey. (2012)

Microsoft

This survey explored children’s experience of online bullying in 25 countries across the globe.

Children’s une of mobile phones - An international comparison 2011 (2010)

GSM Association and the Mobile Society Research Institute within NTT DOCOMO Inc.

A comparative document of the statistics and facts of the usage of mobile phones by children across the globe.

Global Monitoring Repor Egypt (2008)

ECPAT

Report on the status of action against commercial sexual exploitation of children

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of simple majority in Egypt is twenty one. The age of consent for sexual activity is eighteen, whereas the age of consent for marriage is sixteen.

  • Article 1, Law N° 10, 1961 on Combating of Prostitution, Incitement and its Encouragement. This Article states that anyone who incites another person to commit a crime or immorality of prostitution or assists him/her or paves the way for such an act to be committed will be liable to imprisonment for a minimum of one year and a maximum fine of 300 LE. The same penalty applies to anyone who uses, persuades or entices another to commit an act of immorality or prostitution. Where the victim is under the age of 21, an increased penalty of one to five years’ imprisonment and a fine ranging from 100 to 500 LE will apply.
  • Article 2, Law N° 10. Imposes a penalty of one to five years’ imprisonment and a fine ranging from 100 to 500 LE for anyone who uses, persuades or entices a person with the purpose of committing an act of immorality or prostitution by way of deception, force, threat or misuse of power or by any other means of coercion. The same penalty applies to anyone who retains by any of these means a person against his will in an immorality or prostitution spot.
  • Article 3, Law N° 10. States that it is an offense to incite a male person under the age of 21 or a female of any age to depart the country, facilitate the departure, use or accompany him or her abroad to be engaged in acts of immorality or prostitution, or to knowingly assist such an act to be committed. The offense is to be punished by a term of imprisonment that is not less than one year and is not to exceed five years and a fine ranging from 100 pounds to 500 pounds. If the offense was committed against two or more persons or if it was committed by means of deception, force, threat or misuse of power or by any other means of coercion, the penalty will be increased to a maximum of seven years’ imprisonment.
  • Article 4, Law N° 10. States that where anyone commits an offense as described in Article 3 and the victim is under the age of sixteen, an aggravated penalty of imprisonment for a period ranging from three to seven years will apply. The same will apply if the offender is a relative of the victim or responsible for the victim’s upbringing or care, or if the offender has authority over the victim.
  • Article 5, Law N° 10. This Article states that it is an offense to help or facilitate the entry of a person into the Arab Republic of Egypt to commit acts of immorality or prostitution will be liable to imprisonment for one to five years and a fine ranging from 100 to 500 LE.
  • Article 6, Law N° 10. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for between six months and three years for anyone who helps a female person to practice prostitution, even by spending money, or exploits, by any means, the prostitution or immorality of others. If the victim is under the age of sixteen, or if the offender is a relative of the victim or responsible for the victim’s upbringing or care, or has authority over the victim, the penalty will be increased to between one and five years’ imprisonment and the aforementioned fine.
  • Article 11, Law N° 10. This Article states that anyone who exploits or manages a public place, place of entertainment or any other place open to the public for practicing immorality or prostitution for the purpose of facilitating such acts or exploiting persons by advertising this place will be punished by imprisonment for up to two years and a fine of up to 200 LE. If the offender is a relative of the victim, responsible for the victim’s upbringing or care, or if he/she has authority over the victim, the penalty will be increased to two to four years’ imprisonment and a fine from 200 to 400 LE.
  • Article 14, Law N° 10. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for up to three years and a maximum fine of 100 LE for anyone who publishes by any means of advertisement a call implying a temptation for practicing immoral acts, or drawing attention to them.
  • Article 89, Law N° 12, 1996, Child Law. This Article states that it is an offense to publish, exhibit or circulate any arranged or audio prints or artistic classifications on children that excite their inner instincts or increase their mal-behavior that violates values of society or that encourages their delinquency. The penalty for this offense is a fine ranging from 100 to 500 LE and the confiscation of any violating material, unless the offense constitutes a more serious crime.
  • Article 116, Child Law. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a minimum of three months for anyone who uses coercion or threat to prepare a child to practice an act of pornography, or assists, incites or facilitates the commission of such an act by any means, even if the act was not actually performed. The same penalty applies if the offender is a relative or responsible for the victim’s upbringing or care.
  • Article 116-bis, Child Law. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a minimum of two years plus a fine of between 10,000 to 50,000 Egyptian pounds for anyone who is found guilty of importing, exporting, producing, preparing, viewing, printing, promoting, possessing or broadcasting pornographic material using children or material related to the sexual exploitation of such. Tools and other instruments used to commit the offense will be seized. The same penalty applies to anyone who commits the above offense via a computer, the Internet or other information network, or who utilizes the Internet or a computer to induce or exploit children to engage in prostitution or pornography, to distribute or to sell them.
  • Article 178, Penal Code (Correct to 2007). States that anyone who manufactures or possesses printed materials, manuscripts, advertisements, reliefs, engravings, manual or photographic drawings, symbolic signs or any other material or photographs violating public morals, with the intention to traffick or exhibit them, will be liable to imprisonment for two years and a fine ranging from 20 to 500 LE. The Article also states that the same punishment will be imposed on anyone who imports, exports or transfers any of the above mentioned materials; issues an advertisement, publicly exhibits, sells, rents, offers for sale or for rent any such material, even if this was not publicly affected; publicly and by direct or indirect means forwards any such material, even free of charge and by any means; distributes or hands over with the intent to be distributed, by any means, any of the above mentioned material; discretely distributes any such material, even though free of charge and with intent to corrupt morals. The penalty of imprisonment for two years and a fine ranging from 20 to 500 LE also applies to anyone who publicly delivers immoral songs, shouting or speeches, or publicly advertising for debauchery.
  • Article 267, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who has sexual intercourse with a female without her consent will be punished by imprisonment with hard labor for life or temporary hard labor. The Article also states that if the offender is related to the child or responsible for the child’s upbringing, or if the offender has authority over the child or is his/her employer, a penalty of hard labor for life is inflicted.
  • Article 268, Penal Code. States that anyone who rapes or attempts to rape a person by using violence or threat will be liable to imprisonment with hard labor for three to seven years. If the victim is under the age of sixteen or the offender is related to the victim, responsible for the child’s upbringing, or if the offender has authority over the child or is his/her employer, the penalty may be increased to the maximum limit of hard labor for life.
  • Article 269, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who indecently assaults a child under the age of eighteen without using force or threat will be punished by imprisonment. If the victim is under the age of seven or the offender is related to the victim, responsible for the child’s upbringing, or if the offender has authority over the child or is his/her employer, the penalty may be increased to imprisonment with hard labor.
  • Article 269 bis, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for a maximum of one month for anyone who encourages passers-by to immoral acts by gestures or words. The Article also states that any recidivism in the year following the first conviction will be punished with six months’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 50 LE.
  • Article 278, Penal Code. States that anyone who commits indecent exposure in public will be liable to imprisonment for up to one year and a maximum fine of 300 LE.
  • Article 279, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who commits an indecent act with a woman in private which offends her modesty will be punished by imprisonment for up to one year and a maximum fine of 300 LE.

Actions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Egypt has acceded, with no declarations or reservations to articles 16, 17(e) and 34 (c), to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to articles 2 and 3, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.

2007 - The Suzanne Mubarak Women’s International Peace Movement launched the Cyber Peace Initiative (CPI) at the International Youth Forum in cooperation with the Egyptian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology and in collaboration with Microsoft, Cisco, Intel, the UN GAID and the ITU. The initiative mission was to empower youth of any nation, through ICT, to create safe and better futures for themselves and others, promoting a peace culture. As of July 2012 the Cyber Peace Initiative is no longer operational and its website is offline.

2008 - The Egyptian Government adopted amendments to the Children’s Act (1996), which provide greater legal protection for children from violence, abuse and exploitation. The Cyber Peace Initiative (CPI) established a Youth Internet Safety Focus Group, whose objective is to achieve four major goals: conduct research about current online safety needs of young Egyptians; consider suitable online safety guidelines; devise effective education and awareness material; contribute to wider strategic programs.

2009 - Egypt’s hosted the 4th Internet Governance Forum (IGF) demonstrating the progress and aspirations Egypt had in embracing the Internet. To raise awareness of the importance of internet safety, MICT established two working groups. By the end of 2010, the Youth Internet Safety Working Group reached about 63,000 young people in the seven governorates through about 700 awareness seminars, and the Parents Internet Safety Working Group, which works to enable parents to cope with the modern technology used by their children, had reached around 38 000 parents through 500 awareness seminars. MICT created the Arab Internet Safety Portal “Amanak” as part of their Internet Safety Project to bridge the gap in existing Arabic resources and information on family online safety.

2010 - MICT established its third working group called the Educators Internet Safety Working Group raising teachers’ awareness and understanding of digital citizenship and Internet safety. In its first ten months the group trained approximately 6,500 educators with the help of IT companies and local and international experts.

2014 - With guidance from MCIT, the National Committee for Child Online Safety has organized a workshop on internet safety, it highlighted societal changes due to technology advancement and showcased solutions to confront current challenges. Mobinil, mobile service operator in Egypt, held a “Digital Society Forum” workshop that was comprised a number of experts in the field of child online safety from Orange, Microsoft, TEData, and Egypt ICT Trust Fund.

2015 - In January, Egypt’s cabinet approved a suggested amendment to the child law to lower the official age of simple majority to 18, which is currently waiting to be approved by the President. Egypt participated in the second session of #WeProtect Children Online Global Summit was hosted by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) by the Ministry of the Interior. The Summit aims to provide a safe environment that can contribute to children’s education and positive growth without being exposed to negative risks. Participants discussed the means to strengthen the protection of children against the risks that they may be exposed to while using the internet. #WeProtect is a global alliance led by the UK government and supported by over 50 countries, 20 technology companies and NGOs to stop the global crime of online child abuse and exploitation. Under the auspices of the League of Arab States (LAS), the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology in Egypt (MCIT) hosted the ITU Regional Strategy Workshop on Child Online Protection (COP) for the Arab Region where IT companies and mobile operators presented their initiatives on internet safety, including Mobinil. The workshop helped regional stakeholders to further discuss the risks and points of weakness, and evaluate appropriate tools and approaches to promote growth of a safe and responsible young population online.

2016 - Safer Internet Day (SID) was hosted by Ministry of Education and MCIT, where IT companies and mobile operators in Egypt, who are all members of the National Committee for Child Online Protection, promoted safer and more responsible use of online technology and mobile phones, especially among children and young people across the world.