Denmark

Population

5,581,503

Population 0‑14

16.8%

Internet Users

96.0%

Facebook Users

3,500,000

Mobile Subscribers

900,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2007 - Around €100 million was spent by national and local government on their IT in the Danish Folkeskole (ITIF, 2004 – 2007) project which provided modern computer equipment in primary and lower secondary schools over three years. The ratio of computers to students improved to five students for every computer. The Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation launched the National Strategy for E-learning as part of the government’s general efforts to strengthen competency development in the Kingdom. The strategy is divided into five pillars: children and adolescents, higher educational institutions, employees in the public sector, employees in the private sector and citizens. Danish mobile operators signed an Agreement on Implementation of National Self-Regulation, which is part of a wider European Union Framework for Safer Mobile Use by Younger Teenagers and Children that signed by an initial fifteen signatories in February 2007.

To improve students’ digital literacy, the Ministry for Children, Education and Gender Equality launched the Junior Computer Driving License for compulsory education. The purpose of the license is to teach how to employ IT and media in everyday life and learn about the possibilities ICT can offer. In addition, the Pedagogical ICT License was introduced to ensure that teachers and student teachers were able to acquire the basic skills for integrating ICT and media into the curriculum.

2009 - The Danish Government completed Netsikker NU (Network Now), which was a highly publicized national campaign aimed at making the public think about the information they make available online and to keep their PCs updated to protect against security threats.

2012 - Better Internet for Kids launched Net Children Go Mobile project which aims to provide comparable data on children and mobile internet in Denmark, Italy, Romania and the UK, through a survey and a qualitative research. IT University of Copenhagen (ITU) is an independent educational and research institution, is assisting with the research.

2014 - The European Trade Union Committee in Education ran ELFE-ESL (2011 - 2014) project, which unified teachers to prevent early drop outs from school through the use of ICT in Denmark education system. In a workshop, practical guidelines on the use of ICT in education to motivate students to school were drafted and were later evaluated at a final conference. Denmark participated in London School of Economics and Political Science EU Kids Online research project since 2006. The project aimed to coordinate and stimulate investigation into the children use media, with a particular focus on evidence about the conditions that shape online risk and safety. Its three phases of work have been funded by the European Commission’s Better Internet for Kids Program.

2015 - Telenor Denmark, along with the Media Council for Children and the Youth, arranged a workshop for parents to discuss the lives of children in online environments and parents’ concerns, expectations and responsibilities. European Schoolnet launched MENTEP (Mentoring Technology-Enhanced Pedagogy) that will run through 2018. The Agency for IT in Education was chosen to implement the program in Denmark. MENTEP addresses the need in EU policies for teachers to be able to innovate education using ICT, by developing a reliable tool for teachers to self-assess progress in technology-enhanced teaching (TET) competences and testing the tool’s effectiveness using rigorous counterfactual protocols.

2016 - The National Agency for IT and Learning has drafted User Portal initiative, which will be implemented for 2016/2017 academic year. The initiative will give all students, parents, teachers and principals a comprehensive digital access to local IT systems. Denmark observed the Safer Internet Day, which was organized by the Danish Safer Internet Center. The day events focused on how young people can make the Internet a better place, through dialogue and debate with each other - and in close collaboration with professional advisers with knowledge in the field of online behavior.

Center for Digital Pedagogy (CFDP)

An organization provides professional help through digital media to vulnerable people. Their focal point is the online youth counseling cyberhus.dkeach year conducts about 8000 advisory interactions with vulnerable young people.

Danish Crime Prevetino Council (DKR)

The organization works to prevent crime and create a safer society, its current focus is fighting cybercrime.

Danish National Police

Follow the technical development in the field and if necessary take further measures to improve the actions against distribution of child pornography, it operates hotline where illegal behavior on the Internet can be reported. It is also a member of European Financial Coalition against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Online. The special investigative expertise of the Danish police in the area of sexual exploitation of minors through ICTs is found in the National IT Crime Investigation Unit (NITEC) under the Criminal Investigation section of the National Police. NITEC supports the local police departments in dealing with ICT related offences and, in particular, dissemination of child pornography on the Internet.

Danish Safer Internet Center

The center is composed by the Danish Media Council for Children and Young People, Save the children Denmark, and the Centre for Digital Youth. It offers a broad range of awareness activities, a helpline for children and parents, and an Internet hotline for reporting child abusive content. The center’s objective is to strengthen and secure responsible internet use – especially among youth, as well as fight illegal online material.

Education Meeting Universe (EMU)

An education portal where teachers, students and parents can access educational material, resources and services, projects from all curriculum subjects and lesson plans, and online safety tips.

Expert Group for Cooperation on Children at Risk (EGCC)

The group is the Children’s Unit at the Council of the Baltic Sea States Secretariat that aims to create safe and secure environment for children in the Baltic Sea Region by promoting cooperation on child rights and protection issues. The work is based on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and other relevant international and regional conventions, recommendations and guidelines.

Expert Group for Cooperation on Children at Risk (EGCC)

The group is the Children’s Unit at the Council of the Baltic Sea States Secretariat that aims to create safe and secure environment for children in the Baltic Sea Region by promoting cooperation on child rights and protection issues. The work is based on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and other relevant international and regional conventions, recommendations and guidelines.

GSMA Europe

This industry association represents the interests of European mobile network operators. The group engages in lobbying in areas such as children’s use of mobile phones, privacy, digital inclusion and reducing the digital gender gap. In 2008, the organization formed a mobile alliance against child sexual abuse content.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Europe

The ITU is is the UN agency for ICTs. Areas of focus in Europe include improving E-accessibility in Central and Eastern Europe, transitioning Europe to digital broadcasting, and sharing best practices for implementing e-applications.

Internet Governance Forum

The IGF was founded by the UN in 2006 to serve as a discussion platform for internet governance policy issues. It brings together various stakeholders to determine best practices for internet policy. Past areas of focus include cybersecurity, human rights, inclusivity and openness.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

IT-citizen

A portal containing information aimed at giving Danish citizens advice on telecommunications and IT issues. There is much consumer advice and the site has an Internet safety section which covers a wide range of topics including cell phones and PC security for children.

Media Council for Children and Youth

The Council classifies films and DVDs for children under the age of 15. It also has been appointed as the awareness center to inform children and youth about the use of the mobile phones and the internet, as well as equip parents and teachers with tools to guide children, as well as run campaigns and coordinate collaborations nationally.

Ministry for Children, Education and Gender Equality

The Ministry has the overall responsibility for managing the various domains of education in the Kingdom and to ensure the best possible foundation for carrying out the Government’s education policy.

National Agency for IT and Learning

An agency under The Ministry for Children, Education and Gender Equality, promotes digital development within the area of children and learning with primary focus on increasing the use of IT in education and to support an effective operation of institutions by using IT. The agency also manages EMU, the national education portal, and is a member of European Schoolnet.

Red Barnet (Save the Children)

The organization provides emergency aid and prevent disasters; fights violence, abuse and bullying; ensure schooling, builds communities and strengthens children’s resilience; advocates for positive changes for vulnerable children and encourage debate on the quality of children’s lives.

Safe Inernet Day

The annual celebration of Safer Internet Day is organized by the Media Council for Children and Youth in cooperation with Save the Children and Cyberhus

Sikkerchat (Safe Chat)

A Save the Children Denmark project in conjunction with the Crime Prevention Council that offers information about the safe use of the Internet and cell phones for both adults and children, as well as child care professionals.

UNI-C

Denmark’s IT Centre for Education and Research is a state supported IT organization that services the educational and research facilities connected with universities across the country, as well as searches out new areas within IT and makes this knowledge and the resulting technical solutions available for the Danish educational and research sectors.

How parents of young children manage digital devices at home: the role of income, education and parental style (2015)

Livingstone, Sonia, Mascheroni, Giovanna, Dreier, Michael, Chaudron, Stephane, Lagae, Kaat

The report compares strategies of parental mediation on the internet according to levels of parental education and household income. The aim was to inform policy-makers and practitioners on how to approach parental guidance and awareness raising.

Global Research Project: A Global Landscape of Hotlines Combating Child Sexual Abuse Material on the Internet and an Assessment of Shared Challenges (2015)

Melissa Stroebe, Stacy Jeleniewski, PhD

This report examines hotlines combating Internet-facilitated Child Sexual Abuse Material.

Combatting Child Sexual Abuse (2015)

Petra Jeney

The study provides an overview of existing legislation at European Union, Member State and the international level related to online child sexual abuse, as well as the role of law enforcement agencies in combatting child sexual abuse online and other governmental and private sector initiatives.

The impact of internet and new media on the occurrence of violence against children in Europe and Cyprus (2015)

Rosella Sala

This document demonstrate that countries lack of expertise on child sexual exploitation and struggle combating this issue by their own. It suggests to establish an international legal framework to prosecute offenders and protect children.

Policy Influences and Country Clusters: A Comparative Analysis of Internet Safety Policy Implementation (2014)

B. O'Neill

The report examines the policy context of internet safety and looks at how countries within each cluster approach implementation.

Children’s Online Risks and Opportunities: Comparative Findings from EU Kids Online and Net Children Go Mobile (2014)

S. Livingstone, G. Mascheroni, K. Ólafsson, L. Haddon

This study focuses on European children's internet habits, their exposure to risks and parental mediation strategies.

Final recommendations for policy (2014)

O’Neill, B., Staksrud, E

Combining all the EU Kids Online policy guidance into one resource, this report provides more than 30 proposed actions for making the Internet safer for children.

Net Children Go Mobile Final Report (2014)

Giovanna Mascheroni, Andrea Cuman

Final report on implementation of Net Children Go Mobile project.

Global Alliance against Child Sexual Abuse Online: Denmark (2014)

European Comission

Report on Denmark's commitment to stop Child Sexula Abuse Online

Net Children Go Mobile: Final Report (2014)

G. Mascheroni, A. Cuman

The paper reports the findings of research in nine countries on children's use of technology, risky behaviors and parental mediation.

European Children and Their Carers’ Understanding of Use, Risks and Safety Issues Relating to Convergent Mobile Media (2014)

L. Haddon, J. Vincent

This study focuses on children’s experience of mobile media and the mobile internet, with an emphasis on smartphones and tablets, based on a qualitative study of children, their parents, teachers and others working with young people in nine European countries.

Mapping Safer Internet Policies in the Member States (2014)

P. Baudouin, B. Mahieu, T. Dor, B. Good, J. Milayi, S. Nakajima

The purpose of the study was to set up a framework for analysing Better Internet for Children public policies covering EU Member States, and Norway and Iceland.

Children's Use of Online Technologies in Europe (2014)

K. Ólafsson, S. Livingstone, L. Haddon

This report reviews recent research on children’s use of internet and mobile technologies identified by the EU Kids Online network.

Country Classification: Opportunities, Risks, Harm and Parental Mediation (2013)

Helsper, E. J., Kalmus, V., Hasebrink, U., Sagvari, B. and De Haan, J. with members of the EU Kids Online network

With data from 25 of the European countries surveyed in EU Kids Online, the report examines the range and type of online opportunities, risks and harm which children from each country experience, as well as looking at ways in which parents control or mediate their children’s Internet use.

In their own words: what bothers children online? (2013)

Livingstone S., Kirwil, L., Ponte C. and Staksrud E., with the EU Kids Online network

The results of a survey of nearly 10,000 children in 25 countries across Europe, this report details what children say upsets them and their friends online

Overview and Analysis of 1:1 Learning Initiatives in Europe (2013)

Intel

Intel 's report on the status of 1:1 Learning Initiative in Europe

Zero to Eight - Young Children and Their Internet Use (2013)

Holloway, D., Green, L., and Livingstone, S. with members of the EU Kids Online network,

This report reviews a number of other studies and provides recommendations as to how younger children can be protected from online risks.

Risks and safety on the internet: Comparing Brazilian and European children (2013)

Barbosa, A., O’Neill, B., Ponte, C., Simões, J.A., Jereissati, T.,

This study compares the results of the survey of Brazilian children and their parents/guardians, carried out by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee. Using the same methodology as the EU Kids Online research, the results from Brazil are compared with those from Europe.

EU Kids Online: Excessive Internet Use among European Children (2012)

Smahel, D, Helsper, E, Green, L, Kalmus, V, Blinka, L, Ólafsson, K,

This report uses the data from the EU Kids Online study to examine excessive use of the Internet by children in the 25 participating countries.

ECPAT Global Monitoring Report: Denmark (2012)

ECPAT

Status of action against commercial sexual exploitation of children in Demark

EU Kids Online: National perspectives (2012)

Haddon, L., Livingstone, S., EU Kids Online Network

This report summarizes the Internet experiences of children in the 33 participating EU Kids Online countries and includes eight countries which have not appeared in previous reports.

Report on risks faced by children online and policies to protect them (2012)

Kristina Irion

The report provides key findings and policy recommendations to keep children safe online as a follow up to the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration on the Future of the Internet Economy.

Excessive Internet Use by European Children (2012)

D. Smahel, E. Helsper, L. Green, V. Kalmus, L. Blinka, K. Ólafsson

This report presents new findings and further analysis of the EU Kids Online 25-country survey regarding excessive use of the internet by children.

EU Kids Online: National perspectives. (2012)

Leslie Haddon, Sonia Livingstone and the EU Kids Online network

This report summarizes the Internet experiences of children in the 33 participating EU Kids Online countries and includes eight countries which have not appeared in previous reports

Risks and safety on the internet: The perspective of European children. Full Findings (2011)

Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., Görzig, A., Ólafsson, K

Building on the original study, EU Kids Online I, this second piece of research includes the findings from research which took place in 25 countries. Children in the 9 – 16 age group were surveyed on their experiences of online use, risk and safety

Online Behavior Related to Child Sexual Abuse (2011)

M. Ainsaar, L. Lööf

This report provides a review of studies, with a specific focus on sexually abusive online experiences and offline sexual abuse that have started with an online contact or where the contacts between the perpetrator and the young person have relied heavily on information and communication technologies.

Safety and Security on the Internet Challenges and Advances in Member States (2011)

World Health Organization

Evaluation of public health threat presented by the Internet in every Member States.

Untitled 2010 (2010)

Karin Helweg-Larsen, Susan Andersen, Rikke Plauborg

Report on school and community efforts to prevent and treat sexual abuse

[Untitled] (2010)

Karin Helweg-Larsen, Susan Andersen, Rikke Plauborg

Report on school and community efforts to prevent and treat sexual abuse

EU Kids Online: Final report (2009)

Livingstone, S., Haddon, L.

One of the foremost pieces of research into the online habits of children in the European Union is the EU Kids Online research, funded by the European Commission Safer Internet Plus Programme between 2006 and 2009.

Education on Online Safety in Schools in Europe (2009)

Eurydice

The study covers 30 European countries and provides information on whether online safety is taught and how it is taught in schools within the participating countries.

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU - a parents' perspective (2008)

Eurobarometer

The study covers 27 EU Member States and provides parental responses to a range of questions relating to Internet safety and their perception of risk.

E-learning Nordic 2006 - Impact of ICT on Education (2006)

The Nordic Ministries of Education and Ramboll Managements

The study focuses on the impact of ICT in education in three key areas: pupils’ performance; teaching and learning processes; knowledge-sharing, communication and home-school co-operation. More than 8000 persons from Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark participated in the study.

U.S. /European Summit on Missing & Exploited Children (2005)

International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children

Participants from different governments, law enforcement, and nongovernmental organizations participated in the U.S. /European Summit on Missing & Exploited Children. They discussed successes and shortcomings of current efforts to address the global problem of missing and exploited children, and adopted a comprehensive Action Plan.

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of simple majority is eighteen in Denmark and the age of consent for sexual activity is fifteen. The age of consent for marriage is eighteen.

Denmark has signed, ratified and entered into law the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (January 2005).

  • §216, Penal Code. Rape. This Article states that it is an offense to enforce sexual intercourse by violence or threat thereof. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for up to eight years. Where the offense has been of a particularly dangerous nature or has been committed in aggravating circumstances, an increased penalty of up to twelve years’ imprisonment will apply.
  • §220, Penal Code. States that it is an offense for someone in a position of authority to have extramarital sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 21 years of age, where they have authority over that person. The usual penalty is up to one year’s imprisonment but where the victim is under 21 the penalty rises to up to three years’ imprisonment.
  • §222, Penal Code. Defines the offense of having sexual intercourse with a child aged under fifteen years of age (the age of consent) and states that the penalty is a prison term of up to eight years. If the victim was aged under twelve years of age or coercion was used the penalty rises to a prison term of up to twelve years.
  • §223, Penal Code. States that it is offense (among other criteria) for an educator to have sexual intercourse with a pupil aged under eighteen and that a prison term of up to four years applies. The same penalty applies to someone who uses their age or experience to induce someone under the age of eighteen to have sexual intercourse with them.
  • §223a, Penal Code. States that anyone who, as a client, for a payment or a promise of a payment, has intercourse with a person under the age of eighteen, will be liable to a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.
  • §228, Penal Code. Defines the offense of procuring as inducing another to seek a profit by sexual immorality with others; or inducing a person to engage in sexual immorality with others for the purpose of gain; or keeping a brothel. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for up to four years. The same penalty will apply to anyone who incites or helps a person under the age of 21 to engage in prostitution as a profession, or to any person who abets or aids people to leave the Kingdom in order to engage in prostitution abroad.
  • §229, Penal Code. This Article states that anyone who, for the purpose of gain, or in frequently repeated cases, promotes prostitution by acting as an intermediary, or who derives profit from the activities of any person engaging in sexual immorality as a profession, is guilty of an offense and liable to imprisonment for up to three years, or, in mitigating circumstances, to simple detention and a fine. The Article also states that it is an offense to let a room in a hotel or an inn for the purpose of using it for prostitution as a profession; this is punishable by imprisonment for up to one year, or a fine in mitigating circumstances.
  • §233, Penal Code. Imposes a penalty of imprisonment for up to one year or a fine for anyone who incites or invites other persons to prostitution, or anyone who exhibits immoral habits in a manner which is likely to annoy others or arouse public offense.
  • §235, Penal Code. States that it is an offense to distribute child pornography depicting persons under the age of eighteen. The penalty is a fine or a prison term of up to two years. Where aggravating circumstances apply (such as the injury of the victim) the prison term rises to up to six years. The penalty for possession of child pornography is up to one year’s imprisonment. The charge of possession does not apply if the victim is aged fifteen or older, or has consented to the possession.

Red Barnet has been operating an Internet hotline that works to reduce child abusive content online. Since its establishment in 2001, the hotline receives around 300 reports every month. The hotline cooperates with the national police and is a member of international hotline organisation INHOPE. As of 2014, the hotline received over 71,000 reports, of which approximately 20,000 were potentially illegal content. Furthermore, online child pornography can also be reported Denmark’s National Police Hotline. The Center for Digital Pedagogy operates the Cyberhus helpline, which offers online counselling for vulnerable children and teens Cyberhus has been chosen as the Danish helpline in the European Insafe network.

2006 - The Danish Commissioner of the Police, Save the Children Denmark and TDC, a telecommunication services’ provider, introduced a filter to block access to websites containing child abuse images that blocked 1,700 users in Denmark daily from accessing the websites.

2009 - Denmark launched “Certified Kid” program to prevent grooming. The project involved national schools in providing all Danish children with a digital certificate, which contains information about the child’s sex and age. Children can ask other children online to see their digital certificate to verify if the person they are chatting or playing with is a peer or an adult pretending to be a child.

2010 - The Danish Parliament passed the Children’s Reform which emphasized the right of protection and supervision of children in centres and allocates more funding for the child helpline. Save the Children Denmark organised an educational program targeted at website moderators about specific knowledge on online child abuses. Furthermore, it opened the first anonymous online counselling facility to provide help 12-17-year olds, who have had unpleasant experiences on the Internet and mobile phones.

2011 - Save the Children and the Confederation of Danish Industry launched Best Practice guidelines on how to deal with child abuse material found on corporate computers. The Government of Denmark adopted National Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Child Sexual Abuse 2012 - 2014, which provides for a number of measures to address aspects of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC), focusing in particular on child pornography and child sexual exploitation online.

2012 - Red Barnet in partnership with the Clinic of Sexology launched an information campaign targeting people with sexual thoughts about children to contact the helpline at the state hospital’ Clinic of Sexology. Through their SOS Hotline plays a vital role in the protection of children from sexual exploitation, as evidenced by the following hotline highlights: the organization co-operates with “Break the Circle”, a program aimed at adults with a sexual interest in children (operated by the Clinic of Sexology at the State Hospital). Along with 54 countries, Denmark has joined the Global Alliance against Child Sexual Abuse Online. The Alliance unites Ministers of the Interior and of Justice from each country to fight against Child Sexual Abuse Online, to rescue victims, to develop more effective prosecution, and to reduce the amount of child sexual abuse images available online.

2013 - Government of Denmark submitted a Bill to Parliament that strengthens the protection of children against abuse and establishes homes for abused children where police, social and health services cooperate on helping children who have been abused, as well as when it is assumed that a child has been abused. Another Bill was submitted to the Parliament to modernise the provisions of the Criminal Code on sex crimes. The Bill amendments the existing legislation regarding, inter alia, online sexual abuse of children, and the rules on restraining or protection orders against persons sentenced for sexual offences. The mobile operator Telenor developed a filtering system across several Scandinavian countries, including Denmark. Working in partnership with Kripos (the Norwegian Criminal Investigation Service) Telenor utilizes technology to block websites deemed illegal by Kripos.

Media Council for Children and Youth, Save the Children and the Center for Digital Education united to implement European Commission’s Better Internet for Kids strategy by establishing the Danish Safer Internet Center. The strategy, which will run through 2020, aims to strengthen a safer and more responsible use of the Internet and new online technologies, particularly for children and young people, and to fight against illegal and unwanted content.

2014 - Save the Children Denmark provided training to more than 250 police officers, doctors, psychologists, and social workers to fight against online sexual abuse of children. The Center for Digital Pedagogy was appointed to implement ENABLE, an EU-funded project to combat bullying and contribute to the wellbeing of young people through their social and emotional development.