Algeria

Population

39,542,166

Population 0‑14

28.7%

Internet Users

27.8%

Facebook Users

11,000,000

Mobile Subscribers

45,400,000
* Statistics provided by CIA.gov, Internet World Stats and GSMA Intellligence

2002 - The Algerian government passed its National ICT Policy, which specifically included the reform of the educational process and integration of ICT, with an allocation of three billion dinar towards this goal. Under the policy, the Ministry of Education equipped all secondary schools with computer labs connected to the Internet, with half of all middle schools integrating ICT into their educational programs by 2007. At tertiary level, the country’s universities all possess computer labs and Internet access in addition to digital libraries, with ICT policies being enforced on an individual level for each university.

2005 - The Ministry of Post, Information Technologies and Communication (MPITC), which is tasked with the implementation and management of the national ICT policy, launched operation OUSRATIC. This initiative aimed to increase Internet penetration in the country by equipping every household in Algeria with a PC or laptop by the end of 2010, thereby moving Algeria towards becoming an information society. Following the success of operation OUSRATIC, the MPITC signed a framework agreement to roll out OUSRATIC II by the fall of 2012. Computers are being made available to the general public through the initiative with contracted financing arrangements.

2005 - A US-funded project, Internews Network Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI), assisted the MPITC. The project aimed to assist policy and regulatory actions needed to address the identified constraints on access to and use of the internet in Algeria.

Ongoing - The Algerian Ministry of National Education has a system in place for distance education (in Arabic).

The Ministry of Post, Information Technologies and Communication has a section of their website dedicated to ICT in Algeria with pages on ICT Indicators, e-Algeria, and others. There are also sections for ICT in Africa, and ICT Worldwide.

CyberSmart Africa

A non-profit that provides ICTs to classrooms of developing nations. Their specialized Digital Learning Platform is designed to deliver up-to-date learning and teaching resources to the vast majority of schools that have no electricity in sub-Saharan Africa and other developing regions.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Arab States

The specialized agency for ICT in the United Nations.

INTERPOL

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. Its mission is to enable police forces to collaborate globally to fight crime in the Internet age. Three areas of focus are crimes against children (with a focus on internet crimes and travelling sex offenders), cybercrime and human trafficking.

Ministry of Post, Information and Communication Technologies

The ministry provides many resources about ICT in and is responsible for the implementation and management of Algeria’s national ICT policy.

National Ministry of Education

Responsible Government body for education throughout the country.

Arab Social Media Report (2015)

Arab Social Media Influencers Summit

The Arab social media report provides an overview on the social media reality in the Arab world through the monitoring of all social media trends in the Arab world and provides a detailed view on using social media channels in the different Arab countries.

Children's Use of Mobile Phones - An International Comparison (2014)

GSMA, NTTDoCoMo

This reports on the findings of a survey of 3,560 children and their parents in Algeria, Egypt, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The report is the fifth in the series.

Children’s Use of Mobile Phones - An International Comparison 2013 (2014)

GSMA

Mobile Society Research Institute and the GSMA jointly conducted an international research study examining the ways in which children communicate through mobile phones

This section contains details of the country’s laws as they relate to sexual offenses, children and the use of the Internet in the commission of criminal activity. Where possible, sentence details have been given, including whether an increased custodial penalty is imposed where the victim is a child.

The age of consent for sexual intercourse is defined in Article 334 of the Penal Code of Algeria as being sixteen years of age.

In August of 2009 the country’s first cybercrime law was passed, giving the government powers to monitor websites suspected of illegal activity.

  • Article 333, Penal Code. States that anyone who commits an offense against decency in public will be punished by imprisonment for a term of between two months to two years and a fine of 500 to 2,000 DA. The article also states that where the indecent assault constituted anal intercourse with a person of the same sex, an increased penalty of imprisonment for between six months to three years and a fine of between 1,000 to 10,000 DA will apply.
  • Article 333 bis, Penal Code. Defines the offense of manufacturing, owning, importing or causing to be imported, distributing or attempting to distribute, renting, displaying or exhibiting, presenting, selling or attempting to sell, any indecent printed matter, writings, drawings, posters, prints, paintings, photographs, negatives or reproductions. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between two months to two years and a fine of 500 to 2,000 DA.
  • Article 334, Penal Code. This article states that anyone who, without violence, attempts to indecently assault a minor under sixteen years of age, will be punished by imprisonment for between five to ten years.
  • Article 335, Penal Code. Defines the crime of indecently assaulting another person with the use of violence. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between five to ten years. The article also states that where the victim was a minor under the age of sixteen, and increases prison sentence for between ten and 20 years will apply.
  • Article 336, Penal Code. States that anyone who commits rape will be punished by imprisonment for between five to ten years. An increased sentence of imprisonment for between ten and 20 years applies where the victim is under the age of sixteen.
  • Article 342, Penal Code. States that it is an offense to incite, promote or facilitate debauchery or corruption of minors under the age of nineteen, or, even occasionally, minors under the age of sixteen. The offense is punishable by imprisonment for between five to ten years, and a fine of between 500 to 25,000 DA.
  • Article 343, Penal Code. This article imposes a punishment of between two to five years, and a fine of 500 to 20,000 DA for the following offenses, unless they constitute a more serious crime: aiding, assisting or protecting the prostitution of others in any way, or soliciting for prostitution; sharing the proceeds of another’s prostitution or receiving money from a person who habitually engages in prostitution; living with a person who habitually engages in prostitution; being in a habitual relationship with one or more persons engaged in prostitution to support his lifestyle; acting as an intermediary between persons engaged in prostitution or debauchery and persons who exploit or remunerate the prostitution or debauchery of others; hindering acts of prevention, control, assistance or rehabilitation for people engaged in prostitution through threats, pressure or any other means.
  • Article 344, Penal Code. The penalties prescribed in Article 343 are increased to five to ten years imprisonment and a fine of 10,000 to 100,000 DA in the following cases: where the victim is a minor under the age of nineteen; where the offense was accompanied by threats, coercion, violence, assault, abuse of authority or fraud; where the perpetrator was carrying a weapon, visible or hidden; where the perpetrator is a husband, father, mother or guardian of the victim; where the offender is required to participate in its functions to the fight against prostitution, protection of health or youth, or the maintenance of public order; where the offense was committed against several persons; where victims of crime have been delivered or incited to engage in prostitution outside Algerian territory; where the victims of crime have been delivered or incited to engage in prostitution on arrival or in short time of their arrival on the territory of Algeria; where the offense was committed by more than one person.
  • Article 347, Penal Code. This article states that anyone who publicly solicits people for sex or debauchery through gestures, words, writings or by any other means commits an offense. The punishment for this crime is imprisonment for between six months to two years, and a fine of 1,000 to 2,000 DA. Even the attempt is punishable.
  • Article 296, Penal Code. Defines the offense of libel, which is described as any allegation or imputation of a fact which undermines the honor or respect of another person. The publication or reproduction of any allegations or imputations is punishable, even when it is done without naming the victim expressly, but whose identification is made possible by the use of words, speeches, shouting, threats, whether written or printed, banners or incriminating posters.
  • Article 297, Penal Code. States that any offensive expression, term of contempt or abuse not imputing a fact is an insult.
  • Article 298, Penal Code. This article states, among other things, that any defamation of individuals is punishable by imprisonment for two to six months, or a fine of between 25,000 to 50,000 DA, or both.
  • Article 298 bis, Penal Code. States that anyone who insults a person or persons on the grounds of their ethnic group or religion will be punished by imprisonment for between five days to six months, or a fine of 5,000 to 50,000 DA, or both.
  • Article 299, Penal Code. States that any insult committed against one or more persons is punishable by imprisonment for between one to three months and a fine of 10,000 to 25,000 DA.
  • Article 303 bis, Penal Code. Defines the offense of deliberately violating the privacy of others by capturing, storing or transmitting, without authorization or consent of their author, communications or words spoken in private or confidence; or by taking, registering or transmitting without authorization the image of a person in a private place. The offender is liable to a term of imprisonment for six months to three years, and a fine of 50,000 to 300,000 DA. The attempt is also punishable.

2012 - Algeria, as a member of the ITU-IMPACT initiative, participated in the 2012 ITU-IMPACT Workshop on Cyber Drill in Jordan.

The CyberSec group, a group of private enterprises that raise awareness about the dangers of cybercrime, organized the first Regional Conference on Cyber Security together with the University El Hadj Lakhdar of Batna and the Al Bayan ICT Academy. The purpose of the conference was to teach the growing numbers of digitally-literate Algerian students how to use internet safely for the benefit of society.

2015 - As part of the 2015 Action Plan developed by the “5 + 5 Defence” Initiative member countries, the Chief of Staff of the National Gendarmerie Major General Menad Nuba hosted a two-day international seminar, “Cybercrime: Social Media and public security,” in Algiers. The seminar was intended to examine the relationship between social media and public safety.