Ecuador

Population

15,868,396

Population 0‑14

28.0%

Internet Users

84.9%

Facebook Users

8,700,000

Mobile Subscribers

13,100,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2006 - The Ecuadorian Ministry of Education launched a Ten Year Plan for education. Given the economic situation in the country it is understandable that, as yet, technology is not mentioned. Instead, the Ministry is focusing on providing textbooks, furniture and, more importantly, refurbishing and building school buildings which are fit for purpose.

2010 - Despite the Ministry’s attention being focused elsewhere, Ecuadorian schools do receive help and support with ICT from other bodies. The ChasquiNet Foundation works in partnership with companies such as Microsoft to deliver the [email protected] Schools program, an initiative designed to support the integration of ICT into the classroom. They offer training to teachers on a variety of ICT-based topics, although these are chargeable. In addition, a separate website called EducaEcuador has been created for the sharing of ideas and best practice and an annual competition encourages teachers to find innovative ways of using ICT to enhance their lessons.

2013 - Ecuador participated in the program ‘EDUCA, Television to Learn’ part of the OAS initiative Virtual Educa. As part of the Educational time that the Ministry of Education, EDUCA is transmitted in all channels of the country. It is designed to contribute to the learning process in all areas of knowledge of early childhood education, general education and basic School.

2014 - Guayaquil, Ecuador’s largest city, has a plan to improve digital literacy. Digital Guayaquil is the city’s initiative to connect people, processes, data, and things via the Internet, and improve education, healthcare, employment, and the delivery of city services in the process. They city is expected to provide free wifi to all its citizens by 2018.

2015 - China’s telecom Huawei launches “Seeds for Future” educational program in Quito, Ecuador. The objective is to help bridge the gap between what is learned in ICT education. It prepares its people to be more competitive in the information age.

2016 - Ecuador is going to participate in The UNESCO-UNIR ICT & Education Latam Congress, in Bogota Colombia, from June, 22nd to 24th, 2016.The Congress will be focused on Technology and Learning, Open Education, Educational Methods and Educational Policy in the Digital Society.

ChasquiNet Foundation

It was founded in 1998, this non-profit organization seeks to improve living conditions in Ecuador through the strategic use of ICT. One of the organization’s primary focuses is ICT in education and it is working with corporate partners to help improve standards of knowledge through the [email protected] Schools program.

Fondo Ecuatoriano de Cooperacion para el Desarrollo

It is a private, not-for-profit organization established in 2005, that works to improve in a sustainable manner the living conditions of the most vulnerable groups in Ecuador. In the past four years, through Computer Aid and computers donated by UK organisations, the FECD has been able equipped hundreds of schools across Ecuador with more than 4,000 refurbished computers.

Instituto Interamericano del Niño, la Niña y Adolescente (INN)

A specialized body of the Organization of American States (OAS) on children and adolescents policy that provides guidance to the different states on how they must assume protection.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

Latin American Network of Educational Portals (La Red Latinoamericana de Portales Educativos – RELPE)

Formed in 2004 by an agreement of the Ministries of Education from sixteen Latin American countries, a network of educational portals, allowing the collaboration and sharing of educational content between the member countries. It also provides for the construction of standards and methodologies of processes to position the network as a benchmark in the region and the world on collaborative management of educational content.

Latin American Network of ICT and Education (Red Iberoamericana de TIC y Educación – RIATE)

This organization promotes bilateral or multilateral cooperation for development through the exchange of information, initiatives and projects that promote the integration of ICT in education in 21 countries.

National Plan to Combat Slavery, Human Trafficking and Exploitation

It was approved in 2006 and the website contains information about legislation regarding sexual exploitation, prostitution and human trafficking.

The Interactive Generations Forum

A nonprofit organization which mission is to promote the use of technology to improve people’s lives. It was founded in 2008 by Telefónica, the University of Navarra and the Inter-American Organization (OUI). The Forum seeks to understand the impact of technology on children aged between 6 - 18 in Latin America, to provide educational resources for that age group and to educate through its own programs.

2014 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor: Ecuador (2015)

Bureau Of International Labor Affairs

Report by the United States Department of Labor on the the nature of child labor, incidences, government policies, programs, laws and enforcement in their aim to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in Ecuador.

Protecting Children from Cybercrime (2015)

Simone dos Santos Lemos Fernandes, Legal Consultant, Global Forum on Law Justice and Development (GFLJD), Legal Vice Presidency, World Bank

This report studies different Latin American countries’ legislation on the prevention and combat of violence against children on the internet. It also identifies gaps and good practices on the protection of children from cybercrime.

2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor: Ecuador (2014)

Bureau Of International Labor Affairs

Report by the United States Department of Labor on the the nature of child labor, incidences, government policies, programs, laws and enforcement in their aim to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in Ecuador.

The commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Latin America (2014)

ECPAT International

This report studies the different forms of sexual exploitation of children inLatin America. Furthermore, it highlights the new emerging trends and how Latin america is addressing this phenomena

Ecuador 2013 Human Rights Report (2013)

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Report by the United States Department of State on the status of human rights of the Ecuador during 2013.

Ecuador 2013 Crime and Safety Report: Guayaquil (2013)

The Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC)

This report presents the different crimes that are present in Guayaquil during 2013.

ICT IN EDUCATION IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN A regional analysis of ICT integration and e-readiness (2012)

UNESCO Institute for Statistics

UNESCO Institute for Statistics, based on survey responses from 38 countries reveals the extent to which factors such as education policy, teacher training, and infrastructure drive or hamper the integration of ICTs in schools.

Sexual abuse of children: an emerging social problem in Galapagos (2012)

Roberto Maldonado

Report on the emerging problem of child sexual abuse in Galapagos in 2007 and 2008.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the Internet (2011)

Inter American Children’s Instirute

This is a report to the Organization of American States on the situation of the member states in the issue of commercial sexual exploitation and the impact of internet in their lives.

State Party Examination of Ecuador’s Initial Periodic Report on the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (2010)

Committee on the Rights of the Child

Report submitted by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child on Ecuador’s work done after Ecuador’s ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.

Information Technology and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Ecuador (2010)

Paul Carrillo, Mercedes Onofa, Juan Ponce

This documents explores the effects of information and communication technologies in the school environment on educational achievement.

Los desafíos de las TIC para el cambio educativo (2009)

Roberto Carneiro, Juan Carlos Toscano and Tamara Díaz

This is a collective Inter-American educational program which goals are projected until the year 2021. It analyses the challenges of the new era of education and the importance of incorporating ICT on it.

Consideration by States parties under article 12, paragraph 1, of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography: initial reports of States parties due in 2006: Ecuador (2009)

Government of Ecuador

Report submitted by Ecuadorian government on the Rights of the Child on Ecuador’s work done after the adoption of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.

Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 12, paragraph 1, of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography : Ecuador (2009)

Government of Ecuador

Report submitted by Ecuadorian government on the Rights of the Child on Ecuador’s work done after the adoption of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

Details of Ecuadorian laws relating to offenses against children have been primarily obtained from Interpol (are correct as at Spring 2006) or Miliarium. The age of consent in Ecuador is fourteen for either sex and the age of majority is eighteen.

In 2005 the Criminal Code Reform Act was passed, defining the crime of the sexual exploitation of minors for the first time. Articles 190.2 and 190.3 were included in the Penal Code for the first time at that point.

  • Article 190.2, Penal Code. States that the crime of trafficking is committed, irrespective of whether the victim has consented, when a person promotes, encourages, facilitates or encourages the collection, transfer, harboring, receipt or transfer of persons by means of threats, violence or deception for the purposes of illegal exploitation. The crime is committed regardless of whether there is a financial motive. For the purposes of this section, exploitation includes all forms of forced labor or services, slavery, the sale and/or use of people for begging, forced recruitment for an armed conflict or for criminal purposes.
  • Article 190.3.10, Penal Code. Gives the penalty for trafficking which does not have a sexual exploitation element as being imprisonment for between six and nine years. If the victim is a child under the age of eighteen the punishment increases to between nine and twelve years’ imprisonment. Trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation carries a term of imprisonment of up to 25 years, imposed if the victim dies. If the victim is a child under the age of fourteen the maximum prison term is sixteen years.
  • Articles 509 - 511, Penal Code. Rape without violence. This section states that where someone uses deception or seduction to achieve sexual intercourse with a person they are deemed to have committed this offense. If the victim is between fourteen and eighteen years old the penalty is between three months’ and three years’ imprisonment. If the victim is between twelve and fourteen the penalty is between two and five years’ imprisonment.
  • Article 512 - 515, Penal Code. Rape. Defines the crime and states that where a child under fourteen is the victim the crime automatically applies, so encompassing the crime of statutory rape. Otherwise, the charge applies where force or threats are used, or where the victim is unable to consent for reasons including lack of mental capacity or disability. Where the victim is under fourteen the penalty is between eight to twelve years’ imprisonment, unless violence or threats are not used in which case Article 510 governs sentencing. In other cases the term of imprisonment is between four and eight years. If the victim is seriously injured then maximum terms of imprisonment apply. If the victim is killed, the term of imprisonment increases to between sixteen and 25 years. If the perpetrator is a relative, teacher or person in a position of authority over the victim, a minimum term of four years’ imprisonment must be served.
  • Article 528.1 – 528.2, Penal Code. Prostitution and pimping. Defines the crime of promoting or facilitating prostitution of another and states that the punishment is imprisonment for between one and three years – unless they are operating a legal brothel. If the victim is under the age of fourteen the penalty increases to between six and nine years’ imprisonment. The same penalty applies where the offender is a relative or guardian of the victim, or violence, deception or abuse of author is involved.
  • Article 528.4 – 528.5, Penal Code. Procuring for sexual purposes. Defines the offense as taking a person for the purposes of giving them to another person in order to engage in sexual activities. Facilitating the movement of persons into, out of or within the country for the purposes of engaging in prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for between two and four years.
  • Article 528.6, Penal Code. Corruption of a minor. States that anyone who exhibits, sells or gives a minor any obscene visual or auditory items including books or writings is liable for a term of imprisonment of between one and three years. The same penalty applies to anyone who incites a child under the age of fourteen to drunkenness or obscene acts or who facilitates their entry into brothels or theatres showing obscene performances.

2005 - The publicity agency Norlop JWT for UNICEF Ecuador developed the campaign Open Your Eyes, against sexual abuse. The campaign aimed to inform and sensitized families and society about the issue. The key to reach the families was achieved through mass media. The National Associations of Newspapers Editors and of Radios collaborated broadcasting the campaign for free.

2006 - The National Council for Gender Equality in collaboration with UNICEF and ILO developed the Plan Nacional para combatir la trata, explotación sexual, laboral y otros medios de explotación de personas, en particular mujeres, niños, niñas y adolescentes (Spanish). Its purpose is to combat trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, labor exploitation and other forms of exploitations, of women, boys, girls and adolescents.

2015 - GSMA and UNICEF in Latin America organized in April a series of online seminars on Child and Adolescent Online protection in Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador to promote the protection and support of children’s rights on the Internet. Some of the topics discussed were the fight against child sexual abuse material online, the role of legislation and law enforcement and the mobile industry initiatives to protect children.

With the support of the #WePROTECT Children Online global initiative and UNICEF LACRO, ICMEC Latin America and Caribbean (ICMEC LAC) coordinated two event in Ecuador to Combat Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation in the region. The conference Together for a Protected Childhood Combating Technology-Facilitated Child Sexual Abuse took place from November, 30 to December, 3 and the presentation of the Latin American Coalition Against Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation on December, 1.